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Description: There is now experimental evidence for selectivity between the amino acid and the nucleic acid base which is the beginning of the chemical translation process from one linear system to the other. The linear system of the nucleic acid is, of course, an excellent place to store the information, whereas the linear system of the polypeptide, on the other hand, is the versatile system which can perform many different types of reactions but is unable to store information reliably. The experiments the author has described here may represent the beginning of the method of coupling of those two essential qualities which are required for the generation and evolution of a living organism.
Date: December 1, 1968
Creator: Calvin, Melvin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Metal (II) Complexes with N-Salicylideneamino Acids

Description: Transition metal complexes derived from Schiff bases have rendered an important contribution to the development of modern coordination chemistry. Various stable compounds have been prepared having synthetic, biological, and physicochemical interest. In particular, complexes of salicylaldimines, B-ketoamines, and closely related ligand systems have been investigated.
Date: August 1969
Creator: Carlisle, Gene Ozelle
Partner: UNT Libraries

Infrared Studies of Anions of Barbituric Acids

Description: As long ago as 1881, it was realized that a functional group of atoms in a molecule would cause an absorption band to appear at a particular frequency in the infrared spectrum of the molecule. In more recent years, the concept of characteristic group frequencies has become firmly established and has resulted in the present widespread use of infrared spectroscopy. There appear to have been relatively few studies of infrared absorption of organic acids as compared with their salts.
Date: August 1960
Creator: Barnhart, Richard Lee
Partner: UNT Libraries

Barbituric Acids. VIII. 5-substituted-5-(1-pyrrolidyl)barbituric Acids

Description: The purpose of this investigation then was the preparation of a series of 5-substituted-5-(1-pyrrolidyl)barbituric acids in which R would consist of alkyl groups ranging in size from methyl to amyl, and other groups such as phenyl and benzyl. These compounds are to be tested elsewhere for hypnotic and anticonvulsant activity.
Date: 1957
Creator: Compton, Ross Davis
Partner: UNT Libraries

Biochemical Systematics of the Genus Sophora

Description: Three unusual amino acids, y-amino-n-butyric acid, pipecolic acid, and 4-hydroxypipecolic acid, and an uncommon dipeptide, y-glutamyltyrosine, have been isolated and characterized from the seeds of members of the genus Sophora. Structural proof of these compounds was carried out by paper chromatography, thin-layer chromatography, column chromatography on amino acid analyzer, infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance, mass spectrometry, and C, H, N analysis. The presence and absence of these compounds was used as a criterion for the classification of 23 species of the genus Sophora. A phylogenetic classification which seems to follow the morphological taxonomy of this genus was carried out on the basis of seeds that contained pipecolic acid, those which did not contain pipecolic acid, and plants which contained both pipecolic acid and 4-hydroxypipecolic acids. Another chemical classification was also introduced based on the presence and absence of y-amino-n-butyric acid and y-glutamyltyrosine.
Date: December 1973
Creator: Izaddoost, Mohamed
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Chlorination of Amino Acid in Municipal Waste Effluents

Description: In model reaction systems to test amino acids in chlorinated waste effluents, several amino acids were chlorinated at high chlorine doses. (2000-4000 mg/1). Amino acids present in municipal waste effluents before and after chlorination were concentrated and purified using cation exchange and Chelex resins. After concentration and cleanup of the samples, the amino acids were derivatized by esterification of the acid functional groups and acylation of the amine groups. Identification and quantification of the amino acids and chlorination products was carried out by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, using a digital computer data system. Analysis of the waste products revealed the presence of new carbon-chlorine bonded derivatives of the amino acid tyrosine when the effluents were treated with heavy doses of chlorine.
Date: July 1977
Creator: Burleson, Jimmie L.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Part 1. Investigation of Aluminum Amino Acid Complexes; Part 2. Structural Studies of Aluminum Chalcogen Bonds

Description: Five different complexes of aluminum and amino acids have been synthesized and characterized. Reaction between aluminum halides and amino acids that do not contain either a carboxylate or a hydroxy group in the side chain produce complexes of the general formula, [Al(amino acid)_n(halide)_3-n]_m. The most prevalent form of this form of complex is where n = 2, and an example of this in which the halide is replaced by hydroxide ligand has been structurally characterized. The complex for which n = 3 may be obtained by employing a large excess of acid, and that for which n = 1 may be obtained by employing either equimolar conditions or an excess of aluminum halide. Reactions of aluminum halides with amino acids that contain either a carboxylate or hydroxy-containing side chain may result in complexes in which the side-chain is also bound. These proved impossible to characterize fully in the case of aspartic acid. For serine, however, a complex in which the amino acid binds in a chelating fashion through both the carboxylate and hydroxy groups was isolated. It was possible to form complexes when utilizing aluminum alkyls as the metal source. However, these complexes could only be isolated when the reactivity of the species was controlled by the presence of bulky groups. In these cases, the monomeric R_2Al(amino acid) complexes were obtained. Four complexes that contain aluminum-chalcogen bonds were structurally characterized. These included the bulky alkoxide complexes (BHT)_2AIH(OEt_2), (BHT)_3Al(cyclohexanone), and the cubane [(t-amyl)AlS]_4.
Date: May 1996
Creator: Gravelle, Philip W. (Philip Wyn)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Determination of the Number of Double Bonds in Less-Than-Milligram Amounts of Unsaturated Fatty Acids by Catalytic Hydrogenation in the Warburg Apparatus

Description: Report discussing the determination of the number of olefinic double bonds in less-than-milligram amounts of unsaturated fatty acid derivatives using Barcroft-Warburg tissue respirometer as a manometric microhydrogenation apparatus.
Date: April 1949
Creator: Mead, James F. & Howton, David R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pseudo-stationary separation materials for highly parallel separations.

