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In-situ borehole seismic monitoring of injected CO2 at the FrioSite

Description: The U.S. Dept. of Energy funded Frio Brine Pilot provided an opportunity to test borehole seismic monitoring techniques in a saline formation in southeast Texas. A relatively small amount of CO{sub 2} was injected (about 1600 tons) into a thin injection interval (about 6 m thick at 1500 m depth). Designed tests included time-lapse vertical seismic profile (VSP) and crosswell surveys which investigated the detectability of CO{sub 2} with surface-to-borehole and borehole-to-borehole measurement.
Date: June 1, 2006
Creator: Daley, Thomas M. & Korneev, Valeri A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geologic and Well-Construction Data for the H-8 Borehole Complex Near the Proposed Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site, Southeastern New Mexico

Description: From introduction: The U.S. Geological Survey is participating in this evaluation by developing information on the ground-water hydrology of the region, obtaining geologic borehole data, and conducting hydrologic tests in boreholes on and near the WIPP site. This report provides well-construction information and lithologic data about the Rustler and Salado Formations and the top of the salt interval within the Salado Formation at the H-8 borehole complex.
Date: 1982
Creator: Wells, J. G. & Drellack, S. L., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geologic and Well-Construction Data for the H-9 Borehole Complex Near the Proposed Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site, Southeastern New Mexico

Description: From introduction: The U.S. Geological Survey is participating in this evaluation by developing information on the ground-water hydrology of the region, obtaining geologic borehole data, and conducting hydrologic tests in boreholes on and near the WIPP site. This report provides well-construction information and lithologic data about the Rustler and Salado Formations and the top of the salt interval within the Salado Formation at the H-9 borehole complex.
Date: 1982
Creator: Drellak, S. L., Jr. & Wells, J. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Continuous monitoring of crosswell seismic travel time

Description: In two separate shallow field experiments, at two distancescales, we have used continuous monitoring to estimate the effect ofbarometric pressure on crosswell travel time and thereby calibrated thestress sensitivity of the rock volume between the wells. In a 3 mexperiment we found a stress sensitivity of 10-6/Pa while in a 30 mexperiment the sensitivity was 5 x 10-8 /Pa. Results from a deeper (1km), 2 month experiment at the San Andreas fault observation boreholeswill be presented if analysis is completed.
Date: April 14, 2006
Creator: Daley, Thomas M.; Silver, Paul G.; Niu, Fenglin & Majer, Ernest L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Entry Boreholes Summary Report for the Waste Treatment Plant Seismic Boreholes Project

Description: This report describes the 2006 fiscal year field activities associated with the installation of four cable-tool-drilled boreholes located within the boundary of the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP), DOE Hanford site, Washington. The cable-tool-drilled boreholes extend from surface to ~20 ft below the top of basalt and were utilized as cased entry holes for three deep boreholes (approximately 1400 ft) that were drilled to support the acquisition of sub-surface geophysical data, and one deep corehole (1400 ft) that was drilled to acquire continuous core samples from underlying basalt and sedimentary interbeds. The geophysical data acquired from these boreholes will be integrated into a seismic response model that will provide the basis for defining the seismic design criteria for the WTP facilities.
Date: February 28, 2007
Creator: Horner, Jake A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Engineering Report on the Great Divide Basin Drilling Project, Sweetwater County, Wyoming

Description: Introduction: This report presents engineering details, statistics, individual borehole histories, and geophysical logs of the nine holes drilled in the Great Divide Basin project during the 1981 drilling program. General information is presented regarding specific problems including weather and logistics. A separate geologic report is being prepared and will be available through the Bendix Field Engineering Corporation Technical Library in the near future.
Date: September 1981
Creator: Harrison, Jack Edward
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Productivity and Injectivity of Horizontal Wells

Description: A general wellbore flow model is presented to incorporate not only frictional, accelerational and gravitational pressure drops, but also the pressure drop caused by inflow. Influence of inflow or outflow on the wellbore pressure drop is analyzed. New friction factor correlations accounting for both inflow and outflow are also developed. The greatest source of uncertainty is reservoir description and how it is used in simulators. Integration of data through geostatistical techniques leads to multiple descriptions that all honor available data. The reality is never known. The only way to reduce this uncertainty is to use more data from geological studies, formation evaluation, high resolution seismic, well tests and production history to constrain stochastic images. Even with a perfect knowledge about reservoir geology, current models cannot do routine simulations at a fine enough scale. Furthermore, we normally don't know what scale is fine enough. Upscaling introduces errors and masks some of the physical phenomenon that we are trying to model. The scale at which upscaling is robust is not known and it is probably smaller in most cases than the scale actually used for predicting performance. Uncertainties in the well index can cause errors in predictions that are of the same magnitude as those caused by reservoir heterogeneities. Simplified semi-analytical models for cresting behavior and productivity predictions can be very misleading.
Date: April 29, 1997
Creator: Aziz, Khalid; Arababi, Sepehr & Hewett, Thomas A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characterization of Sediments from the Soil Desiccation Pilot Test (SDPT) Site in the BC Cribs and Trenches Area

