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Wind-tunnel investigation of effects of unsymmetrical horizontal-tail arrangements on power-on static longitudinal stability of a single-engine airplane model

Description: Report presenting a wind-tunnel investigation to determine the effects of unsymmetrical horizontal-tail arrangements on the power-on static longitudinal stability of a single-engine single-rotation airplane. Extreme asymmetry in the horizontal tail was found to cause issues with the longitudinal stability, but the "practical" arrangement tested did not show much improvement. Results regarding the longitudinal stability tests, computations, and lateral and directional trim are provided.
Date: October 1947
Creator: Purser, Paul E. & Spear, Margaret F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Examining the Role of Latitude and Differential Insolation in Asymmetrical Valley Development

Description: Valley development through erosional processes typically tends to create symmetrical valleys. Over time, water cuts through the substrate to create valleys, gorges, and canyons for which the sides are the valley are evenly sloped. However, there are anomalies to this process. Asymmetrical valleys have been well-documented even in areas of uniform substrate or little tectonic uplift. One proposed explanation for the asymmetry of these valleys is differential insolation. This may lead to different microclimates from one slope to another which alter the rate and extent of erosion. Since the differences in received insolation vary with latitude (especially in streams that flow along an east/west axis), it follows that the degree of asymmetry should also vary with latitude if differential insolation is a primary driving factor in the development of these valleys. To evaluate if insolation plays a role in the development of asymmetrical valleys, this study examines variability in asymmetry across 447 valleys in nine study areas located at different latitudes. The degree of asymmetry for each valley was measured by using 30 meter resolution digital elevation models (DEMs) to determine the slope angle of each side of the valley. Asymmetry was measured by computing a ratio of the average slope angle for each side of the valley (larger value divided by smaller). If the resulting value is one, the valley is deemed symmetrical. As the value increases, the degree of asymmetry increases. This investigation found that contrary to expectations, valleys at lower latitudes tend to have a higher degree of asymmetry than those at higher latitudes, which suggests that differential insolation does not play a major role in the development of these valleys. Instead, this study found that high altitudes and low latitudes are more frequently associated with a higher degree of asymmetry. These unexpected findings open the door ...
Date: August 2013
Creator: Curran, Lorna L.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Azimuthal and single spin asymmetry in deep-inelasticlepton-nucleon scattering

Description: The collinear expansion technique is generalized to thefactorization of unintegrated parton distributions and other higher twistparton correlations from the corresponding collinear hard parts thatinvolve multiple parton final state interaction. Such a generalizedfactorization provides a consistent approach to the calculation ofinclusive and semi-inclusive cross sections of deep-inelasticlepton-nucleon scattering. As an example, the azimuthal asymmetry iscalculated to the order of 1/Q in semi-inclusive deeply inelasticlepton-nucleon scattering with transversely polarized target. Anon-vanishing single-spin asymmetry in the "triggered inclusive process"is predicted to be 1/Q suppressed with a part of the coefficient relatedto a moment of the Sivers function.
Date: September 21, 2006
Creator: Liang, Zuo-tang & Wang, Xin-Nian
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Unvail the Mysterious of the Single Spin Asymmetry

Description: Single transverse-spin asymmetry in high energy hadronic reaction has been greatly investigated from both experiment and theory sides in the last few years. In this talk, I will summarize some recent theoretical developments, which, in my opinion, help to unvail the mysterious of the single spin asymmetry.
Date: January 5, 2010
Creator: Yuan, Feng
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On the Relation Between Mechanisms for Single-Transverse-SpinAsymmetries

Description: Recent studies have shown that two widely-used mechanismsfor single-transverse-spin asymmetries based on either twist-threecontributions or on transverse-momentum-dependent (Sivers) partondistributions become identical in a kinematical regime of overlap. Thiswas demonstrated for the so-called soft-gluon-pole and hard-polecontributions to the asymmetry associated with a particular quark-gluoncorrelation function in the nucleon. In this paper, using semi-inclusivedeep inelastic scattering as an example, we extend the study to thecontributions by soft-fermion poles and by another independenttwist-three correlation function. We find that these additional termsorganize themselves in such a way as to maintain the mutual consistencyof the two mechanisms for single-spin asymmetries.
Date: November 5, 2007
Creator: Koike, Yuji; Vogelsang, Werner & Yuan, Feng
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exposing the non-collectivity in elliptic flow

Description: We show that backward-forward elliptic asymmetry correlations provide an experimentally accessible observable which distinguishes between collective and non-collective contributions to the observed elliptic asymmetry v2 in relativistic heavy ion collisions. The measurement of this observable will reveal the momentum scale at which collective expansion seizes and where the elliptic asymmetry is dominated by (semi)-hard processes. In addition, the knowledge of the actual magnitude of the collective component of the elliptic asymmetry will be essential for the extraction of the viscosity of the matter created in these collisions.
Date: February 13, 2009
Creator: Liao, Jinfeng & Koch, Volker
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of Black Carbon and Particle Number Emission Factors from Individual Heavy-Duty Trucks

