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Large scale U.S. dark matter Axion search

Description: We describe the instrumentation and operations of the microwave cavity axion detector presently taking data at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory This experiment, in collaboration of LLNL, MIT, Univ of Florida, LBNL, Univ of Chicago, FNAL, and INR/Moscow, has been operating with greater than 90% live time since February 1996 with the objective of exploring the region from 0 5 to 1 9 GHz (2 1 to 7 9 ยต<i>eV</i>) at greater than KSVZ sensitivitv In a com~&on paper (E Daw) in these proceedings, the data analysis and Iirst results will be described (See also
Date: August 1, 1998
Creator: Kinion, D
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance experience with the CEBAF SRF cavities

Description: The full complement of 169 pairs of niobium superconducting cavities has been installed in the CEBAF accelerator. This paper surveys the performance characteristics of these cavities in vertical tests, commissioning in the tunnel, and operational experience to date. Although installed performance exceeds specifications, and 3.2 GeV beam has been delivered on target, present systems do not consistently preserve the high performance obtained in vertical dewar tests as operational capability. Principal sources of these limitations are discussed.
Date: December 31, 1995
Creator: Reece, C.; Benesch, J.; Drury, M.; Hovater, C.; Mammosser, J. & Preble, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FXR accelerator cavity impedance experiments

Description: One of the goals of the present Flash X-Ray (FXR) accelerator upgrade effort [1][2] at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is to reduce the cavity transverse impedance, since it has been shown that beam stability is significantly affected by this parameter [3]. Recently, we have evaluated various techniques and cell modifications to accomplish that, both through lab measurements and computer models. A spare cell, identical in every way to cells in the accelerator, was specially modified for the experiments. The impedance measurements were done without the beam, by applying twin-wire techniques. This report describes the results of these experiments and suggests possible cell modifications to improve their performance. The techniques and modifications which are suggested might also be applicable to AHF and DARHT-2 long-pulse accelerator development.
Date: January 5, 1998
Creator: Avalle, C.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

RF breakdown studies in X-Band klystron cavities

Description: RF breakdown studies are presently being carried out at SLAC with klystron cavities in a traveling wave resonator (TWR). Different kinds of fabrication methods and several kinds of semiconducting and insulating coatings have been applied to X-Band TM{sub 010} cavities. RF breakdown thresholds up to 250 MV/m have been obtained. Dark current levels were found to be depressed on TiN-coated and single-point diamond turned cavities. A new TM{sub 020} cavity with demountable electrodes has been designed and will be used to test a variety of materials, coatings, and processes. Recent tests of klystron output windows at 119 MW are also presented in this paper.
Date: May 1, 1997
Creator: Xu, X.; Callin, R.S. & Fowkes, W.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: This note addresses the general concerns for the design of a ferrite cavity. The parameters are specified for the RCMS, for which the frequency ramp is in the range of 1.27 MHz to 6.44 MHz, or a ratio of 1:5.
Date: April 19, 2002
Creator: ZHAO, Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Arcing phenomena on CEBAF RF-windows at cryogenic temperatures

Description: During the CEBAF commissioning tests some of the superconducting cavities had light emitting discharges (arcing) which were observed in the guard vacuum space between a warm polymeric rf window and the cold ceramic rf window. A dedicated off-line test system was implemented to investigate the conditions under which arcing may occur and to gain some understanding of the mechanisms leading to this phenomenon through optical spectral analysis. This paper reports on the photoemission spectra observed during the dedicated tests on a single cell 1500 MHz niobium cavity with a ceramic window operated at 10 MV/m and 2 K. The light emission was detected using a spectrometer with an intensified photodiode array. The effect of moving the window away from the beam line using a waveguide elbow is reported. 12 refs.
Date: December 31, 1995
Creator: Powers, T.; Kneisel, P. & Allen, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Third-harmonic RF cavity for the advanced light source

