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Electrochemistry of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans reactions with pyrite

Description: The objective of this project is to provide the fundamental information on the mechanisms of bacterial leaching of pyrite. The knowledge of how bacterial leaching of pyrite functions is essential for design and development of a technology for coal cleaning with bacteria. The features of major electrochemical techniques will be examined to find out if any of them can provide a diagnostic information on the mechanisms of related reactions.
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Pesic, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Alkali sorber (RABSAM), September 1, 1990--August 30, 1991

Description: The objective of this work is to develop a regenerable activated-bauxite sorber alkali monitor that requires no high-temperature/high-pressure sampling line for the reliable in situ measurement of alkali-vapor concentration in the exhaust from the pressurized fluidized-bed combustion of coal. 11 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Lee, S. H. D. & Swift, M. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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State of the art of pressurized fluidized bed combustion systems

Description: This report was prepared at the request of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) to clarify the development status of the pressurized fluidized bed combustor (PFBC) and to place in perspective the problems which are yet to be solved before commercialization of the concept is practical. This report, in essence, supersedes the interim report published in 1979, Assessment of the State of the Art of Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion Systems. A brief overview of the PFBC concept is included citing… more
Date: September 1, 1980
Creator: Graves, R.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Novel Coal Feeder for Production of Low Sulfur Fuel

Description: During the past three months, the coal feeding system has been tested and currently undergoing evaluation at the University of Cincinnati. The system consists primarily of an auger feed tube which is used to both convey and provide desulfurization of a high sulfur coal feedstock. The coal is conveyed at temperatures ranging from 350 to 550{degrees}C and under normal atmospheric pressure. Under these mild processing conditions, the coal partially pyrolizes and emits sulfur in the form of hydroge… more
Date: January 1, 1990
Creator: Khang, S. J. & Keener, T. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Final Report of Modeling of CWM Droplet Combustion

Description: The objective of the present study was to develop a one-dimensional, unsteady state model for coal-water mixture droplet combustion, and to compare the characteristic times for the various processes, such as water vaporization, devolatilization and char oxidation with available experimental data. A water film surrounding a spherical coal particle is considered to undergo vaporization by heat transfer from the hot air. After the water vaporization is complete, devolatilization begins. This proce… more
Date: October 1, 1983
Creator: Pandalai, Krish; Aggarwal, Suresh & Sirignano, William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Biological Production of Ethanol From Coal

Description: The fermentation pH has been observed to be the key parameter affecting the ratio of ethanol to acetate produced by Clostridium ljungdahlii. The effects of controlled pH on cell growth and product formation by C. ljungdahlii were measured. It was found that cell concentration and acetate concentration increased with pH, while the ethanol concentration was highest at the lower pH. The molar product ratio of ethanol to acetate was 0.74 at pH 4.0, 0.39 at pH 4.5 and 0.12 at pH 5.0. Future experime… more
Date: January 1, 1990
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Energy Program annual report

Description: The national economy is particularly dependent on efficient electrical generation and transportation. Electrical demand continues to grow and will increasingly rely on coal and nuclear fuels. The nuclear power industry still has not found a solution to the problem of disposing of the waste produced by nuclear reactors. Although coal is in ample supply and the infrastructure is in place for its utilization, environmental problems and improved conversion processes remain technical challenges. In … more
Date: February 1, 1988
Creator: Borg, I.Y. (ed.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Optical properties of flyash

Description: The general aims of this research are to provide a fundamental scientific basis for the physical understanding and reliable calculation of heat transfer in coal combustion systems, particularly as it is influenced by the presence of inorganic constituents deriving from mineral matter in coal. (VC)
Date: April 1, 1992
Creator: Self, S.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Biological Production of Ethanol From Coal

