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Committee Numbers, Sizes, Assignments, and Staff: Selected Historical Data

Description: The development of today's committee system is a product of internal congressional reforms, but national forces also have played a role. This report contains data on the numbers and sizes of committees and subcommittees and on Members' assignments since 1945. This report also contains data on committee staff sizes from 1979 through 1995.
Date: February 1, 1996
Creator: Vincent, Carol Hardy & Rybicki, Elizabeth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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House Committee Party Ratios: 98th-111th Congresses

Description: This report provides statistical information on and selected analyses of the House committee party ratios for 14 Congresses, covering the period from the 98th through the 111th Congresses (1983-2011). This report also discusses trends and compares party ratios in selected Congresses. Possible reforms to the apportionment of committee seats are also examined.
Date: November 4, 2010
Creator: Tong, Lorraine H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Ad Hoc Select Committees: Use in the House of Representatives

Description: This report explains what a select committee is in the House of Representatives, and how it is used. The report explains that the recent usage of the select committee has been for fragmented or largely overlapping areas of jurisdiction for multiple committees.
Date: February 21, 2006
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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House Committee Party Ratios: 98th-115th Congresses

Description: This report documents, in tabular form, House committee party ratios for 18 Congresses -- covering the period from the 98th Congress (1983-1985) through February 2017, the first part of the 115th Congress (2017-2019).
Date: November 8, 2018
Creator: Eckman, Sarah J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Senate Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Description: Senate Rule XXV and party conference rules address committee assignments. Senate Rule XXV, paragraphs 2 and 3 establish categories of committees, popularly referred to as "A," "B," and "C," that condition assignment rules. This report outlines the categories of and rules for assigning Senators to Senate committees.
Date: October 26, 2006
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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House Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Description: This report House and party rules, both of which detail procedures for committee assignments. House rules address the election and membership of committees, especially limitations on membership. The Democratic Caucus and Republican Conference rules designate categories of committees (shown below) and specify service limitations in addition to those in the House rules.
Date: October 19, 2010
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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House Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Description: This report discusses procedures for committee assignments, which both House and party rules detail. House rules address the election and membership of committees, especially limitations on membership. The Democratic Caucus and Republican Conference rules designate categories of committees and specify service limitations in addition to those in the House rules.
Date: February 25, 2005
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Enforcement of Congressional Rules of Conduct: A Historical Overview

Description: This report describes the evolution of congressional enforcement of congressional rules of conduct and summarizes the disciplinary action taken by the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct and the Senate Select Committee on Ethics. It also discusses the recommendations of the House Special Task Force on Ethics and related proposals as well as selected other recent changes.
Date: February 23, 2015
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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House Subcommittees: Assignment Process

Description: House rules, Republican Conference and Democratic Caucus rules, and individual committee rules all address the subcommittee assignment process, although to varying degrees. This report describes the assignment process for House Subcommittees.
Date: May 11, 2007
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Subcommittees in the House of Representatives

Description: Subcommittees are entities created by full committees to assist them in managing their work. Service on subcommittees enables members to develop expertise in specialized fields. Subcommittees diffuse the legislative process. For the most part, they are independent, autonomous units with written jurisdictions, and, pursuant to longstanding practice, most bills are referred by a full committee to them. This report provides a brief history of subcommittees, as well as their modern role and function in Congress.
Date: May 3, 2007
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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House Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Description: Both House and party rules detail procedures for committee assignments. House rules address the election and membership of committees, especially limitations on membership. The Democratic Caucus and Republican Conference rules designate categories of committees (shown below) and specify service limitations in addition to those in the House rules.
Date: March 20, 2008
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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House Committee Chairs: Considerations, Decisions, and Actions as One Congress Ends and a New Congress Begins

Description: Report that addresses some of the critical matters a House committee chair confronts from the time of the early organization meetings in November to approximately the spring district work-period in March or April.
Date: October 25, 2012
Creator: Schneider, Judy & Koempel, Michael L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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House Committee Chairs: Considerations, Decisions, and Actions as One Congress Ends and a New Congress Begins

Description: This report addresses some of the critical matters a House committee chair confronts from the time of the early organization meetings in November to approximately the spring district work-period in March or April. The report is divided into the following sections: Transition, Administrative Matters, Committee Organization, Committee Procedure and the Role of the Chair, Procedural Tools for Committee Chairs, Floor Consideration and the Role of the Chair, and Legislative Issues and Agenda.
Date: October 5, 2010
Creator: Schneider, Judy & Koempel, Michael L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Commitee Assignment Process in the U.S. Senate: Democratic and Republican Party Procedures

Description: Because of the importance of committee work, Senators consider desirable committee assignments a priority. After general elections are over, one of the first orders of business for Senate leaders is setting the sizes and ratios of committees. This report describes the process of creating Senate committees, including the nomination process and rules and regulations specifically pertaining to said process.
Date: November 3, 2006
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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House Committee Organization and Process: A Brief Overview

Description: Committees are integral to the work of Congress in determining the policy needs of the nation and acting on them. This report provides a brief overview of six features of the committee system in the House: organization, hearings, markup, reporting, oversight, and publications. Committees in the House have four primary powers: to conduct hearings and investigations, to consider bills and resolutions and amendments to them, to report legislation to the House for its possible consideration, and to monitor executive branch performance, that is, to conduct oversight.
Date: April 21, 2008
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Senate Committee Party Ratios: 94th - 111th Congresses

Description: This report provides an overview of Senate standing committee sizes and ratios for the 94th Congress through the 111th Congress. Also included are data on permanent select committees with legislative jurisdiction. A table for each Congress shows the party division in the Senate, total number of seats on each committee, number of seats assigned to the majority and minority parties, and, where present, number of seats assigned to independents. The tables also provide the number of majority-minority caucus seat margins in the chamber and for each committees.
Date: November 23, 2010
Creator: Tong, Lorraine H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Senate Committee Party Ratios: 94th - 110th Congresses

Description: This report provides an overview of Senate standing committee sizes and ratios for the 94th and 110th Congresses. Also included are data on permanent select committees with legislative jurisdiction. A table for each Congress shows the party division in the Senate, total number of seats on each committee, number of seats assigned to the majority and minority parties, and, where present, number of seats assigned to independents. The tables also provide the number of majority-minority caucus seat margins in the chamber and for each committees.
Date: November 18, 2008
Creator: Tong, Lorraine H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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House Committees: Assignment Process

Description: Committee assignments often determine the character of a Member's career. They are also important to the party leaders who organize the chamber and shape the composition of the committees. House rules identify some procedures for making committee assignments; Republican Conference and Democratic Caucus rules supplement these House rules and provide more specific criteria for committee assignments. This report describes these procedures and the basic functions of committee assignment in the House of Representatives.
Date: February 25, 2008
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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House Committee Funding: Process and Analysis of Disbursements

Description: This report provides an overview of the committee funding process in the House; it analyzes funding levels since 1995, reviews House floor and committee action on committee funding in the 112th Congress, summarizes the rules and regulations that structure the use of committee funds, and analyzes actual committee funding spending patterns during five previous years.
Date: October 16, 2012
Creator: Glassman, Matthew Eric
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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