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Anomalous momentum dependence of the quasiparticle scattering ratein overdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8

Description: The question of the anisotropy of the electron scattering in high temperature superconductors is investigated using high resolution angle-resolved photoemission data from Pb-doped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8(Bi2212) with suppressed superstructure. The scattering rate of low energy electrons along two bilayer split pieces of the Fermi surface is measured (via the quasiparticle peak width), and no increase of scattering towards the antinode (Pi,0) region is observed, contradicting the expectation from Q=(Pi, Pi) scattering. The results put a limit on the effects of Q=(Pi, Pi) scattering on the electronic structure of this overdoped superconductor with still very high Tc.
Date: October 14, 2002
Creator: Bogdanov, P. V.; Lanzara, A.; Zhou, X. J.; Yang, W. L.; Eisaki, H.; Hussain, Z. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Absence of X-point band overlap in divalent hexaborides and variability of the surface chemical potential

Description: Angle-resolved photoemission measurements of divalent hexaborides reveals a >1 eV X-point gap between the valence and conduction bands, in contradiction to the band overlap assumed in several models of their novel ferromagnetism. While the global ARPES band structure and gap size observed are consistent with the results of bulk-sensitive soft x-ray absorption and emission boron K-edge spectroscopy, the surface-sensitive photoemission measurements also show a variation with cation, surface and time of the position of the surface chemical potential in the band structure.
Date: November 4, 2001
Creator: Denlinger, Jonathan D.; Gweon, Gey-Hong; Mo, Sung-Kwan; Allen, James W.; Sarrao, John L.; Bianchi, Adrian D. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An unusual isotope effect in a high-transition-temperature superconductor

Description: In conventional superconductors, the electron pairing that allows superconductivity is caused by exchange of virtual phonons, which are quanta of lattice vibration. For high-transition-temperature (high-Tc) superconductors, it is far from clear that phonons are involved in the pairing at all. For example, the negligible change in Tc of optimally doped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 (Bi2212) upon oxygen isotope substitution (16O to 18O leads to Tc decreasing from 92 to 91 K) has often been taken to mean that phonons play an insignificant role in this material. Here we provide a detailed comparison of the electron dynamics of Bi2212 samples containing different oxygen isotopes, using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. Our data show definite and strong isotope effects. Surprisingly, the effects mainly appear in broad high-energy humps, commonly referred to as ''incoherent peaks''. As a function of temperature and electron momentum, the magnitude of the isotope effect closely correlates with the superconducting gap--that is, the pair binding energy. We suggest that these results can be explained in a dynamic spin-Peierls picture, where the singlet pairing of electrons and the electron-lattice coupling mutually enhance each other.
Date: April 1, 2004
Creator: Gweon, G.-H.; Sasagawa, T.; Zhou, S.Y.; Graf, J.; Takagi, H.; Lee, D.-H. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Possibility of minimal surface contributions to low photon energy angle-resolved photoemission of CeRu{sub 2}Si{sub 2}

Description: Surface-related effects in angle-resolved valence spectra of CeRu{sub 2}Si{sub 2} at the Ce 4d {yields} 5f resonance threshold for different cleaved surfaces are presented and compared to angle-integrated valence spectra and to bulk-sensitive Ce 3d-edge valence spectra. Evidence that Ce 4d-edge photoemission spectroscopy on ideal cleaved surfaces is dominated by bulk Ce 4f states is presented.
Date: November 1, 2001
Creator: Denlinger, Jonathan D.; Gweon, Gey-Hong; Allen, James W. & Sarrao, John L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A New Spin on Photoemission Spectroscopy

Description: The electronic spin degree of freedom is of general fundamental importance to all matter. Understanding its complex roles and behavior in the solid state, particularly in highly correlated and magnetic materials, has grown increasingly desirable as technology demands advanced devices and materials based on ever stricter comprehension and control of the electron spin. However, direct and efficient spin dependent probes of electronic structure are currently lacking. Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy (ARPES) has become one of the most successful experimental tools for elucidating solid state electronic structures, bolstered by-continual breakthroughs in efficient instrumentation. In contrast, spin-resolved photoemission spectroscopy has lagged behind due to a lack of similar instrumental advances. The power of photoemission spectroscopy and the pertinence of electronic spin in the current research climate combine to make breakthroughs in Spin and Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy (SARPES) a high priority . This thesis details the development of a unique instrument for efficient SARPES and represents a radical departure from conventional methods. A custom designed spin polarimeter based on low energy exchange scattering is developed, with projected efficiency gains of two orders of magnitude over current state-of-the-art polarimeters. For energy analysis, the popular hemispherical analyzer is eschewed for a custom Time-of-Flight (TOF) analyzer offering an additional order of magnitude gain in efficiency. The combined instrument signifies the breakthrough needed to perform the high resolution SARPES experiments necessary for untangling the complex spin-dependent electronic structures central to today's condensed matter physics.
Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: Jozwiak, Chris
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department