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Dimension Stone

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing the building material, dimension stone. As stated in the introduction, "the pertinent properties and principal specifications for stone are described along with exploration, mining, finishing, and use technology. A brief history and geologic background are also included" (p. 2). This report includes maps, tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: 1968
Creator: Barton, William R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Selection of lumber for farm and home building.

Description: A guide to selecting lumber for construction projects. Includes an overview of the classification of woods according to their properties, the various lumber grades and sizes, and the types of lumber products available in the retail market.
Date: January 1958
Creator: Sweet, Carroll Van Rennsaeleer, 1892- & Johnson, R. P. A. (Robert Pilson Albert), 1888-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ring-On-Ring Tests and Load Capacity of Cladding Glass

Description: Report issued by the National Bureau of Standards over studies conducted on the load capacity of cladding glass. Testing methods are discussed. This report includes tables, photographs, and illustrations.
Date: August 1984
Creator: Simiu, Emil; Reed, Dorothy A.; Yancey, Charles W. C.; Martin, Jonathan W.; Hendrickson, Erik M.; Gonzalez, Armando C. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The limit of strength and toughness of steel

Description: The ideal structural steel combines high strength with high fracture toughness. This dissertation discusses the governing principles of strength and toughness, along with the approaches that can be used to improve these properties and the inherent limits to how strong and tough a steel can be.
Date: December 17, 2001
Creator: Guo, Zhen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Engineering Properties of High-Density Concretes

Description: From summary: "Methods were developed for measuring various engineering properties of high-density concretes. Data are presented on selected thermal properties of a limonite-iron concrete and the mechanical properties of the limonite-iron concrete, a magnesium oxychloride concrete, and a Portland cement concrete containing steel punchings and shot (no limonite)."
Date: May 1951
Creator: Snyder, M. Jack; Burkart, C. A. & Clegg, John W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Indoor Chemistry: Materials, Ventilation Systems, and Occupant Activities

Description: Chemical processes taking place in indoor environments can significantly alter the nature and concentrations of pollutants. Exposure to secondary contaminants generated in these reactions needs to be evaluated in association with many aspects of buildings to minimize their impact on occupant health and well-being. Focusing on indoor ozone chemistry, we describe alternatives for improving indoor air quality by controlling chemical changes related to building materials, ventilation systems, and occupant activities.
Date: May 1, 2006
Creator: Morrison, G. C.; Corsi, R. L.; Destaillats, H.; Nazaroff, W. W. & Wells, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

TRADITIONAL METALLURGY, NANOTECHNOLOGIES AND STRUCTURAL MATERIALS: A SORBY AWARD LECTURE

Description: Traditional metallurgical processes are among the many ''old fashion'' practices that use nanoparticles to control the behavior of materials. Many of these practices were developed long before microscopy could resolve nanoscale features, yet the practitioners learned to manipulate and control microstructural elements that they could neither see nor identify. Furthermore, these early practitioners used that control to modify microstructures and develop desired material properties. Centuries old colored glass, ancient high strength steels and medieval organ pipes derived many of their desirable features through control of nanoparticles in their microstructures. Henry Sorby was among the first to recognize that the properties of rocks, minerals, metals and organic materials were controlled by microstructure. However, Mr. Sorby was accused of the folly of trying to study mountains with a microscope. Although he could not resolve nanoscale microstructural features, Mr. Sorby's observations revolutionized the study of materials. The importance of nanoscale microstructural elements should be emphasized, however, because the present foundation for structural materials was built by manipulating those features. That foundation currently supports several multibillion dollar industries but is not generally considered when the nanomaterials revolution is discussed. This lecture demonstrates that using nanotechnologies to control the behavior of metallic materials is almost as old as the practice of metallurgy and that many of the emergent nanomaterials technologists are walking along pathways previously paved by traditional metallurgists.
Date: July 17, 2007
Creator: Louthan, M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Colling Wipe Samples for VX Analysis

Description: This standard operating procedure (SOP) provides uniform procedures for the collection of wipe samples of VX residues from surfaces. Personnel may use this procedure to collect and handle wipe samples in the field. Various surfaces, including building materials (wood, metal, tile, vinyl, etc.) and equipment, may be sampled based on this procedure. The purpose of such sampling is to determine whether or not the relevant surfaces are contaminated, to determine the extent of their contamination, to evaluate the effectiveness of decontamination procedures, and to determine the amount of contaminant that might present as a contact hazard.
Date: February 11, 2010
Creator: Koester, C & Hoppes, W G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ARCHITECTURAL AND CIVIL STANDARDS

Description: Hanford Atomic Production Operation specification guides and standards for architectural and civil engineering are presented. Information includes construction of roads, railroads, roofs, signs, buildings, building equipment, sewers, fences, safety systems, and drainage systems. Details of this manual are given in TID-4100 (Suppl.). (N.W.R.)
Date: January 1, 1963
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Foreign Trip Report MATGEN-IV Sep 24- Oct 26, 2007

Description: Gen-IV activities in France, Japan and US focus on the development of new structural materials for Gen-IV nuclear reactors. Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) F/M steels have raised considerable interest in nuclear applications. Promising collaborations can be established seeking fundamental knowledge of relevant Gen-IV ODS steel properties (see attached travel report on MATGEN- IV 'Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors'). Major highlights refer to results on future Ferritic/Martensitic steel cladding candidates (relevant to Gen-IV materials properties for LFR Materials Program) and on thermodynamic and mechanic behavior of metallic FeCr binary alloys, base matrix for future candidate steels (for the LLNL-LDRD project on Critical Issues on Materials for Gen-IV Reactors).
Date: October 30, 2007
Creator: de Caro, M S
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Microstructure-based approach for predicting crack initiation and early growth in metals.

