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Graphic values for some organic constitutents of beneficiated coal samples

Description: Graphic techniques exist which can accurately predict values for calorific value, organic sulfur, and possibly other constituents of the organic portion of beneficiated coal sample fractions. These techniques also permit a determination of coal rank to be made without the use of the approximations required in the standard procedure. Fractions of IBC-101 with varying ash contents were produced by froth flotation. The various fractions were analyzed by the coal analysis laboratory and the particu… more
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Kohlenberger, L. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of the chemical and electrochemical coal cleaning process

Description: Studies concerning the use of flotation as an alternative method of separating liberated mineral matter from chemical/electrochemical coal cleaning (CECC) treated coal were continued using Elkhorn No. 3 coal. The results obtained using different methods of recovering the clean product after CECC treatment showed trends similar to those observed previously with Pittsburgh No. 8 coal. The use of flotation after CECC treatment of the Elkhorn No. 3 coal was found to be more efficient than wet-scree… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Basilio, C.I. & Yoon, Roe-Hoan.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Sulfur and ash reduction potential and selected chemical and physical properties of United States coals. [Contains glossary]

Description: This report presents the washability and comprehensive characterization results of 543 raw coal samples collected from the Eastern Region of the United States. This is the first volume of a three-volume report on the coals of the United States. All the data are presented in six appendices. Statistical techniques and definitions are presented in Appendix A, and a glossary of terms is presented in Appendix B. The complete washability data and an in- depth characterization of each sample are prese… more
Date: January 1, 1990
Creator: Cavallaro, J.A.; Deurbrouck, A.W.; Killmeyer, R.P.; Fuchs, W. (USDOE Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, PA (USA)) & Jacobsen, P.S. (Burns and Roe Services Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (USA))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Economical clean carbon fuel and co-product gaseous and liquid from coal

Description: Unlike its predecessors, the HYDROCARB Process converts coal or other carbonaceous feedstock to a clean carbon fuel and co-product gaseous hydrogen- and/or methane (CH{sub 4})-rich gas and/or liquid methanol. Feedstock carbon content is essentially extracted as pure particulate carbon, free of sulfur, nitrogen, and ash. By eliminating the need to manufacture large quantities of hydrogen, lower capital cost and higher thermal efficiency result compared to previous coal-to-synthetic-fuel processe… more
Date: July 1, 1991
Creator: Steinberg, M. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)) & Grohse, E.W. (HYDROCARB Corporation, New York, NY (USA))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Coal combustion: Effect of process conditions on char reactivity

Description: The project will quantify the effect of the following pyrolysis conditions on the macropore structure and on the subsequent reactivity of chars: (a) pyrolysis heating rate; (b) final heat treatment temperature (HTT); (c) duration of heat treatment at HTT (or soak time); (d) pyrolysis atmosphere (N{sub 2} or O{sub 2}/N{sub 2} mixtures); (e) coal particle size (100--1,000 {mu}m in diameter); (f) sulfur-capturing additives (limestone); and (g) coal rank. Pyrolysis experiments will be carried out f… more
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Zygourakis, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Coal combustion: Effect of process conditions on char reactivity

Description: The project will quantify the effect of the following pyrolysis conditions on the macropore structure and on the subsequent reactivity of chars: (a) pyrolysis heating rate; (b) final heat treatment temperature (HTT); (c) duration of heat treatment at HTT (or soak time); (d) pyrolysis atmosphere (N{sub 2} or O{sub 2}/N{sub 2} mixtures); (e) coal particle size (100 {endash} 1000 {mu}m in diameter); (f) sulfur-capturing additives (limestone); and (g) coal rank. Pyrolysis experiments will be carrie… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Zygourakis, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Coal surface control for advanced fine coal flotation

Description: The primary objective in the scope of this research project is to develop advanced flotation methods for coal cleaning in order to achieve near total pyritic-sulfur removal at 90% Btu recovery, using coal samples procured from three major US coal seams. Concomitantly, the ash content of these coals is to be reduced to 6% or less. Investigation of mechanisms for the control of coal and pyrite surfaces prior to fine coal flotation is the main aspect of the project objectives. The results of this … more
Date: July 30, 1991
Creator: Fuerstenau, D. W.; Sastry, K. V. S.; Hanson, J. S.; Diao, J.; De, A.; Sotillo, F. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Establishment and maintenance of a coal sample bank and data base