Description: Emission factors for black carbon (BC) and particle number (PN) were measured from 226 individual heavy-duty (HD) diesel-fueled trucks driving through a 1 km-long California highway tunnel in August 2006. Emission factors were based on concurrent increases in BC, PN, and CO{sub 2}B concentrations (measured at 1 Hz) that corresponded to the passage of individual HD trucks. The distributions of BC and PN emission factors from individual HD trucks are skewed, meaning that a large fraction of pollution comes from a small fraction of the in-use vehicle fleet. The highest-emitting 10% of trucks were responsible for {approx} 40% of total BC and PN emissions from all HD trucks. BC emissions were log-normally distributed with a mean emission factor of 1.7 g kg {sup -1} and maximum values of {approx} 10 g kg{sup -1}. Corresponding values for PN emission factors were 4.7 x 10{sup 15} and 4 x 10{sup 16} kg{sup -1}. There was minimal overlap among high-emitters of these two pollutants: only 1 of the 226 HD trucks measured was found to be among the highest 10% for both BC and PN. Monte Carlo resampling of the distribution of BC emission factors observed in this study revealed that uncertainties (1{sigma}) in extrapolating from a random sample of n HD trucks to a population mean emission factor ranged from {+-} 43% for n = 10 to {+-} 8% for n = 300, illustrating the importance of sufficiently large vehicle sample sizes in emissions studies. Studies with low sample sizes are also more easily biased due to misrepresentation of high-emitters. As vehicles become cleaner on average in future years, skewness of the emissions distributions will increase, and thus sample sizes needed to extrapolate reliably from a subset of vehicles to the entire in-use vehicle fleet are expected to become more of a ...
Date: February 2, 2009
Creator: Ban-Weiss, George A.; Lunden, Melissa M.; Kirchstetter, Thomas W. & Harley, Robert A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal double-spin asymmetry for inclusive jet production in vec p + vec p collisions at sqrt s = 200 GeV

Description: We report a new STAR measurement of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry A{sub LL} for inclusive jet production at mid-rapidity in polarized p + p collisions at a center-of-mass energy of {radical}s = 200 GeV. The data, which cover jet transverse momenta 5 < p{sub T} < 30 GeV/c, are substantially more precise than previous measurements. They provide significant new constraints on the gluon spin contribution to the nucleon spin through the comparison to predictions derived from one global fit of polarized deep-inelastic scattering measurements.
Date: October 7, 2007
Creator: Coll, STAR
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flow Tones in a Pipeline-Cavity System: Effect of Pipe Asymmetry

Description: Flow tones in a pipeline-cavity system are characterized in terms of unsteady pressure within the cavity and along the pipe. The reference case corresponds to equal lengths of pipe connected to the inlet and outlet ends of the cavity. Varying degrees of asymmetry of this pipe arrangement are investigated. The asymmetry is achieved by an extension of variable length, which is added to the pipe at the cavity outlet. An extension length as small as a few percent of the acoustic wavelength of the resonant mode can yield a substantial reduction in the pressure amplitude of the flow tone. This amplitude decrease occurs in a similar fashion within both the cavity and the pipe resonator, which indicates that it is a global phenomenon. Furthermore, the decrease of pressure amplitude is closely correlated with a decrease of the Q (quality)-factor of the predominant spectral component of pressure. At a sufficiently large value of extension length, however, the overall form of the pressure spectrum recovers to the form that exists at zero length of the extension. Further insight is provided by variation of the inflow velocity at selected values of extension length. Irrespective of its value, both the magnitude and frequency of the peak pressure exhibit a sequence of resonant-like states. Moreover, the maximum attainable magnitude of the peak pressure decreases with increasing extension length.
Date: May 29, 2002
Creator: Erdem, D.; rockwell, D.; Oshkai, P. & Pollack, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flow Tones in a Pipeline-Cavity System: Effect of Pipe Asymmetry

Description: Flow tones in a pipeline-cavity system are characterized in terms of unsteady pressure within the cavity and along the pipe. The reference case corresponds to equal lengths of pipe connected to the inlet and outlet ends of the cavity. Varying degrees of asymmetry of this pipe arrangement are investigated. The asymmetry is achieved by an extension of variable length, which is added to the pipe at the cavity outlet. An extension length as small as a few percent of the acoustic wavelength of the resonant mode can yield a substantial reduction in the pressure amplitude of the flow tone. This amplitude decrease occurs in a similar fashion within both the cavity and the pipe resonator, which indicates that it is a global phenomenon. Furthermore, the decrease of pressure amplitude is closely correlated with a decrease of the Q (quality)-factor of the predominant spectral component of pressure. At a sufficiently large value of extension length, however, the overall form of the pressure spectrum recovers to the form that exists at zero length of the extension. Further insight is provided by variation of the inflow velocity at selected values of extension length. Irrespective of its value, both the magnitude and frequency of the peak pressure exhibit a sequence of resonant-like states. moreover, the maximum attainable magnitude of the peak pressure decreases with increasing extension length.
Date: February 28, 2001
Creator: Erdem, D.; Rockwell, D.; Oshkai, P.L. & Pollack, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Drell-Yan Lepton Pair Azimuthal Asymmetry in Hadronic Processes

