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Small modular biopower initiative Phase 1 feasibility studies executive summaries

Description: The Phase 1 objective is a feasibility study that includes a market assessment, resource assessment, preliminary system design, and assessment of relevant environmental and safety considerations, and evaluation of financial and cost issues, and a preliminary business plan and commercialization strategy. Each participating company will share at least 20% of the cost of the first phase.
Date: March 6, 2000
Creator: Bain, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electricity from biomass: An environmental review and strategy

Description: This report presents an environmental assessment and strategy for the US Department of Energy Biomass Power Program. The regulatory context and the environmental impact of biomass power technologies are described, and an environmental plan for the program is suggested. The plan suggest a proactive, synergistic approach, involving multiple parties with a stake in the successful commercialization of a biomass power industry. These parties include feedstock growers, state regulators. Forest Service and agricultural agents, utilities and independent power producers, rural electric cooperatives, and environmental activists.
Date: June 1, 1993
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary of Chariton Valley Switchgrass Co-Fire Testing at the Ottumwa Generating Station in Chillicothe, Iowa: Milestone Completion Report

Description: Results of the switchgrass co-firing tests conducted at the Ottumwa Generating Station in Chillicothe, Iowa as part of the Chariton Valley Biomass Project. After several years of planning, the Chariton Valley Biomass Project successfully completed two months of switchgrass co-fire testing at the Ottumwa Generating Station (OGS) in Chillicothe, Iowa. From November 30, 2000, through January 25, 2001, the switchgrass team co-fired 1,269 tons (1,151 tonnes) of switchgrass at rates up to 16.8 tons/h (15.2 tonne/h), representing about 3% heat input to the 725-MW power plant. Stack testing was completed when co-firing switchgrass and when burning only coal. Fuel and ash samples were collected for analysis, and boiler performance and emissions data were collected. Numerous improvements were made to the feed-handling equipment during testing. The co-fire testing was completed with no environmental incidents, no injuries to personnel, and no loss in electricity output from OGS. The goals of the this--the first of three rounds of co-fire tests--were: to identify the effects of co-firing on boiler performance, to measure any changes in emissions during co-firing, and to gather information to improve the design of the switchgrass handling equipment. All three of these goals were met. The design target for the switchgrass handling system was 12.5 ton/h (11.3 tonne/h), which we exceeded after a redesign of the secondary grinder in our system. We had hoped to burn over 3,000 tons (2,722 tonnes) of switchgrass during this first round of testing, but because of poor equipment performance in December, we were unable to meet this target before the planned boiler shutdown in January. There were, however, several days in January when we burned more than 100 tons (91 tonnes) of switchgrass.
Date: July 1, 2002
Creator: Amos, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Independent System Operators and Biomass Power

Description: Since the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued its landmark open access transmission rule in 1996, the idea of creating and establishing independent system operators (ISOs) has gained momentum. ISOs may help combine individual utility transmission systems into more regional transmission networks, which ultimately will allow biomass companies to transmit power over longer distances while paying a single transmission rate. To the extent that ISOs are combined or operated with power exchanges, however, biomass companies will likely face even more competitive market pressures. Few operators have experience with ISOs and power exchanges, but preliminary results show that short-term electricity market prices are probably too low for most biomass companies to compete against. Without policy measures, biomass companies may have to pursue strategic opportunities with short-term, spot-market sales; direct bilateral sales to customers; alternative power exchanges; and perhaps a ''green'' pow er market and sales to ancillary service markets. In addition, prices will likely be more volatile in a restructured market so biomass generators should be selling during those times.
Date: March 25, 1999
Creator: Porter, K. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development Strategies for Deployment of Biomass Resources in the Production of Biomass Power: November 6, 2001--February 28, 2003

Description: The study analyzes strategies for deployment of biomass resources for biopower generation. It compares biomass supply databases and the projected biopower market penetration for several alternative incentive scenarios. It analyzes the availability of biomass to meet the projected market demands and recommends future research.
Date: January 1, 2004
Creator: Kaminsky, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary of NOx Emissions Reduction from Biomass Cofiring

Description: NOx emissions from commercial- and pilot-scale biomass/coal cofiring demonstrations are reduced as the percentage of energy supplied to the boiler by the biomass fuel is increased. This report attempts to provide a summary of the NO{sub x} emissions measured during recent biomass/coal cofiring demonstrations. These demonstrations were carried out at the commercial and pilot-scales. Commercial-scale tests were conducted in a variety of pulverized fuel boiler types including wall-fired, T-fired, and cyclone furnaces. Biomass input ranged up to 20% on a mass basis and 10% on an energy basis.
Date: May 1, 2002
Creator: Dayton, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cost and performance analysis of biomass-based integrated gasification combined-cycle (BIGCC) power systems

Description: To make a significant contribution to the power mix in the United States biomass power systems must be competitive on a cost and efficiency basis. We describe the cost and performance of three biomass-based integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) systems. The economic viability and efficiency performance of the IGCC generation technology appear to be quite attractive.
Date: October 1, 1996
Creator: Craig, K. R. & Mann, M. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Biomass cofiring: A renewable alternative for utilities and their customers

Description: Cofiring biomass with coal has environmental advantages, including reducing greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and acid rain precursors such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides. Over the last decade, electric utilities across the country have implemented biomass cofiring in demonstrations and in commercial operations. As a result of this experience, information is now available on the technical and economic performance of cofiring biomass with coal.
Date: May 18, 1999
Creator: Jones, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Biomass Power and Conventional Fossil Systems with and without CO2 Sequestration -- Comparing the Energy Balance, Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Economics

