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Directions for Sampling Coal for Shipment or Delivery

Description: Technical paper issued by the Bureau of Mines with instructions for coal sampling for shipment. As stated in the introduction, "this paper deals with the sampling of coal after it has been mined" (p. 5). This paper includes illustrations.
Date: June 1917
Creator: Pope, George S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analyses of Kentucky Coals

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing analyses of the Eastern and Western coal fields in Kentucky. The two coal fields are described in detail. This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: 1944
Creator: McFarlan, Arthur C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analyses of Alaska Coals

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing the coal fields of Alaska. Analyses of the Alaskan coal fields are presented in detail. This report includes tables, and a map.
Date: 1946
Creator: Gates, George O. & Fieldner, Arno Carl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preparation Characteristics of Illinois Coals

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing the mechanical coal-preparation characteristics. As stated in the introduction, "this second publication reports the washability and screen analyses of the important Illinois coal beds, showing the quality of product that would result when the raw coal is subjected to preparatory treatment" (p. 1). This report includes tables, maps, and illustrations.
Date: 1949
Creator: Crentz, William L. & Fraser, Thomas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low-rank coal research, Task 5.1. Topical report, April 1986--December 1992

Description: This document is a topical progress report for Low-Rank Coal Research performed April 1986 - December 1992. Control Technology and Coal Preparation Research is described for Flue Gas Cleanup, Waste Management, Regional Energy Policy Program for the Northern Great Plains, and Hot-Gas Cleanup. Advanced Research and Technology Development was conducted on Turbine Combustion Phenomena, Combustion Inorganic Transformation (two sections), Liquefaction Reactivity of Low-Rank Coals, Gasification Ash and Slag Characterization, and Coal Science. Combustion Research is described for Atmospheric Fluidized-Bed Combustion, Beneficiation of Low-Rank Coals, Combustion Characterization of Low-Rank Fuels (completed 10/31/90), Diesel Utilization of Low-Rank Coals (completed 12/31/90), Produce and Characterize HWD (hot-water drying) Fuels for Heat Engine Applications (completed 10/31/90), Nitrous Oxide Emission, and Pressurized Fluidized-Bed Combustion. Liquefaction Research in Low-Rank Coal Direct Liquefaction is discussed. Gasification Research was conducted in Production of Hydrogen and By-Products from Coals and in Sulfur Forms in Coal.
Date: February 1, 1993
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analyses of Mine and Car Samples of Coal Collected in the Fiscal Years 1911 to 1913

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines over analyses of coal samples collected from 1911 to 1913. The analyses and descriptions of the samples are presented and discussed. This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: 1914
Creator: Fieldner, Arno Carl; Smith, Howard I.; Fay, Albert H. & Sanford, Samuel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analyses of West Virginia Coals

Description: Technical paper issued by the Bureau of Mines over studies of West Virginia coal fields. Characteristics of coals and mines are discussed. This paper includes tables, maps, and illustrations.
Date: 1942
Creator: Price, Paul H.; Heck, E. T.; Fieldner, Arno Carl; Toenges, Albert L.; Anderson, R. L.; Snyder, N. H. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low-rank coal research. Quarterly report, January--March 1990

Description: This document contains several quarterly progress reports for low-rank coal research that was performed from January-March 1990. Reports in Control Technology and Coal Preparation Research are in Flue Gas Cleanup, Waste Management, and Regional Energy Policy Program for the Northern Great Plains. Reports in Advanced Research and Technology Development are presented in Turbine Combustion Phenomena, Combustion Inorganic Transformation (two sections), Liquefaction Reactivity of Low-Rank Coals, Gasification Ash and Slag Characterization, and Coal Science. Reports in Combustion Research cover Fluidized-Bed Combustion, Beneficiation of Low-Rank Coals, Combustion Characterization of Low-Rank Coal Fuels, Diesel Utilization of Low-Rank Coals, and Produce and Characterize HWD (hot-water drying) Fuels for Heat Engine Applications. Liquefaction Research is reported in Low-Rank Coal Direct Liquefaction. Gasification Research progress is discussed for Production of Hydrogen and By-Products from Coal and for Chemistry of Sulfur Removal in Mild Gas.
Date: August 1, 1990
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Washing Characteristics of the Pittsburgh Coal in a High-Sulfur Area in Greene County, Pennsylvania

