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High energy atomic chemistry and chemical radiation effects. Progress report, January 1, 1973--December 31, 1973

Description: Research progress is reported on high energy atomic chemistry studies that include stopping power research; classical trajectory calculations; F to HF abstraction reactions; hot substitution reactions; and fast neutron dosimetry. A listing is included of technical publications resulting from the research and manuscripts in preparation. Abstracts of technical papers scheduled for presentation are also included. (DHM)
Date: January 1, 1973
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Halogen atom reactions activated by nuclear transformations. Progress report, February 15, 1975--February 14, 1976

Description: High energy reactions of halogen atoms or ions, activated by nuclear transformations, are being studied in gaseous, high pressure, and condensed phase saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons, halomethanes, and other organic systems. Experimental and theoretical data are presented in the following areas: systematics of iodine hot atom reactions in halomethanes, reactions and systematics of iodine reactions with pentene and butene isomers, radiative neutron capture activated reactions of iodine with acetylene, gas to liquid to solid transition in hot atom chemistry, kinetic theory applications of hot atom reactions and the mathematical development of caging reactions, solvent dependence of the stereochemistry of the $sup 38$Cl for Cl substitution following $sup 37$Cl(n,$gamma$)$sup 38$Cl in liquid meso and dl-(CHFCl)$sub 2$. A technique was also developed for the radioassay of Al in urine specimens. (JSR)
Date: February 1, 1976
Creator: Rack, E.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemistry Division Quarterly Progress Report: Period Ending September 30, 1951

Description: This quarterly progress report discusses topics of research and experimentation at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, including inorganic chemistry, nuclear chemistry, radio-organic chemistry, chemistry of separations processes, chemical physics, radiation chemistry, chemistry of the solid state, instrumentation, reactor chemistry.
Date: September 30, 1951
Creator: Lind, Samuel C., (Samuel Colville), 1879-1965; Boyd, G. E. & Bredig, M. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Calix 2007:9th International Conference on Calixarene Chemistry

Description: The DOE funds helped support an International Conference, Calix 2007, whose focus was on Supramolecular Chemistry. The conference was held at the University of Maryland from August 6-9, 2007 (Figure 1). The conference website is at www.chem.umd.edu/Conferences/Calix2007. This biannual conference had previously been held in the Czech Republic (2005), Canada (2003), Netherlands (2001), Australia (1999), Italy (1997), USA (Fort Worth, 1995) Japan (1993) and Germany (1991). Calixarenes are cup-shaped compounds that are a major part of Supramolecular Chemistry, for which Cram, Lehn and Pederson were awarded a Nobel Prize 20 years ago. Calixarene chemistry has expanded greatly in the last 2 decades, as these compounds are used in synthetic and mechanistic chemistry, separations science, materials science, nanoscience and biological chemistry. The organizing committee was quite happy that Calix 2007 encompassed the broad scope and interdisciplinary nature of the field. Our goal was to bring together leading scientists interested in calixarenes, molecular recognition, nanoscience and supramolecular chemistry. We believe that new research directions and collaborations resulted from an exchange of ideas between conferees. This grant from the DOE was crucial toward achieving that goal, as the funds helped cover some of the registration and accommodations costs for the speakers.
Date: September 9, 2011
Creator: Davis, Jeffery
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Lawrence Radiation Laboratory Chemistry Division Quarterly Report: December 1952 - February 1953

Description: The following documents are quarterly progress reports recorded in the chemistry division of the University of California's radiation laboratory.
Date: April 13, 1953
Creator: Perlman, Isadore; Seaborg, Glenn T. (Glenn Theodore), 1912-1999 & Latimer, Wendell M. (Wendell Mitchell), 1893-1955
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Computational Studies of the Photophysical, Structural, and Catalytic Properties of Complex Chemical Systems

Description: Computational chemistry employs mathematical algorithms, statistics, and large databases to integrate chemical theory with experimental observations. Computational modeling allows us to make predictions concerning molecular properties and reactivity that ultimately lead to accurate assessment of the most important fundamental properties of chemical systems. Advances in theoretical techniques and computer power have dramatically increased the usefulness and importance of computational chemistry as a complement to experimental studies. This is especially relevant to catalytic reactions of industrial importance as well as the analysis of structural properties and the resulting spectroscopic phenomena in what are often otherwise counterintuitive models. This dissertation is a representation of the research I performed during my years as a graduate student in the Chemistry Department at the University of North Texas. My research has examined novel carbenes as efficient organocatalysts, structure-based design and optimization of small molecule drugs, and surveying methods to accurately describe structure and bonding and catalytic abilities of inorganic and organometallic systems. The works presented herein have been published or are awaiting submission to peer-reviewed scientific journals. A variety of computational techniques were employed in studying metal-mediated catalysis and organocatalysis as well as the structural and photophysical properties of systems containing closed-shell transition metal ions.
Date: May 2021
Creator: Melancon, Kortney
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Future directions for separation science in nuclear and radiochemistry

Description: Solvent extraction and ion exchange have been the most widely used separation techniques in nuclear and radiochemistry since their development in the 1940s. Many successful separations processes based on these techniques have been used for decades in research laboratories, analytical laboratories, and industrial plants. Thus, it is easy to conclude that most of the fundamental and applied research that is needed in these areas has been done, and that further work in these ''mature'' fields is unlikely to be fruitful. A more careful review, however, reveals that significant problems remain to be solved, and that there is a demand for the development of new reagents, methods, and systems to solve the increasingly complex separations problems in the nuclear field. Specifically, new separation techniques based on developments in membrane technology and biotechnology that have occurred over the last 20 years should find extensive applications in radiochemical separations. Considerable research is needed in such areas as interfacial chemistry, the design and control of highly selective separation agents, critically evaluated data bases and mathematical models, and the fundamental chemistry of dilute solutions if these problems are to be solved and new techniques developed in a systematic way. Nonaqueous separation methods, such as pyrochemical and fluoride volatility processes, have traditionally played a more limited role in nuclear and radiochemistry, but recent developments in the chemistry and engineering of these processes promises to open up new areas of research and application in the future.
Date: January 1, 1986
Creator: Pruett, D.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Crisis in Radiochemistry and Nuclear Chemistry Education

Description: A brief summary of the current status of radiochemistry and nuclear chemistry in the U. S. and abroad will be given. Current and future needs for scientists in these fields, especially in the U. S., will be discussed. Challenges that must be met in order to reverse the ''catastrophic'' downward trend in the numbers of students, faculty, and university programs in radiochemistry and nuclear chemistry will be considered, and some potential ways to reinvigorate and expand relevant university research and educational programs will be suggested.
Date: October 13, 2005
Creator: Hoffman, D C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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