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Irreducible Representations of Line Groups: the Dynamics of Polymer Chains

Description: Abstract: "The symmetries of infinite polymer chain molecules are discussed using the concept of line groups. Explicit directions are given for obtaining the irreducible representations of line groups employing the formalism developed for three-dimensional space groups. Line groups containing primitive and nonprimitive operations are discussed. Detailed considerations of the line group Vh are given with specific applications to the polyethylene molecule. Directions for generating symmetry-adapted vibrational coordinates for chain molecules are outlined."
Date: December 1961
Creator: Lawson, Katheryn Emanuel & Crosby, G. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The U²²⁷ Collateral Series

Description: The following report describes data from the continuation of investigations which led to the observation and characterization of five artificial radioactive chains collateral to the natural radioactive families that has lead to the partial identification of one additional chain, collateral to the actinium family.
Date: February 21, 1951
Creator: Meinke, W. Wayne; Ghiorso, Albert & Seaborg, Glenn T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Topological Properties of Chains

Description: The purpose of this paper is to define and investigate some of the properties of chains. Particular attention is given to a natural topology for chains, called the interval topology, and how the chain properties and topological properties of chains affect each other.
Date: January 1966
Creator: Womack, Robert A.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Beta-Phosphinoethylboranes as Ambiphilic Ligands in Nickel-Methyl Complexes

Description: The ambiphilic {beta}-phosphinoethylboranes Ph{sub 2}PCH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}BR{sub 2} (BR{sub 2} = BCy{sub 2} (1a), BBN (1b)), which feature a ethano spacer CH{sub 2}CH{sub 2} between the Lewis acidic boryl and Lewis basic phosphino groups, were synthesized in nearly quantitative yields via the hydroboration of vinyldiphenylphosphine. Compounds 1a and 1b were fully characterized by elemental analysis, and by NMR and IR spectroscopy. X-ray crystallographic studies of compound 1b revealed infinite helical chains of the molecules connected through P{hor_ellipsis}B donor-acceptor interactions. The ability of these ambiphilic ligands to concurrently act as donors and acceptors was highlighted by their reactions with (dmpe)NiMe{sub 2}. Zwitterionic complexes (dmpe)NiMe(Ph{sub 2}PCH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}BCy{sub 2}Me) (2a) and (dmpe)NiMe(Ph{sub 2}PCH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}[BBN]Me) (2b) were generated via the abstraction of one of the methyl groups, forming a borate, and intramolecular coordination of the phosphine moiety to the resulting cationic metal center. Compound 2b was characterized by X-ray crystallography. Furthermore, B(C{sub 6}F{sub 5}){sub 3} abstracts the methyl group of a coordinated borate ligand to generate a free, 3-coordinate borane center in [(dmpe)NiMe(1a)]{sup +}[MeB(C{sub 6}F{sub 5}){sub 3}]{sup -} (3).
Date: October 28, 2007
Creator: Fischbach, Andreas; Bazinet, Patrick R.; Waterman, Rory & Tilley, T. Don
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ANALYSIS AND SIMULATION OF MAIN MAGNET TRANSMISSION LINE EFFECT

Description: A main magnet chain forms a pair of transmission lines. Pulse-reflection-caused voltage and current differentiation throughout the magnet chain can have adverse effect on main magnet field quality. This effect is associated with magnet system configuration, coupling efficiency, and parasitic parameters. A better understanding of this phenomenon will help us in new design and existing system upgrade. In this paper, we exam the transmission line effect due to different input functions as well as configuration, coupling, and other parameters.
Date: June 25, 2007
Creator: ZHANG,W.; MARNERIS, I. & SANDBERG, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Spontaneous spirals in vibrated granular chains

Description: We present experimental measurements on the spontaneous formation of compact spiral structures in vertically-vibrated granular chains. Under weak vibration when the chain is quasi two-dimensional and self-avoiding, spiral structures emerge from random initial configurations. We compare the spiral geometry with that of an ideal tight spiral. Globally, the spiral undergoes a slow rotation such that to keep itself wound, while internally, fast vibrational modes are excited along the backbone with transverse oscillations dominating over longitudinal ones.
Date: January 1, 2002
Creator: Ecke, R. E. (Robert E.); Daya, Z. A. (Zahir A.); Rivera, M. K. (Michael K.) & Ben-Naim, E. (Eli)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

INTERACTING QUANTUM SPIN CHAINS

Description: A brief review of recent advances in neutron scattering studies of low-dimensional quantum magnets is followed by a particular example. The separation of single-particle and continuum states in the weakly-coupled S = l/2 chains system BaCu{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} is described in some detail.
Date: September 9, 2001
Creator: ZHELUDEV,A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Activity Coefficients at Infinite Dilution for Organic Compounds Dissolved in 1-Alkyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium Bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide Ionic Liquids Having Six-, Eight-, and Ten-Carbon Alkyl Chains

Description: Article on activity coefficients at infinite dilution for organic compounds dissolved in 1-alkyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ionic liquids having six-, eight-, and ten-carbon alkyl chains.
Date: October 31, 2012
Creator: Acree, William E. (William Eugene); Baker, Gary A.; Revelli, Anne-Laure; Moïse, Jean-Charles & Mutelet, Fabrice
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

