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Non-Overload Amplifiers

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing non-overload amplifiers, including features, performance, and improvements of amplifiers. This report includes illustrations, and photographs, as well as errata at the end of the report.
Date: April 1, 1953
Creator: Higinbotham, W. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pulse Amplifiers Using Transistor Circuits

Description: From Introduction: "The high frequency response remains important even when pulse shaping is introduced. Pulse shaping is used to improve the time resolution of the system, to minimize overload distortion, or to facilitate the action of discriminating and recording circuits. The amplifier response may be optimized by such shaping, but in general the overall characteristics will be fixed by the particular detector system."
Date: January 23, 1958
Creator: Graveson, R. T. & Sadowski, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pulse Amplifier Manual

Description: Manual for the use and repair of repair pulse amplifiers. This covers general testing routines, specific tests, and a bibliography of related materials.
Date: 1962
Creator: Fairstein, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Reversing Logarithmic DC Amplifier

Description: Purpose: Automatic recording equipment was designed for use with a high temperature Sykes experiment in which calorimetric measurements were to be made to temperatures approaching 2000* C. At such high temperatures, radiation becomes the dominant mechanism for heat transfer. The temperature differences which are used to determine the magnitude of this transfer no longer are directly proportional to it, but must be related by the Stefan-Boltzman law of radiation.
Date: January 1, 1954
Creator: Carter, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Transistorized Pulse Height Analyzer for Gamma Spectroscopy

Description: From abstract: "A scintillation detector has a pulse height output which is a linear function of the energy of impinging gamma radiation. A pulse height analyzer system determines the amplitude distribution of this train of pulses. The system also displays this information graphically in a form which is convenient for further analysis."
Date: March 23, 1959
Creator: Graveson, R. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Linear Amplifiers

Description: Problems in the design of linear amplifiers are presented from the point of view of the radio engineer.
Date: September 7, 1949
Creator: Schultz, M. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

2D spatial gain profiles in multiple-pulse driven Ne-like Ge lasers

Description: In this paper, we present the direct spatial measurement of the two-dimensional gain profiles for the Ne-like Ge 196 Å laser line using a slab target illuminated by the multiple pulse technique. To understand the spatial dependence for Ge plasmas driven by a series of 100 ps pulses 400 ps apart we did a series of Nova experiments backlighting short Ge amplifiers. Two-dimensional, high-resolution, spatial images of the 196 Å laser emission from the output aperture of the amplifiers were measured to determine the spatial position of the gain. The amplifier lengths were chosen to be short enough to avoid the significant refraction effects which have dominated the analysis of previous near field imaging experiments. To assure good temporal overlap, the traveling wave geometry was used to illuminate both the amplifier and backlighter. The amplifier design included a wire fiducial that provided an absolute spatial reference and avoided the usual difficulty of determining the location of the target surface. We compare the measured spatial gain profiles with simulations done using LASNEX, which calculates the hydrodynamic evolution of the plasma, and XRASER, which uses the temperatures and densities from LASNEX to do the gain and kinetics calculations.
Date: September 21, 1998
Creator: Dunn, J; Li, Y; Nilsen, J & Osterheld, A L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exploring Process-Variation Tolerant Design of Nanoscale Sense Amplifier Circuits

Description: Sense amplifiers are important circuit components of a dynamic random access memory (DRAM), which forms the main memory of digital computers. The ability of the sense amplifier to detect and amplify voltage signals to correctly interpret data in DRAM cells cannot be understated. The sense amplifier plays a significant role in the overall speed of the DRAM. Sense amplifiers require matched transistors for optimal performance. Hence, the effects of mismatch through process variations must be minimized. This thesis presents a research which leads to optimal nanoscale CMOS sense amplifiers by incorporating the effects of process variation early in the design process. The effects of process variation on the performance of a standard voltage sense amplifier, which is used in conventional DRAMs, is studied. Parametric analysis is performed through circuit simulations to investigate which parameters have the most impact on the performance of the sense amplifier. The figures-of-merit (FoMs) used to characterize the circuit are the precharge time, power dissipation, sense delay and sense margin. Statistical analysis is also performed to study the impact of process variations on each FoM. By analyzing the results from the statistical study, a method is presented to select parameter values that minimize the effects of process variation. A design flow algorithm incorporating dual oxide and dual threshold voltage based techniques is used to optimize the FoMs for the sense amplifier. Experimental results prove that the proposed approach improves precharge time by 83.9%, sense delay by 80.2% sense margin by 61.9%, and power dissipation by 13.1%.
Date: December 2010
Creator: Okobiah, Oghenekarho
Partner: UNT Libraries

