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Terahertz Probes of Transient Conducting and Insulating Phases in Quasi-2D Electron-hole Gases

Description: We employ ultrafast terahertz (THz) pulses to study thedynamical interplay of optically-induced excitons and unboundelectron-hole pairs in GaAs/AlGaAs quantum wells. A distinct low-energyoscillator appears upon resonant excitation of heavy-hole excitons,linked to transitions between their internal degrees of freedom. Timeresolving changes in the THz conductivity, we can observe dynamicaltransitions between conducting and insulating phases as excitons form orionize on ultrashort timescales.
Date: July 1, 2004
Creator: Kaindl, R. A.; Hagele, D.; Carnahan, M. A.; Lovenich, R. & Chemla, D. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Broadband THz response of a resonantly excited high-densityexciton gas

Description: The density-driven crossover of electron-hole pairs frominsulating to conducting states is observed via the internal 1s-2pexciton resonance. Decreasing interparticle distance induces strongshifts and broadening, and ultimately the disappearance of the excitonicresonance.
Date: November 22, 2004
Creator: Huber, Rupert; Kaindl, Robert A.; Schmid, Benjamin A. & Chemla,Daniel S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cooper pair formation dynamics in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta

Description: We utilize ultrafast terahertz pulses to monitor the carrierdynamics in the high-TC superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta. Thetemperature, density and timedependence distinctly exposes a bimolecularrecombination process of quasiparticles which underlies formation ofCooper pairs.
Date: November 25, 2003
Creator: Kaindl, R. A.; Carnahan, M. A.; Orenstein, J.; Chemla, D. S.; Oh, S. & Eckstein, J. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Monochromatic electron photoemission from diamondoid monolayers

Description: We found monochromatic electron photoemission from large-area self-assembled monolayers of a functionalized diamondoid, [121]tetramantane-6-thiol. Photoelectron spectra of the diamondoid monolayers exhibited a peak at the low-kinetic energy threshold; up to 68percent of all emitted electrons were emitted within this single energy peak. The intensity of the emission peak is indicative of diamondoids being negative electron affinity materials. With an energy distribution width of less than 0.5 electron volts, this source of monochromatic electrons may find application in technologies such as electron microscopy, electron beam lithography, and field-emission flatpanel displays.
Date: February 27, 2007
Creator: Yang, Wanli; Yang, Wanli L.; Fabbri, J.D.; Willey, T.M.; Lee, J.R.I.; Dahl, J.E. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Symmetry Breaking in Few Layer Graphene Films

Description: Recently, it was demonstrated that the quasiparticledynamics, the layer-dependent charge and potential, and the c-axisscreening coefficient could be extracted from measurements of thespectral function of few layer graphene films grown epitaxially on SiCusing angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). In this articlewe review these findings, and present detailed methodology for extractingsuch parameters from ARPES. We also present detailed arguments againstthe possibility of an energy gap at the Dirac crossing ED.
Date: May 25, 2007
Creator: Bostwick, A.; Ohta, T.; McChesney, J.L.; Emtsev, K.; Seyller,Th.; Horn, K. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hierarchy of multiple many-body interaction scales in high-temperature superconductors

Description: To date, angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy has been successful in identifying energy scales of the many-body interactions in correlated materials, focused on binding energies of up to a few hundred meV below the Fermi energy. Here, at higher energy scale, we present improved experimental data from four families of high-T{sub c} superconductors over a wide doping range that reveal a hierarchy of many-body interaction scales focused on: the low energy anomaly ('kink') of 0.03-0.09eV, a high energy anomaly of 0.3-0.5eV, and an anomalous enhancement of the width of the LDA-based CuO{sub 2} band extending to energies of {approx} 2 eV. Besides their universal behavior over the families, we find that all of these three dispersion anomalies also show clear doping dependence over the doping range presented.
Date: December 21, 2006
Creator: Hussain, Zahid; Meevasana, W.; Zhou, X.J.; Sahrakorpi, S.; Lee, W.S.; Yang, W.L. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Interface Structure and Transport of Complex Oxide Junctions