Description: Goal of this study was to develop and characterize novel polymeric materials as pseudostationary phases in electrokinetic chromatography. Fundamental studies have characterized the chromatographic selectivity of the materials as a function of chemical structure and molecular conformation. The selectivities of the polymers has been studied extensively, resulting in a large body of fundamental knowledge regarding the performance and selectivity of polymeric pseudostationary phases. Two polymers have also been used for amino acid and peptide separations, and with laser induced fluorescence detection. The polymers performed well for the separation of derivatized amino acids, and provided some significant differences in selectivity relative to a commonly used micellar pseudostationary phase. The polymers did not perform well for peptide separations. The polymers were compatible with laser induced fluorescence detection, indicating that they should also be compatible with chip-based separations.
Date: May 1, 2005
Creator: Singh, Anup K. & Palmer, Christopher (University of Montana, Missoula, MT)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: To investigate the extent of genetic stratification in structured microbial communities, we compared the metagenomes of 10 successive layers of a phylogenetically complex hypersaline mat from Guerrero Negro, Mexico. We found pronounced millimeter-scale genetic gradients that are consistent with the physicochemical profile of the mat. Despite these gradients, all layers displayed near identical and acid-shifted isoelectric point profiles due to a molecular convergence of amino acid usage indicating that hypersalinity enforces an overriding selective pressure on the mat community.
Date: April 30, 2008
Creator: Fenner, Marsha W; Kunin, Victor; Raes, Jeroen; Harris, J. Kirk; Spear, John R.; Walker, Jeffrey J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Selective Lipid Absorption

Description: An experiment was designed to study in the same animal any preferential absorption of a free fatty acid in the presence of a triglyceride of the same fatty acid. Rats were administered a mixture of free fatty acid and its triglyceride labeled with carbon-13 and carbon-14 respectively. Each isotope in the fed lipid and in the lipid recovered from the gastrointestinal tract was measured. The isotope effect, if any, was studied by administering a mixture of palmitic acid-1-C13 and palmitic acid-1-C14.
Date: January 1960
Creator: Marcia, John Albion
Partner: UNT Libraries

Site Directed Mutagenesis Of Dienelactone Hydrolase

Description: The role of individual amino acid residues of the enzyme dienelactone hydrolase was investigated. Using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), a 1.9 kbp clcD fragment was amplified and subcloned yielding a 821 bp BamHI to EcoRI clcD subclone in the plasmid pUC19. Site-specific mutants of dienelactone hydrolase were created using mismatched oligonucleotides to prime DNA synthesis. Specifically modified proteins from mutated clcD genes (Arg 81 to alanine, Tyr 85 to phenylalanine and Arg 206 to alanine), were encoded by the mutant clones. Enzyme assays showed that dienelactone hydrolase activity of the mutants Arg 81 and Arg 206 was totally abolished. The DLHase enzyme activity of mutant Tyr 85 is greatly decreased by approximately two thirds.
Date: December 1992
Creator: Chen, Wei, 1965-
Partner: UNT Libraries

Posttranslational Modification of Proteins by ADP-ribosylation

Description: This work presents the development of a highly sensitive and selective chemical assay for mono(ADP-ribose) residues covalently bound to proteins in vivo. An extensive review of the literature is presented in the introduction of this work. The physiological.functions of mono(ADP-ribosyl)transferase activities associated with certain bacterial toxins (e.g., diphtheria, cholera and pertussis toxins) are well established. However, the roles of endogenous vertebrate transferases are unknown. The elucidation of the roles of these cellular transferases will likely require identification of the physiologically relevant target proteins. Toward this end, it will also be important to identify the types of (ADP-ribose)-protein linkages present in vivo. ADP-ribosylation reactions catalyzed by the different bacterial and vertebrate transferases are specific for different amino acid acceptors in vitro. However, the vertebrate transferases that have been characterized thus far are NAD:arginine mono(ADP-ribosyl)transferases. The work presented here describes the development of a chemical assay for the detection of in vivo modified, ADP-ribosylated proteins containing N-glycosylic linkages to arginine. The assay was applied to the analysis of ADP-ribose residues in adult rat liver. The strategy employed for detection of protein-bound ADP-ribose residues eliminated potential artifacts arising from trapped nucleotides (or their degradation products), since the acid-insoluble material was completely dissolved in a strongly denaturing solution and freed of non-covalently bound nucleotides prior to chemical release from proteins. Thus, the studies presented here demonstrate the unambiguous detection and quantification of protein-bound ADP-ribose residues in adult rat liver. "Arginine-linked" mono(ADP-ribose) residues (31.8 pmol/mg protein) were present in vivo at a level almost 400-fold higher than poly(ADP-ribose). A minor fraction (23%) of the ADP—ribose residues detected were bound via a second more labile linkage with chemical properties very similar to those described previously for carboxlylate esterlinked ADP-ribose. After fractionation of rat liver proteins by gel filtration HPLC, the major peak of "arginine-linked" ADP-ribose residues ...
Date: December 1984
Creator: Payne, David M. (David Michael)
Partner: UNT Libraries