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Industrial Fuel Gas Demonstration-Plant Program. Pretreatment unit options (Deliverable No. 41)

Description: Three approaches to pretreatment for the Industrial Fuel Gas Demonstration Plant project in the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) Pilot Plant have been examined. Analyses of these approaches, selection of the best alternative among the three, and detailed design and evaluation of cost and schedule impacts were made. The best approach available to pretreatment demonstration is an integrated pretreater - an ash agglomerating gasifier (AAG) that uses the existing AAG system, a new pretreater press… more
Date: December 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Control of pyrite surface chemistry in physical coal cleaning

Description: The successful separation of pyrite from coal by flotation is dependent to a large extent upon the selectivity of the process, and the use of a pyrite depressant is one of the most important and cost-effective techniques for achieving this. This report evaluates the effects of three factors on the floatability of pyrite. These are (1) the superficial oxidation of pyrite, (2) the contamination of pyrite surfaces by carbonaceous matter, and (3) pulp redox potentials. XPS (x-ray photoelectron spec… more
Date: June 24, 1992
Creator: Luttrell, G. H.; Yoon, R. H. & Ou, Z. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Survey of selected agencies conducted to determine the extent to which the nation's coals are adequately characterized

Description: A survey was conducted to determine the extent to which the nation's coals were adequately characterized. Questionnaires were sent to 81 agencies in the coal community selected to form a representative cross section of the organizations concerned with coal characterization. Fifty-nine completed questionnaires were received. Respondents included representatives of the agencies with the longest experience in characterization and those in the best position to know the status of our knowledge … more
Date: October 1, 1977
Creator: Hower, J. M.; Davis, A.; Dolsen, C. P. & Spackman, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Modeling of Integrated Environmental Control Systems for Coal-Fired Power Plants Quarterly Report: January-March 1989

Description: This is the sixth quarterly report of DOE Contract No. DE-AC22- 87PC79863, entitled Modeling of Integrated Environmental Control Systems for Coal-Fired Power Plants.'' This report summarizes accomplishments during the period January 1, 1989 to March 31, 1989. Efforts this past quarter focused primarily on the preparation of a computer User's Guide for the Integrated Environmental Control Model (IECM). Drafts of the first two chapters are now complete. These chapters constitute the bulk of this … more
Date: April 1, 1989
Creator: Rubin, E. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Process and analytical studies of enhanced low severity co-processing using selective coal pretreatment

Description: This report describes progress on research during the eleventh quarter of this contract dealing with applications of coal pretreatment techniques in coal/oil co-processing and direct hydroliquefaction. The objectives of the project are to investigate various coal pretreatment techniques and to determine the effect of these pretreatment procedures on the reactivity of the coal. Reactivity enhancement will be evaluated under both direct hydroliquefaction and co-processing conditions. Coal convers… more
Date: 1991-06~
Creator: Baldwin, R. M.; Gaur, S. & Miller, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Assessment of the potential of colloidal fuels in future energy usage. Final report. [97 references]

Description: Pulverized coal has been an increasing important source of energy over the past century. Most large utility boilers, all modern coking plants, and many industrial boilers and blast furnaces employ pulverized coal as a major feed stream. In periods of oil shortages, such as during World Wars I and II, the concept of adding powdered coal to oil for use in combustion equipment originally designed for oil has been actively pursued but rarely used. Over this same period of time, there have been atte… more
Date: February 25, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Modeling of Integrated Environmental Control Systems for Coal-Fired Power Plants Quarterly Report: June-September 1989

Description: The general goal of this research project is to enhance, and transfer to DOE, a new computer simulation model for analyzing the performance and cost of environmental control systems for coal-fired power plants. Systems utilizing pre-combustion, combustion, or post-combustion control methods, individually or in combination, may be considered. A unique capability of this model is the probabilistic representation of uncertainty in model input parameters. This stochastic simulation capability allow… more
Date: October 1, 1989
Creator: Rubin, E. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Modeling of Integrated Environmental Control Systems for Coal-Fired Power Plants Quarterly Report: Final Report

