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Establishment of the National Energy Extension Service Advisory Board

Description: Draft documents necessary to establish the National Energy Extension Service Advisory Board in accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act and DOE procedures are presented. Part II describes the potential interest representation on the Board and recommends processes for identifying and selecting individuals to recommend for appointment. Part III presents EES' expectations for the Board in fulfilling its responsibilities. Part IV describes the operational relationships between DOE and the Board. Part V presents the legal operational rules as contained in the Federal Advisory Committee Act. Part VI discusses some issues still requiring resolution: specifically - when the Board should be established whether member applications should be solicited from the general public, and whether Board members should be compensated for their time as well as travel expenses. Part VII summarizes the procedural steps that are required, from this time forward, to establish the Board and get it off and running.
Date: March 10, 1978
Creator: Ragan, J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary building-design competition evaluation

Description: The feasibility of using design competitions as public policy tools to stimulate and promote energy conservation in building design, construction, and management is examined. Major pitfalls or barriers in program design or implementation are identified. A strategic plan and methodology for accomplishing the next tasks are developed. Major conclusions are summarized. A comprehensive list of individuals and organizations contacted for information; a description and analyses of prior design competitions; and publications, articles, and testimony are presented in the appendices. (MCW)
Date: December 16, 1977
Creator: Rattien, S; Rosenblatt, J; Gordon, R & Schut, J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recent trends in energy research and development expenditures

Description: Objective of this report is to analyze recent trends in industrial research and development (R and D) spending. Emphasis is on energy and energy conservation R and D expenditures. This objective was achieved by performing two tasks. The first task was to collect and assemble data on industrial R and D expenditures in the US from the National Science Foundation (NSF), Office of Industrial Studies. The second task was to graphically and numerically analyze recent trends in total, energy-related, and energy conservation R and D expenditures. Total R and D and energy R and D expenditures for the period 1975 to 1982 were analyzed for each of nine industries: chemicals, petroleum, primary metals, machinery, electrical equipment, aircraft and missiles, professional and scientific instruments, other manufacturing, nonmanufacturing. Energy conservation R and D expenditures for this period were analyzed for each of six industries: chemicals, primary metals, machinery, electrical equipment, other manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. In addition, for all three types of R and D, trends in expenditures for all industries combined were analyzed.
Date: February 1, 1985
Creator: Moe, R.J.; Kee, J.R.; Lackey, K.C. & Cronin, F.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chautauqua notebook: appropriate technology on radio

Description: Experiences in establishing and maintaining a regional call-in information-exchange radio show (Chautauqua) on energy conservation, appropriate technology, renewable energy sources, and self-reliance are discussed. Information is presented on: appropriate technology; the Chautauquaa concept; topics discussed; research performed; guests; interviewing tips; types of listeners; program features; where to find help; promotion and publicity; the technical and engineering aspects; the budget and funding; and station policies. (MCW)
Date: unknown
Creator: Renz, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Community Energy Project of ACTION's Office of Voluntary Citizen Participation

Description: Several memoranda dated from March 4, 1980 to September 18, 1980 from the Community Energy Project personnel to the Acting Director of Weatherization Assistance Program within ACTION are compiled. Information on community-based efforts and programs for low cost/no cost energy conservation is presented. (LCL)
Date: 1980~
Creator: Crangle, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy-conservation opportunities in lighting

Description: Technologies and techniques which can be employed by your existing personnel - without the need for consultants - to reduce your lighting costs by as much as 70% are discussed. Four basic steps to reduce energy costs and improve the effectiveness of the lighting system discussed are: get acquainted with some of the basic terminology and energy efficient lamps and fixtures which are on the market; conduct a survey of the building to determine where and how much energy and money can be saved in the process; implement the simple, low-cost or no-cost measures immediately; and calculate the payback period for capital investment modifications, and implement those which make economic sense. Case studies are used to illustrate the recommendations. (MCW)
Date: April 1, 1981
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy management in the Federal government. Annual report, to the President of the United States, fiscal year 1977

Description: This report summarizes the Federal government accomplishments in energy conservation since FY 1975. The Federal energy conservation effort is monitored by the Department of Energy through the Federal Energy Management Program and involves the contribution of 66 Federal agencies. This report is based on the best available data obtained from agency annual reports submitted to the Department of Energy in accordance with the reporting requirements of Section 2 of the Executive Order, from agency quarterly energy use reports, and from studies and analyses prepared by DOE. The individual agency annual reports contain program information from which the highlights presented in this document have been extracted. Following an introductory chapter, the Federal energy picture; the Federal Energy Management Program (energy management in general operations, energy management in buildings, related programs); program highlights; and future activities are presented.
Date: August 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy Management Workbook for Local Governments : Workbook 1, Electrical Energy, 1981.

