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Basic Tables for Chemical Analysis

Description: Abstract: Tables of important data for use in the analytical chemistry laboratory are provided. These tables contain information for use in gas chromatography, liquid chromatography, infrared and ultraviolet spectrophotometry, mass spectrometry, and wet chemical techniques. Tables relating to safe practice in the analytical laboratory are also included.
Date: April 1986
Creator: Bruno, Thomas J. & Svoronos, Paris D. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Methods of Chemical Analysis Used to Characterize Battery Materials

Description: Procedures are given for the chemical analysis of a variety of materials of interest in battery development and research. These materials include LiCl-KCl eutectic, Li-Al alloys, lithium sulfide, lithium aluminum chloride, calcium sulfide, titanium sulfide, and various sulfides of iron, nickel, copper, and cobalt.
Date: May 1980
Creator: Jensen, Kenneth J. & Streets, W. Elane
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Cooperative Investigation of Precision and Accuracy in Chemical, Spectrochemical and Modal Analysis of Silicate Rocks

Description: From foreword: This bulletin is the second of the series "Contributions to Geochemistry" which was begun in 1946 with Bulletin 950, "Contributions to Geochemistry, 1942-45". This series is the successor to earlier ones, also published as U. S. Geological Survey Bulletins, "Report of work done in the Division of Chemistry and Physics" (1879-1893), "Contributions to chemistry and mineralogy from the laboratory of the United States Geological Survey" (1900), "Contributions to mineralogy from the United States Geological Survey" (1905), and "Mineralogical Notes" (1911-16).
Date: 1951
Creator: Fairbairn, H. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Program for Development and Evaluation of Nondestructive Assay Techniques for Plutonium Holdup

Description: An outline is presented for an experimental program to develop and evaluate nondestructive assay techniques applicable to holdup measurement in plutonium-containing fuel fabrication facilities. The current state-of-the-art in holdup measurements is reviewed. Various aspects of the fuel fabrication process and the fabrication facility are considered for their potential impact on holdup measurements. The measurement techniques considered are those using gamma-ray counting, neutron counting, and temperature measurement. The advantages and disadvantages of each technique are discussed. Potential difficulties in applying the techniques to holdup measurement are identified. Experiments are proposed to determine the effects of such problems as variation in sample thickness, in sample distribution, and in background radiation. These experiments are also directed toward identification of techniques most appropriate to various applications. Also proposed are experiments to quantify the uncertainties expected for each measurement.
Date: May 1977
Creator: Brumbach, S. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oak Ridge Analytical Chemistry Division Annual Progress Report: 1962

Description: Report issued by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory discussing progress and work conducted by the Analytical Chemistry Division. Instrumentation, analytical methods, reactor projects, service analysis, and special research is presented. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: 1962~
Creator: Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Analytical Chemistry Division.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analytical Chemistry Division Annual Progress Report for Period Ending December 31, 1959

Description: From Summary: "78,000 analysis were performed in the Thermal Breeder Reactor Projects Analytical Chemistry Laboratory. Principal sample types, methods of analysis used, components determined, and physical measurements required are described."
Date: February 18, 1960
Creator: Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Analytical Chemistry Division.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analytical Chemistry Division Annual Progress Report for Period Ending November 15, 1964

Description: Report issued by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory discussing progress and work conducted by the Analytical Chemistry Division. Instrumentation, analytical methods, reactor projects, service analysis, and special research is presented. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: January 1965
Creator: Kelley, M. T.; Susano, C. D. & Fisher, D. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Basic TRUEX Process for Rocky Flats Plant

Description: The Generic TRUEX Model was used to develop a TRUEX process flowsheet for recovering the transuranics (plutonium, americium) from a nitrate waste stream at Rocky Flats Plant. T\
Date: August 1994
Creator: Leonard, R. A.; Chamberlain, D. B.; Dow, J. A.; Farley, S. E.; Nuñez, Luis; Regalbuto, M. C. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characterization of Plutonium-Bearing Wastes by Chemical Analysis and Analytical Electron Microscopy

Description: This report summarizes the results of characterization studies of plutonium-bearing wastes produced at the US Department of Energy weapons production facilities. Several different solid wastes were characterized, including incinerator ash and ash heels from Rocky Flats Plant and Los Alamos National Laboratory; sand, stag, and crucible waste from Hanford; and LECO crucibles from the Savannah River Site. These materials were characterized by chemical analysis and analytical electron microscopy. The results showed the presence of discrete PuO2, PuO₂x, and Pu4O7 phases, of about 1micrometer or less in size, in all of the samples examined. In addition, a number of amorphous phases were present that contained plutonium. In all the ash and ash heel samples examined, plutonium phases were found that were completely surrounded by silicate matrices. Consequently, to achieve optimum plutonium recovery in any chemical extraction process, extraction would have to be coupled with ultrafine grinding to average particle sizes of less than 1 micrometer to liberate the plutonium from the surrounding inert matrix.
Date: September 1995
Creator: Behrens, R. G.; Buck, E. C.; Dietz, N. L.; Bates, J. K.; Van Deventer, E. & Chaiko, David J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analytical Techniques for Ambient Sulfate Aerosols

Description: This report describes the work done to further develop the infrared spectroscopic analytical method for the analysis of atmospheric aerosol particles, as well as some exploratory work on a new procedure for determining proton acidity in aerosol samples. Earlier work had led to the successful use of infrared (ir) spectrophotometry for the analysis of nitrate, ammonium, and neutral and acidic sulfates in aerosol samples collected by an impactor on a Mylar-film substrate. In this work, a filter-extraction method was developed to prepare filter-collected aerosol samples for ir analysis. A study was made comparing the ir analytical results on filter-collected samples with impactor-collected samples. Also, the infrared analytical technique was compared in field studies with light-scattering techniques for aerosol analysis. A highly sensitive instrument for aerosol analysis using attenuated total internal reflection (ATR) infrared spectroscopy was designed, built, and tested. This instrument provides a measurement sensitivity much greater (by a factor of 6 for SO4²⁻) than that obtainable using the KBr-pellet method. This instrument collects size- and time-resolved samples and is potentially capable of providing automated, near real-time aerosol analysis. Exploratory work on a novel approach to the determination of proton acidity in filter- or impactor-collected aerosol samples is also described. In this technique, the acidic sample is reacted with an access of a tagged, vapor-phase base. The unreacted base is flushed off and the amount of the tag retained by the sample is a direct measure of the proton acidity of the sample. The base was tagged with germanium, which can be conveniently determined by the x-ray fluorescence technique.
Date: June 1981
Creator: Johnson, S. A.; Graczyk, D. G.; Kumar, R. & Cunningham, P. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Optimization of High Performance Liquid Chromatographic Separations

Description: This study had a twofold purpose. First, the usefulness of the simplex algorithm as a short method of optimization in high performance liquid chromatographic separations was investigated. The second was to test a modified simplex method. The volume fractions of mobile phase components were chosen as the variable factors in the optimization process. Four test cases were performed which included separation of cholesterol esters, naphthalene and its derivatives, polycyclic aromatic compounds, and the thiane compounds. The standard for accepting an optimum was based on the baseline separation of two adjacent peaks and the analysis time. In addition to successful separations, the correlation between the separation and the chemical characteristics of mobile phase compositions was calculated and this could then be used for further modification of simplex search strategy.
Date: August 1983
Creator: Nguyen, Khanh Thi
Partner: UNT Libraries