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Performance of 1300 Mhz KEK-type single cell niobium cavities

Description: Four single cell niobium cavities fabricated from Tokyo-Denkai material of RRR=200 have been tested repeatedly with the purpose to evaluate different fabrication and processing techniques used at KEK and Jefferson Lab, respectively. Two cavities--K-15 and K-16--have been manufactured completely at KEK prior to shipment to Jefferson Lab. In addition, K-16 had received a barrel polishing treatment at KEK, resulting in the removal of 40 {mu}m of material from the surface. Cavity K-17 was electron-beam welded at Jefferson Lab; the deep drawing of the half cells and the trimming of the cups for electron-beam welding were done at KEK, however. Cavity JL-1 was completely fabricated at Jefferson Lab. Often, some processing field levels related to electronic activity in the cavities, possibly multipacting, have been seen at KEK and the purpose of this investigation is a verification of such observations. In addition, a comparison of different fabrication procedures and surface treatments are of interest for optimizing cost and performance for larger scale application. In several cavities, accelerating gradients between 20 MV/m {<=} E{sub acc} {<=} 27 MV/m have been measured with only little field emission loading. In one of the cavities, resonant electron loading was ''provoked'' by rinsing it with oil contaminated acetone. The observed multipacting levels at E{sub acc}=13 MV/m and 25 MV/m could be identified with the help of simulation calculations as 1-point and 2-point multipacting across the equator of the cavity. There is - as previously reported - a rather strong dependence of the quench field levels on the amount of material removed from the surface, confirming a picture of a surface damage layer which becomes depleted of defects as more and more of it is removed.
Date: October 1, 1997
Creator: Kneisel, P.; Saito, K. & Parodi, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theoretical Investigations of Plasma-Based Accelerators and Other Advanced Accelerator Concepts

Description: Theoretical investigations of plasma-based accelerators and other advanced accelerator concepts. The focus of the work was on the development of plasma based and structure based accelerating concepts, including laser-plasma, plasma channel, and microwave driven plasma accelerators.
Date: May 21, 2004
Creator: Shuets, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Program for Plasma-Based Concepts for Future High Energy Accelerators

Description: OAK B204 Program for Plasma-Based Concepts for Future High Energy Accelerators. The progress made under this program in the period since November 15, 2002 is reflected in this report. The main activities for this period were to conduct the first run of the E-164 high-gradient wakefield experiment at SLAC, to prepare for run 2 and to continue our collaborative effort with CERN to model electron cloud interactions in circular accelerators. Each of these is described. Also attached to this report are papers that were prepared or appeared during this period.
Date: September 25, 2003
Creator: Katsouleas, Thomas C. & Muggli, Patric
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CORE AND EDGE ASPECTS OF QUIESCENT DOUBLE BARRIER OPERATION ON DIII-D.WITH RELEVANCE TO CRITICAL ITB PHYSICS ISSUES

Description: OAK-B135 Recent results from DIII-D address critical internal transport barrier (ITB) research issues relating to sustainability, impurity accumulation and ITB control, and have also demonstrated successful application of general profile control tools. In addition, substantial progress has been made in understanding the physics of the Quiescent Double Barrier (QDB) regime, increasing the demonstrating operating space for the regime and improving performance. Highlights include: (1) a clear demonstration of q-profile modification using electron cyclotron current drive (ECCD); (2) successful use of localized profile control using electron cyclotron heating (ECH) or ECCD to reduce central high-Z impurity accumulation associated with density peaking; (3) theory-based modeling codes are now being used to design experiments; (4) the operating space for Quiescent H-mode (QH-mode) has been substantially broadened, in particular higher density operation has been achieved; (5) absolute ({beta} 3.8%, neutron rate S{sub n} {le} 5.5 x 10{sup 15} s{sup -1}) and relative ({beta}{sub N}H{sub 89} = 7 for 10 {tau}{sub E}) performance has been increased; (6) with regard to sustainment, QDB plasmas have been run for 3.8 s or 26 {tau}{sub E}. These results emphasize that it is possible to produce sustained high quality H-mode performance with an edge localized mode (ELM)-free edge, directly addressing a major issue in fusion research, of how to ameliorate or eliminate ELM induced pulsed divertor particle and heat loads.
Date: March 1, 2003
Creator: DOYLE,EJ; CASPER,TA; BURRELL,KH; GREENFIELD,CM; WEST,WP; BUDNY,RV et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Conceptual Design of an Antiproton Generation and Storage Facility

Description: The Antiproton Generation and Storage Facility (AGSF) creates copious quantities of antiprotons, for bottling and transportation to remote cancer therapy centers. The #12;first step in the generation and storage process is to accelerate an intense proton beam down the Main Linac for injection into the Main Ring, which is a Rapid Cycling Synchrotron that accelerates the protons to high energy. The beam is then extracted from the ring into a transfer line and into a Proton Target. Immediately downstream of the target is an Antiproton Collector that captures some of the antiprotons and focuses them into a beam that is transported sequentially into two antiproton rings. The Precooler ring rapidly manipulates antiproton bunches from short and broad (in momentum) to long and thin. It then performs some preliminary beam cooling, in the fraction of a second before the next proton bunch is extracted from the Main Ring. Pre-cooled antiprotons are passed on to the Accumulator ring before the next antiprotons arrive from the target. The Accumulator ring cools the antiprotons, compressing them into a dense state that is convenient for mass storage over many hours. Occasionally the Accumulator ring decelerates a large number of antiprotons, injecting them into a Deceleration Linac that passes them into a waiting Penning trap.
Date: October 24, 2006
Creator: Peggs, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hydrogen-filled RF Cavities for Muon Beam Cooling

Description: Ionization cooling requires low-Z energy absorbers immersed in a strong magnetic field and high-gradient, large-aperture RF cavities to be able to cool a muon beam as quickly as the short muon lifetime requires. RF cavities that operate in vacuum are vulnerable to dark-current- generated breakdown, which is exacerbated by strong magnetic fields, and they require extra safety windows that degrade cooling, to separate RF regions from hydrogen energy absorbers. RF cavities pressurized with dense hydrogen gas will be developed that use the same gas volume to provide the energy absorber and the RF acceleration needed for ionization cooling. The breakdown suppression by the dense gas will allow the cavities to operate in strong magnetic fields. Measurements of the operation of such a cavity will be made as functions of external magnetic field and charged particle beam intensity and compared with models to understand the characteristics of this technology and to develop mitigating strategies if necessary.
Date: April 17, 2009
Creator: Ankenbrandt, Charles
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Workshops on Science Enabled by a Coherent, CW, Synchrotron X-ray Source, June 2011

Description: In June of 2011 we held six two-day workshops called "XDL-2011: Science at the Hard X-ray Diffraction Limit". The six workshops covered (1) Diffraction-based imaging techniques, (2) Biomolecular structure from non-crystalline materials, (3) Ultra-fast science, (4) High-pressure science, (5) Materials research with nano-beams and (6) X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS), In each workshop, invited speaker from around the world presented examples of novel experiments that require a CW, diffraction-limited source. During the workshop, each invited speaker provided a one-page description of the experiment and an illustrative graphic. The experiments identified by the workshops demonstrate the broad and deep scientific case for a CW coherent synchrotron x-ray source. The next step is to perform detailed simulations of the best of these ideas to test them quantitatively and to guide detailed x-ray beam-line designs. These designs are the first step toward developing detailed facility designs and cost estimates.
Date: January 3, 2012
Creator: Brock, Joel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department