Description: Fatigue cracking in metals has been and is an area of great importance to the science and technology of structural materials for quite some time. The earliest stages of fatigue crack nucleation and growth are dominated by the microstructure and yet few models are able to predict the fatigue behavior during these stages because of a lack of microstructural physics in the models. This program has developed several new simulation tools to increase the microstructural physics available for fatigue prediction. In addition, this program has extended and developed microscale experimental methods to allow the validation of new microstructural models for deformation in metals. We have applied these developments to fatigue experiments in metals where the microstructure has been intentionally varied.
Date: September 1, 2009
Creator: Cox, James V.; Emery, John M.; Brewer, Luke N.; Reedy, Earl David, Jr.; Puskar, Joseph David; Bartel, Timothy James et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

LDRD final report on light-powered nanovehicles.

Description: We have investigated the possibility of constructing nanoscale metallic vehicles powered by biological motors or flagella that are activated and powered by visible light. The vehicle's body is to be composed of the surfactant bilayer of a liposome coated with metallic nanoparticles or nanosheets grown together into a porous single crystal. The diameter of the rigid metal vesicles is from about 50 nm to microns. Illumination with visible light activates a photosynthetic system in the bilayer that can generate a pH gradient across the liposomal membrane. The proton gradient can fuel a molecular motor that is incorporated into the membrane. Some molecular motors require ATP to fuel active transport. The protein ATP synthase, when embedded in the membrane, will use the pH gradient across the membrane to produce ATP from ADP and inorganic phosphate. The nanoscale vehicle is thus composed of both natural biological components (ATPase, flagellum; actin-myosin, kinesin-microtubules) and biomimetic components (metal vehicle casing, photosynthetic membrane) as functional units. Only light and storable ADP, phosphate, water, and weak electron donor are required fuel components. These nano-vehicles are being constructed by self-assembly and photocatalytic and autocatalytic reactions. The nano-vehicles can potentially respond to chemical gradients and other factors such as light intensity and field gradients, in a manner similar to the way that magnetic bacteria navigate. The delivery package might include decision-making and guidance components, drugs or other biological and chemical agents, explosives, catalytic reactors, and structural materials. We expected in one year to be able only to assess the problems and major issues at each stage of construction of the vehicle and the likely success of fabricating viable nanovehicles with our biomimetic photocatalytic approach. Surprisingly, we have been able to demonstrate that metallized photosynthetic liposomes can indeed be made. We have completed the synthesis of metallized liposomes with photosynthetic ...
Date: November 1, 2003
Creator: Shelnutt, John Allen; van Swol, Frank B.; Miller, James Edward; Pereira, Eulalia; Qiu, Yan; Jiang, Ying-Bing et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

LECTURE NOTES ON REACTOR SHIELDING

Description: The lectures were developed at the International School of Science and Engineering at Argonne National Laboratory for the Argonne employees but are considered adequate for a one-semester-hour course. Reactor shield design and associated shielding problems are discussed as well as problems associated with radioactivity of coolants and components, radiation heating of structural materials, and handling of spent fuels. (A.C.)
Date: March 1, 1959
Creator: Grotenhuis, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Accelerator-Based Irradiation Creep of Pyrolytic Carbon Used in TRISO Fuel Particles for the (VHTR) Very Hight Temperature Reactors

Description: Pyrolytic carbon (PyC) is one of the important structural materials in the TRISO fuel particles which will be used in the next generation of gas-cooled very-high-temperature reactors (VHTR). When the TRISO particles are under irradiation at high temperatures, creep of the PyC layers may cause radial cracking leading to catastrophic particle failure. Therefore, a fundamental understanding of the creep behavior of PyC during irradiation is required to predict the overall fuel performance.
Date: July 30, 2010
Creator: Wang, Lumin & Was, Gary
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Modeling the high-field section of a muon helical cooling channel

Description: This paper describes the conceptual design and parameters of a short model of a high-field helical solenoid for muon beam cooling. Structural materials choices, fabrication techniques and first test results are discussed.
Date: May 1, 2010
Creator: Zlobin, A.V.; Barzi, E.; Kashikhin, V.S.; Lamm, M.J.; Lombardo, V.; Lopes, M.L. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EVALUATION OF LOW IMPURITY CORE MATERIAL IN THE SM-2

Description: The worth of reduced cobalt and tantalum impurity concentrations of AlSl Type 347 stainless steel in the SM-2 core cladding and structural material was evaluated on the basis of material costs involved and accessibility for maintenance. (auth)
Date: August 14, 1959
Creator: Pancer, G.P. & Zegger, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tough, bio-inspired hybrid materials

Description: The notion of mimicking natural structures in the synthesis of new structural materials has generated enormous interest but has yielded few practical advances. Natural composites achieve strength and toughness through complex hierarchical designs extremely difficult to replicate synthetically. Here we emulate Nature's toughening mechanisms through the combination of two ordinary compounds, aluminum oxide and polymethylmethacrylate, into ice-templated structures whose toughness can be over 300 times (in energy terms) that of their constituents. The final product is a bulk hybrid ceramic material whose high yield strength and fracture toughness ({approx}200 MPa and {approx}30 MPa{radical}m) provide specific properties comparable to aluminum alloys. These model materials can be used to identify the key microstructural features that should guide the synthesis of bio-inspired ceramic-based composites with unique strength and toughness.
Date: October 6, 2008
Creator: Munch, Etienne; Launey, Maximimilan E.; Alsem, Daan H.; Saiz, Eduardo; Tomsia, Antoni P. & Ritchie, Robert O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department