Description: It is proposed to upgrade the Advanced Light Source by the addition of an RF system at the third-harmonic (1.5 GHz), of the existing system. With the new system it will be possible to control the bunch length and charge density profile independently of the RF bucket height, improving the Touschek-dominated beam lifetime. A third-harmonic cavity design is described which has good efficiency and is relatively simple to manufacture. The cavity shape is presented and issues of shunt impedance, power dissipation, higher-order modes, fabrication and installation are discussed. Design options for the cavity tuner and RF window are also considered.
Date: July 1, 1998
Creator: Baptiste, K; Byrd, J; Franks, M; Henderson, T; Lo, C C; Plate, D et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The SLAC Damped Detuned Structure: Concept and design

Description: The SLAC Damped Detuned Structure (DDS) is an accelerator structure designed to suppress the long range transverse wakefields which limit the performance of high current multibunch accelerators. We discuss the conceptual considerations which have led to its development and discuss the steps involved in arriving at a design.
Date: May 1, 1997
Creator: Kroll, N.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Photonic Band Gap Micro-Cavities in Three-Dimension

Description: Localization of light to less than a cubic wavelength, {lambda}{sup 3}, has important quantum consequences. The creation of single mode cavities and the modification of spontaneous emission are two important examples. A defect formed inside a three-dimensional (3D) photonic crystal provides an unique optical environment for light localization. Single mode defect cavities were built, for the first time, from an infrared 3D photonic crystal. A cavity state with modal volume of less than one {lambda}{sup 3} was observed.
Date: April 26, 1999
Creator: Biswas, R.; Fleming, J.G.; Ho, K.M.; Lin, Shawn-Yu & Sigalas, M.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: An FFAG moot likely requires rapid cavity tuning. The cavity must also have a very high gradient. To satisfy both the high power and rapid tuning requirements is a big challenge. Detailed investigation of the possibility is addressed. Included are general thoughts, dual-loop and simple loop analyses, and a study of using ferrite or PIN diodes. Also proposed is a phase control scheme, which may be a better solution if the needed components can be developed. Finally, an energy analysis reveals the difficult of high power tuning.
Date: July 12, 2001
Creator: ZHAO, Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Composite Resonator Surface Emitting Lasers

Description: The authors have developed electrically-injected coupled-resonator vertical-cavity lasers and have studied their novel properties. These monolithically grown coupled-cavity structures have been fabricated with either one active and one passive cavity or with two active cavities. All devices use a selectively oxidized current aperture in the lower cavity, while a proton implant was used in the active-active structures to confine current in the top active cavity. They have demonstrated optical modulation from active-passive devices where the modulation arises from dynamic changes in the coupling between the active and passive cavities. The laser intensity can be modulated by either forward or reverse biasing the passive cavity. They have also observed Q-switched pulses from active-passive devices with pulses as short as 150 ps. A rate equation approach is used to model the Q-switched operation yielding good agreement between the experimental and theoretical pulseshape. They have designed and demonstrated the operation of active-active devices which la.se simultaneously at both longitudinal cavity resonances. Extremely large bistable regions have also been observed in the light-current curves for active-active coupled resonator devices. This bistability can be used for high contrast switching with contrast ratios as high as 100:1. Coupled-resonator vertical-cavity lasers have shown enhanced mode selectivity which has allowed devices to lase with fundamental-mode output powers as high as 5.2 mW.
Date: May 1, 2000
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal impedance measurement of an RK-TBA induction accelerating gap

Description: Induction accelerating gap designs are being studied for Relativistic Klystron Two-Beam Accelerator (RK-TBA) applications. The accelerating gap has to satisfy the following major requirements: hold-off of the applied accelerating voltage pulse, low transverse impedance to limit beam breakup, low longitudinal impedance at the beam-modulation frequency to minimize power loss. Various gap geometries, materials and novel insulating techniques were explored to optimize the gap design. We report on the experimental effort to evaluate the rf properties of the accelerating gaps in a simple pillbox cavity structure. The experimental cavity setup was designed using the AMOS, MAFIA and URMEL numerical codes. Longitudinal impedance measurements above beam-tube cut-off frequency using a single-wire measuring system are presented.
Date: May 1, 1997
Creator: Eylon, S.; Henestroza, E.; Kim, J.-S.; Houck, T.L.; Westenskow, G.A. & Yu, S.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Semi-analytic computation of the driven fields in right circular cylindrical microwave applicators

