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Field Errors in Hybrid Insertion Devices

Description: Hybrid magnet theory as applied to the error analyses usedin the design of Advanced Light Source (ALS) insertion devices isreviewed. Sources of field errors in hybrid insertion devices arediscussed.
Date: February 3, 1995
Creator: Schlueter, R.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Resonant soft X-ray emission spectroscopy of liquids

Description: We present now a possible way to carry out soft-x-rayfluorescence spectroscopy of liquids. The liquid cell has a window toattain compatibility with UHV conditions of the spectrometer andbeamline, The synchrotron radiation enters the liquid cell through a 100nm-thick silicon nitride window and the emitted xrays exit through thesame window. This allows in particular liquid solid interfaces to bestudied. Such a liquid cell has been used to study the electronicstructure of a variety of systems ranging from water solutions ofinorganic salts and inertial drugs to nano materials and actinidecompounds in their wet conditions.
Date: October 27, 2004
Creator: Guo, J.-H.; Augustsson, A.; Englund, C.-J. & Nordgren, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Microstructure evolution of tin under electromigration studied bysynchrotron X-Ray micro-diffraction

Description: Under constant current electromigration, white tin(?-Sn)exhibited a resistance drop of up to 10 percent. It has a body centertetragonal (BCT) structure, and the resistivity along the aand b axes is35 percent smaller than that along the c axis.Microstructure evolutionunder electromigration could be responsible for the resistance drop.Synchrotron radiation white beam x-ray microdiffraction was used to studythis evolution. Both stress and grain orientation was studied.Grain-by-grain analysis was obtained from the diffracted Laue patternsabout the changes of grain orientation during electromigration testing inex-situ and in-situ samples. We observed that high resistance grainsreorient with respect to the neighboring low resistance grains, mostlikely by grain rotation of the latter. A different mechanism ofmicrostructure evolution under electromigration from the normal graingrowth is proposed and discussed.
Date: May 5, 2005
Creator: Wu, Albert T.; Lloyd, J.R.; Tamura, N. & Tu, K.-N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Correlation between exchange bias and pinned interfacialspins

Description: Using x-ray magnetic circular dichroism, we have detectedthe very interfacial spins that are responsible for the horizontal loopshift in three different exchange bias sandwiches, chosen because oftheir potential for device applications. The "pinned" uncompensatedinterfacial spins constitute only a fraction of a monolayer and do notrotate in an external magnetic field since they are tightly locked to theantiferromagnetic lattice. A simple extension of the Meiklejohn and Beanmodel is proposed to account quantitatively for the exchange bias fieldsin the three studied systems from the experimentally determined number ofpinned moments and their sizes.
Date: July 1, 2003
Creator: Ohldag, H.; Scholl, A.; Nolting, F.; Arenholz, E.; Maat, S.; Young, A.T. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Interlayer Interaction and Electronic Screening in MultilayerGraphene

Description: The unusual transport properties of graphene are the direct consequence of a peculiar bandstructure near the Dirac point. We determine the shape of the {pi} bands and their characteristic splitting, and find the transition from two-dimensional to bulk character for 1 to 4 layers of graphene by angle-resolved photoemission. By detailed measurements of the {pi} bands we derive the stacking order, layer-dependent electron potential, screening length and strength of interlayer interaction by comparison with tight binding calculations, yielding a comprehensive description of multilayer graphene's electronic structure.
Date: June 7, 2007
Creator: Ohta, Taisuke; Bostwick, Aaron; McChesney, J.L.; Seyller, Thomas; Horn, Karsten & Rotenberg, Eli
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Elimination of 'ghost'-effect-related systematic error in metrology of X-ray optics with a long trace profiler

Description: A data acquisition technique and relevant program for suppression of one of the systematic effects, namely the ''ghost'' effect, of a second generation long trace profiler (LTP) is described. The ''ghost'' effect arises when there is an unavoidable cross-contamination of the LTP sample and reference signals into one another, leading to a systematic perturbation in the recorded interference patterns and, therefore, a systematic variation of the measured slope trace. Perturbations of about 1-2 {micro}rad have been observed with a cylindrically shaped X-ray mirror. Even stronger ''ghost'' effects show up in an LTP measurement with a mirror having a toroidal surface figure. The developed technique employs separate measurement of the ''ghost''-effect-related interference patterns in the sample and the reference arms and then subtraction of the ''ghost'' patterns from the sample and the reference interference patterns. The procedure preserves the advantage of simultaneously measuring the sample and reference signals. The effectiveness of the technique is illustrated with LTP metrology of a variety of X-ray mirrors.
Date: April 28, 2005
Creator: Yashchuk, Valeriy V.; Irick, Steve C. & MacDowell, Alastair A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Domain-size-dependent exchange bias in Co/LaFeO3