Description: Descriptions are presented for 20 major categories of energy actions providing background information needed for communities to implement energy management programs and explaining where financial and technical help may be available. Chapter 1 provides background on the energy problem, discusses Federal, state and local roles, and outlines the planning process. Chapter 2 is a list of 20 questions to help identify a range of potential actions that could become part of the energy management plan. Chapter 3 will help evaluate each of the twenty potential activities, and chapters 4 and 5 discuss implementing and monitoring the energy management plan. (MCW)
Date: February 1, 1981
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Study of State Energy Conservation Program: 1979 energy savings indicators. [Estimated Btu's and dollars]

Description: This study reviewed 1979 energy savings reports provided by states for conservation measures in four major categories of State Energy Conservation Program services, namely: (1) industrial, commercial, and institutional; (2) residential; (3) thermal and lighting; and (4) transportation. Conservation measures in these categories constitute a major portion of the total estimated 1980 savings for the State Energy Conservation Program. This study only addressed measures in these categories for which usable documentation had been submitted by states. Based on a review of measures supported by available documentation, the study estimates that energy savings associated with the conservation measures reviewed were 108 TBtu's for the calendar year 1979. These estimated energy savings for 1979 were converted into 540 million dollars for 1979 and 2.8 billion dollars over the projected life of the conservation measures.
Date: June 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Additional development of a threshold evaluation system: management plan

Description: The efforts of the DOE Division of Buildings and Community Systems to assume the national leadership for research, development, and demonstration activities related to energy conservation in buildings and community systems are discussed. Contract objectives, presented in Section 2, include the technical goals and schedule and cost objectives of the contract. The organization structures of DOE/BCS and DYNATREND are displayed in Section 3. Moreover, the interface between the organizations is presented in the Management Structure section, as well as key DYNATREND personnel assigned to the project. Section 4 presents the detailed technical approach adopted to accomplish the five tasks in the statement of work. A summary of the overall technical approach precedes a discussion of the detailed approach to each task. The work breakdown structure to be employed in the execution of the contract is presented in Section 5. The management plan concludes with a detailed definition of the management control procedures to monitor schedules, costs, and technical performance of this contract. (MCW)
Date: November 4, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Training program for energy conservation in new-building construction. Volume II. Energy conservation technology: for the building inspector

Description: A Model Code for Energy Conservation in New Building Construction has been developed by those national organizations primarily concerned with the development and promulgation of model codes. The technical provisions are based on ASHRAE Standard 90-75 and are intended for use by state and local officials. This training manual contains the basic information necessary to acquaint the field building inspector with the concepts of energy conservation in buildings and instructs him in the basic techniques of field inspection of energy compliance.
Date: December 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Training program for energy conservation in new-building construction. Volume I. Energy conservation technology: management and energy conservation

Description: A Model Code for Energy Conservation in New Building Construction was developed by those national organizations primarily concerned with the development and promulgation of model codes. The technical provisions are based on ASHRAE Standard 90-75 and are intended for use by state and local officials. This training manual is both an introduction to the need for energy conservation in buildings and a definition of the need for and the role of the enforcement official for energy conservation.
Date: December 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Another look at energy conservation

Description: The need for energy conservation in US buildings, industry and the transportation sector, the effects of the amount and cost of energy supplies on energy conservation, and goals of a national energy policy are discussed. (LCL)
Date: January 1, 1978
Creator: Schipper, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy conservation: policy issues and end-use scenarios of savings potential. Part 3. Policy barriers and investment decisions in industry