Description: The Integrated Environmental Control Model (IECM) was designed to permit the systematic evaluation of environmental control options for pulverized coal-fired (PC) power plants. Of special interest was the ability to compare the performance and cost of advanced pollution control systems to conventional'' technologies for the control of particulate, SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x}. Of importance also was the ability to consider pre-combustion, combustion and post-combustion control methods employed alone… more
Date: May 1, 1991
Creator: Rubin, E. S.; Salmento, J. S.; Frey, H. C.; Abu-Baker, A. & Berkenpas, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Combustion characterization of beneficiated coal-based fuels

Description: This three-year research project at Combustion Engineering, Inc. (CE) will assess the potential economic and environmental benefits derived from coal beneficiation by various advanced cleaning processes. The objectives of this program include the development of a detailed generic engineering database, comprised of fuel combustion and ash performance data on beneficiated coal-based fuels (BCFs), which is needed to permit broad application. This technical database will provide detailed informatio… more
Date: December 1, 1989
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Surface electrochemical control for the fine coal and pyrite separation

Description: Ongoing work includes the characterization of coal pyrites, the floatability evaluation of typical US coal samples, the flotation behavior of coal pyrites, the electrochemical measurement of the surface properties of coal pyrites, and the characterization of species produced at pyrite surfaces.
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Hu, Weibai; Huang, Qinping; Zhu, Ximeng; Li, Jun; Bodily, D. M.; Liang, Jun et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Surface electrochemical control for fine coal and pyrite separation

Description: Ongoing work includes the characterization of coal pyrites, the floatability evaluation typical US coal samples, the flotation behavior of coal pyrites, the electrochemical measurement of the surface properties of coal pyrites, and the characterization of species produced at pyrite surfaces.
Date: January 1, 1990
Creator: Hu, Weibai; Zhu, Ximeng; Bodily, D. M. & Wadsworth, M. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Advanced Coal Conversion Process Demonstration (Project)

Description: This report contains a description of technical progress made on the Advanced Coal Conversion Process Demonstration Project (ACCP). The project is a US Department of Energy Innovative Clean Coal Technology Project. The cooperative agreement defining the project is between DOE and the Rosebud SynCoal Partnership RSCP. The RSCP is a partnership between Western Energy Company (WECo), a subsidiary of Entech, Montana Power's non-utility group, and NRG, a subsidiary of Northern States Power. The ACCP… more
Date: July 1, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Modeling of Integrated Environmental Control Systems for Coal-Fired Power Plants: Conventional Froth Flotation for the IEC Coal Cleaning Plant Model

Description: This report describes the addition of a conventional froth flotation circuit into the FORTRAN coal cleaning module of the Integrated Environmental Control (IEC) model. The purpose of this modification is to include froth flotation as an option to clean the coal fines. The current model has three beneficiation: levels (2, 3, and 4) in which different streams are washed by specific gravity equipment. Level 2 washes only the coarse stream. Level 3 washes the coarse and medium streams. Level 4 wash… more
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Rubin, E. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Surface electrochemical control for the fine coal and pyrite separation

Description: Ongoing work includes the characterization of coal pyrites, the floatability evaluation of typical US coal samples, the flotation behavior of coal pyrites, the electrochemical measurement of the surface properties of coal pyrites, and the characterization of species produced at pyrite surfaces.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Chen, Wanxiong; Hu, Weibai; Wann, Jyi-Perng; Zhu, Ximeng & Wadsworth, M. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Opportunities for coal to methanol conversion

Description: The accumulations of mining residues in the anthracite coal regions of Pennsylvania offer a unique opportunity to convert the coal content into methanol that could be utilized in that area as an alternative to gasoline or to extend the supplies through blending. Additional demand may develop through the requirements of public utility gas turbines located in that region. The cost to run this refuse through coal preparation plants may result in a clean coal at about $17.00 per ton. After gasifica… more
Date: April 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Project for laboratory study for removal of organic sulfur from coal. Quarterly technical progress report

Description: The Gravimelt Process was extended to the desulfurization of ordinary mine-cleaned Kentucky No. 11 coal obtained from the Tennessee Valley Authority. Eight process runs were made resulting in reduction of the sulfur content from a starting 2.7 lbs S/10/sup 6/ Btu to a mean of 0.475 lbs S/10/sup 6/ Btu, (0.95 lbs SO/sub 2//10/sup 6/ Btu) for an average 82% sulfur reduction. The effect of utilization of molten sodium hydroxide alone vs molten mixed potassium and sodium hydroxide was investigated … more
Date: October 15, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Quarterly technical progress report, October 1-December 30, 1983