Description: X-ray microscopy using magnetic linear dichroism of a zero-field-grown, multi-domain Co/LaFeO{sub 3} ferromagnet/antiferromagnet sample shows a local exchange bias of random direction and magnitude. A statistical analysis of the local bias of individual, micron-size magnetic domains demonstrates an increasing bias field with decreasing domain size as expected for a random distribution of pinned, uncompensated spins, which are believed to mediate the interface coupling. A linear dependence with the inverse domain diameter is found.
Date: September 22, 2004
Creator: Scholl, A.; Nolting, F.; Seo, J.W.; Ohldag, H.; Stohr, J.; Raoux,S. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chemical and magnetic interface properties of tunnel junctionswith co2mnsi/co2fesi multilayer electrode showing large tunnelingmagnetoresistance

Description: Transport, as well as chemical and magnetic interface properties of two kinds of magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) with Co{sub 2}FeSi electrode, Al-O barrier, and Co-Fe counter electrode, are investigated. For junctions with Co{sub 2}FeSi single-layer electrodes, a tunnel magnetoresistance of up to 52% is found after optimal annealing for an optimal Al thickness of 1.5 nm, whereas the room temperature bulk magnetization of the Co{sub 2}FeSi film reaches only 75% of the expected value. By using a [Co{sub 2}MnSi/Co{sub 2}FeSi]{sub x10} multilayer electrode, the magnetoresistance can be increased to 114%, corresponding to a large spin polarization of 0.74, and the full bulk magnetization is reached. For Al thickness smaller than 1 nm, the TMR of both kinds of MTJs decreases rapidly to zero. On the other hand, for 2- to 3-nm-thick Al, the TMR decreases only slowly. The Al thickness dependence of the TMR is directly correlated to the element-specific magnetic moments of Fe and Co at the Co{sub 2}FeSi/Al-O interface for all Al thickness. Especially, for optimal Al thickness and annealing, the interfacial Fe moment of the single-layer electrode is about 20% smaller than for the multilayer electrode, indicating smaller atomic disorder at the barrier interface for the latter MTJ.
Date: January 1, 2007
Creator: Schmalhorst, J.; Ebke, D.; Sacher, M.D.; Liu, N.; Thomas, A.; Reiss, G. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Influence of chemical and magnetic interface properties of Co-Fe-B/ MgO / Co-Fe-B tunnel junctions on the annealing temperature dependenceof the magnetoresistance

Description: The knowledge of chemical and magnetic conditions at the Co{sub 40}Fe{sub 40}B{sub 20}/MgO interface is important to interpret the strong annealing temperature dependence of tunnel magnetoresistance of Co-Fe-B/MgO/Co-Fe-B magnetic tunnel junctions, which increases with annealing temperature from 20% after annealing at 200 C up to a maximum value of 112% after annealing at 350 C. While the well defined nearest neighbor ordering indicating crystallinity of the MgO barrier does not change by the annealing, a small amount of interfacial Fe-O at the lower Co-Fe-B/MgO interface is found in the as grown samples, which is completely reduced after annealing at 275 C. This is accompanied by a simultaneous increase of the Fe magnetic moment and the tunnel magnetoresistance. However, the TMR of the MgO based junctions increases further for higher annealing temperature which can not be caused by Fe-O reduction. The occurrence of an x-ray absorption near-edge structure above the Fe and Co L-edges after annealing at 350 C indicates the recrystallization of the Co-Fe-B electrode. This is prerequisite for coherent tunneling and has been suggested to be responsible for the further increase of the TMR above 275 C. Simultaneously, the B concentration in the Co-Fe-B decreases with increasing annealing temperature, at least some of the B diffuses towards or into the MgO barrier and forms a B{sub 2}O{sub 3} oxide.
Date: May 1, 2007
Creator: Schmalhorst, J.; Thomas, A.; Kou, X.; Reiss, G.; Kou, X. & Arenholz, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electron-Phonon Coupling in High-Temperature CuprateSuperconductors as Revealed by Angle-resolved PhotoemissonSpectroscopy

Description: We present an application programming interface (API) used to simplify application-level access to both data and semantic range query machinery where both data and search indices are stored and accessed using the HDF5 data model. While the APIs for HDF5 data access and FastBit indexing/query are rather complex, our API simplifies use of these powerful software technologies.
Date: May 1, 2005
Creator: Zhou, X.J.; Hussain, Z. & Shen, Z.-X.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Microdiffraction: X-rays as a probe to reveal flux divergences ininterconnects

Description: Most reliability issues in interconnect systems occur at a local scale and many of them include the local build-up of stresses. Typical failure mechanisms are electromigration and stress voiding in interconnect lines and fatigue in surface acoustic wave devices. Thus a local probe is required for the investigation of these phenomena. In this paper the application of the Laue microdiffraction technique to investigate flux divergences in interconnect systems will be described. The deviatoric strain tensor of single grains can be correlated with the local microstructure, orientation and defect density. Especially the latter led to recent results about the correlation of stress build-up and orientation in Cu lines and electromigration-induced grain rotation in Cu and Al lines.
Date: January 1, 2006
Creator: Spolenak, R.; Tamura, N. & Patel, J.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

