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Seismic risk analysis for the Westinghouse Electric facility, Cheswick, Pennsylvania. [Plutonium fuel development facility]

Description: This report presents the results of a detailed seismic risk analysis of the Westinghouse Electric plutonium fuel development facility at Cheswick, Pennsylvania. This report focuses on earthquakes. The historical seismic record was established after a review of available literature, consultation with operators of local seismic arrays and examination of appropriate seismic data bases. Because of the aseismicity of the region around the site, an analysis different from the conventional closest approach in a tectonic province was adapted. Earthquakes as far from the site as 1,000 km were included, as were the possibility of earthquakes at the site. In addition, various uncertainties in the input were explicitly considered in the analysis. For example, allowance was made for both the uncertainty in predicting maximum possible earthquakes in the region and the effect of the dispersion of data about the best fit attenuation relation. The attenuation relationship is derived from two of the most recent, advanced studies relating earthquake intensity reports and acceleration. Results of the risk analysis, which include a Bayesian estimate of the uncertainties, are presented as return period accelerations. The best estimate curve indicates that the Westinghouse facility will experience 0.05 g every 220 years and 0.10 g every 1400 years. The accelerations are very insensitive to the details of the source region geometries or the historical earthquake statistics in each region and each of the source regions contributes almost equally to the cumulative risk at the site.
Date: October 21, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

In situ stress field in the southeastern United States and its implication

Description: Published and unpublished in situ stress measurements and studies of earthquake focal mechanisms in the southeastern United States are reviewed. These data, which provide information on the relative magnitude and orientation of existing stress fields, are analyzed in relation to the geologic characteristics of the Southeast and are compared with data for other areas in the United States. The relation of the stress fields to observed geology and present-day tectonic processes is reviewed. Stress measurements reveal the existence of high horizontal stresses in the Appalachian complex. Different in situ stress states in the Appalachian complex, the Coastal Plain, and the stable interior region indicate different faulting mechanisms. Various techniques for determining in situ stress are consistent. 6 figures, 1 table.
Date: January 1, 1979
Creator: Stephenson, D.E. & Pratt, H.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Griffithsville unit tertiary recovery carbon dioxide pilot test, Lincoln County, West Virginia. Third and final annual report, August 28, 1977-August 28, 1978

Description: The three-year contract expired on August 28, 1978, without completion of the original intent of testing the effectiveness of carbon dioxide on effective enhanced oil recovery agent, owing to unforeseen problems of environment control, the dump flood and extreme weather condition. However, all of the preparations for carbon dioxide has been accomplished and the pilot is in excellent condition for proceeding with the program. Although cost overruns may be over $1,500,000, additional testing over that programmed indicates that the pilot operation will be more successful than previously hoped for. Guyan Oil Company has developed a two year plan of operation to complete the program.
Date: July 1, 1979
Creator: McRee, B.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geologic remote sensing over the Cottageville, West Virginia, gas field. Final report, August 15, 1977-February 15, 1979

Description: Remote sensing of geologic features was investigated for the purpose of exploration for gas reserves in the eastern Mississippian-Devonian Shales. The Cottageville gas field in Jackson and Mason Counties, West Virginia, was used as a test site for this purpose. Available photographic and multispectral (MSS) images from Landsat were obtained; also 4-channel synthetic aperture radar and 12-channel MSS in the range between ultraviolet and far infrared were gathered by the Environmental Research Institute of Michigan over the test site. The images were first interpreted visually for lineaments. Then the images were enhanced by many different digital computation techniques in addition to analysis and enhancement by optical techniques. Subtle, interpretative lineaments were found which could not be enhanced to an obvious level by the procedures used. Two new spatial enhancement procedures were developed.
Date: February 1, 1979
Creator: Jackson, P. L.; Wagner, H. L. & Shuchman, R. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geothermal energy development in the Eastern United States. Technical assistance report No. 4. Geothermal space heating: Pittsville Middle/Elementary School, Pittsville, Maryland