Description: This work is based on previous research reported in Construction of Energy Conservation Scenarios: Interim Report of Work in Progress, LBL 7834, June 1978. Several guidelines were selected for subsequent work. In addition, five subjects were chosen to be investigated--recycling, industrial decision making, recreational travel, residential and commercial buildings, and end-use energy conservation data base. This report concerns industrial decision making. The industrial sector consumes about forty percent of the energy used both in California and in the nation. Opportunities for conserving substantial amounts of energy exist in industry, and decisions are made each year regarding investment in conservation. Government policy (1) could be formulated to encourage conservation investments, but government intervention should be limited to those situations where it is both necessary and likely to be effective. To assist policy makers in understanding the industrial decision making process and recognizing the factors which prevent a measure's being adopted, a methodology is developed that can be applied to most conservation measures in all industrial subsectors. The methodology is summarized in two flow charts and a matrix that are described in Sections I and II respectively.
Date: September 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Earth-sheltered housing: an evaluation of energy-conservation potential

Description: The Innovative Structures Program (ISP) began an evaluation of the energy conservation potential of earth-sheltered houses in late 1979. Since that time, several projects have been undertaken as part of this evaluation. The findings of these projects, plus a discussion of the work of others in the field, form the body of this report. Although a comprehensive evaluation of earth-sheltered housing has not been completed, this report presents a compendium of knowledge on the subject. The conclusions are more qualitative than quantitative in nature because of the limited information on which to base projections. The major conclusions to date are as follows: Earth-sheltered houses are capable of very good energy performance. Earth-sheltered houses, as a passive means to conserve energy, perform significantly better in some climatic regins than in others. Earth-sheltered houses are not the optimum passive concept in several major housing growth regions of the country. Earth-sheltered houses, including their land and site improvements, will cost an estimated 10 to 35% more than comparable aboveground houses, and this additional cost may not be justified on a life cycle cost basis, given 1981 market conditions. The use of earth sheltering will probably grow in some parts of the country; however, broad-scale national or regional utilization is not likely to occur in the next 20 to 30 years.
Date: April 1, 1982
Creator: Wendt, R.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The demand-side management program development process: A utility perspective

Description: This report describes an aspect of DSM that has received little attention, namely, how utilities develop DSM programs. The selection of utilities to study purposely was biased in favor of those with reputations for being experienced DSM program developers so as to optimize the chances to obtain detailed information. The DSM planning process is affected by organizational factors and external influences: (1) the location of the demand-side planning department within the utility; (2) the demand-side planning group's functional responsibilities; (3) upper management participation in the DSM program development process; and (4) the organizational relationship between (or, separation of) supply-side and demand-side planning. Organizational factors reflect utilities' views of DSM programs and thus can affect the adoption of a technology- or customer-oriented approach. Despite repeated claims of the uniqueness of the demand- side planning process and its resistance to standardization, two general approaches to program development were discerned, namely technology- or customer-orientation. Although utilities consider customer related and technological factors in their DSM program development process, utilities can be differentiated by their emphasis on one or the other approach. 25 refs.
Date: March 1, 1992
Creator: Wolfe, A.K. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)) & Yourstone, N.E. (Yourstone (Evelin), Albuquerque, NM (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Light truck forecasts

Description: The recent dramatic increase in the number of light trucks (109% between 1963 and 1974) has prompted concern about the energy consequences of the growing popularity of the light truck. An estimate of the future number of light trucks is considered to be a reasonable first step in assessing the energy impact of these vehicles. The monograph contains forecasts based on two models and six scenarios. The coefficients for the models have been derived by ordinary least squares regression of national level time series data. The first model is a two stage model. The first stage estimates the number of light trucks and cars (together), and the second stage applies a share's submodel to determine the number of light trucks. The second model is a simultaneous equation model. The two models track one another remarkably well, within about 2%. The scenarios were chosen to be consistent with those used in the Lindsey-Kaufman study Projection of Light Truck Population to Year 2025. Except in the case of the most dismal economic scenario, the number of light trucks is expected to increase from the 1974 level of 0.09 light truck per person to about 0.12 light truck per person in 1995.
Date: September 1, 1979
Creator: Liepins, G.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DOE conservation/solar applications FY 79 budget program