Description: For each sample, one 30-gallon drum containing approximately 90 lb of coal at {minus}1/4 inch was designated for headspace oxygen analysis and coal quality monitoring at yearly intervals. Headspace oxygen analysis and retrieval of a 5-lb sample for coal analysis have begun. Headspace oxygen contents are shown in Table 1. Preparation and analysis of these samples for the second yearly quality evaluation is in progress. We have initiated a study of different means of storage in preventing sample … more
Date: November 16, 1989
Creator: Davis, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Sulfur and ash reduction potential and selected chemical and physical properties of United States coals. [Contains glossary]

Description: This report presents the washability and comprehensive characterization results of 184 raw coal channel samples, including anthracite, bituminous and lignite coals, collected from the Central Region of the United States. This is the second of a three volume report on the coals of the United States. All the data are presented in six appendices. Statistical techniques and definitions are presented in Appendix A, and a glossary of terms is presented in Appendix B. The complete washability data and… more
Date: February 1, 1991
Creator: Cavallaro, J.A.; Deurbrouck, A.W.; Killmeyer, R.P.; Fuchs, W. (USDOE Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, PA (USA). Coal Preparation Div.) & Jacobsen, P.S. (Burns and Roe Services Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (USA))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Amended Silicated for Mercury Control

Description: Amended Silicates{trademark}, a powdered, noncarbon mercury-control sorbent, was tested at Duke Energy's Miami Fort Station, Unit 6 during the first quarter of 2006. Unit 6 is a 175-MW boiler with a cold-side electrostatic precipitator (ESP). The plant burns run-of-the-river eastern bituminous coal with typical ash contents ranging from 8-15% and sulfur contents from 1.6-2.6% on an as-received basis. The performance of the Amended Silicates sorbent was compared with that for powdered activated … more
Date: December 31, 2006
Creator: Butz, James; Broderick, Thomas & Turchi, Craig
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Preliminary Field Evaluation of Mercury Control Using Combustion Modifications

Description: In this project EER conducted a preliminary field evaluation of the integrated approach for mercury (Hg) and NO{sub x} control. The approach enhanced the 'naturally occurring' Hg capture by fly ash through combustion optimization, increasing carbon in ash content, and lowering ESP temperature. The evaluation took place in Green Station Units 1 and 2 located near Henderson, Kentucky and operated by Western Kentucky Energy. Units 1 and 2 are equipped with cold-side ESPs and wet scrubbers. Green S… more
Date: January 22, 2005
Creator: Lissianski, V.; Maly, P. & Marquez, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Coal surface control for advanced physical fine coal cleaning technologies

Description: Research continued on surface control of coal. This report describes Task 7 of the program. The following topics are discussed: quantitative distribution of iron species; surface functional groups; comparison of wet and dry ground samples; study of Illinois No. 6 coal wet ground using additives; study of wet grinding using tall oil; elemental distribution of coal samples wet ground without additives; elemental distribution of coal samples wet ground with tall oil; direct determination of pyrite… more
Date: January 1, 1990
Creator: Morsi, B.I.; Chiang, S-H.; Sharkey, A.; Blachere, J.; Klinzing, G.; Araujo, G. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Evaluation, engineering and development of advanced cyclone processes

Description: Evaluation, Engineering and Development of Advanced Cyclone Processes'' is a research and development project for the reduction of pyritic sulfur in coal. Project goals are to remove 80 to 90% of the ash and pyritic sulfur while retaining 80 to 90% of the parent coal's heating value. A number of media and media separator options are to be evaluated and tested, culminating with the implementation of the preferred combination in a 1,000 lb/hr bench-scale process optimization circuit.
Date: January 1, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Thermally Induced Structural Changes in Coal Combustion

Description: The project objectives are (1) to measure the effect of devolatilization temperature and time on properties of the char and (2) characterize and quantify the effect of thermal annealing on char reactivity during char burnout under conditions of pulverized combustion. Coal devolatilization runs continued during the reporting period. Elemental analysis and N{sub 2} BET surface areas measurements were carried out on the three chars produced in the devolatilization runs. The results are presented. … more
Date: December 7, 1990
Creator: Gavalas, G. R. & Flagan, R. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Physical and chemical characteristics and development of the Changuinola peat deposit of northwestern Panama

Description: A peat deposit occupying over 80 square kilometers, and averaging 8 meters in thickness, was discovered on the Caribbean coast of northwestern Panama near the town of Changuinola. This deposit occurs inland (behind) the present beach-barrier shoreline. It is thickest in the center and thins toward all edges (as if domed). The surface vegetation in the central regions consists primarily of ombrotrophic plants (especially sedges, grasses, Sphagnum, Sagittaria, and various scattered shrubs). Towar… more
Date: August 1, 1987
Creator: Cohen, A.D.; Raymond, R. Jr.; Thayer, G. & Ramirez, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Wear mechanism and wear prevention in coal-fueled diesel engines