Description: A technical evaluation was made to determine whether geothermal energy obtained from a well could be used to space heat the new school building being constructed as well as the existing elementary wing of the Pittsville School. The first part deals with space heating the new school building only; the second part pertains to space heating the new school building together with the new existing wing. An addendum was added for new well and production pump costs. (MHR)
Date: June 1, 1980
Creator: Briesen, R.V. & Yu, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Penn Grade Micellar Displacement project. First annual report, June 1975--June 1976

Description: The main objective of the Penn Grade-ERDA Micellar Displacement Project is to assess and hopefully, demonstrate the feasibility of commercial application of the micellar-polymer process for tertiary oil recovery from a rather large, but relatively ''tight'' section of the Bradford Third Sand. The initial phase of this project involves pertinent core and field injectivity measurements from a freshly drilled well, as a basis for assessing the feasibility of a small demonstration test flood to be performed under Phase II. This report details the work done and results obtained under Phase I (Injectivity Test) completed during the first year of the project. These results, having indicated that the pattern test envisaged under Phase II is indeed feasible, work is now in progress to carry the project to the pattern test phase, in pursuit of project goals.
Date: March 1, 1978
Creator: Danielson, H.H.; Paynter, W.T.; Midkiff, F.R. & Finalle, L.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Penn Grade Micellar Displacement Project. Third annual report, June 1977--June 1978. [Lawry project in Bradford field]

Description: During third year operations of the jointly funded Penn Grade Micellar Displacement Project, the plant facilities were completed for the 24-acre test designated Phase II. The transient testing program and the pre-flush brine and micellar slug injection stages were all completed. Biopolymer injection was initiated. This report details the development, testing, and operations of Phase II, as well as plans for continuing the test.
Date: March 1, 1979
Creator: Danielson, H.H.; Paynter, W.T.; Ondrusek, P.S. & Finalle, L.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Solvent refined coal (SRC) process

Description: This report summarizes the progress of the Solvent Refined Coal (SRC) project by The Pittsburg and Midway Coal Mining Co. at the SRC Pilot Plant in Fort Lewis, Washington and the Gulf Science and Technology Company Process Development Unit (P-99) in Harmarville, Pennsylvania, for the Department of Energy during the month of October, 1980. The Fort Lewis Pilot Plant was shut down the entire month of October, 1980 for inspection and maintenance. PDU P-99 completed two runs during October investigating potential start-up modes for the Demonstration Plant.
Date: December 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary targeting of geothermal resources in Delaware. Progress report, July 15, 1979-May 30, 1980

Description: Work completed included additional gravity mapping in southern Delaware, development of a computer program for contouring gravity data, and some preliminary quantitative interpretations of gravity and magnetic data in southern Delaware. No significant changes were made in the original Bouguer gravity map produced during the original contract period as a result of this later mapping. The SYMAP and SCONTOUR computing programs, developed by Harvard Graphics and adapted for the B7700, were used to generate computer drawn Bouguer gravity maps for the study area. Maximum depths calculated for the top of a gravity anomaly in the Bridgeville area ranged from about 2.3 to 2.7 kilometers (7500 to 8000 feet). Depth to magnetic basement in the same general area was calculated to be between about 1.5 and 2.9 kilometers (4920 and 6200 feet). Both gravity and magnetic data agree with trends noted on regional maps and suggest that in selected cases fracture zones beneath the coastal plain might be a possible target for future geothermal exploration.
Date: August 1, 1980
Creator: Woodruff, K.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chemical explosives fracturing field demonstrations. Final report