Description: Lifecycle analysis of coal-, natural gas- and biomass-based power generation systems with and without CO2 sequestration. Compares global warming potential and energy balance of these systems.
Date: January 1, 2004
Creator: Spath, P. L. & Mann, M. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Biomass power industry: Assessment of key players and approaches for DOE and industry interaction. Final report

Description: This report reviews the status of the US biomass power industry. The topics of the report include current fuels and the problems associated with procuring, transporting, preparing and burning them, competition from natural gas projects because of the current depressed natural gas prices, need for incentives for biomass fueled projects, economics, market potential and expansion of US firms overseas.
Date: July 1, 1993
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The value of the benefits of U.S. biomass power

Description: Biomass power has always been used to generate power in the forest products industry, but its widespread use for supplying power to the US grid is a relatively recent phenomenon. Today independent biomass power generators supply 11 billion kWh/yr to the national electricity grid and, in the process, provide an environmentally superior disposal service for 22 million tons/yr of solid waste
Date: April 3, 2000
Creator: Morris, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Technical Manual for the SAM Biomass Power Generation Model

Description: This technical manual provides context for the implementation of the biomass electric power generation performance model in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) System Advisor Model (SAM). Additionally, the report details the engineering and scientific principles behind the underlying calculations in the model. The framework established in this manual is designed to give users a complete understanding of behind-the-scenes calculations and the results generated.
Date: September 1, 2011
Creator: Jorgenson, J.; Gilman, P. & Dobos, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The potential impact of externalities considerations on the market for biomass power technologies

Description: This study assesses the current status of externalities considerations--nonmarket costs and benefits--in state and utility electricity resource planning processes and determines how externalities considerations might help or hinder the development of biomass power plants. It provides an overview of biomass resources and technologies, including their market status and environmental impacts; reviews the current treatment of externalities in the states; and documents the perspectives of key utility, regulatory, and industry representatives concerning externalities considerations. The authors make the following recommendations to the biomass industry: (1) the wood and agricultural waste industries should work toward having states and utilities recognize that wood and agricultural waste are greenhouse gas neutral resources because of carbon sequestration during growth; (2) the biomass industry should emphasize nonenvironmental benefits such as economic development and job creation; and (3) the biomass industry should pursue and support efforts to establish renewable energy set-asides or ``green`` requests for proposals.
Date: February 1, 1994
Creator: Swezey, B. G.; Porter, K. L. & Feher, J. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Integrated gasification combined cycle and steam injection gas turbine powered by biomass joint-venture evaluation

Description: This report analyzes the economic and environmental potential of biomass integrated gasifier/gas turbine technology including its market applications. The mature technology promises to produce electricity at $55--60/MWh and to be competitive for market applications conservatively estimated at 2000 MW. The report reviews the competitiveness of the technology of a stand-alone, mature basis and finds it to be substantial and recognized by DOE, EPRI, and the World Bank Global Environmental Facility.
Date: May 1, 1994
Creator: Sterzinger, G J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Biomass Cofiring: A Renewable Alternative for Utilities (Fact sheet)

Description: Cofiring refers to the practice of introducing biomass as a partial substitute fuel in high-efficiency coal boilers. This is the nearest term low-cost option for the efficient conversion of biomass to electricity. Cofiring has been practiced, tested, and evaluated for a variety of boiler technologies.
Date: August 30, 1999
Creator: Craig, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

OUT Success Stories: Rural Electrification in Brazil

Description: The United States and Brazil are collaborating to bring electricity to some 5 million households in rural Brazil. Over the next decade, there is a potential to install approximately 500 megawatts (MW) of solar home systems and 1000 MW of community systems, bringing light to households, schools, and health clinics throughout rural Brazil.
Date: August 31, 2000
Creator: Strawn, N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Implications of Regional Transmission Organization Design for Renewable Energy Technologies

Description: This report summarizes the development of Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) and assesses the potential implications of market rules for renewable energy technologies. The report focuses on scheduling provisions, as these have proved problematic in some cases for intermittent renewable energy technologies. Market rules of four RTOs-the Pennsylvania-Maryland-New Jersey ISO, the ERCOT ISO, the Midwest ISO and the New York ISO (NYISO)-were examined to determine the impact on intermittent renewable energy projects such as wind energy generators. Also, a more general look was taken at how biomass power may fare in RTOs, specifically whether these technologies can participate in ancillary service markets. Lastly, an assessment was made regarding the implications for renewable energy technologies of a Northeast-wide RTO that would combine the three existing Northeast ISOs (the aforementioned PJM and NYISOs, as well as ISO New England).
Date: May 1, 2002
Creator: Porter, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Choices for A Brighter Future: Perspectives on Renewable Energy

Description: The report discusses the perspectives on the evolving U.S. electricity future, the renewable electric technology portfolio, the regional outlook, and the opportunities to move forward. Renewables are at a critical juncture as the domestic electricity marketplace moves toward an era of increased choice and greater diversity. The cost and performance of these technologies have improved dramatically over the past decade, yet their market penetration has stalled as the power industry grapples with the implications of the emerging competitive marketplace. Renewable energy technologies already contribute to the global energy mix and are ready to make an even greater contribution in the future. However, the renewables industry faces critical market uncertainties, both domestically and internationally, as policy commitments to renewables at both the federal and state levels are being reshaped to match the emerging competitive marketplace. The energy decisions that we make, or fail to make, today will have long-lasting implications. We can act now to ensure that renewable energy will play a major role in meeting the challenges of the evolving energy future. We have the power to choose.
Date: September 30, 1999
Creator: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department