Description: Several new initiatives were begun in coal preparation, including a project to develop a liquid CO/sub 2/ coalescence process that will produce a superclean coal containing less than 1% ash. Another new project in this area is focusing on chemical coal cleaning for the removal of harmful trace elements, such as arsenic, lead, and zinc. Milestones were reached in both of our major electron beam flue gas cleanup projects. In the area of coal-water mixtures, our major industrial contracts are now … more
Date: April 1, 1984
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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MHD power generation research, development and engineering. Quarterly progress report, October-December 1979

Description: Progress is reported on the following tasks: characterization of coal for open-cycle MHD power generation systems; compressive creep and strength studies of MHD preheater materials; preparation of coals for utilization in direct coal-fired MHD generation; characterization of volatile matter in coal; MHD materials evaluation; operability of the Moderate Temperature Slag Flow Facility; slag-seed equilibria and separations related to the MHD system; thermionic emission of coal and electrode materi… more
Date: January 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Ancillary effects of selected acid deposition control policies

Description: NAPAP is examining a number of potential ways to reduce the precursors (sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides) to acid deposition. However, the policies to reduce acid deposition will have other physical, biological and economic effects unrelated to acid deposition. For example, control policies that reduce sulfur dioxide emissions may also increase visibility. The effects of an acid deposition policy that are unrelated to acid deposition are referred to as ''ancillary'' effects. This reserch iden… more
Date: August 1, 1986
Creator: Moe, R.J.; Lyke, A. J. & Nesse, R. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Coal Technology Program. Progress report for December 1977

Description: In the pressure vessel and piping materials work, the report, ''Assessment of Materials Technology for Gasifer and Reaction Pressure Vessels and Piping for Second Generation Commercial Coal Conversion Systems'' (ORNL-5238), has been submitted for publication and distribution. Impact and tensile teting is under way on 2/sup 1///sub 4/ cr-1 Mo steel which has received a simulated quench, temper, and postweld heat treatment. Two topical reports on coating inspection have gone to reproduction. CoCr… more
Date: February 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Air/water oxydesulfurization of coal: laboratory investigation

Description: Air/water oxidative desulfurization has been demonstrated in autoclave experiments at the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center for various coals representative of the major US coal basins. This experimentation has shown that the reaction proceeds effectively for pulverized coals at temperatures of 150 to 200/sup 0/C with air at a total system pressure of 500 to 1500 psig. Above 200/sup 0/C, the loss of coal and product heating value increases due to oxidative consumption of carbon and hydrogen. … more
Date: August 1, 1980
Creator: Warzinski, R. P.; Friedman, S.; Ruether, J. A. & LaCount, R. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Surface electrochemical control for fine coal and pyrite separation

Description: This technical progress report, prepared in accordance with the reporting requirements of DOE Project No. DE-AC22-89PC89758, covers the work performed from April 1, 1991 to June 30, 1991. The ongoing work includes the characterization of coal pyrites, the floatability evaluation of three typical US coal samples, the flotation behavior of coal pyrites, the electrochemical measurement of the surface properties of coal pyrites, and the characterization of species produced at pyrite surfaces. 6 ref… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Hu, Weibai; Huang, Qinping; Riley, A.; Zhu, Ximeng; Bodily, D. M.; Liang, Jun et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fossil energy program. Progress report for May 1980

Description: This report - the seventieth of a series - is a compendium of monthly progress reports for the ORNL research and development programs that are in support of the increased utilization of coal and other fossil fuel alternatives to oil and gas as sources of clean energy. The projects reported this month include those for coal conversion development, chemical research and development, materials technology, component and process evaluation studies, technical support to major liquefaction projects, p… more
Date: August 1, 1980
Creator: McNeese, L.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Conceptual flow sheets development for coal conversion plant coal handling-preparation and ash/slag removal operations

Description: This report presents 14 conceptual flow sheets and major equipment lists for coal handling and preparation operations that could be required for future, commercial coal conversion plants. These flow sheets are based on converting 50,000 tons per day of clean coal representative of the Pittsburgh and Kentucky No. 9 coal seams. Flow sheets were used by Union Carbide Corporation, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, in a survey of coal handling/preparation equipment requirements for future coal conversi… more
Date: July 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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