Description: The interface structure and magnetism of hybrid magnetic tunnel junction-spin filter devices have been investigated and correlated with their transport properties. Magnetic tunnel junctions made of a spinel NiMn2O4 tunnel barrier sandwiched by theoretically predicted half-metallic electrodes, perovskite La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and spinel Fe3O4, exhibit very high crystalline quality as observed by transmission electron microscopy. Structurally abrupt interfaces allow for the distinct magnetic switching of the electrodes as well as large junction magnetoresistance. The change in the magnetic anisotropy observed at the spinel-spinel interface is indicative of a thin interdiffused magnetically soft interfacial layer. The strong exchange coupling at this interface allows for low background magnetoresistance, and a spin-filter effect with when the barrier is ferrimagnetic.
Date: November 5, 2008
Creator: Nelson-Cheeseman, B.B.; Wong, F.; Chopdekar, R.V.; Chi, M.; Arenholz, E.; Browning, N.D et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: The use of HTS materials in high radiation environments requires that the superconducting properties remain constant up to a radiation high dose. BSCCO-2223 samples from two manufacturers were irradiated with 50 MeV protons at fluences of up to 5 x 10{sup 17} protons/cm{sup 2}. The samples lost approximately 75% of their pre-irradiation I{sub c}. This compares with Nb{sub 3}Sn, which loses about 50% at the same displacements per atom.
Date: November 1, 2007
Creator: Zeller, A.F.; Ronningen, R.M.; Godeke, Arno; Heibronn, L.H; McMahan-Norris, P. & Gupta, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Optical manipulation of ultrafast electron and nuclear motion on metal surfaces

Description: We study the unoccupied electronic structure and dynamics of chemisorbed atoms and molecules on metal surfaces by time resolved two-photon photoemission (TR-2PP). spectroscopy, low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (LT-STM), and theory. Our research concerns simple atomic adsorbates such as alkali and alkaline earth atoms, which provide fundamentally important models for adsorbate-surface interactions, and more complex adsorbates such as fullerenes on noble metals, which illustrate emergent interfacial properties that derive from intrinsic molecular attributes, and moleculemolecule and molecule-surface interactions. Our goal is to understand how these interactions contribute to formation of the interfacial electronic structure, and how thus formed electronic properties affect interfacial phenomena of importance to energy transduction and storage. Moreover, we explore how the interfacial electronic excitation drives dynamical phenomena such as charge transfer and surface femtochemistry.
Date: December 2, 2009
Creator: Petek, Hrvoje
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Magnetism in Non-Traditional Materials

Description: We performed a systematic microscopic investigation of two completely dissimilar materials (namely, ZnO and rhombohedral-C{sub 60} polymers) exhibiting ferromagnetism in the presence of defects, and showed that this new phenomena has a common origin and the mechanism responsible can be used as a powerful tool for inducing and tailoring magnetic features in systems which are not magnetic otherwise. Based on our findings we proposed a general recipe for developing ferromagnetism in new materials of great technological interest. Our results support the role of complimentary pairs of defects in inducing magnetism in otherwise non-magnetic materials belonging to two widely differing classes with no apparent correlation between them. In both classes, ferromagnetism is found to be enhanced when the two kinds of defects form structures (pathways) of alternating effective donor and acceptor crystal sites leading to the development of electron charge and spin density like waves. Using ab initio density functional theory calculations we predicted the existence of a new class of carbon cages formed via hybrid connection between planar graphene sheets and carbon nanotubes. The resulting novel structure has the appearance of ?nano-drum? and offers the exciting prospect of integrating useful device properties of both graphene as well as the nanotube into a single unit with tunable electronic properties. Creation of a hexagonal hole in the graphene portion of this structure results in significant magnetic moments for the edge atoms. The structure appears to be capable of sustaining ferrimagnetic state with the assistance of topological defects. The charge and spin distributions obtained in our calculations for the nano-drums are in striking contrast to those in planar graphene nanoribbons with a central hole. In this case, the central hole appears as the complimentary defect to those of the ribbon edges. Similar situation is found in case of the nano-drum in which the ...
Date: September 17, 2013
Creator: Menon, Madhu
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Carrier hopping in disordered semiconducting polymers: How accurate is the Miller-Abrahams model?

Description: We performed direct calculations of carrier hopping rates in strongly disordered conjugated polymers based on the atomic structure of the system, the corresponding electronic states and their coupling to all phonon modes. We found that the dependence of hopping rates on distance and the dependence of the mobility on temperature are significantly different than the ones stemming from the simple Miller-Abrahams model, regardless of the choice of the parameters in the model. A model that satisfactorily describes the hopping rates in the system and avoids the explicit calculation of electron-phonon coupling constants was then proposed and verified. Our results indicate that, in addition to electronic density of states, the phonon density of states and the spatial overlap of the wavefunctions are the quantities necessary to properly describe carrier hopping in disordered conjugated polymers.
Date: July 30, 2010
Creator: Vukmirovic, Nenad & Wang, Lin-Wang
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characterization of a high-temperature superconducting conductor on round core cables in magnetic fields up to 20 T

