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Development of Supercritical Fluid Chromatography for Analysis of Truex Process Solvents

Description: This report summarizes the work that has been performed at Argonne National Laboratory on the development of an analytical procedure to analyze TRUEX process solvents; these solvents are composed of a bifunctional organophosphorus extractant.
Date: August 1989
Creator: Tse, P.-K. & Vandegrift, G. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Methods Development for Ion Chromatography

Description: Ion chromatography (IC) as developed by Small et. al. in 1975 has become an efficient and reliable analytical technique for simultaneous analysis of multiple ions in solution. The principle requirement prior to use the IC for an analysis is sample preparation; these include sample decomposition, solvent extraction, and trapping in case the target element is in the gas phase, etc. Solvent extractions for fluoride, chloride, sodium, ammonium, and potassium ions which are soluble in soils are described. Sample decompositions include silicate rocks using hydrofluoric acid for the determination of phosphorus; organic pesticides using lithium fusion technique for the determination of halide and cyanide ions are also described. After these sample preparation techniques, the aqueous solutions obtained were analyzed on the ion chromatograph for the analyses of the anions and cations mentioned above. Recovery and reproducibility of each technique is in general quite good and the comparison between the results obtained from the IC method and other instrumentation are given.
Date: May 1986
Creator: Supachai Maketon
Partner: UNT Libraries

Ion Chromatography of Soluble Cr(III) and Cr(VI)

Description: Ion chromatography coupled with a conductivity detector was used to investigate the analysis of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) in aqueous samples. An IC methodology for Cr(III) was developed using a cation column and an eluent containing tartaric acid, ethylenediamine, and acetonitrile at pH 2.9. The detection limit of this method can reach 0.1 ppm level with good precision. Several operational parameters were evaluated during the regular use of the method. Comparison of the IC method with AA method showed good agreement between the two methods. The anion exchange column was used for Cr(VI) determination. The best results were obtained with an eluent containing sodium gluconate, borate buffer, glycerin, and acetonitrile. The retention time for the Cr207 2 - sample was 11 min. and the calibration curve was linear between 1.0 and 100 ppm.
Date: August 1988
Creator: Huang, Julie Shiong-Jiun
Partner: UNT Libraries

Methods Development for Simultaneous Determination of Anions and Cations by Ion Chromatography

Description: The problem with which this research is concerned is the determination of inorganic anions and cations with single injection ion chromatography. Direct detection of the separated analyte ions occurs after the analyte ions have passed through ion-exchange resins where they are separated according to their affinity for the ion-exchange resin active sites. The techniques involve the use of essentially a non-suppressed ion chromatographic system followed by a suppressed ion chromatographic system. With this system it is possible to accomplish both qualitative and quantitative determinations.
Date: May 1987
Creator: Jones, Vonda K. (Vonda Kaye)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Characterization of Novel Solvents and Absorbents for Chemical Separations

Description: Predictive methods have been employed to characterize chemical separation mediums including solvents and absorbents. These studies included creating Abraham solvation parameter models for room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) utilizing novel ion-specific and group contribution methodologies, polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS) utilizing standard methodology, and the micelles cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) utilizing a combined experimental setup methodology with indicator variables. These predictive models allows for the characterization of both standard and new chemicals for use in chemical separations including gas chromatography (GC), solid phase microextraction (SPME), and micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC). Gas-to-RTIL and water-to-RTIL predictive models were created with a standard deviation of 0.112 and 0.139 log units, respectively, for the ion-specific model and with a standard deviation of 0.155 and 0.177 log units, respectively, for the group contribution fragment method. Enthalpy of solvation for solutes dissolved into ionic liquids predictive models were created with ion-specific coefficients to within standard deviations of 1.7 kJ/mol. These models allow for the characterization of studied ionic liquids as well as prediction of solute-solvent properties of previously unstudied ionic liquids. Predictive models were created for the logarithm of solute's gas-to-fiber sorption and water-to-fiber sorption coefficient for polydimethyl siloxane for wet and dry conditions. These models were created to standard deviations of 0.198 and 0.122 logunits for gas-to-PDMS wet and dry, respectively, as well as 0.164 and 0.134 log units for water-to-PDMS wet and dry, respectively. These models are particularly useful in solid phase microextraction separations. Micelles were studied to create predictive models of the measured micelle-water partition coefficient as well as models of measured MEKC chromatographic retention factors for CTAB and SDS. The resultant predictive models were created with standard deviations of 0.190 log units for the logarithm of the mole fraction concentration of water-to-CTAB, 0.171 log units for the combined logarithms of both the ...
Date: May 2011
Creator: Grubbs, Laura Michelle Sprunger
Partner: UNT Libraries

A reduced order model for the study of asymmetries in linear gas chromatography for homogeneous tubular columns.

Description: In gas chromatography, a chemical sample separates into its constituent components as it travels along a long thin column. As the component chemicals exit the column they are detected and identified, allowing the chemical makeup of the sample to be determined. For correct identification of the component chemicals, the distribution of the concentration of each chemical along the length of the column must be nearly symmetric. The prediction and control of asymmetries in gas chromatography has been an active research area since the advent of the technique. In this paper, we develop from first principles a general model for isothermal linear chromatography. We use this model to develop closed-form expressions for terms related to the first, second, and third moments of the distribution of the concentration, which determines the velocity, diffusion rate, and asymmetry of the distribution. We show that for all practical experimental situations, only fronting peaks are predicted by this model, suggesting that a nonlinear chromatography model is required to predict tailing peaks. For situations where asymmetries arise, we analyze the rate at which the concentration distribution returns to a normal distribution. Numerical examples are also provided.
Date: August 1, 2005
Creator: Whiting, Joshua J.; Romero, Louis Anthony & Parks, Michael L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Activity Coefficients at Infinite Dilution for Organic Solutes Dissolved in Three 1-Alkyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium Bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide Ionic Liquids Bearing Short Linear Alkyl Side Chains of Three to Five Carbons

