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High-altitude performance of 9.5-inch-diameter tubular experimental combustor with fuel staging

Description: Report presenting an investigation of 57 experimental tubular designs embodying adjacent fuel-rich and air-rich regions and axial staging of the fuel introduction at simulated high-altitude conditions. Results regarding the development of pilot, development of secondary-air admission sleeve, development of final configuration, and performance of best configuration are provided.
Date: March 22, 1954
Creator: Scull, Wilfred E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analytical evaluation of effect of inlet-air temperature and combustion pressure on combustion performance of boron slurries and blends of pentaborane in octene-1

Description: From Summary: "The effects of variation in inlet-air temperature, combustion pressure, and boron or pentaborane concentration on combustion performance were discussed. It was shown how the theoretical data herein could be employed in obtaining the combustion efficiency of experimental combustors. Data were presented by which combustion efficiencies obtained with a water-quench heat balance could be adjusted for the heat of dissociation of the combustion products."
Date: June 1, 1955
Creator: Tower, Leonard K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NACA research on combustors for aircraft gas turbines 1: effects of operating variables on steady-state performance

Description: Some of the systematic research conducted by the NACA on aircraft gas-turbine combustors is reviewed. Trends depicting the effect of inlet-air pressure, temperature, and velocity and fuel-air ratio on performance characteristics, such as combustion efficiency, maximum temperature rise attainable, pressure loss, and combustor-outlet temperature distribution are described for a variety of turbojet combustors of the liquid-fuel type. These trends are further discussed as effects significant to the turbojet engine, such as altitude operational limits, specific fuel consumption, thrust, acceleration, and turbine life.
Date: October 18, 1950
Creator: Olson, Walter T. & Childs, J. Howard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental evaluation of 'swirl-can' elements for hydrogen-fuel combustor

Description: Report presenting a study of the performance of "swirl-can" combustor elements for an experimental short-length turbojet combustor utilizing hydrogen fuel at high-altitude operating conditions. Fuel was injected into each element through a tangential , sonic orifice that created a swirling fuel-air mixture within the element. Results regarding combustor blowout, combustion efficiency, outlet temperature distribution, and preliminary performance of the multielement performance of multielement combustor are provided.
Date: May 13, 1957
Creator: Rayle, Warren D.; Jones, Robert E. & Friedman, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of Distribution of Basket-Hole Area on Simulated Altitude Performance of 25 1/2-Inch-Diameter Annular-Type Turbojet Combustor

Description: A simulated altitude performance of a 25 1/2-inch-diameter annular-type turbojet combustor was performed to determine the effect of the distribution of basket-hole area on the altitude operational limits of the engine as imposed by the combustor.Total pressure drop was recorded, as well as the effect of fuel-nozzle flow capacity,and fuel-nozzle spray angle for one basket configuration. General observations were made for all configurations regarding flames, extent of afterburning, and durability of the baskets.
Date: August 24, 1948
Creator: Olson, Walter T. & Schroeter, Thomas T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary investigation of the performance of a single tubular combustor at pressure up to 12 atmospheres

Description: "The effects of combustor operation at conditions representative of those encountered in high pressure-ratio turbojet engines or at high flight speeds on carbon deposition, exhaust smoke, and combustion efficiency were studied in a single tubular combustor. Carbon deposition and smoke formation tests were conducted over a range of combustor-inlet pressures from 33 to 173 pounds per square inch absolute and combustor reference velocities from 78 to 143 feet per second. Combustion efficiency tests were conducted over a range of pressures from 58 to 117 pounds per square inch absolute and velocities from 89 to 172 feet per second" (p. 1).
Date: January 28, 1954
Creator: Wear, Jerrold D. & Butze, Helmut F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of a Ram-Jet-Type Combustor With Flame Holders Immersed in the Combustion Zone

Description: Memorandum presenting the beneficial effects on stability limits and combustion efficiency produced by the application of surfaces immersed in the combustion zone to a ram-jet-type burner. Investigations were made with one, two, three, and four rows of wedges at simulated sea-level and altitude subsonic ram-jet flight conditions. The addition of rows of wedges immersed in the combustion zone regularly extended the stability limits of combustion.
Date: November 1948
Creator: Breitwieser, Roland
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Engineering method of ram-jet thrust determination based on experimentally obtained combustor parameters

Description: From Summary: "A parameter is introduced which simplifies the accounting for pressure losses in ram-jet combustors. This parameter, called the combustor-force coefficient, relates the jet force and the total pressure at the combustion-chamber entrance. Experimental data for several different combustors are presented for evaluation and comparison."
Date: August 13, 1953
Creator: Dettwyler, H. Rudolph & Faget, Maxime A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of ignition characteristics of AN-F-32 and two AN-F-58a fuels in single can-type turbojet combustor