Description: Research is continuing in an attempt to increase both the ethanol concentration and product ratio using C. ljungdahlii. The purpose of this report is to present data utilizing a medium prepared especially for C. ljungdahlii. Medium development studies are presented, as well as reactor studies with the new medium in batch reactors. CSTRs and CSTRs with cell recycle. The use of this new medium has resulted in significant improvements in cell concentration, ethanol concentration and product ratio.
Date: January 1, 1992
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Utilization of coal-water fuels in fire-tube boilers

Description: This project is a demonstration for firing coal-water slurry in a fire-tube boiler. It includes design, installation, and demonstration of the slurry firing equipment in a fire-tube boiler at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa. The project will be funded by the US Department of Energy with cost sharing from Jim Walter Resources and the University of Alabama. Energy and Environmental Research Corporation is the prime contractor responsible for all respects of the project. The specific objec… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Sommer, T. & Melick, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The International Coal Statistics Data Base program maintenance guide

Description: The International Coal Statistics Data Base (ICSD) is a microcomputer-based system which contains information related to international coal trade. This includes coal production, consumption, imports and exports information. The ICSD is a secondary data base, meaning that information contained therein is derived entirely from other primary sources. It uses dBase III+ and Lotus 1-2-3 to locate, report and display data. The system is used for analysis in preparing the Annual Prospects for World Co… more
Date: June 1, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hydrogen bonding in asphaltenes and coal. Progress report, March 1, 1977--August 31, 1977

Description: A calorimetric method is presented for the simultaneous evaluation of equilibrium constant, K, and molar enthalpy, ..delta..H/sup 0/, for 1 : 1 adduct formation of quinoline (Qu) with asphaltene (A), together with its acid/neutral (AA) fraction and its base (BA) fraction, isolated from a centrifuged liquid product (CLP) sample prepared from Kentucky hvAb coal at 27.6 MPa hydrogen pressure and 723K, with reactor charged with glass pellets. The same procedure was used to determine K and ..delta..… more
Date: August 1, 1977
Creator: Li, N. C. & Tewari, K. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Industrial Fuel Gas Demonstration-Plant Program. Pretreatment unit options (Deliverable No. 41)

Description: Three approaches to pretreatment for the Industrial Fuel Gas Demonstration Plant project in the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) Pilot Plant have been examined. Analyses of these approaches, selection of the best alternative among the three, and detailed design and evaluation of cost and schedule impacts were made. The best approach available to pretreatment demonstration is an integrated pretreater - an ash agglomerating gasifier (AAG) that uses the existing AAG system, a new pretreater press… more
Date: December 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Thermal energy storage for power generation

Description: Studies strongly indicate that the United States will face widespread electrical power constraints in the 1990s, with most regions of the country experiencing capacity shortages by the year 2000. In many cases, the demand for increased power will occur during intermediate and peak demand periods. Much of this demand is expected to be met by oil- and natural gas-fired Brayton cycle turbines and combined-cycle plants. While natural gas is currently plentiful and reasonably priced, the availabilit… more
Date: October 1, 1989
Creator: Drost, M. K.; Antoniak, Z. I.; Brown, D. R. & Sathyanarayana, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Coal Technology Program. Progress report for November 1977

Description: A block of Pittsburgh seam bituminous coal and a block of Wyodak subbituminous coal were pyrolyzed under reducing gas in support of in situ gasification. Information from previously completed block pyrolysis of bituminous coal under an argon atmosphere show that differences in evolved gas result from differences in heating rates. Compared to block pyrolysis at 0.3 C/sup 0//min, block pyrolysis at 3 C/sup 0//min produces less gas but gas with a higher heating value, yielding a higher overall pyr… more
Date: January 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Separate effects test stand for obtaining hydrotransport data

Description: Based on earlier hydrotransport research by English and Russian researchers, a special test stand has been designed and constructed to obtain data to determine hydraulic drag, pipe wear, and comminution of particles. These data are intended for design and separate-effects operating information. This information will be used to supplement data developed by the Hydrotransport Research Facility located at the Pittsburgh Mining Operations, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This report describes the equipme… more
Date: August 1, 1980
Creator: Allen, C. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Advancement of flash hydrogasification. Quarterly technical progress report, October-December 1984