Description: The overall objective of this program is to develop the engine and lubricant system design approach that has the highest probability for commercial acceptance. Several specific objectives can also be identified. These objectives include: definition of the dominant wear mechanisms prevailing in coal-fueled diesel engines; definition of the specific effect of each coal-related lube oil contaminant; determination of the potential of traditional engine lubrication design approaches to either solve … more
Date: February 19, 1990
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Investigation of mechanisms of ash deposit formation from low-rank coal combustion: Final report

Description: This project was undertaken to determine the chemical behavior of alkali metal and other species implicated in the ash fouling which can occur during the combustion of low rank coals. The coal combustion was studied in unaugmented premixed pulverized coal flames. Vapor species were measured by molecular beam mass spectrometry. Temperatures were also measured, and time-resolved coal/ash particulate samples were collected and analyzed. A major part of the research on this project was devoted to: … more
Date: August 1, 1987
Creator: Greene, F. T. & O'Donnell, J. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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DOE oil shale reference sample bank: Quarterly report, July-September 1987

Description: The DOE Oil Shale Program was restructured in FY84 to implement a 5-year period of basic and applied research in the study of the phenomena involved in oil shale pyrolysis/retorting. The program calls for the study of two reference shales per year for a period of 5 years. Consequently, the program calls for the identification, acquisition, processing, characterization, storage, disbursement, and record keeping for ten reference shales in a period of 5 years. Two FY86 and one FY87 reference shal… more
Date: September 1, 1987
Creator: Owen, L.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Integrated production/use of ultra low-ash coal, premium liquids and clean char

Description: This integrated, multi-product approach for utilizing Illinois coal starts with the production of ultra low-ash coal and then converts it to high-vale, coal-derived, products. The ultra low-ash coal is produced by solubilizing coal in a phenolic solvent under ChemCoal{trademark} process conditions, separating the coal solution from insoluble ash, and then precipitating the clean coal by dilution of the solvent with methanol. Two major products, liquids and low-ash char, are then produced by mil… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Kruse, C.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Wear mechanism and wear prevention in coal-fueled diesel engines

Description: The overall objective of this program is to develop the diesel engine and lubricant system design approach that has the highest probability for commercial acceptance. Several specific objectives can also be identified. These objectives include: Definition of the dominant wear mechanisms prevailing in coal-fueled diesel engines; Definition of the specific effect of each coal-related lube oil contaminant; Determination of the potential of traditional engine lubrication design approaches to either… more
Date: June 20, 1990
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of clean coal and clean soil technologies using advanced agglomeration techniques

Description: Three major topics are discussed in this report: (1) Upgrading of Low Rank Coals by the Agflotherm Process. Test data, procedures, equipment, etc., are described for co-upgrading of subbituminous coals and heavy oil; (2) Upgrading of Bituminous Coals by the Agflotherm Process. Experimental procedures and data, bench and pilot scale equipments, etc., for beneficiating bituminous coals are described; (3) Soil Clean-up and Hydrocarbon Waste Treatment Process. Batch and pilot plant tests are descri… more
Date: January 1, 1990
Creator: Ignasiak, B.; Ignasiak, T. & Szymocha, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Wear mechanism and wear prevention in coal-fueled diesel engines

Description: The overall objective of this program is to develop the engine and lubricant system design approach that has the highest probability for commercial acceptance. Several specific objectives can also be identified. These objectives include: definition of the dominant wear mechanisms prevailing in coal-fueled diesel engines; definition of the specific effect of each coal-related lube oil contaminant; determination of the potential of traditional engine lubrication design approaches to either solve … more
Date: March 20, 1989
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Graphic values for some organic constituents of beneficiated coal samples

Description: The first objective of this one-year project is to obtain analytical data on a series of fractions of coal sample IBC-101 of widely varying ash content obtained via a froth flotation physical coal cleaning process. Froth flotation is the fractionation technique to be used rather than float/sink testing as in the Stansfield-Sutherland method because (1) most of the data in our files which were used in the development of these techniques were froth flotation tests and (2) as a way of showing that… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Kohlenberger, L. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Development of clean coal and clean soil technologies using advanced agglomeration technologies

Description: The specific objectives of the bituminous coal program were to explore and evaluate the application of advanced agglomeration technology for: (1)desulphurization of bituminous coals to sulphur content acceptable within the current EPA SO{sub 2} emission guidelines; (2) deashing of bituminous coals to ash content of less than 10 percent; and (3)increasing the calorific value of bituminous coals to above 13,000 Btu/lb. (VC)
Date: April 1, 1990
Creator: Ignasiak, B.; Pawlak, W.; Szymocha, K. & Marr, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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