Description: This technical report documents the results of laboratory geochemical and hydrologic measurements of sediments collected from new borehole 299-E13-65 (C7047) and comparison of the results with those of nearby borehole 299-13E-62 (C5923) both drilled in the BC Cribs and Trenches Area. The total and water-leachable concentrations of key contaminants will be used to update contaminant-distribution conceptual models and to provide more data for improving baseline risk predictions and remedial alternative selections. Improved understanding of subsurface conditions and methods to remediate these principal contaminants can be also used to evaluate the application of specific technologies to other contaminants across the Hanford Site.
Date: September 25, 2009
Creator: Um, Wooyong; Truex, Michael J.; Valenta, Michelle M.; Iovin, Cristian; Kutnyakov, Igor V.; Chang, Hyun-shik et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Statement of Work for Direct Push Technology Characterization Borehole Installations During Fiscal Year 2006, 300-FF-5 Operable Unit

Description: This document specifies activities to be performed by FHI to fulfill Part II of the 300-FF-5 Operable Unit Limited Field Investigation. The scope includes driving up to 15 direct push technology boreholes to the water table for radiological geophysical logging of the vadose zone to define the vertical extent and concentration of process uranium waste in the subsurface. Drilling and sampling field activates will follow FHI waste management, risk assessment and QA process and procedures. The sampling and analysis of information recovered during this characterization will meet the Hanford Performance Assessment Project QAAP requirements.
Date: November 29, 2005
Creator: Williams, Bruce A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Surface and borehole electromagnetic imaging of conducting contaminant plumes

Description: Electromagnetic induction tomography is a promising new tool for imaging electrical conductivity variations in the earth. The EM source field is produced by induction coil (magnetic dipole) transmitters deployed at the surface or in boreholes. Vertical and horizontal component magnetic field detectors are deployed in other boreholes or on the surface. Sources and receivers are typically deployed in a configuration surrounding the region of interest. The goal of this procedure is to image electrical conductivity variations in the earth, much as x-ray tomography is used to image density variations through cross-sections of the body. Although such EM field techniques have been developed and applied, the algorithms for inverting the magnetic field data to produce the desired images of electrical conductivity have not kept pace. One of the main reasons for the lag in the algorithm development has been the fact that the magnetic induction problem is inherently three dimensional; other imaging methods such as x-ray and seismic can make use of two-dimensional approximations that are not too far from reality, but we do not have this luxury in EM induction tomography. In addition, previous field experiments were conducted at controlled test sites that typically do not have much external noise or extensive surface clutter problems often associated with environmental sites. To use the same field techniques in environments more typical of cleanup sites requires a new set of data processing tools to remove the effects of both noise and clutter. The goal of this project is to join theory and experiment to produce enhanced images of electrically conducting fluids underground, allowing better localization of contaminants and improved planning strategies for the subsequent remediation efforts. After explaining the physical context in more detail, this report will summarize the progress made in the first 18 months of this project: (1) on code ...
Date: July 1, 1998
Creator: Berryman, J. G., LLNL
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Application of Multi-rate Flowing Fluid Electric ConductivityLogging Method to Well DH-2, Tono Site, Japan

Description: The flowing fluid electric conductivity (FEC) logging method, wellbore fluid is replaced with de-ionized water, following which FEC profiles in the wellbore are measured at a series of times while the well is pumped at a constant rate. Locations were fluid enters the wellbore show peaks in the FEC logs, which may be analyzed to infer inflow strengths and salinities of permeable features intersected by the wellbore. In multi-rate flowing FEC logging, the flowing FEC logging method is repeated using two or more pumping rates, which enables the transmissivities and inherent pressure heads of these features to be estimated as well. We perform multi-rate FEC logging on a deep borehole in fractured granitic rock, using three different pumping rates. Results identify 19 hydraulically conducting fractures and indicate that transmissivity, pressure head, and salinity vary significantly among them. By using three pumping rates rather than the minimum number of two, we obtain an internal consistency check on the analysis that provides a measure of the uncertainty of the results. Good comparisons against static FEC profiles and against independent chemical, geological, and hydrogeological data have further enhanced confidence in the results of the multi-rate flowing FEC logging method.
Date: October 4, 2004
Creator: Doughty, Christine; Takeuchi, Shinji; Amano, Kenji; Shimo, Michito & Tsang, Chin-Fu
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Review of Geophysical Characterization Methods Used at the Hanford Site

Description: Geophysical methods have been used for characterization of hydrogeologic conditions and/or contaminant distributions at the Hanford site since at least the mid- to late-1940s. A review of these geophysical methods is presented in two parts: (1) shallow surface-based geophysical methods and (2) borehole geophysical-logging methods.
Date: March 23, 2000
Creator: Last, G.V. & Horton, D.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electromagnetic Borehole Flowmeter Testing at the Southwest Plume Test Pad