X-ray spectroscopic study of the charge state and local orderingof room-temperature ferromagnetic Mn oped ZnO

Description: The charge state and local ordering of Mn doped into a pulsed laser deposited single-phase thin film of ZnO are investigated by using X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the O K-, Mn K- and L-edges, and X-ray emission spectroscopy at the O K- and Mn L-edge. This film is found to be ferromagnetic at room temperature. EXAFS measurement shows that Mn{sup 2+} replaces Zn site in tetrahedral symmetry, and there is no evidence for either metallic Mn or MnO in the film. Upon Mn doping, the top of O 2p valence band extends into the bandgap indicating additional charge carries being created.
Date: August 7, 2007
Creator: Guo, J.-H.; Gupta, Amita; Sharma, Parmanand; Rao, K.V.; Marcus,M.A.; Dong, C.L. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ALSNews 2007

Description: Compilation of Advanced Light Source newsletter, ALSNews, for 2007, Volumes 272-282.
Date: November 28, 2007
Creator: McCullough (Ed.), Julie & Tamura (Ed.), Lori
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ALSNews 2008

Description: Compilation of Advanced Light Source newsletter, ALSNews, for 2008, Volumes 283-293.
Date: November 26, 2008
Creator: McCullough (Ed.), Julie & Tamura (Ed.), Lori
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ALSNews 2009

Description: Compilation of Advanced Light Source newsletter, ALSNews, for 2009, Volumes 294-304.
Date: November 25, 2009
Creator: Tamura (Ed.), Lori
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hierarchical Characterization of Deformation Heterogeneities inBCC crystals

Description: Deformation behavior of body-centered cubic (BCC) metals is being investigated by white beam x-ray microdiffraction to characterize the dislocation structure that results from uniaxial compression experiments. The measurements were performed on molybdenum single crystals and a tantalum bicrystal as part of a hierarchical characterization effort. Results show heterogeneities in the deformed structure and misorientation maps consistent with results obtained from Orientation Imaging Microscopy (OIM). Additionally, the technique allows for the determination of the active glide systems as well as of the dislocation densities in function of the position in the sample.
Date: January 1, 2005
Creator: Magid, Karen R.; Lilleodden, Erica T.; Tamura, Nobumichi; Florando, Jeff; Lassila, Dave; Barabash, Rozaliya I. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Magnetization reversal of uncompensated Fe moments in exchangebiased Ni/FeF2 bilayers

Description: The magnetization reversal of uncompensated Fe moments in exchange biased Ni/FeF{sub 2} bilayers was determined using soft x-ray magnetic circular and linear dichroism. The hysteresis loops resulting from the Fe moments are almost identical to those of the ferromagnetic Ni layer. However, a vertical loop shift indicates that some Fe moments are pinned in the antiferromagnetically ordered FeF{sub 2}. The pinned moments are oriented antiparallel to small cooling fields leading to negative exchange bias, but parallel to large cooling fields resulting in positive exchange bias. No indication for the formation of a parallel antiferromagnetic domain wall in the FeF{sub 2} layer upon magnetization reversal in the Ni layer was found.
Date: January 1, 2006
Creator: Arenholz, Elke; Liu, Kai; Li, Zhipan & Schuller, Ivan K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Vibrational Spectroscopy and X-ray Diffraction of Cd(OH)2 to 28GPa at 300 K

Description: We report Raman and infrared absorption spectroscopy alongwith X-ray diffraction for brucite-type beta-Cd(OH)2 to 28 GPa at 300 K.The OH-stretching modes soften with pressure and disappear at 21 GPa withtheir widths increasing rapidly above 5 GPa, consistent with a gradualdisordering of the H sublattice at 5 20 GPa similar to that previouslyobserved for Co(OH)2.Asymmetry in the peak shapes of the OH-stretchingmodes suggests the existence of diverse disordered sitesfor H atoms inCd(OH)2 under pressure. Above 15 GPa, the A1g(T) lattice mode showsnon-linear behavior and softens to 21 GPa, at which pressure significantchanges are observed: new Raman modes appear, two Raman-active latticemodes and the OH-stretching modes of the low-pressure phase disappears,and the positions of some X-ray diffraction lines change abruptly withthe appearance of weak new diffraction features. These observationssuggest that amorphization of the H sublattice is accompanied by acrystalline-to-crystalline transition at 21 GPa in Cd(OH)2, which has notbeen previously observed in the brucite-type hydroxides. The Ramanspectra of the high-pressure phase of Cd(OH)2 is similar to those of thehigh-pressure phase of single-crystal Ca(OH)2 of which structure has beententatively assigned to the Sr(OH)2 type.
Date: March 20, 2006
Creator: Shim, Sang-Heon; Rekhi, Sandeep; Martin, Michael C. & Jeanloz,Raymond
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department