Description: Ignition characteristics of AN-F-32 and two AN-F-58a fuels were studied in a single can-type turbojet combustor under air-flow conditions representing engine speeds of 1600, 2500, and 4000 rpm, altitudes from sea level to 30,000 feet, ambient temperatures at sea level from 90 degrees to minus 36 degrees F, and flight Mach numbers of 0 and 0.6. Critical fuel-flow rates for ignition increased with increase in preignition engine speed, with increase in altitude, or with decrease in sea-level ambient temperature. This flow rate appears to increase in a direct relation to decrease in fuel volatility as indicated by the 10-percent-evaporated temperature.
Date: October 13, 1950
Creator: Rayle, Warren D. & Douglass, Howard W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of five short multielement turbojet combustors for hydrogen fuel in quarter-annulus duct

Description: Report presenting an investigation of five short multielement turbojet combustors designed for use with hydrogen fuel tested in a quarter-annulus duct. One combustor had an array of U-gutter flame-holders, while the other four were manifold arrays of swirl-can combustor elements. Results regarding combustion efficiency, temperature profiles, pressure loss, durability, comparison with previous short combustors, and operation with propane fuel are provided.
Date: July 22, 1958
Creator: Jones, Robert E. & Rayle, Warren D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of experimental turbojet-engine combustor I: performance of a one-eighth segment of an experimental turbojet-engine combustor

Description: Report presenting an investigation of a one-eighth segment of an annular combustor suitable for use as a component of an experimental turbojet engine. Due to the small space available for the combustor, a special design involving a minimum of obstructions in the combustion chamber was created. Results regarding the temperature-rise efficiency, total-pressure loss, and exhaust-gas temperature variation for several simulated engine operating conditions are provided.
Date: April 21, 1948
Creator: Hill, Francis U. & Mark, Herman
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary evaluation of pentaborane in a 1/4-sector of an experimental annular combustor

Description: Report presenting an evaluation of a 1/4-sector of an annular combustor designed for use with pentaborane fuel at a simulated altitude condition. Results regarding the pentaborane performance, combustor development, and the JP-5 fuel performance are provided.
Date: May 22, 1957
Creator: Kaufman, Warner B.; Lezberg, Erwin A. & Breitwieser, Roland
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Combustion of gaseous hydrogen at low pressures in a 35 degree sector of a 28-inch-diameter ramjet combustor

Description: Report presenting testing of gaseous hydrogen fuel burned in a connected-pipe combustor with a cross section equal to 35 degrees sector of a 28-inch diameter. Eleven shrouded fuel-injector configurations were used to obtain combustion data at specified high-altitude ramjet combustor conditions. Results regarding shroud air blockage, mixing tabs, higher equivalence-ratio burning, injector size, flameholder durability, burner length, combustion efficiency, and temperature profile are provided.
Date: April 22, 1958
Creator: Kerslake, William R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Combustion efficiency performance of a MIL-F-5624 type fuel and monomethylnapthalene in a single vaporizing combustor

Description: Report presenting an investigation conducted with a conventional turbojet fuel, MIL-F-5624 (JP-3), and a low-volatility, high-density hydrocarbon, monomethylnaphthalene, in a vaporizing-type combustor to determine the combustion efficiency for variations in inlet-air conditions and fuel flow and to what extent fuel vaporization would minimize differences in combustion efficiency between the two fuels. Results regarding the performance of the combustor, correlation parameter, pressure-drop characteristics, and other miscellaneous observations are provided.
Date: February 14, 1952
Creator: Jones, Anthony W. & Cook, William P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Blow-out velocities of various petroleum, slurry, and hydride fuels in a 1 7/8-inch diameter combustor

Description: Report presenting testing using a 1 7/8-inch inside-diameter combustor that can measure and compare the blow-out velocities of single-component fuels, slurries, and fuel mixtures with a wide range of reactivity and physical properties. The blow-out velocities of isooctane, n-heptane, isopentane, allyl chloride, and propylene oxide varied int he same way as flame speeds of the fuels. Results regarding the effects of different additives are also provided.
Date: April 19, 1954
Creator: Cook, Preston N., Jr.; Lord, Albert M. & Kaye, Samuel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of fuel nozzle protrusion on transient and steady-state turbojet combustor performance