Description: Multiple-well aquifer tests were recently conducted at the Southwest Plume Test Pad near the Burial Ground Complex (BGC) in accordance with the BGC Field Investigation Plan (WSRC, 1999). The pumping tests were performed in the Upper Three Runs and Gordon aquifers in February and March of 1999. The tests provide reliable estimates of horizontal conductivity averaged over aquifer thickness, and a relatively large horizontal zone of influence.
Date: January 29, 2001
Creator: Flach, G.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Slant Borehole Demonstration Summary Report

Description: This report provides a summary of the demonstration project for development of a slant borehole to retrieve soil samples from beneath the SX-108 single-shell tank. It provides a summary of the findings from the demonstration activities and recommendations for tool selection and methods to deploy into the SX Tank Farm. Daily work activities were recorded on Drilling and Sampling Daily Work Record Reports. The work described in this document was performed during March and April 2000.
Date: July 19, 2000
Creator: GARDNER, M.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Spectral gamma-ray logging report for the six new characterization boreholes in the 100-FR-1 operable unit

Description: Six characterization boreholes were drilled, sampled, logged, and abandoned in the 100-FR-1 Operable Unit. The geophysical logging was carried out with the Radionuclide Logging System (RLS) to determine the levels of radioactive contaminants in the subsurface. Five of the six boreholes penetrated contamination that was successfully assayed with the RLS data.
Date: September 13, 1996
Creator: Meznarich, R. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant borehole data

Description: Data pertaining to all the surface boreholes used at the WIPP site for site characterization hydrological testing and resource evaluation exist in numerous source documents. This project was initiated to develop a comprehensive data base that would include the data on all WIPP related surface boreholes from the Atomic Energy Commission, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Energy Research and Development Administration, Department of Energy, and Hydrologic Test Borehole Programs. The data compiled from each borehole includes: operator, permit number, location, total depth, type of well, driller, drilling record, casing record, plugging schedule, and stratigraphic summary. There are six groups of boreholes contained in this data base, they are as follows: Commercially Drilled Potash Boreholes, Energy Department Wells, Geologic Exploration Boreholes, Hydrologic Test Boreholes, Potash Boreholes, and Subsurface Exploration Boreholes. There were numerous references which contained borehole data. In some cases the data found in one document was inconsistent with data in another document. In order to ensure consistency and accuracy in the data base, the same references were used for as many of the boreholes as possible. For example, all elevations and locations were taken from Compilation and Comparison of Test-Hole Location Surveys in the Vicinity of the WIPP Site. SAND 88-1065, Table 3-5. There are some sections where a data field is left blank. In this case, the information was either not applicable or was unavailable.
Date: April 1, 1995
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of drift seepage for alternative emplacementdesigns

Description: The calculations presented in this report are performed to obtain seepage rates into drift and boreholes for two alternative designs of drift and waste emplacement at Yucca Mountain. The two designs are defined according to the Scope of Work 14012021M1, activity 399621, drafted October 6, 1998, and further refined in a conference telephone call on October 13, 1998, between Mark Balady, Jim Blink, Rob Howard and Chin-Fu Tsang. The 2 designs considered are: (1) Design A--Horizontal boreholes 1.0 m in diameter on both sides of the drift, with each borehole 8 m long and inclined to the drift axis by 30 degrees. The pillar between boreholes, measured parallel to the drift axis, is 3.3 m. In the current calculations, a simplified model of an isolated horizontal borehole 8 m long will be simulated. The horizontal borehole will be located in a heterogeneous fracture continuum representing the repository layer. Three different realizations will be taken from the heterogeneous field, representing three different locations in the rock. Seepage for each realization is calculated as a function of the percolation flux. Design B--Vertical boreholes, 1.0 m in diameter and 8.0 m deep, drilled from the bottom of an excavated 8.0 m diameter drift. Again, the drift with the vertical borehole will be assumed to be located in a heterogeneous fracture continuum, representing the rock at the repository horizon. Two realizations are considered, and seepage is calculated for the 8-m drift with and without the vertical 1-m borehole at its bottom.
Date: July 30, 1999
Creator: Li, Guomin; Tsang, Chin-Fu & Birkholzer, Jens
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Phase Identification of Seismic Borehole Samples

Description: This report documents the phase identification results obtained by x-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of samples taken from borehole C4998 drilled at the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) on the Hanford Site (REF). XRD samples were taken from fractures and vesicles or are minerals of interest at areas of interest within the basalt formations cored. The samples were powder mounted and analyzed. Search-match software was used to select the best match from the ICDD mineral database based on peak locations and intensities.
Date: November 1, 2006
Creator: Crum, Jarrod V. & Riley, Brian J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department