Description: It has been demonstrated in three separate field demonstrations that the PTC (Petroleum Technology Corporation) system can be employed to safely manufacture and inject large quantities of liquid explosive into natural or hydraulically induced fractures in typical hydrocarbon bearing formations. The producing capability of the first test well, Hampshire No. 10, was not enhanced by chemical explosive fracturing stimulation. Analysis of pressure buildup tests results conducted before and after the second field demonstration indicate that Hampshire No. 18's flow potential was increased by a factor of 1.66 by the chemical explosive fracturing stimulation test. A commercial well was not, however, obtained. Even though most of the open hole section of the third test well, Columbia No. 20117-T, could not be cleaned out, the gas production rate was increased three-fold and the formation's capacity to produce (''kh'' factor) was increased tenfold. Again, however, a commercial well was not obtained.
Date: May 27, 1976
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Savannah River Laboratory quarterly report, July--September 1975. Hydrogeochemical and stream sediment reconnaissance: eastern United States. National Uranium Resource Evaluation program. [Natural Uranium Resource Evaluation Program; SRL reconnaissance program for eastern USA]

Description: The development of field analytical and sampling equipment and techniques for the location of anomalies in surface water, stream sediments, and ground water which may indicate uranium deposits of commercial interest are summarized. Orientation studies are designed to identify the most effect hydrogeochemical, computational, and analytical techniques for reconnaissance survey. Nine orientation studies are in progress in Georgia, Pennsylvania, North and South Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas and the results obtained to date are reported. The equipment for neutron activation analysis of samples is complete and other analytical methods are being evaluated. Data management, analysis, and interpretation techniques are under development. (JSR)
Date: January 1, 1975
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Maryland Power Plant Siting Project: an application of the ORNL-Land Use Screening Procedure

Description: Since 1974 the Resource Analysis Group in the Regional and Urban Studies Section of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been engaged in developing a procedure for regional and local siting analysis known as the ORNL Land Use Screening Procedure (LUSP). This document is the final report of the Maryland Power Plant Siting Project (MPPSP) in which the ORNL LUSP was used to identify candidate areas for power plant sites in northern Maryland. Numerous candidate areas are identified on the basis of four different siting objectives: the minimization of adverse ecologic impact, the minimization of adverse socioeconomic impact, the minimization of construction and operating costs, and a composite of all siting objectives. Siting criteria have been defined for each of these objectives through group processing techniques administered to four different groups of siting specialists. The siting priorities and opinions of each group have been expressed quantitatively and applied to a geographic information system containing 52 variables for each 91.8-acre cell in the northern eight counties of Maryland.
Date: January 1, 1975
Creator: Dobson, J. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of potential geothermal resource areas

Description: A method for the comparative evaluation of geothermal prospects in the Eastern United States is proposed and illustrated. Comparisons are based on quantified data from geologic, engineering, and socio-economic sources including temperature gradient, depth to basement, drilling costs, population, and distribution by town size, as well as energy use in residential, commercial, and industrial applications.
Date: July 1, 1979
Creator: Mitchell, F.O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Feasibility study of upgrading Byllesby and Buck power plants on the New River in the Commonwealth of Virginia

Description: The feasibility of upgrading alternatives of the 66-year-old Byllesby and Buck hydroelectric developments located on the New River in Virginia was investigated. Evaluation of technical, economic and environmental factors led to the conclusion that modernization of the plants could result in an annual generation increase of 20.2 GWh at a cost of $6.1 million and with a benefit-cost ratio of 2.32. The recommended retrofitting includes replacing existing runners with new, more efficiently designed runners, modifying draft tube and wicker gate, and rewinding the generators. (LCL)
Date: May 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Economic evaluation of the Annual Cycle Energy System (ACES). Volume II. Detailed results. Final report

Description: The energy effectiveness and the economic viability of the ACES concept are examined. ACES is studied in a variety of different applications and compared to a number of conventional systems. The different applications are studied in two groups: the class of building into which the ACES is incorporated and the climatic region in which the ACES is located. Buildings investigated include single-family and multi-family residences and a commercial office building. The application of ACES to each of these building types is studied in Minneapolis, Atlanta, and Philadelphia. The economic evaluation of the ACES is based on a comparison of the present worth of the ACES to the present worth of conventional systems; namely, electric resistance heating, electric air conditioning, and electric domestic water heating; air-to-air heat pump and electric domestic water heating; oil-fired furnace, electric air conditioning, and electric domestic water heating; and gas-fired furnace, electric air conditioning, and gas domestic water heating.
Date: May 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy conserving site design case study, Burke Center, Virginia. Final report