Description: We study the azimuthal asymmetry in the Drell-Yan lepton pair production in hadronic scattering processes at moderate transverse momentum region, taking into account the contributions from the twist-three quark-gluon correlations from the unpolarized hadrons. The contributions are found to dominate the asymmetry, and are not power suppressed by qt/Q at small qt where qt and Q are the transverse momentum and invariant mass of the lepton pair. Accordingly, the Lam-Tung relation will be violated at this momentum region, and its violation depends on the twist-three functions. However, at large transverse momentum qt~;;Q, the Lam-Tung relation still holds because all corrections are power suppressed by Lambda2/qt2 ~;; Lambda2/Q2 where Lambda is the typical nonperturbative scale.
Date: January 22, 2009
Creator: Zhou, Jian; Yuan, Feng & Liang, Zuo-Tang
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Single Spin Asymmetry in Inclusive Hadron Production in pp Scattering from Collins Mechanism

Description: We study the Collins mechanism contribution to the single transverse spin asymmetry in inclusive hadron production in pp scattering p{up_arrow}p {yields} {pi}X from the leading jet fragmentation. The azimuthal asymmetric distribution of hadron in the jet leads to a single spin asymmetry for the produced hadron in the Lab frame. The effect is evaluated in a transverse momentum dependent model that takes into account the transverse momentum dependence in the fragmentation process. We find the asymmetry is comparable in size to the experimental observation at RHIC at {radical}s = 200GeV.
Date: April 14, 2008
Creator: Yuan, Feng & Yuan, Feng
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Density distribution for a polymer absorbed at an oil-waterinterface

Description: The interaction between a polymer segment and an oil-water interface is represented by an asymmetric square-well potential where the well-depth on one side reflects water-polymer and the well depth on the other side reflects oil-polymer interactions. The polymer is represented by a Gaussian chain. The polymer's density distribution is calculated along a coordinate perpendicular to the interface. Results are obtained as a function of the well width, the well depth and its asymmetry and, most important, the polymer's length. For a symmetric well, the distribution shows a strong maximum at the interface provided that the polymer is sufficiently long. For an asymmetric well, the polymer is also strongly adsorbed at the interface provided that the polymer is sufficiently long and provided that the larger well-depth does not exceed a critical value that depends on the smaller well-depth. The calculations are in substantial agreement with experimental results that indicate nearly irreversible adsorption of long-chain molecules at an oil-water interface.
Date: October 30, 2002
Creator: Cai, Jun & Prausnitz, John M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Universality and mX cut effects in B ->Xsl+l-

Description: The most precise comparison between theory and experiment for the B {yields} X{sub s}{ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -} rate is in the q{sup 2} < 6 GeV{sup 2} region. The hadronic uncertainties associated with an experimentally required cut on m{sub X} potentially spoil the extraction of short distance flavor-changing neutral current couplings. We compute the m{sub X} cut dependence of d{Lambda}(B {yields} X{sub s}{ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -})/dq{sup 2} using the B {yields} X{sub s}{gamma} shape function, and show that the effect is universal for all short distance contributions in the limit m{sub X}{sup 2} << m{sub B}{sup 2}. This universality is not spoiled by realistic values of the m{sub X} cut, nor by {alpha}{sub s} corrections. Alternatively, normalizing the B {yields} X{sub s}{ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -} rate to B {yields} X{sub u}{ell}{bar {nu}} with the same cuts removes the main uncertainties. We find that the forward-backward asymmetry vanishes near q{sub 0}{sup 2} = 3 GeV{sup 2}.
Date: December 15, 2005
Creator: Lee, Keith S.M.; Ligeti, Zoltan; Stewart, Iain W. & Tackmann,Frank J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Implications of the measurement of the B0s Bbar0s massdifference

