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Preliminary Survey of the Aircraft Fire Problem

Description: Memorandum presenting a review of information relating to aircraft fires to determine what new or further research might lead to a substantial reduction of the aircraft fire hazard in flight and following crashes. An examination of fuels, lubricants, and hydraulic fluids as inflammable liquids is presented, together with possible sources of ignition under the general categories of hot surfaces, electric sparks and arcs, flames, and hot gases.
Date: May 21, 1948
Creator: Cleveland Laboratory Aircraft Fire Research Panel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airplane Stability in Taxying

Description: The stability analysis of an airplane while rolling is much more simplified to the extent that it can be obtained for numerical data which can be put to practical use in the design of landing gear dimensions. Every landing gear type attains to a critical ground friction coefficient that decides the beginning of instability, i.e., nosing over. This study has, in addition, a certain interest for the use of wheel brakes.
Date: September 1932
Creator: Anderlik, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airplane Stability Calculations and Their Verification by Flight Tests

Description: For some time, the designers of airplanes have begun to occupy themselves with the question of longitudinal stability. In their quest to simplify calculation and data collection, the designers have attached the greatest importance to the coefficient of initial longitudinal stability. In this study a diagram was constructed from the data of the tunnel tests, which depends neither on the position of the center of gravity nor of the angle of deflection of the elevators. This diagram is constructed by means of straight lines drawn through the metacenters of the complete airplane, in a direction parallel to the tangents to the polar of the airplane relative to a system of axes fixed with reference to the airplane.
Date: July 1922
Creator: Rota, Augusto
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airplane Balance

Description: The authors argue that the center of gravity has a preponderating influence on the longitudinal stability of an airplane in flight, but that manufacturers, although aware of this influence, are still content to apply empirical rules to the balancing of their airplanes instead of conducting wind tunnel tests. The author examines the following points: 1) longitudinal stability, in flight, of a glider with coinciding centers; 2) the influence exercised on the stability of flight by the position of the axis of thrust with respect to the center of gravity and the whole of the glider; 3) the stability on the ground before taking off, and the influence of the position of the landing gear. 4) the influence of the elements of the glider on the balance, the possibility of sometimes correcting defective balance, and the valuable information given on this point by wind tunnel tests; 5) and a brief examination of the equilibrium of power in horizontal flight, where the conditions of stability peculiar to this kind of flight are added to previously existing conditions of the stability of the glider, and interfere in fixing the safety limits of certain evolutions.
Date: June 1921
Creator: Huguet, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Analysis of Aircraft Structures as Space Frameworks: Method Based on the Forces in the Longitudinal Members

Description: The following examples do not take up the discussion of viewpoints to be heeded in determining the design of a framework for given external conditions. Rather they are methods for determining the forces in airplane fuselages and wings, though similar considerations are applied to certain simple cases of a different kind. The object of this treatise is to summarize and amplify these considerations from definite viewpoints.
Date: July 1929
Creator: Wagner, Herbert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airplane Crashes: Engine Troubles: A Possible Explanation

Description: The aim was to bring attention to what might be the cause of some aircraft accidents for which there was no satisfactory explanation. The author notes that in testing aircraft accidents at the Bureau of Standards, it happened frequently that the engine performance became erratic when the temperature of the air entering the carburetor was between 0 C and 20 C. Investigation revealed the trouble to have been caused by the formation and collection of snow somewhere between the entrance to the carburetor and the manifold, probably at the throttle.
Date: March 1921
Creator: Sparrow, Stanwood W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Behavior of Conventional Airplanes in Situations Thought to Lead to Most Crashes

Description: Simple flight tests were made on ten conventional airplanes for the purpose of determining their action in two situations, which are generally thought to precede and lead to a large proportion of airplane crashes. These situations are when in an attempt to stretch the glide in a forced landing, the airplane is stalled, and when while taking off, particularly if taking off steeply, the engine fails at a low altitude.
Date: February 1931
Creator: Weick, Fred E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air Transport

Description: Report presenting the development in air transport that has taken place since civil aviation between England and Europe started at the end of August 1919. The primary subjects explored include the character of loads on aircraft, routes operated, results in passengers carried and efficiency of the service, costs of the service, question of subsidies, and probable future developments.
Date: 1924
Creator: Page, F. Handley
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic Characteristics at Supersonic Speeds of a Series of Wing-Body Combinations Having Cambered Wings With an Aspect Ratio of 3.5 and a Taper Ratio of 0.2: Effect at M = 2.01 of Nacelle Shape and Position on the Aerodynamic Characteristics in Pitch of Two Wing-Body Combinations with 47 Degree Sweptback Wings

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation at M = 2.01 in the 4- by 4-foot supersonic pressure tunnel to determine the effect of a series of nacelles on the longitudinal stability characteristics of a sweptback wing-body combination. Nacelle shape and position were varied on a configuration with a 6-percent-thick wing with an aspect ratio of 3.5, a taper ratio of 0.2, and 47 degrees of sweep at the quarter chord.
Date: July 25, 1952
Creator: Driver, Cornelius
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of First Stage of Two-Stage Turbine Designed for Free-Vortex Flow

