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Climate and Energy-Water-Land System Interactions Technical Report to the U.S. Department of Energy in Support of the National Climate Assessment

Description: This report provides a framework to characterize and understand the important elements of climate and energy-water-land (EWL) system interactions. It identifies many of the important issues, discusses our understanding of those issues, and presents a long-term research program research needs to address the priority scientific challenges and gaps in our understanding. Much of the discussion is organized around two discrete case studies with the broad themes of (1) extreme events and (2) regional intercomparisons. These case studies help demonstrate unique ways in which energy-water-land interactions can occur and be influenced by climate.
Date: March 1, 2012
Creator: Skaggs, Richard; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Frumhoff, Peter; Lowry, Thomas; Middleton, Richard; Pate, Ron et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Review of Geophysical Characterization Methods Used at the Hanford Site

Description: Geophysical methods have been used for characterization of hydrogeologic conditions and/or contaminant distributions at the Hanford site since at least the mid- to late-1940s. A review of these geophysical methods is presented in two parts: (1) shallow surface-based geophysical methods and (2) borehole geophysical-logging methods.
Date: March 23, 2000
Creator: Last, G.V. & Horton, D.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Guidelines - A Primer for Communicating Effectively with NABIR Stakeholders

Description: This primer is a tool to help prepare scientists for meetings with stakeholders. It was prepared for staff involved with the Natural and Accelerated Bioremediation Research (NABIR) program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy. It discusses why some efforts in science communication may succeed while others fail, provides methods of approaching group interactions about science that may better orient expert participants, and summarizes experience drawn from observations of groups interacting about topics in bioremediation or the NABIR program. The primer also provides brief, useful models for interacting with either expert or non-expert groups. Finally, it identifies topical areas that may help scientists prepare for public meetings, based on the developers' ongoing research in science communication in public forums.
Date: September 27, 2000
Creator: Bilyard, G.R.; Word, C.J.; Weber, J.R. & Harding, A.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY 2004 Energy Use and Recommended Energy Conservation Measures--Environmental Technology and National Security Buildings at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Description: This revision adds additional information to the original study of the differences in 2003-04 energy usage between PNNL's ETB and NSB. The original PNNL report (PNNL-15535) of this study was published in Dec. 2005.
Date: June 14, 2006
Creator: Olson, Norman J.; Hadley, Donald L. & Routh, Richard M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Dictionary for Transparency

Description: There are many terms that are used in association with the U.S. Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) Transparency Project associated with the Mayak Fissile Materials Storage Facility. This is a collection of proposed definitions of these terms.
Date: November 15, 2001
Creator: Kouzes, Richard T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Area Monitoring Dosimeter Program for the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Results for CY 2001

Description: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) established an area monitoring dosimeter program in accordance with Article 514 of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Radiological Control Manual (RCM) in January 1993. This program is to minimize the number of areas requiring issuance of personnel dosimeters and to demonstrate that doses outside Radiological Buffer Areas are negligible. In accordance with 10 CFR Part 835.402 (a) (1)-(4) and Article 511.1 of the PNNL Radiological Control Program Description, personnel dosimetry shall be provided to 1) radiological workers who are likely to receive at least 100 mrem annually, and 2) declared pregnant workers, minors, and members of the public who are likely to receive at least 50 mrem annually. Program results for calendar years 1993-2001 confirm that personnel dosimetry is not needed for individuals located in areas monitored by the program.
Date: July 8, 2002
Creator: Bivins, Steven R. & Stoetzel, Gregory A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Area Monitoring Dosimeter Program for the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Results for CY 2005

Description: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) established an area monitoring dosimeter program in accordance with Article 514 of the Department of Energy (DOE) Radiological Control Manual (RCM) in January 1993. This program is to minimize the number of areas requiring issuance of personnel dosimeters and to demonstrate that doses outside Radiological Buffer Areas are negligible. In accordance with 10 CFR Part 835.402 (a)(1)-(4) and Article 511.1 of the PNNL Radiological Control Program Description, personnel dosimetry shall be provided to (1) radiological workers who are likely to receive at least 100 mrem annually, and (2) declared pregnant workers, minors, and members of the public who are likely to receive at least 50 mrem annually. Program results for calendar years 1993-2005 confirm that personnel dosimetry is not needed for individuals located in areas monitored by the program
Date: June 21, 2006
Creator: Bivins, Steven R. & Stoetzel, Gregory A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cognitive Foundations for Visual Analytics

Description: In this report, we provide an overview of scientific/technical literature on information visualization and VA. Topics discussed include an update and overview of the extensive literature search conducted for this study, the nature and purpose of the field, major research thrusts, and scientific foundations. We review methodologies for evaluating and measuring the impact of VA technologies as well as taxonomies that have been proposed for various purposes to support the VA community. A cognitive science perspective underlies each of these discussions.
Date: February 25, 2011
Creator: Greitzer, Frank L.; Noonan, Christine F. & Franklin, Lyndsey
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EMSL Bimonthly Report: June 2007 through July 2007