Description: The FY 1979 DOE budget is presented pictorially and graphically. Information on the programs in the organization (solar applications, residential and commercial, industrial, transportation, state and local, and multisector) is included for such areas as major markets; energy contribution; development; strategies; standards; research; energy conservation; and commercialization. A final chart on funding depicts comparisons of the 1978 and 1979 budgets briefly.
Date: unknown
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Do it yourself lighting power survey: lighting power audit for use with the Massachusetts type watts per square foot method of calculating a building's lighting power budget

Description: Advantages of the self-audit approach to energy conservation are presented. These are that it is cheaper to do it yourself; the employees become part of the corporate conservation effect; and no one knows the building and its needs better than the occupant. Steps described in the lighting survey procedure are: (1) divide the building into categories; (2) determine the total square footage for each category; (3) assign a power allowance for each category; (4) multiply the total square footage for each category by the respective power allowances; (5) add the budget sub-totals for each category to determine total building budget; and (6) walk through the building room-by-room and calculate the connected lighting load fixture-by-fixture. Some worksheets are provided. (MCW)
Date: June 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Can polarized lighting panels reduce energy consumption and improve visibility in building interiors

Description: The lighting and vision literature, materials on management science and the reflectivity of surfaces are reviewed. The analysis emphasized the connection between lighting design and productivity. It is concluded that polarizing panels should be included among the alternatives normally considered by the lighting designer to utilize energy more efficiently than normal general lighting systems using standard prismatic or diffusing panels. A lighting design using polarizing panels might use 1/4 to 1/3 less energy than a reference system using standard prismatic panels without compromising function. The estimate of the potential energy savings available with polarizing panels is based on the estimate of their efficiency at producing Equivalent Spherical Illumination (ESI). ESI combines the effects of luminance and contrast into a single figure of merit for visibility. A short history and some background of ESI and a discussion of the measured reflectivities of paper and pencil on paper are presented. These data are used in ESI calculations. The problems and limitations of evaluating lighting systems strictly in terms of ESI per watt (or dollar) are discussed. An attempt was made to evaluate polarizing panels in terms of the factors discussed. Additional information is provided in 4 appendices.
Date: August 1, 1979
Creator: Berman, S. & Clear, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On the economic analysis of problems in energy efficiency: Market barriers, market failures, and policy implications

Description: In his recent paper in The Energy Journal, Ronald Sutherland argues that several so-called market barriers'' to energy efficiency frequently cited in the literature are not market failures in the conventional sense and are thus irrelevant for energy policy. We argue that Sutherland has inadequately analyzed the idea of market barrier and misrepresented the policy implications of microeconomics. We find that economic theory, correctly interpreted, does not provide for the categorical dismissal of market barriers. We explore important methodological issues underlying the debate over market barriers, and discuss the importance of reconciling the findings of non-economic social sciences with the economic analysis of energy demand and consumer decision-making. We also scrutinize Sutherland's attempt to apply finance theory to rationalize high implicit discount rates observed in energy-related choices, and find this use of finance theory to be inappropriate.
Date: January 1, 1993
Creator: Sanstad, A.H.; Koomey, J.G. & Levine, M.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Psychological strategies to reduce energy consumption: project summary report

Description: This report reviews the research conducted in connection with a project to apply psychological theory and procedures to the problems of encouraging residential energy conservation. A major part of the project involved surveys of residents' energy-related attitudes. The best (and only consistent) attitudinal predictor of residents' actual energy consumption was their attitude about thermal comfort. A number of other attitudes that could conceivably have been related to consumption, such as attitudes about the reality of the crisis, were not found to be related to consumption. Another major focus of the project was on the effectiveness of feedback (that is, giving residents information about their energy use) as an aid to residents' conservation efforts. A series of experiments demonstrated that frequent, credible energy-consumption feedback, coupled with encouragement to adopt a reasonable but difficult energy-conservation goal, could facilitate conservation. However, these studies also demonstrated that residents could not be given just any kind of information about their energy use as feedback and that even proper feedback would not lead to conservation in all households. Conditions that are crucial for the success of feedback as a conservation aid are discussed. Other studies conducted by the project looked at the effect on energy consumption of (1) a device to reduce air-conditioning waste by signalling when it is cool outside, (2) an automatic multi-setback thermostat, and (3) utility companies' average payment plans. A survey of residents' knowledge of their energy use also was conducted. 23 references.
Date: June 30, 1979
Creator: Becker, L J; Seligman, C & Darley, J M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department