Description: The pattern of energy consumption within a modern suburban community, Burke Center, is examined. A variety of actions that could be incorporated to reduce its future energy demands is proposed. Recommendations have been limited to those that are technically feasible today, are reasonably cost-effective, and that should generate little or no market resistance. Findings are that: of the total energy consumed by the Burke Center Community, 57% will go to off-site transportation needs; energy conserving site planning generally coincides with cost-effective site planning; water-to-air heat pumps proved to be the most efficient and cost-effective method available today in the study area for reducing heating and cooling costs in buildings; certain public services such as the collection of solid waste, mail pick-up and delivery, and other routine activities can be made more energy efficient; and the use of available water saving devices in residential and commercial buildings can reduce a community's total utility energy consumption by as much as 20%. (MCW)
Date: December 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cost effective solar hot water system for Econo-Travel Motor Hotel located at Richmond, Virginia. Final report

Description: The final report is presented of a cost effective solar hot water heating system installed on the Econo-Travel Motor Hotel at 5408 Williamsburg Road, Richmond, Virginia. The description of the system is given along with the final cost breakdown, expected performance data and expected payback time for the installed system is estimated to be approximately five (5) years instead of the 6.65 years estimated for the proposal. The additional savings is due to the reduction in the peak demand charge since the electric hot water heaters are not required to operate at the same time each morning as the dryers used for the laundry. The success of the system will be determined by the reduction in the utility cost and reduced use of our fossil fuels. The results shown in the hotel's monthly electricity bills indicate that this goal has been accomplished.
Date: September 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Solar concentrator on Padonia Elementary School. Final report

Description: The Padonia installation, its operational procedures, and maintenance requirements are described. The system design, performance data, operational logic, construction drawings, and E-cube computer run to determine the heating and cooling requirements for the Padonia Elementary Cafetorium, Library, and Administrative Suite are presented in appendices. This is a hydronic system using concentrating collectors for heating and cooling. (MHR)
Date: August 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cost effective solar hot water system for Econo-Travel Motor Hotel located at Bluefield, West Virginia. Final report

Description: The final report of a cost effective solar hot water heating system installed on the Econo-Travel Motor Hotel at 3400 Cumberland Road, Bluefield, West Virginia. The description of the system along with the final breakdown performance data and payback time are given. The payback time for the installed system will be approximately five (5) years instead of the 7.73 years estimated for the proposal. The additional savings is due to the reduction in the peak demand charge since the electric hot water heaters are not required to operate at the same time each morning as the dryers used for the laundry. The success of the system will be determined by the reduction in the utility cost and reduced use of our fossil fuels. The results shown in the hotel's monthly electricity bills indicate that this goal has been accomplished.
Date: July 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Solar energy heating system design package for a single-family residence at New Castle, Pennsylvania

Description: The design of a solar heating and hot water system for the New Castle Redevelopment Authority's single-family dwelling located at New Castle, Pennsylvania is described. Documentation submitted by the contractor for Government review of plans, specifications, cost trade studies and verification status for approval to commit the system to fabrication is presented. Also included are system integration drawings, major subsystems drawings, and architect's specifications and plans.
Date: August 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State government workshop on barriers and incentives of geothermal energy resources. Quarterly report, May 1, 1979-July 31, 1979

Description: The NCSL Geothermal Policy Project continued with initiation of geothermal studies in new project states and furthering of policy development in existing project states. Initial contact was made with the Alaska legislature to ascertain its interest in conducting a geothermal policy study, and Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, New Mexico and Utah have now requested the NCSL project to begin study efforts for their states.
Date: August 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department