LOW FREQUENCY AMPLIFIER IH-130-1

Description: The design of a transistorized d-c coupled amplifier having very good gain stability and low drift of the output d-c level is described. Low-frequency input signals from a low-impedance source are amplified by the system to an approximate peak-to-peak amplitude of 4 v. (J.R.D.)
Date: October 23, 1961
Creator: Llacer, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some Notes on Wideband Feedback Amplifiers

Description: The extension of the passband of wideband amplifiers is a highly important problem to the designer of electronic circuits. Throughout the electronics industry and in many research programs in physics and allied fields where extensive use is made of video amplifiers, the foremost requirement is a passband of maximum width. This is necessary if it is desired to achieve a more faithful reproduction of transient wave forms, a btter time resolution in physical measurements, or perhaps just a wider band gain-frequency response to sine wave signals. The art of electronics is continually faced with this omnipresent amplifier problem. In particular, the instrumentation techniques of nuclear physics require amplifiers with short rise times, a high degree of gain stability, and a linear response to high signal levels. While the distributed amplifier{sup 1} may solve the problems of those seeking only a wide passband, the requirements of stability and linearity necessitate using feedback circuits. This paper considers feedback amplifiers from the standpoint of high-frequency performance. The circuit conditions for optimum steady-state (sinusoidal) and transient response are derived and practical circuits (both interstage and output) are presented which fulfill these conditions. In general, the results obtained may be applied to the low-frequency end. The fundamental limitation in feedback amplifiers arises from the over-all phase shift in the amplifier and in some cases, the feedback circuit as well. As the shift in phase approaches 180 degrees on either side of the mid-band, the feedback becomes positive, resulting in regeneration and possible oscillation. The relationships between attenuation and phase shift necessary for amplifier stability have been formulated and published{sup 2}. It is the phase shift and its attendant difficulties that make feeback over more than three stages impractical for video amplifiers; and while three-tube feedback{sup 3} is feasible on theoretical grounds, it is difficult to ...
Date: March 16, 1949
Creator: Fitch, V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A TRANSFER FUNCTION FOR D.C. OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS WITH GENERALIZED EXTERNAL NETWORKS

Description: A transfer function for d-c operational amplifiers with generalized input and feed-back networks is derived by application of network theory. This transfer function, more general than others in common use, applies to three and four-terminal networks. It contains, as a special case, the well-known transfer function for d-c operational amplifiers with two-terminal networks. Examples are given. (auth)
Date: February 25, 1963
Creator: Gossmann, S.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF AN INTEGRATED PULSE MODULATED S-BAND POWER AMPLIFIER IN GALLIUM NITRIDE PROCESS

Description: The design of power amplifiers in any semi-conductor process is not a trivia exercise and it is often encountered that the simulated solution is qualitatively different than the results obtained. Phenomena such as oscillation occurring either in-band or out of band and sometimes at subharmonic intervals, continuous spectrum noticed in some frequency bands, often referred to as chaos, and jumps and hysteresis effects can all be encountered and render a design useless. All of these problems might have been identified through a more rigorous approach to stability analysis. Designing for stability is probably the one area of amplifier design that receives the least amount of attention but incurs the most catastrophic of effects if it is not performed properly. Other parameters such as gain, power output, frequency response and even matching may suitable mitigation paths. But the lack of stability in an amplifier has no mitigating path. In addition to of loss of the design completely there are the increased production cycle costs, costs involved with investigating and resolving the problem and the costs involved with schedule slips or delays resulting from it. The Linville or Rollett stability criteria that many microwave engineers follow and rely exclusively on is not sufficient by itself to ensure a stable and robust design. It will be shown that the universal belief that unconditional stability is obtained through an analysis of the scattering matrix S to determine if 1 and |{Delta}{sub S}| < 1 is only part of the procedure and other tools must be used to validate the criteria. The research shown contributes to the state of the art by developing a more thorough stability design technique for designing amplifiers of any class, whether that be current mode or switch mode, than is currently undertaken with the goal of obtaining first pass design ...
Date: April 4, 2012
Creator: SEDLOCK, STEVE
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department