Description: We analyze the significant new model independent constraints on extensions of the standard model (SM) that follow from the recent measurements of the B{sup 0}{sub s} {bar B}{sup 0}{sub s} mass difference. The time-dependent CP asymmetry in B{sub s} {yields} {psi}{phi}, S{sub {psi}{phi}}, will be measured with good precision in the first year of LHC data taking, which will further constrain the parameter space of many extensions of the SM, in particular, next-to-minimal flavor violation. The CP asymmetry in semileptonic B{sub s} decay, A{sup s}{sub SL}, is also important to constrain these frameworks, and could give further clues to our understanding the flavor sector in the LHC era. We point out a strong correlation between S{sub {psi}{phi}} and A{sup s}{sub SL} in a very broad class of new physics models.
Date: April 20, 2006
Creator: Ligeti, Zoltan; Papucci, Michele & Perez, Gilad
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Anti-Hyperon polarization in high energy pp collisions withpolarized beams

Description: We study the longitudinal polarization of the {bar {Sigma}}{sup -}, {bar {Sigma}}{sup +}, {bar {Xi}}{sup 0} and {bar {Xi}}{sup +} anti-hyperons in polarized high energy pp collisions at large transverse momenta, extending a recent study for the {bar {Lambda}} antihyperon. We make predictions by using different parameterizations of the polarized parton densities and models for the polarized fragmentation functions. Similar to the {bar {Lambda}} polarization, the {bar {Xi}}{sup 0} and {bar {Xi}}{sup +} polarizations are found to be sensitive to the polarized anti-strange sea, {Delta}{bar s}(x), in the nucleon. The {bar {Sigma}}{sup -} and {bar {Sigma}}{sup +} polarizations show sensitivity to the light sea quark polarizations, {Delta}{bar u}(x) and {Delta}{bar d}(x), and their asymmetry.
Date: November 20, 2007
Creator: Chen, Ye; Liang, Zuo-tang; Sichtermann, Ernst; Xu, Qing-hua & Zhou, Shan-shan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Improved model for the strain dependence of the superconducting properties of Nb3Sn

Description: We propose an improved model for the strain dependence of the superconducting properties of Nb{sub 3}Sn. The model is based on the three dimensional strain tensor and derived in terms of the first, second and third invariants, and improves an existing model that only includes the second invariant. The axial form of the new model accurately accounts for the experimentally observed dependence of the effective upper critical magnetic field (H*{sub c2}) on axial strain, i.e. a quasi-parabolic strain dependence, asymmetry, and an upturn at large compressive axial strain. An accurate model that accounts for the three dimensional nature of strain is important for scaling relations for the critical current that are used to model magnet performance based on wire measurements.
Date: May 1, 2008
Creator: Arbelaez, D.; Godeke, A. & Prestemon, S. O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Run-09 pC polarimeter analysis

Description: Analysis of PC polarimeter data at {radical}s = 200 and 500 GeV from Run9 is presented. Final polarization results, fill-by-fill, for blue and yellow beams, as to be used by RHIC experiments (in collisions) are released and collected in http://www4.rcf.bnl.gov/cnipol/pubdocs/Run09Offline/. Global relative systematic uncertainties {delta}P/P (to be considered as correlated from fill to fill) are 4.7% for 100 GeV beams, and 8.3% (12.1%) for blue (yellow) 250 GeV beams. For a product of two beam polarizations P{sub B} {center_dot} P{sub Y} (used in double spin asymmetry measurements) the relative uncertainty {delta}(P{sub B} {center_dot} P{sub Y})/(P{sub B} {center_dot} P{sub Y}) 8.8% for 100 GeV beams and 18.5% for 250 GeV beams. For the average between two beam polarization (P{sub B} + P{sub Y})/2 (used in single spin asymmetry measurements, when data from two polarized beams are combined) the relative uncertainty is 4.4% for 100 GeV beams and 9.2% for 250 GeV beams. Larger uncertainties for 250 GeV beams relate to significant rate related systematic effects experienced in the first part of Run9 (due to thicker targets used and smaller trans. beam size at higher beam energy).
Date: August 1, 2010
Creator: Alekseev, I.; Aschenauer, E.; Atoyan, G.; Bazilevsky, A.; Gill, R.; Huang, H. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Laboratory experiments on dispersive transport across interfaces: The role of flow direction

Description: We present experimental evidence of asymmetrical dispersive transport of a conservative tracer across interfaces between different porous materials. Breakthrough curves are measured for tracer pulses that migrate in a steady state flow field through a column that contains adjacent segments of coarse and fine porous media. The breakthrough curves show significant differences in behavior, with tracers migrating from fine medium to coarse medium arriving significantly faster than those from coarse medium to fine medium. As the flow rate increases, the differences between the breakthrough curves diminish. We argue that this behavior indicates the occurrence of significant, time-dependent tracer accumulation in the resident concentration profile across the heterogeneity interface. Conventional modeling using the advection-dispersion equation is demonstrated to be unable to capture this asymmetric behavior. However, tracer accumulation at the interface has been observed in particle-tracking simulations, which may be related to the asymmetry in the observed breakthrough curves.
Date: April 1, 2009
Creator: Berkowitz, B.; Cortis, A.; Dror, I. & Scher, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department