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GCRE Critical-Assembly Studies

Description: This report follows critical-assembly studies made to provide engineering and physics data to aid in developing the Gas Cooled Reactor Experiments.
Date: September 10, 1958
Creator: Dingee, David A.; Ballowe, William C.; Klingensmith, Raymond W.; Egen, R. A.; Jankowski, Francis J. & Chastain, Joel W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Further Studies with the GCRE Critical-Assembly

Description: This report follows ciritical-assembly studies on: the effect on reactivity caused by changes in axial reflector materials; the effect on reactivity and the power perturbation caused by fast safety control-blade guides; the effect of changes in fuel-element material composition; the effect of changes in fuel-elements spacing designed to produce uniform radial power-generation rates.
Date: December 29, 1958
Creator: Dingee, David A.; Ballowe, William C.; Egen, R. A.; Jankowski, Francis J. & Chastain, Joel W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Army PWR Support and Development Program Six Months Summary Report : October 1, 1961 - March 31, 1962

Description: Abstract: Progress is reported on research and development tasks under the Program Plan for Engineering Support and Development of Army Pressurized Water Reactor Power Plants, Contract AT(30-1)-2639, during the six months' period October 1, 1061 to March 31, 1962.
Date: May 25, 1962
Creator: Dixon, M. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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SM-1 Research and Development Program: Long-lived Induced Activity Buildup During SM-1 Core I Lifetime. Task XVIII, Phase I

Description: Abstract: The results of activity buildup studies in the SM-1 performed during Core I lifetime (June 3, 1957 to April 28, 1960) are reported. Data are presented on the extent, nature, and mechanism of the buildup of long-lived gamma emitting nuclides in the reactor primary system. Radiation levels after reactor shutdown are presented, as well as mathematical equations used to account for the observed activity levels. The data have shown that Co60 is the major contributor to radiation levels in the SM-1. Co60 activity arises from the cobalt in Haynes 25 alloy flux suppressors, and the cobalt impurity in stainless steel. After 35 months operation at an average power level of 55%, deposited Co60 activity accounted for approximately 83% of the total radiation level (mr/hr) contributed by the long-lived gamma emitting nuclides. The contribution of the primary coolant activity to the total radiation level is insignificant when compared to the contribution of the activity deposited on the walls of the system. The radiation level on the super-heater side of the steam generator was about 1400 mr/hr after 35 months of reactor operation. The percentages of Co60 activity in the coolant and in the deposits were not the same. This indicates either that nuclides are depositing irreversibly on the surface of the system, or that all nuclides are not exchanging at the same rate. The ratio of Co58/Co60 in the deposits shows that a major fraction of the nuclides are irreversibly deposited. Mathematical equations derived during the course of work were used to predict the observed activity buildup on SM-1 primary system surfaces. Certain constants in the the equations were obtained from the experimental data. Calculated values of activity levels based on the equations were in good agreement with the activity levels found on the primary system. The equations may be …
Date: November 30, 1960
Creator: Bergmann, C. A.; Bergen, C.; Cox, J. F.; Chupak, J. & Grant, L. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hazards Report for SM-1 Core Temperature and Flow Instrumentation (Task XIV) Covering Special Test Procedures.

Description: Abstract: Test procedures for special tests involving in-core SM-1 temperature and flow instrumentation are described (Task XIV Package Tests). These tests involve in-core steady state flow and temperature measurements, loss of flow transients, load transients, reduced primary system pressure operations and reduced element flow. The thermal and hydraulic conditions prevailing in these tests, including steady state and transient burnout rations, are developed. The effects of reduced system pressure and flow on the burnout ratios are determined as are the expected stuck rod conditions when Task XIV test elements are installed. The effect on the maximum credible accident is included and a recommendation to conduct these Task XIV package tests is made.
Date: February 28, 1962
Creator: Bradley, P. L. & Coombe, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hazards Report for the SM-1 Core II With Special Components

Description: Abstract: This technical report describes the changes incurred in the SM-1 by the insertion of the SM-1 Core II and special components. The special components consist of impact specimens, a boron gradient rod, SM-2 elements, a PM-1-M element, and high burnup SM-1 Core I elements. The change in hazards, due to operation of SM-1 with Core II and the special components is evaluated. The analysis indicates there is no change in hazards.
Date: March 30, 1961
Creator: Coombe, J.; Lee, D.; Segalman, I. & Robertson, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Nuclear Measurements for Type 3 Replacement Cores for SM-1, SM-1A and PM-2A CE 3