Description: The design of test hardware and process development unit (PDU) modifications had been completed previously. Task VII involves the fabrication of test hardware and the modification of an existing 1-ton/h hydroliquefaction PDU at Rockwell's facilities for use as a hydrogasifier test facility. Test hardware fabrication has been completed. Modifications to the PDU were completed in July 1984. The modified facility can accommodate both 10- and 20-ft-long hydrogasifier reactors so that residence time… more
Date: September 1, 1985
Creator: Falk, A. Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Control of pyrite surface chemistry in physical coal cleaning

Description: The successful separation of pyrite from coal by flotation is dependent to a large extent upon the selectivity of the process, and the use of a pyrite depressant is one of the most important and cost-effective techniques for achieving this. This report evaluates the effects of three factors on the floatability of pyrite. These are (1) the superficial oxidation of pyrite, (2) the contamination of pyrite surfaces by carbonaceous matter, and (3) pulp redox potentials. XPS (x-ray photoelectron spec… more
Date: June 24, 1992
Creator: Luttrell, G. H.; Yoon, R. H. & Ou, Z. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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(Pulsed atmospheric fluidized bed combustion (PAFBC)). [Comparing PAFBC vs. AFBC]

Description: The fourth Quarterly Technical Progress Report presents the results of work accomplished during the period February 6 through April 30, 1989. the overall objective of the program is the development of a pulsed atmospheric, fluidized bed combustion (PAFBC) technology to burn coal and to provide heat and steam to commercial, institutional, and small industrial applications at a reasonable price in an environmentally acceptable manner. During this past quarter, a baseline for comparing PAFBC vs. A… more
Date: May 1, 1989
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Survey of selected agencies conducted to determine the extent to which the nation's coals are adequately characterized

Description: A survey was conducted to determine the extent to which the nation's coals were adequately characterized. Questionnaires were sent to 81 agencies in the coal community selected to form a representative cross section of the organizations concerned with coal characterization. Fifty-nine completed questionnaires were received. Respondents included representatives of the agencies with the longest experience in characterization and those in the best position to know the status of our knowledge … more
Date: October 1, 1977
Creator: Hower, J. M.; Davis, A.; Dolsen, C. P. & Spackman, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of potential uses for the residue from fluidized bed combustion processes. Quarterly technical progress report, June-August 1980

Description: The following conclusions are recorded: The road base mixes in which quartz silica was substituted for the pulverized coal fly ash gave compressive strengths similar to those using the pulverized coal fly ash. The compressive strengths of road base mixes using recently produced AFB residue were of the same order of magnitude as those obtained in 1977, although the data covers a broad range of test results. Briquettes, produced from a number of trial mixes, show promise as a synthetic aggregate.… more
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Minnick, L.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Measurements of microwave transmission characteristics through various configurations of fluidized bed materials

Description: The feasibility of developing a microwave diagnostic system for measurement of bubbles in a fluidized bed combustion system has been experimentally investigated. Experiments were performed in a simple waveguide geometry, using microwave frequencies from 2.4 to 3.9 GHz. Styrofoam spacers were used to simulate bubbles in bed materials, such as Greer limestone. The results show that it is feasible to develop a diagnostic system based on microwave transmission through a system consisting of gaps in… more
Date: May 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Studies in Coal Liquefaction with Application to the SRC and Related Processes. Final Report, November 1978-September 1983

Description: The objective of this research program is to systematically investigate, characterize, and delineate the effects of changes in process operating conditions, equipment configuration, and nature of raw materials upon the kinetics, mechanism, and extent of coal dissolution, heteroatom removal, and hydrogenation in the SRC and closely related processes, for the purpose of providing an increased fundamental understanding of SRC process chemistry as well as guidelines and recommendations leading to e… more
Date: January 1, 1983
Creator: Tarrer, A. R.; Guin, J. A. & Curtis, C. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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