Description: Note presenting an experimental investigation of the first stage of a two-stage turbine designed for free-vortex flow. The results of the investigation showed that highest adiabatic efficiency was attained when the turbine was operating near the design total-pressure ratio. Results regarding power and efficiency, weight rate of gas flow through the turbine, weight-flow distribution at stator-cascade outlets, stator and rotor flow angles at mean radii, radial distribution of flow angle, radial distribution of the rotor-outlet flow angle, radial distribution of the total pressures at the stator-cascade outlet, and radial distribution of rotor-outlet pressure are provided.
Date: June 1950
Creator: Englert, G. W. & Ross, A. O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bench-Test Investigation of the Transient-Response Characteristics of Several Simulated Airplanes Incorporating an Autopilot Sensitive to Yawing Accelerations

Description: Note presenting testing of an autopilot sensitive to yawing acceleration, which was used to control four simulated airplane (mass-spring) configurations, and a series of bench tests to determine the response characteristics of the combinations.
Date: July 1951
Creator: Howard, Donald A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Measurements of the Elevator Deflections Used in Landings of Several Airplanes

Description: "A collection of data on the elevator deflections used in landings of several airplanes is presented in tabular form. The physical characteristics of these airplanes are also given. The elevator deflections used in landing some airplanes was found to be as much as 14.4 degrees greater than that used to stall under the same flight and loading conditions" (p. 1).
Date: November 1941
Creator: Vensel, Joseph R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nomenclature for Aeronautics

Description: A report presenting the nomenclature and last of symbols to be used in technical reports created by NACA. The purpose of the Committee in the preparation and publication of this report is to secure uniformity in the official documents of the government and, as far as possible, in technical and other commercial publications. This report supersedes all previous publications of the Committee on this subject.
Date: 1921
Creator: United States. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Statical Longitudinal Stability of Airplanes

Description: This report, which is a continuation of the "Preliminary report on free flight testing" (report no. NACA-TR-70), presents a detailed theoretical analysis of statical stability with free and locked controls and also the results of many free flight test on several types of airplanes. In developing the theory of stability with locked controls an expression for pitching moment is derived in simple terms by considering the total moment as the sum of the moments due to wings and tail surface. This expression, when differentiated with respect to angle of incidence, enables an analysis to be made of the factors contributing to the pitching moment.
Date: 1921
Creator: Warner, Edward P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Measurements of the Effects of a Wing Leading-Edge Slot and Other Modifications on the Stability, Maximum Lift, and High Speed of an Observation Airplane

Description: Report presenting stability, maximum lift, and high-speed tests of an observation airplane fitted with Maxwell leading-edge slots. The static and dynamic longitudinal and lateral stability was generally satisfactory and not affected much by the slots.
Date: January 19, 1943
Creator: Turner, William N. & Adams, Betty
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-Altitude Performance of an Experimental Turbular Prevaporizing Combustor

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation of an experimental tubular combustor that provides for prevaporizing and premixing of the fuel with a part of the air before its introduction into the combustion zone. Combustion efficiency and total-pressure loss data are presented for three configurations selected from a total of 43 different modifications investigated. Results regarding the combustor development, comparison of liquid and gaseous fuel, combustor total-pressure losses, combustor-outlet temperature distribution, and evaluation of experimental prevaporizing combustors are provided.
Date: December 9, 1954
Creator: Butze, Helmut F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Installation and Correction of Compasses in Airplanes

Description: "The saving of time that results from flying across country on compass headings is beginning to be widely recognized. At the same time the general use of steel tube fuselages has made a knowledge of compass correction much more necessary than was the case when wooden fuselages were the rule. This paper has been prepared primarily for the benefit of the pilot who has never studied navigation and who does not desire to go into the subject more deeply than to be able to fly compass courses with confidence" (p. 1).
Date: August 1927
Creator: Schoeffel, M. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Lateral Control Near the Stall: Flight Investigation With a Light High-Wing Monoplane Tested With Various Amounts of Washout and Various Lengths of Leading-Edge Slot

Description: Note presenting flight tests made with a typical light airplane to investigate possibilities for obtaining reliable control at low flight speeds. An attempt was made to find a configuration that would provide sufficient elevator control for a three-point landing under the most critical condition and that would also have insufficient elevator control to exceed the angle of attack at which reliable lateral control is obtained in flight under all of the center-of-gravity and power conditions.
Date: May 1953
Creator: Weick, Fred E.; Sevelson, Maurice S.; McClure, James G. & Flanagan, Marion D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Means for Extending the Range of Several Bombers to 6000 Miles

Description: Report presenting an investigation of means to increase the range of several airplanes to 6000 miles, including the B-17E, B-24D, B-26C, and B-25A. Tank-wing trailers and tank gliders were found to be the most practical ways of increasing range and calculations are provided for determining the proper loading and dimensions.
Date: July 1942
Creator: Ribner, H. S. & Harmon, S. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Static Longitudinal Stability Characteristics at Transonic Speeds of 30 Degree Sweptback Wing in Wing-Body Configuration With and Without Horizontal Tail

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation of the static longitudinal stability characteristics of two wings of different construction and slightly different flexibilities in the 16-foot transonic tunnel. The wings had the same external dimensions but one had a steel construction and the other was made of plastic reinforced by a steel core.
Date: April 22, 1957
Creator: Willis, Conrad M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department