Description: A semi-analytic technique for computing the driven fields in a pillbox microwave applicator composed of concentric right circular cylinders (e.g., load, tube and air regions) is described. The fields are driven by idealized apertures on the cavity wall. A modal expansion of the driven fields provides insight about thermal energy deposition in the load.
Date: May 1, 1995
Creator: Nelson, E.M.; Kares, R.J. & Stringfield, R.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fabrication of DDS-3, an 11.4 GHz damped-detuned structure

Description: A 1.8 m X-band Damped-Detuned Structure (DDS-3) has been fabricated and characterized as part of the structure development program towards a TeV-scale e + e - linear collider. In this joint venture, the copper cells were precision-fabricated by LLNL, diffusion-bonded into a monolithic structure by KEK, and the structure completed and tested by SLAC. The overall process constitutes a baseline for future high-volume structure manufacture.
Date: March 1, 1999
Creator: Adolphsen, C; Asano, K; Elmer, J; Funchasi, Y; Higashi, Y; Higo, T et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A constant gradient planar accelerating structure for linac use

Description: Planar accelerating millimeter-wave structures have been studied during the last few years at Argonne National Laboratory in collaboration with Technical University of Berlin. The cavity structures are intended to be manufactured by using x-ray lithography microfabrication technology. A complete structure consists of two identical planar half structures put together face-to-face. Since microfabrication technology can make a since-depth indentation on a planar substrate, realizing the constant impedance structure was possible but a constant gradient structure was difficult; changing the group velocity along the structure while maintaining the gap and the depth of the indentation constant was difficult. A constant gradient structure has been devised by introducing a cut between the adjacent cavity cells along the beam axis of each half structure. The width of the cut is varied along the longitudinal axis of the structure to have proper coupling between the cells. The result of the computer simulation on such structures is shown.
Date: July 1, 1995
Creator: Kang, Y.W.; Matthews, P.J. & Kustom, R.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Statistical Analysis of CEBAF's Cavity Pair Assembly Process Data

Description: CEBAF has been collecting much data during the cavity pair assembly process. Some process data has been entered and analyzed during the last two years as part of our attempt to apply statistical process control methods. Analysis is presented here on mechanical tolerances achieved by the industrial fabricator of the CEBAF superconducting rf cavities (Siemens). Suggestions for tolerances obtainable in future procurements are made. Influence of cooldown conditions during vertical test on field emission onset gradient is discussed. An increase in the mean gradient of 2 MV/m was seen after a simple change in procedure.
Date: December 1, 1993
Creator: Benesch, Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: The electron cooling project for RHIC luminosity upgrade and future projects such as eRHIC (electron-ion collider) demand cavities operating at high average current and high bunch charge in CW energy recovery mode. This paper describes the investigation of Higher Order Modes (HOMs) in such a cavity. This work is part of an ongoing effort to develop a 5-cell superconducting cavity for such high current and high bunch charge energy-recovery superconducting linac. The frequency of the cavity is 703.75 MHz with an iris of 17cm and two ferrite absorbers for HOM damping. The main focus of this paper is to identify and investigate possible trapped HOM modes that might result in multibunch instabilities. Detailed MAFIA calculations were performed using the e-module for different end cell geometries. Results from these calculations will be presented. Beam breakup results using TDBBU due to dipole HOM's will also be presented. A beam breakup threshold of above 1.8 A was calculated.
Date: September 8, 2003
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Photonic Band Gap resonators for high energy accelerators

Description: We have proposed that a new type of microwave resonator, based on Photonic Band Gap (PBG) structures, may be particularly useful for high energy accelerators. We provide an explanation of the PBG concept and present data which illustrate some of the special properties associated with such structures. Further evaluation of the utility of PBG resonators requires laboratory testing of model structures at cryogenic temperatures, and at high fields. We provide a brief discussion of our test program, which is currently in progress.
Date: December 31, 1993
Creator: Schultz, S.; Smith, D. R. & Kroll, N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department