Description: Abstract: This technical report contains the description and results of an experimental program to evaluate the effect of utilizing Type 3 (SM-2) replacement cores in existing Army field plants SM-1, SM-1A and PM-2A. This program, conducted at the Alco Products Critical Facility, employed SM-2 mockup fuel elements similar in composition to Type 3 fuel elements to determine start-up characteristics of Type 3 cores in SM-1, SM-1A and PM-2A core configurations. measurements include comprehensive power distribution, temperature coefficients, initial critical bank positions, control rod calibrations, critical rod configuration and material coefficients, all obtained under cold, clean, core conditions. The 45 element SM-1 and SM-1A configuration with SM-2 mockup fuel elements contain 36.4 Kg U-235 and an estimated 67.9 gm B-10, while the 37 element PM-2A configuration with SM-2 mockup elements contains 30.0 Kb U-235 and an estimated 56 gm B-10.
Date: January 11, 1962
Creator: Raby, T. M.; Walthousen, L. D.; Kemp, S. N.; McCool, W. J.; Sontheimer, K. C. & Robinson, R. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Summary Report of Analysis of Physics Measurements Performed on SM-1 Core I

Description: Abstract: This technical report contains a comprehensive analysis of the nuclear characteristics of the SM-1 Core I. Comparison of analytical and experimental results for neutron ages and core reactivities of a variety of cases investigated shows that the MUFT III with P-1 slowing down approximation gives the best results. At startup the core reactivity and rod bank worth under various operating conditions are investigated and compared to experiment. Core lifetime was calculated to be 16.8 MWYR compared to 16.4 MWYR experimental. The temperature coefficient has been calculated and compared to experiment as function of burnup. In Appendix A, flux distribution, temperature coefficient, effective delayed neutron fraction and core life are analyzed by Dr. R. L. Murray by one and two group modified theory series expansion calculations.
Date: March 30, 1962
Creator: Lois, L.; Paluszkiewicz, S.; Fried, B. E. & Beam, R. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Thermal Analysis of SM-1 Core III

Description: Abstract This technical report covers the thermal analysis performed on the SM-1 Core III for both steady state and transient conditions is reported. SM-1 Core III will be used as a test for Type 3 elements in a PM-2A Core. The steady state analysis indicated minimum departure from nucleate boiling ratios (DNBR) for both design and scram conditions above the minimum criteria of 1.5. Local nucleate boiling was noted in the hot internal channels and lattice passage at scram power conditions. Loss of flow transient results indicate DNBR's above 1.5, insuring that the core is safe from burnout. Bulk boiling was noted in the hot channels and lattice passage at scram power condition.
Date: June 29, 1962
Creator: Davidson, S. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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SM-2 Critical Experiments : CE-1

Description: Abstract: Critical experiment studies were performed, varying the parameters U235, B10 and metal to water ratio, in the SM-2 7 x 7 core configuration with 38 stationary elements and seven control rods of the SM-1 (APPR-1) type. An experimental mock-up of the SM-1 was assembled using the basic SM-2 fuel plates. Excellent agreement between the SM-1 boron loading, determined by chemical analysis, and the SM-1 mock-up boron loading, for equivalent bank positions, was noted. Several SM-2 mock-ups, cold clean and midlife, were assembled and studied with regard to reflector effects, flow divider effects, relative control rod array worths, critical rod configurations, and relative power distributions. The results of these experiments indicate as satisfactory a U235 loading of 36.4 Kg and a B10 loading of 63.4 grams for the SM-2. Attention is drawn to numerous power peaks present in the active core. The open seven control rod array has a slight reactivity advantage over the closed seven array and consequent minor disadvantage with respect to "stuck rod" criteria.
Date: November 30, 1959
Creator: Noaks, J. W.; McCool, W. J.; Robinson, R. A.; Schrader, E. W. & Weiss, S. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiochemical Analysis of Crud from the Army Package Power Reactor

Description: Abstract: A study has been made of the radiochemical composition and the specific activity of insoluble corrosion products (crud) removed from the primary system of the APPR-1. This report presents the results of analysis of twelve crud samples collected during the interval from September 3, 1957 to December 1, 1957. The samples were radiochemically analyzed for long-lived gamma emitting nuclides only. Data are presented on the measured values of the specific activity of crud, the ratios of the nuclide specific activities, and the concentration of crud (crud level) in the circulating primary water. Also included in data, based on the analysis of a single sample, comparing the specific activity of the deposited and circulating corrosion products.
Date: February 15, 1958
Creator: Zegger, J. L.; Small, W. J. & Brown, W. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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APPR-1 Research and Development Program. Design Analysis for Flow and Temperature Measurement Program, Task No. 5

Description: From objectives: "To establish, by literature search, analysis and design, the engineering and fabrication requirements for modifying reactor components and developing and installing the necessary instrumentation to carry out a fuel temperature and flow measurement experimental program."
Date: September 26, 1958
Creator: Richards, W. M. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hazards Report for the SM-1 Core II Without Special Components

