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Committee Numbers, Sizes, Assignments, and Staff: Selected Historical Data

Description: The development of today's committee system is a product of internal congressional reforms, but national forces also have played a role. This report contains data on the numbers and sizes of committees and subcommittees and on Members' assignments since 1945. This report also contains data on committee staff sizes from 1979 through 1995.
Date: February 1, 1996
Creator: Vincent, Carol Hardy & Rybicki, Elizabeth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Senate Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Description: Senate Rule XXV and party conference rules address committee assignments. Senate Rule XXV, paragraphs 2 and 3 establish categories of committees, popularly referred to as "A," "B," and "C," that condition assignment rules. This report outlines the categories of and rules for assigning Senators to Senate committees.
Date: October 26, 2006
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

House Committee Party Ratios: 98th-111th Congresses

Description: This report provides statistical information on and selected analyses of the House committee party ratios for 14 Congresses, covering the period from the 98th through the 111th Congresses (1983-2011). This report also discusses trends and compares party ratios in selected Congresses. Possible reforms to the apportionment of committee seats are also examined.
Date: November 4, 2010
Creator: Tong, Lorraine H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Senate Committee Rules in the 114th Congress: Key Provisions

Description: This report first provides a brief overview of Senate rules as they pertain to committee actions. It then provides tables that summarize selected, key features of each committee's rules in regard to meeting day, hearing and meeting notice requirements, scheduling of witnesses, hearing quorum, business quorum, amendment filing requirements, proxy voting, polling, nominations, investigations, and subpoenas. In addition, the report looks at selected unique provisions some committees have included in their rules in the miscellaneous category.
Date: February 8, 2016
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Committee System in the U.S. Congress

Description: Due to the high volume and complexity of its work, Congress divides its tasks among approximately 44 committees with 154 subcommittees. The House and Senate each has its own committee systems, which are similar. Within chamber guidelines, however, each committee adopts its own rules; thus, there is considerable variation among panels.
Date: May 10, 1995
Creator: Hardy-Vincent, Carol
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Committee Types and Roles

Description: There are three main types of committees—standing, select, and joint. Most committees form subcommittees to share specific tasks within the jurisdiction of the full committee.
Date: February 14, 2002
Creator: Carr, Thomas P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Committee of the Whole: An Introduction

Description: The House of Representatives uses this parliamentary device to take procedural advantage of a somewhat different set of rules governing proceedings in the Committee than those governing proceedings in the House. The purpose is to expedite legislative consideration. This report briefly reviews the history of the Committee of the Whole, describes the current procedure associated with it, and identifies its procedural advantages.
Date: May 27, 2003
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Committee Types and Roles

Description: This report briefly describes the structure of the congressional committee system and the types of congressional committees, as well as congressional subcommittees.
Date: November 10, 2010
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Committee Types and Roles

Description: This report briefly describes the structure of the congressional committee system and the types of congressional committees, as well as congressional subcommittees.
Date: February 11, 2011
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

House Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Description: This report discusses procedures for committee assignments, which both House and party rules detail. House rules address the election and membership of committees, especially limitations on membership. The Democratic Caucus and Republican Conference rules designate categories of committees and specify service limitations in addition to those in the House rules.
Date: February 25, 2005
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Commitee Assignment Process in the U.S. Senate: Democratic and Republican Party Procedures

Description: Because of the importance of committee work, Senators consider desirable committee assignments a priority. After general elections are over, one of the first orders of business for Senate leaders is setting the sizes and ratios of committees. This report describes the process of creating Senate committees, including the nomination process and rules and regulations specifically pertaining to said process.
Date: November 3, 2006
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

House Subcommittees: Assignment Process

Description: House rules, Republican Conference and Democratic Caucus rules, and individual committee rules all address the subcommittee assignment process, although to varying degrees. This report describes the assignment process for House Subcommittees.
Date: May 11, 2007
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Subcommittees in the House of Representatives

Description: Subcommittees are entities created by full committees to assist them in managing their work. Service on subcommittees enables members to develop expertise in specialized fields. Subcommittees diffuse the legislative process. For the most part, they are independent, autonomous units with written jurisdictions, and, pursuant to longstanding practice, most bills are referred by a full committee to them. This report provides a brief history of subcommittees, as well as their modern role and function in Congress.
Date: May 3, 2007
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

House Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Description: Both House and party rules detail procedures for committee assignments. House rules address the election and membership of committees, especially limitations on membership. The Democratic Caucus and Republican Conference rules designate categories of committees (shown below) and specify service limitations in addition to those in the House rules.
Date: March 20, 2008
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

House Committee Organization and Process: A Brief Overview

Description: Committees are integral to the work of Congress in determining the policy needs of the nation and acting on them. This report provides a brief overview of six features of the committee system in the House: organization, hearings, markup, reporting, oversight, and publications. Committees in the House have four primary powers: to conduct hearings and investigations, to consider bills and resolutions and amendments to them, to report legislation to the House for its possible consideration, and to monitor executive branch performance, that is, to conduct oversight.
Date: April 21, 2008
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

House Committee Chairs: Considerations, Decisions, and Actions as One Congress Ends and a New Congress Begins

Description: Report that addresses some of the critical matters a House committee chair confronts from the time of the early organization meetings in November to approximately the spring district work-period in March or April.
Date: October 25, 2012
Creator: Schneider, Judy & Koempel, Michael L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

House Committee Chairs: Considerations, Decisions, and Actions as One Congress Ends and a New Congress Begins

Description: This report addresses some of the critical matters a House committee chair confronts from the time of the early organization meetings in November to approximately the spring district work-period in March or April. The report is divided into the following sections: Transition, Administrative Matters, Committee Organization, Committee Procedure and the Role of the Chair, Procedural Tools for Committee Chairs, Floor Consideration and the Role of the Chair, and Legislative Issues and Agenda.
Date: October 5, 2010
Creator: Schneider, Judy & Koempel, Michael L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department