Description: Report presenting the effect of small variations in the axial position of the liner with respect to the nozzle on limiting rates of change of fuel flow and steady-state combustion efficiencies in a single tubular combustor. Data were obtained with two liner configurations at three combustor-inlet conditions. Results regarding transient combustion performance and steady-state combustion performance are provided.
Date: February 23, 1955
Creator: McCafferty, Richard J. & Donlon, Richard H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of mechanically induced sinusoidal air-foil oscillations on operation of a ram-jet engine

Description: Report presenting an experimental investigation in a 16-inch ram-jet engine to examine the degree to which inlet flow pulsations influence the combustion efficiency and lean blow-out limit of a ram-jet combustor.
Date: June 16, 1954
Creator: Dangle, E. E.; Cervenka, A. J. & Perchonok, Eugene
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aluminum borohydride as an ignition source for turbojet combustors

Description: From Introduction: "Problems associated with the use of aluminum borohydride for ignition in aircraft are discussed. A detailed description of its properties and results of static chamber tests to determine the effect of diluting aluminum borohydride with n-pentane on flammability in dry air are included in this investigation."
Date: September 3, 1953
Creator: Straight, David M.; Fletcher, Edward A. & Foster, Hampton H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Combustion-efficiency investigation of special fuels in single tubular-type combustor at simulated altitude conditions

Description: Report presenting a combustion-efficiency investigation of 10 special straight-run distillate fuels in an individual tubular-type combustor unit of a 14-unit assembly at two simulated engine operating conditions. These distillates were obtained from various crude oils and consisted of hydrocarbon mixtures with distillations temperature varying from 93 to 690 degrees Fahrenheit. Comparison of temperature measurements obtained from two locations in the exhaust duct showed that under certain operating conditions the flame extended beyond the turbine position.
Date: August 15, 1947
Creator: Dittrich, Ralph T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Discharge coefficients for combustor-liner air-entry holes 2: flush rectangular holes, step louvers, and scoops

Description: Experimental discharge coefficients for various types of combustor-liner air-entry holes are presented as a function of a dimensionless flow parameter. In general, scoops and step louvers have higher discharge coefficients and wider flow ranges than flush holes. The effects of size or shape of a given type of hole are small. The proximity of multiple flush holes or the wall inclination of a convergent duct has a negligible effect on discharge coefficient.
Date: April 1958
Creator: Dittrich, Ralph T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of fuel-nozzle carbon deposition on combustion efficiency of single tubular-type, reverse-flow turbojet combustor at simulated altitude conditions

Description: Report presenting an investigation to study the effects of changes in fuel-nozzle carbon deposition on the combustion efficiency of a single tubular-type, reverse-flow, turbojet combustor. The investigation was conducted because of the need to improve the reproducibility of combustion data for fuel-research purposes.
Date: June 1948
Creator: Dittrich, Ralph T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of pure fuels in a single J33 combustor 1: five liquid hydrocarbon fuels

Description: Report presenting an investigation of several pure hydrocarbon fuels in a single tubular-type combustor in order to determine possible relations between combustor performance and fuel properties. The combustor temperature rise, combustion efficiency, and blow-out limits were determined with five liquid hydrocarbon fuels of high purity over a range of heat input and air-flow rates and at two inlet-air-temperature conditions. Performance parameters were selected to compare with the physical and fundamental combustion properties of the fuel.
Date: November 21, 1952
Creator: Wear, Jerrold D. & Dittrich, Ralph T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of a 28-inch ramjet utilizing gaseous hydrogen at a Mach number of 3.6, angles of attack up to 12 degree, and pressure altitudes up to 110,000 feet

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the 10- by 10-foot supersonic wind tunnel to evaluate the performance of a shrouded injector burner with perforated domes employed in a 28-inch ramjet using gaseous hydrogen as fuel. Steady-state data were obtained at a pressure altitude of 77,000 feet and zero angle of attack. Results indicated that burning could be initiated under severe distortion conditions and that satisfactory combustor operation was accomplished up to a pressure altitude of 110,000 feet with no adverse effect on combustion efficiency.
Date: May 19, 1958
Creator: Musial, Norman T.; Ward, James J. & Wasserbauer, Joseph F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Relation of Turbojet and Ramjet Combustion Efficiency to Second-Order Reaction Kinetics and Fundamental Flame Speed

Description: Theoretical studies of the turbojet and ramjet combustion process are summarized and the resulting equations are applied to experimental data obtained from various combustor tests. The theoretical treatment assumes that one step in the over-all chain of processes which constitute jet-engine combustion is sufficiently slow to be the rate-controlling step that determines combustion efficiency.
Date: August 5, 1957
Creator: Childs, J. Howard; Reynolds, Thaine W. & Graves, Charles C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department