Description: The next generation of high-field magnets that will operate at magnetic fields substantially above 20 T, or at temperatures substantially above 4.2 K, requires high-temperature superconductors (HTS). Conductor on round core (CORC) cables, in which RE-Ba{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} (RE = rare earth) (REBCO) coated conductors are wound in a helical fashion on a fl‚exible core, are a practical and versatile HTS cable option for low-inductance, high-field magnets. We performed the first tests of CORC magnet cables in liquid helium in magnetic fields of up to 20 T. A record critical current I{sub c} of 5021 A was measured at 4.2 K and 19 T. In a cable with an outer diameter of 7.5 mm, this value corresponds to an engineering current density J{sub e} of 114 A mm{sup -2} , the highest J{sub e} ever reported for a superconducting cable at such high magnetic fields. Additionally, the first magnet wound from an HTS cable was constructed from a 6 m-long CORC cable. The 12-turn, double-layer magnet had an inner diameter of 9 cm and was tested in a magnetic field of 20 T, at which it had an I{sub c} of 1966 A. The cables were quenched repetitively without degradation during the measurements, demonstrating the feasibility of HTS CORC cables for use in high-field magnet applications.
Date: February 13, 2013
Creator: van der Laan, Danko; Noyes, Patrick; Miller, George; Weijers, Hubertus & Willering, Gerard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charge Imbalance

Description: The purpose of this article is to review the theory of charge imbalance, and to discuss its relevance to a number of experimental situations. We introduce the concepts of quasiparticle charge and charge imbalance, and discuss the generation and detection of charge imbalance by tunneling. We describe the relaxation of the injected charge imbalance by inelastic scattering processes, and show how the Boltzmann equation can be solved to obtain the steady state quasiparticle distribution and the charge relaxation rate. Details are given of experiments to measure charge imbalance and the charge relaxation rate when inelastic scattering is the predominant relaxation mechanism. Experiments on and theories of other charge relaxation mechanisms are discussed, namely relaxation via elastic scattering in the presence of energy gap anisotropy, or in the presence of a pair breaking mechanism such as magnetic impurities or an applied supercurrent or magnetic field. We describe three other situations in which charge imbalance occurs, namely the resistance of the NS interface, phase slip centers, and the flow of a supercurrent in the presence of a temperature gradient.
Date: September 1, 1980
Creator: Clarke, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cluster-Variation Method for the Triangular Lattice Gas [Part] 1. Three-Sublattice Point Approximation

Description: The triangular lattice gas is examined as a model for the ordering of Li{sup +} ions in intercalated transition metal dichalcogenides. A three-sublattice Bragg~ Williams (point approximation) calculation illustrates the meaning of the features in the incremental capacity versus concentration curves: (a) minima are associated with ordered structures, (b) sharp maxima (divergences) are caused by the coexistence of ordered and disordered phases over small concentration intervals and (c) smooth maxima can be found at concentrations of no direct relevance to ordering.
Date: August 1, 1980
Creator: Osorio, R. & Falicov, L. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cluster-Variation Method for the Triangular Lattice Gas [Part] 2. Triangle Approximation

Description: A triangular lattice gas with nearest~neighbor repulsions and three-particle attractions is examined in a three-sublattice triangle approximation as a model for lithium intercalation in the transition metals dichalcogenides. Order-disorder phase diagrams and thermodynamic functions are computed. Peaks in the incremental capacity as function of concentration in the experimental data of Thompson are reproduced in our model.
Date: August 1, 1980
Creator: Osorio, R. & Falicov, L. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fourier-Transform Analysis of Normal Photoelectron Diffraction Data for Surface-Structure Determination

Description: A direct method for surface-structure determination from normal emission photoelectron diffraction (NPD) data is presented. Fourier transforms of the calculated NPD intensities yield peaks at adsorbate-substrate normal interlayer distances. Applications are demonstrated using theoretical NPD curves for the Se/Ni system calculated by dynamical theory. These results show that interplanar spacings between the overlayer and as many as four substrate layers could be determined with an accuracy of better than 3%.
Date: May 1, 1981
Creator: Hussain, Z.; Shirley, D. A.; Li, C. H. & Tong, S. Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Study of Liquid Crystal Conformation by Multiple Quantum NMR: n-Pentyl Cyanobiphenyl

Description: The multiple quantum NMR spectrum of 4-cyano-4'-n-pentyl-d{sub 11}-biphenyl in the nematic phase is presented. The sub-spectra of the higher quantum transitions are easier to interpret than the single quantum spectrum. A preliminary analysis of the biphenyl conformation indicates that the dihedral angle is 32° ± 1°.
Date: September 1, 1980
Creator: Sinton, S. & Pines, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department