Description: Technical paper issued by the Bureau of Mines over characteristics of Pittsburgh-seam coal in Greene County, Pennsylvania. The characteristics and locations of the coal are presented and discussed. This paper includes tables, maps, and illustrations.
Date: 1946
Creator: Fraser, Thomas & Crentz, William L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Production of mild gasification coproducts

Description: In summary, the co-product production runs performed by the SGI Development Center yielded sufficient simulated PDF (process derived fuel) and CDL (coal derived liquid) to meet the production needs for each of the four coals. The LFC Process appears to be an attractive method for upgrading all of the coals except for the Knife River Coal because of its limited yield and difficulty in processing. The Buckskin coal appears to be a slightly stronger candidate for upgrading than the other three coals because it has the greatest CDL yield and a more than 50% increase in heating value from ROM to PDF. (LFC processing of Usibelli and Sarpy Creek coal produces more PDF, but the heating value increase is less and the oil yields are low. Processing Knife River coal produces much less PDF but a greater heating value increase because of its higher moisture content). Finally, in all cases, the LFC Process removed significant percentage of the organic sulfur, clearly demonstrating its coal cleaning potential.
Date: December 1, 1994
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Annual Report of Research and Technologic Work on Coal: Fiscal Year 1942

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing studies over the research and technology of coal during 1942. As stated in the introduction, "the annual reports of the research and technologic investigations conducted by the Bureau of Mines on the occurrence, properties, mining, preparation, and uses of coal, of which the present report is the seventh, are intended to be brief summaries of progress" (p. 4). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: May 1943
Creator: Fieldner, Arno Carl & Rice, W. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reserves, Petrographic and Chemical Characteristics, and Carbonizing, Properties of Coal Occurring South of Dry Fork of Minnesota Creek, Gunnison County, Near Paonia, Colorado, and the Geology of the Area

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing the geology, chemical, and carbonizing properties of Gunnison County coal reserves in Colorado. Results and analyses of the investigations conducted on the coal reserves are presented in detail. This report includes tables, maps, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: 1949
Creator: Toenges, Albert L.; Dowd, James J.; Turnbull, Louis A.; Davis, J. D.; Smith, H. L. & Johnson, Vard H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The ENCOAL Mild Coal Gasification Project, A DOE Assessment

Description: This report is a post-project assessment of the ENCOAL{reg_sign} Mild Coal Gasification Project, which was selected under Round III of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Demonstration Program. The CCT Demonstration Program is a government and industry cofunded technology development effort to demonstrate a new generation of innovative coal utilization processes in a series of commercial-scale facilities. The ENCOAL{reg_sign} Corporation, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Bluegrass Coal Development Company (formerly SMC Mining Company), which is a subsidiary of Ziegler Coal Holding Company, submitted an application to the DOE in August 1989, soliciting joint funding of the project in the third round of the CCT Program. The project was selected by DOE in December 1989, and the Cooperative Agreement (CA) was approved in September 1990. Construction, commissioning, and start-up of the ENCOAL{reg_sign} mild coal gasification facility was completed in June 1992. In October 1994, ENCOAL{reg_sign} was granted a two-year extension of the CA with the DOE, that carried through to September 17, 1996. ENCOAL{reg_sign} was then granted a six-month, no-cost extension through March 17, 1997. Overall, DOE provided 50 percent of the total project cost of $90,664,000. ENCOAL{reg_sign} operated the 1,000-ton-per-day mild gasification demonstration plant at Triton Coal Company's Buckskin Mine near Gillette, Wyoming, for over four years. The process, using Liquids From Coal (LFC{trademark}) technology originally developed by SMC Mining Company and SGI International, utilizes low-sulfur Powder River Basin (PRB) coal to produce two new fuels, Process-Derived Fuel (PDF{trademark}) and Coal-Derived Liquids (CDL{trademark}). The products, as alternative fuel sources, are capable of significantly lowering current sulfur emissions at industrial and utility boiler sites throughout the nation thus reducing pollutants causing acid rain. In support of this overall objective, the following goals were established for the ENCOAL{reg_sign} Project: Provide sufficient quantity of products for full-scale test burns; Develop …
Date: March 15, 2002
Creator: National Energy Technology Laboratory (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preparation Characteristics of Pennsylvania Anthracite from the Bottom Red Ash Bed, Northern Field