Description: Article discussing activity coefficients at infinite dilution for organic solutes dissolved in three 1-alkyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ionic liquids bearing short linear alkyl side chains of three to five carbons.
Date: July 30, 2013
Creator: Mutelet, Fabrice; Hassan, El-Sayed R. E.; Stephens, Timothy W.; Acree, William E. (William Eugene) & Baker, Gary A.
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Study of Ether-, Alcohol-, or Cyano-Functionalized Ionic Liquids Using Inverse Gas Chromatography

Description: This article discusses the study of ether-, alcohol, or cyano-functionalized ionic liquids using inverse gas chromatography.
Date: March 11, 2010
Creator: Revelli, Anne-Laure; Mutelet, Fabrice; Jaubert, Jean-Noël; Garcia-Martinez, Marina; Sprunger, Laura M.; Acree, William E. (William Eugene) et al.
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Partition Coefficients of Organic Compounds in Four New Tetraalkylammonium Bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide Ionic Liquids Using Inverse Gas Chromatography

Description: This article discusses partition coefficients of organic compounds in four new tetraalkylammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ionic liquids using inverse gas chromatography.
Date: August 18, 2011
Creator: Acree, William E. (William Eugene); Baker, Gary A.; Mutelet, Fabrice & Moïse, Jean-Charles
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Partition Coefficients of Organic Compounds in New Imidazolium and Tetralkylammonium Based Ionic Liquids Using Inverse Gas Chromatography

Description: This article discusses partition coefficients of organic compounds in new imidazolium and tetralkylammonium based ionic liquids using inverse gas chromatography.
Date: September 11, 2009
Creator: Mutelet, Fabrice; Revelli, Anne-Laure; Jaubert, Jean-Noël; Sprunger, Laura M.; Baker, Gary A. & Acree, William E. (William Eugene)
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

PREPARATION OF BIOLOGICAL MATERIAL FOR RADIOAUTOGRAPHIC STUDIES OF INTERMEDIARY METABOLISM

Description: The intermediary metabolism of many kinds of biological material may be studied by supplying the tissue with radioactive substrates and analyzing the reaction products by paper chromatography and radioautography. The preparation of the tissue in a form suitable for such study frequently presents difficulty. Several experimental approaches to this problem are discussed which have been applied successfully to the metabolism of tissues from widely differing organisms. (auth)
Date: May 1, 1961
Creator: Moses, V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Miniature chemical measurement systems

Description: Prospect of microfabricated monolithic devices that accomplish complete chemical assays is enticing. Early work with microfabricated chemical analysis devices focused on separations methods. More recently reagent manipulation has been integrated with separation devices to create more powerful capabilities. Examples of procedures, other than separations, that have been demonstrated on micromachined structures include reagent mixing, dilution, and reaction, preconcentration through sample stacking and biopolymer tagging for detection. Developments in liquid phase microfabricated chemical analysis devices are reviewed.
Date: December 31, 1996
Creator: Ramsey, J.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation into the causes for the loss of resolution in an ion chromatograpy resin

Description: Four mechanisms were considered as possible causes of the loss in resolution for a Dionex CG2 ion chromatography resin: 1) presence of inorganic ions strongly bound to the active sites; 2) absorption of organic species; 3) physical alterations; and 4) chemical alterations. The instrumental analyses used to gather data were ICP, FT-IR, SEM, solid C-13 NMR and IC.
Date: May 1988
Creator: Galindo, Irma C. (Irma Concepcion)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Determination of Solute Descriptors for Illicit Drugs Using Gas Chromatographic Retention Data and Abraham Solvation Model

Description: In this experiment, more than one hundred volatile organic compounds were analyzed with the gas chromatograph. Six capillary columns ZB wax plus, ZB 35, TR1MS, TR5, TG5MS and TG1301MS with different polarities have been used for separation of compounds and illicit drugs. The Abraham solvation model has five solute descriptors. The solute descriptors are E, S, A, B, L (or V). Based on the six stationary phases, six equations were constructed as a training set for each of the six columns. The six equations served to calculate the solute descriptors for a set of illicit drugs. Drugs studied are nicotine (S= 0.870, A= 0.000, B= 1.073), oxycodone(S= 2.564. A= 0.286, B= 1.706), methamphetamine (S= 0.297, A= 1.570, B= 1.009), heroin (S=2.224, A= 0.000, B= 2.136) and ketamine (S= 1.005, A= 0.000, B= 1.126). The solute property of Abraham solvation model is represented as a logarithm of retention time, thus the logarithm of experimental and calculated retention times is compared.
Date: August 2015
Creator: Mitheo, Yannick K.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Polymers for Chemical Sensors Using Hydrosilylation Chemistry

Description: Sorbent and functionalized polymers play a key role in a diverse set of fields, including chemical sensors, separation membranes, solid phase extraction techniques, and chromatography. Sorbent polymers are critical to a number of sensor array or "electronic nose" systems. The responses of the sensors in the array give rise to patterns that can be used to distinguish one compound from another, provided that a sufficiently diverse set of sensing materials is present in the array. Figure 1 illustrates the concept of several sensors, each with a different sensor coating, giving rise to variable responses to an analyte that appear as a pattern in bar graph format. Using hydrosilylation as the bond-forming reaction, we have developed a versatile and efficient approach to developing sorbent polymers with diverse interactive properties for sensor applications. Both the chemical and physical properties of these polymers are predictable and tunable by design.
Date: June 28, 2001
Creator: Grate, Jay W.; Kaganove, Steven N. & Nelson, David A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department