LECTURES ON GAME THEORY, MARKOV CHAINS, AND RELATED TOPICS

Description: Notes on nine lectures delivered at Sandin Corporation in August 1957 are given. Part one contains the manuscript of a paper concerning a judging problem. Part two is concerned with finite Markov-chain theory amd discusses regular Markov chains, absorbing Markov chains, the classification of states, application to the Leontief input-output model, and semimartingales. Part three contains notes on game theory and covers matrix games, the effect of psychological attitudes on the outcomes of games, extensive games, amd matrix theory applied to mathematical economics. (auth)
Date: March 1, 1958
Creator: Thompson, G L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Applications of Rapidly Mixing Markov Chains to Problems in Graph Theory

Description: In this dissertation the results of Jerrum and Sinclair on the conductance of Markov chains are used to prove that almost all generalized Steinhaus graphs are rapidly mixing and an algorithm for the uniform generation of 2 - (4k + 1,4,1) cyclic Mendelsohn designs is developed.
Date: August 1993
Creator: Simmons, Dayton C. (Dayton Cooper)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Complete genome sequence of Dyadobacter fermentans type strain (NS114T)

Description: Dyadobacter fermentans (Chelius MK and Triplett EW, 2000) is the type species of the genus Dyadobacter. It is of phylogenetic interest because of its location in the Cytophagaceae, a very diverse family within the order 'Sphingobacteriales'. D. fermentans has a mainly respiratory metabolism, stains Gram-negative, is non-motile and oxidase and catalase positive. It is characterized by the production of cell filaments in ageing cultures, a flexirubin-like pigment and its ability to ferment glucose, which is almost unique in the aerobically living members of this taxonomically difficult family. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the complete genome sequence, and annotation. This is the first complete genome sequence of the 'sphingobacterial' genus Dyadobacter, and this 6,967,790 bp long single replicon genome with its 5804 protein-coding and 50 RNA genes is part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.
Date: May 20, 2009
Creator: Lang, Elke; Lapidus, Alla; Chertkov, Olga; Brettin, Thomas; Detter, John C.; Han, Cliff et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SETUP AND PERFORMANCE OF THE RHIC INJECTOR ACCELERATORS FOR THE 2007 RUN WITH GOLD IONS

Description: Gold ions for the 2007 run of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) are accelerated in the Tandem, Booster and AGS prior to injection into RHIC. The setup and performance of this chain of accelerators is reviewed with a focus on improvements in the quality of beam delivered to RHIC. In particular, more uniform stripping foils between Booster and AGS7 and a new bunch merging scheme in AGS have provided beam bunches with reduced longitudinal emittance for RHIC.
Date: June 25, 2007
Creator: GARDNER,C.; AHRENS, L.; ALESSI, J.; BENJAMIN, J.; BLASKIEWICZ, M. & AL., ET
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Resilience: Theory and Application.

Description: There is strong agreement among policymakers, practitioners, and academic researchers that the concept of resilience must play a major role in assessing the extent to which various entities - critical infrastructure owners and operators, communities, regions, and the Nation - are prepared to respond to and recover from the full range of threats they face. Despite this agreement, consensus regarding important issues, such as how resilience should be defined, assessed, and measured, is lacking. The analysis presented here is part of a broader research effort to develop and implement assessments of resilience at the asset/facility and community/regional levels. The literature contains various definitions of resilience. Some studies have defined resilience as the ability of an entity to recover, or 'bounce back,' from the adverse effects of a natural or manmade threat. Such a definition assumes that actions taken prior to the occurrence of an adverse event - actions typically associated with resistance and anticipation - are not properly included as determinants of resilience. Other analyses, in contrast, include one or more of these actions in their definitions. To accommodate these different definitions, we recognize a subset of resistance- and anticipation-related actions that are taken based on the assumption that an adverse event is going to occur. Such actions are in the domain of resilience because they reduce both the immediate and longer-term adverse consequences that result from an adverse event. Recognizing resistance- and anticipation-related actions that take the adverse event as a given accommodates the set of resilience-related actions in a clear-cut manner. With these considerations in mind, resilience can be defined as: 'the ability of an entity - e.g., asset, organization, community, region - to anticipate, resist, absorb, respond to, adapt to, and recover from a disturbance.' Because critical infrastructure resilience is important both in its own right and ...
Date: February 3, 2012
Creator: Carlson, J.L.; Haffenden, R.A.; Bassett, G.W.; Buehring, W.A.; Collins, M.J., III; Folga, S.M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dissecting Regional Variations in Stress Fiber Mechanics in Living Cells with Laser Nanosurgery