Description: Abstract: This technical report describes the changes incurred in the SM-1 by the insertion of the SM-1 Core II without special components. The SM-1 Core II components were made to specifications very nearly identical to those of SM-1 Core I. The differences consist of europium absorber sections, internal europium flux suppressors in the control rod fuel elements, and low impurity cladding. Each of the SM-1 Core II components with the exception of the five absorber sections new in SM-1 Core I were subjected to a Zero Power Experiment at the Alco Critical Facility. The results of this experiment indicate that the SM-1 Core II will have nuclear characteristics very similar to that of the SM-1 Core I. Since SM-1 Core II will be operated with the same mode of rod control, in the same core support structure, and with the same primary coolant flow conditions, the thermal characteristics should be essentially identical to that of SM-1 Core I. Also, all kinetic characteristics of SM-1 Core II should be identical to those of SM-1 Core I. This report demonstrates that there is no increase in potential for a hazardous situation at SM-1 due to the replacement of SM-1 Core I by SM-1 Core II.
Date: April 19, 1961
Creator: Gallagher, J. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Silver - Cadmium - Indium Absorber Development

Description: Abstract: This technical report covers development of an AG-Cd-In alternate absorber section for Army Type SM reactors. It describes the absorber material composition and the geometric configuration. It gives the nuclear and thermal analyses supporting this configuration and a detailed description of the manufacturing practice employed in fabricating the final design component.
Date: June 13, 1962
Creator: Shaw, R. A. & Harris, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Reactor Analysis APPR-1 Core II

Description: Preface; Subsequent to the analysis in the body of this report metallurgical developments indicated that it would not be feasible to build the APPR-1 Core II with the increased boron loading specified herein. At the time of the issuance of this report the Core II boron loading is to be the same as that for Core I. At the time of procurement of the core in the fall, if metallurgical developments warrant, the increased boron loading will be employed. The loading discussed in the body of the report and the first three appendices is that designed to meet the specifications outlined in the introduction. Appendix IV discusses changes in the loading to account for the various methods of employing boron.
Date: July 15, 1958
Creator: Williamson, T. G.; Leibson, M. J. & Bryne, B. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Shielding Requirements for the Army Package Power Reactor

Description: Abstract. The design, selection, and calculation of the Army Package Power Reactor shielding are described. The APPR-1, a prototype of a package reactor for remote locations, has a primary shield of iron and water. this shield has been adopted to permit fast erection and to provide low transported weight. economically, including transportation cost, the iron water shield is better than a lead water shield and is competitive with a concrete shield for a remote site. Because of the location at Fort Belvoir,Va., the shielding requirements for the APR-1 are considerably more stringent than those for a reactor at a remote base. Since the secondary shielding which surrounds the entire primary system must provide protection for personnel at any location outside the vapor container, concrete is provided for this need.
Date: May 1, 1956
Creator: Meem, J. L. (James Lawrence). & Fairbanks, F. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Preliminary Hazards Summary Report for the ML-1 Nuclear Power Plant

Description: From abstract: "Neutronic characteristics, the control and instrumentation system, equipment description and plant safety considerations of the ML-1 (mobile, low power) nuclear power plant. The site is described with reference to geology, climate, and population density."
Date: September 30, 1959
Creator: Linenberger, G. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The ML-1 Design Report

Description: From abstract: "This report describes the design of the mobile nuclear power plant which is to be the prototype of a mobile, low-powered nuclear power plant intended to furnish electrical power in remote locations."
Date: May 16, 1960
Creator: Linenberger, G. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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BWR Reference Design for PL-3

Description: Abstract: The natural circulation, direct cycle, boiling water reactor reference design presented in this technical report is the alternate to the preferred preliminary design developed under Phase I of the PL-3 contract. The report presents plant design criteria, summary of plant selection, plant description, reactor and primary system description, thermal and hydraulic analysis, nuclear analysis, control and instrumentation description, shielding description, auxiliary systems, power plant equipment, waste disposal, buildings and tunnels, services, operation and maintenance, logistics, erection, cost information and training program outline.
Date: February 28, 1962
Creator: Humphries, G. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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PWR Preliminary Design for PL-3

Description: Abstract: The pressurized water reactor preliminary design presented in this volume is the preferred design developed under Phase I of the PL-3 contact. This technical report presents plant design criteria, summary of plant selection, plant description, reactor and primary system description, thermal and hydraulic analysis, nuclear analysis, control and instrumentation description, shielding description, auxiliary systems, power plant equipment, waste disposal, buildings and tunnels, services, operation and maintenance, logistics, erection, cost information and a training program outline.
Date: February 28, 1962
Creator: Humphries, G. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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