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines on the anthracite coal in the Bottom Red Ash Bed in Pennsylvania. The coal samples were analyzed for thickness and geologic structure. The amount of recoverable coal was also estimated. This report includes tables, maps, and illustrations.
Date: July 1967
Creator: Sanner, William S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estimate of Known Recoverable Reserves and the Preparation and Carbonizing Properties of Coking Coal in Anderson County, Tennessee

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines over investigations of coking coal reserves of Anderson County, Tennessee. Testing to determine suitability for producing metallurgical coke is also presented. This report includes tables, maps, photographs, and illustrations.
Date: December 1955
Creator: Williams, Lloyd; James, Curtis; Gandrud, B. W. & Reynolds, D. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estimate of Known Recoverable Reserves and Preparation Characteristics of Coking Coal in Van Buren County, Tennessee

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines over investigations of Coking Coal reserves of Van Buren County, Tennessee. Testing to determine suitability for producing metallurgical coke is also presented. This report includes tables, maps, and illustrations.
Date: March 1956
Creator: Hershey, Robert E.; Williams, Lloyd; Crentz, William L. & Miller, J. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Annual Report of Research and Technologic Work on Coal: Fiscal Year 1941

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing the annual report over the research and technology of coal during 1941. As stated in the foreword, "these investigations increase our fund of exact knowledge on the properties and composition of American coals and lead to better methods in mining, preparing, storing, and utilizing coal" (p. 4). This report includes tables, illustrations, photographs, and a map.
Date: November 1941
Creator: Fieldner, Arno Carl & Schmidt, L. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Assessment of Research Needs for Coal Utilization

Description: The Coal Combustion and Applications Working Group (CCAWG), at the request of J.W. Mares (Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy) and A.W. Trivelpiece (Director, Office of Energy Research), has reviewed and evaluated the U.S. programs on coal combustion and utilization. The important topical areas of coal gasification and coal liquefaction have been deliberately excluded because R and D needs for these technologies were reviewed previously by the DOE Fossil Energy Research Working Group. The CCAWG studies were performed in order to provide an independent assessment of research areas that affect prospects for augmented coal utilization. In this report, we summarize the findings and research recommendations of CCAWG.
Date: August 1983
Creator: Penner, S. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Production of mild gasification coproducts

Description: The LFC process upgrades young coals and lignites to a solid fuel which resembles higher rank coals and coproduces a liquid that resembles fuel oil. During the natural metamorphic process of pressure and heat, younger lower rank coals are converted to older higher rank coals over a period of greater than 100 million years. SGI's LFC process accomplishes this transformation in less than an hour, producing solid Process Derived Fuel (PDF) and liquid Coal Derived Liquid (CDL) coproducts. The coproduct samples will be produced from 4 different coals gathered from 3 major coal resource regions of the United States. Samples of the LFC process coproducts will be delivered to Government laboratories for test and characterization. Twenty kilograins of PDF will be delivered to each of 3 laboratories and 2 laters of CDL will be delivered to each of 4 laboratories. The characterization information will be returned to SGI and then will be incorporated into the final report.
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Horne, D. A. & Watson, P. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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