Description: The ability of a cell to distribute contractile stresses across the extracellular matrix in a spatially heterogeneous fashion underlies many cellular behaviors, including motility and tissue assembly. Here we investigate the biophysical basis of this phenomenon by using femtosecond laser nanosurgery to measure the viscoelastic recoil and cell-shape contributions of contractile stress fibers (SFs) located in specific compartments of living cells. Upon photodisruption and recoil, myosin light chain kinase-dependent SFs located along the cell periphery display much lower effective elasticities and higher plateau retraction distances than Rho-associated kinase-dependent SFs located in the cell center, with severing of peripheral fibers uniquely triggering a dramatic contraction of the entire cell within minutes of fiber irradiation. Image correlation spectroscopy reveals that when one population of SFs is pharmacologically dissipated, actin density flows toward the other population. Furthermore, dissipation of peripheral fibers reduces the elasticity and increases the plateau retraction distance of central fibers, and severing central fibers under these conditions triggers cellular contraction. Together, these findings show that SFs regulated by different myosin activators exhibit different mechanical properties and cell shape contributions. They also suggest that some fibers can absorb components and assume mechanical roles of other fibers to stabilize cell shape.
Date: March 2, 2010
Creator: Tanner, Kandice; Boudreau, Aaron; Bissell, Mina J & Kumar, Sanjay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Laminin Mediates Tissue-specific Gene Expression in Mammary Epithelia

Description: Tissue-specific gene expression in mammary epithelium is dependent on the extracellular matrix as well as hormones. There is good evidence that the basement membrane provides signals for regulating beta-casein expression, and that integrins are involved in this process. Here, we demonstrate that in the presence of lactogenic hormones, laminin can direct expression of the beta-casein gene. Mouse mammary epithelial cells plated on gels of native laminin or laminin-entactin undergo functional differentiation. On tissue culture plastic, mammary cells respond to soluble basement membrane or purified laminin, but not other extracellular matrix components, by synthesizing beta-casein. In mammary cells transfected with chloramphenicol acetyl transferase reporter constructs, laminin activates transcription from the beta-casein promoter through a specific enhancer element. The inductive effect of laminin on casein expression was specifically blocked by the E3 fragment of the carboxy terminal region of the alpha 1 chain of laminin, by antisera raised against the E3 fragment, and by a peptide corresponding to a sequence within this region. Our results demonstrate that laminin can direct tissue-specific gene expression in epithelial cells through its globular domain.
Date: April 1, 1995
Creator: Streuli, Charles H; Schmidhauser, Christian; Bailey, Nina; Yurchenco, Peter; Skubitz, Amy P. N.; Roskelley, Calvin et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Event-Driven Hybrid Molecular Dynamics and Direct Simulation Monte Carlo Algorithm

Description: A novel algorithm is developed for the simulation of polymer chains suspended in a solvent. The polymers are represented as chains of hard spheres tethered by square wells and interact with the solvent particles with hard core potentials. The algorithm uses event-driven molecular dynamics (MD) for the simulation of the polymer chain and the interactions between the chain beads and the surrounding solvent particles. The interactions between the solvent particles themselves are not treated deterministically as in event-driven algorithms, rather, the momentum and energy exchange in the solvent is determined stochastically using the Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method. The coupling between the solvent and the solute is consistently represented at the particle level, however, unlike full MD simulations of both the solvent and the solute, the spatial structure of the solvent is ignored. The algorithm is described in detail and applied to the study of the dynamics of a polymer chain tethered to a hard wall subjected to uniform shear. The algorithm closely reproduces full MD simulations with two orders of magnitude greater efficiency. Results do not confirm the existence of periodic (cycling) motion of the polymer chain.
Date: July 30, 2007
Creator: Donev, A; Garcia, A L & Alder, B J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Event Reconstruction for Atmospheric Releases Employing Urban Puff Model UDM with Stochastic Inversion Methodology

Description: The rapid identification of contaminant plume sources and their characteristics in urban environments can greatly enhance emergency response efforts. Source identification based on downwind concentration measurements is complicated by the presence of building obstacles that can cause flow diversion and entrainment. While high-resolution computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations are available for predicting plume evolution in complex urban geometries, such simulations require large computational effort. We make use of an urban puff model, the Defence Science Technology Laboratory's (Dstl) Urban Dispersion Model (UDM), which employs empirically based puff splitting techniques. UDM enables rapid urban dispersion simulations by combining traditional Gaussian puff modeling with empirically deduced mixing and entrainment approximations. Here we demonstrate the preliminary reconstruction of an atmospheric release event using stochastic sampling algorithms and Bayesian inference together with the rapid UDM urban puff model based on point measurements of concentration. We consider source inversions for both a prototype isolated building and for observations and flow conditions taken during the Joint URBAN 2003 field campaign at Oklahoma City. The Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) stochastic sampling method is used to determine likely source term parameters and considers both measurement and forward model errors. It should be noted that the stochastic methodology is general and can be used for time-varying release rates and flow conditions as well as nonlinear dispersion problems. The results of inversion indicate the probability of a source being at a particular location with a particular release rate. Uncertainty in observed data, or lack of sufficient data, is inherently reflected in the shape and size of the probability distribution of source term parameters. Although developed and used independently, source inversion with both UDM and a finite-element CFD code can be complementary in determining proper emergency response to an urban release. Ideally, the urban puff model is used to approximate ...
Date: November 3, 2005
Creator: Neuman, S; Glascoe, L; Kosovic, B; Dyer, K; Hanley, W; Nitao, J et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department