Description: The W.R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national scientific user facility located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in Richland, Washington. PNNL operates EMSL for the DOE Office of Biological and Environmental Research. At one location, EMSL offers a comprehensive array of leading-edge resources in six research facilities. Access to the capabilities and instrumentation in EMSL facilities is obtained through a peer-reviewed proposal process. The Bimonthly Report documents research activities and accomplishments of EMSL users and staff. Topics covered in the Bimonthly Report include Research Highlights of EMSL user projects, Scientific Grand Challenge Highlights, Awards and Recognition, Professional/Community Service, Major Facility Upgrades, News Coverage, Visitors and Users, New EMSL Staff, Publications, Presentations, Patents, and Journal Covers featuring EMSL user research.
Date: October 3, 2007
Creator: Showalter, Mary Ann
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

2011 Annual Ecological Survey: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Site

Description: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Pacific Northwest Site Office (PNSO) oversees and manages the DOE contract for the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), a DOE Office of Science multi-program laboratory located in Richland, Washington. PNSO is responsible for ensuring that all activities conducted on the PNNL site comply with applicable laws, policies, and DOE Orders. The DOE Pacific Northwest Site Office Cultural and Biological Resources Management Plan (DOE/PNSO 2008) addresses the requirement for annual surveys and monitoring for species of concern and to identify and map invasive species. In addition to the requirement for an annual survey, proposed project activities must be reviewed to assess any potential environmental consequences of conducting the project. The assessment process requires a thorough understanding of the resources present, the potential impacts of a proposed action to those resources, and the ultimate consequences of those actions. The PNNL site is situated on the southeastern corner of the DOE Hanford Site, located at the north end of the city of Richland in south-central Washington. The site is bordered on the east by the Columbia River, on the west by Stevens Drive, and on the north by the Hanford Site 300 Area (Figure 1). The environmental setting of the PNNL site is described in Larson and Downs (2009). There are currently two facilities on the PNNL site: the William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory and the Physical Sciences Facility. This report describes the annual survey of biological resources found on the undeveloped upland portions of the PNNL site. The annual survey is comprised of a series of individual field surveys conducted on various days in late May and throughout June 2011. A brief description of the methods PNNL ecologists used to conduct the baseline surveys and a summary of the results of the surveys are ...
Date: February 27, 2012
Creator: Becker, James M. & Chamness, Michele A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Area Monitoring Dosimeter Program for the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Results for CY 2006

Description: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) established an area monitoring dosimeter program in accordance with Article 514 of the Department of Energy (DOE) Radiological Control Manual (RCM) in January 1993. This program is to minimize the number of areas requiring issuance of personnel dosimeters and to demonstrate that doses outside Radiological Buffer Areas are negligible. In accordance with 10 CFR Part 835.402 (a)(1)-(4) and Article 511.1 of the PNNL Radiological Control Program Description, personnel dosimetry shall be provided to 1) radiological workers who are likely to receive at least 100 mrem annually, and 2) declared pregnant workers, minors, and members of the public who are likely to receive at least 50 mrem annually. Program results for calendar years 1993-2005 confirm that personnel dosimetry is not needed for individuals located in areas monitored by the program.
Date: July 19, 2007
Creator: Bivins, Steven R. & Stoetzel, Gregory A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The FY 1998 Battelle performance evaluation and incentive fee agreement

Description: Fiscal Year 1998 represents the second full year utilizing a results-oriented, performance-based contract. This document describes the critical outcomes, objectives, performance indicators, expected levels of performance, and the basis for the evaluation of the Contractors performance for the period October 1, 1997 through September 30, 1998, as required by Articles entitled Use of Objective Standards of Performance, Self Assessment and Performance Evaluation and Critical Outcomes Review of the Contract DE-AC06-76RL01830. In partnership with the Contractor and other key customers, the Department of Energy (DOE) Richland Operations Office has defined six critical outcomes that serve as the core for the Contractors performance evaluation. The Contractor also utilizes these outcomes as a basis for overall management of the Laboratory. The Critical Outcome system focuses all of the customer desires into specific objectives and performance indicators, with supporting measures to track and foster continued improvement in meeting the needs (outcomes) of the Laboratory`s customers. Section 1 provides information on how the overall performance rating for the Contractor will be determined. Section 2 provides the detailed information concerning critical outcomes, objectives, performance indicators and expectations of performance. Section 3 describes the commitments for documenting and reporting the Laboratory`s self-evaluation.
Date: January 7, 1998
Creator: Davis, T.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Audit of the Department of Energy`s Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

Description: The Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for examining all options in acquiring major systems to ensure that funds and existing facilities and equipment are used effectively. The objective of this audit was to determine whether the Office of Energy Research had evaluated all practical alternatives in building and equipping the proposed Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory which is estimated to cost about $230 million. The audit showed that all practical alternatives were not evaluated as required. Consequently, DOE may have missed an opportunity to not only avoid spending a significant amount of the $230 million, but also an opportunity to more effectively utilize existing national laboratories and equipment.
Date: April 1, 1995
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of continued storage of samples at the 325 Laboratory

Description: This report provides identification of potential Program users for samples that are archived at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) facilities, establishes cost releated to packaging and transportation of these samples to 222-S, for continued storage at 325 facilities, disposal and transfer costs. The report provides a recommendation to dispose of 20 samples, transfer 99 samples to PNNL and to continue storage of the remaining samples at PNNL`s 325 facility.
Date: January 1, 1996
Creator: McVey, C.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department