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Nuclear fuel cycle information workshop

Description: This overview of the nuclear fuel cycle is divided into three parts. First, is a brief discussion of the basic principles of how nuclear reactors work; second, is a look at the major types of nuclear reactors being used and world-wide nuclear capacity; and third, is an overview of the nuclear fuel cycle and the present industrial capability in the US.
Date: January 1, 1983
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Review and evaluation of NASAP proliferation assessment activities. Final report

Description: Assessing proliferation resistance of nuclear power alternatives was central to the Nonproliferation Alternative System Assessment Program (NASAP). Assessment efforts were made by several organizations associated with NASAP. These efforts produced papers and documents which assisted the NASAP program understand the many facets of the proliferation problem and carry out its responsibilities of providing R and D guidance. This report briefly reviews these papers to document the chronology of the process, to observe the evolution of the assessment effort and to identify additional efforts which might be appropriate even though NASAP is complete.
Date: January 9, 1981
Creator: Hammelman, J.E. & Outlaw, D.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear engineering enrollment and degrees, 1978: enrollments, Fall 1978, degrees granted, July 1966--June 1978

Description: This report presents the results of the eighth annual survey of Nuclear Engineering Enrollments and Degrees. Each year the survey is sent to institutions offering degrees in nuclear engineering or other engineering disciplines with nuclear engineering options. Although the number of institutions included may vary from year to year, historical information about degrees granted since July 1966 has been collected for all institutions. Over the past few years there have been significant perturbations in the supply of new engineers with nuclear expertise caused by many factors, such as the general decline in engineering enrollments, concern about involvement in nuclear activities, and uncertainty about a nuclear power future. This series of nuclear engineering enrollment and degree surveys has charted the changes in the supply of professional nuclear personnel and assisted planners and educators alike in preparing to provide for this needed energy resource. Data are presented on enrollments and degrees, placement of graduates, women and minorities, foreign nationals, and regional distribution. 1 figure, 11 tables. (RWR)
Date: August 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mathematical model of a utility firm. Final technical report, Part I

Description: Utility companies are in the predicament of having to make forecasts, and draw up plans for the future, in an increasingly fluid and volatile socio-economic environment. The project being reported is to contribute to an understanding of the economic and behavioral processes that take place within a firm, and without it. Three main topics are treated. One is the representation of the characteristics of the members of an organization, to the extent to which characteristics seem pertinent to the processes of interest. The second is the appropriate management of the processes of change by an organization. The third deals with the competitive striving towards an economic equilibrium among the members of a society in the large, on the theory that this process might be modeled in a way which is similar to the one for the intra-organizational ones. This volume covers mainly the first topic.
Date: August 21, 1983
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of nuclear power plant construction costs

Description: The objective of this report is to present the results of a statistical analysis of nuclear power plant construction costs and lead-times (where lead-time is defined as the duration of the construction period), using a sample of units that entered construction during the 1966-1977 period. For more than a decade, analysts have been attempting to understand the reasons for the divergence between predicted and actual construction costs and lead-times. More importantly, it is rapidly being recognized that the future of the nuclear power industry rests precariously on an improvement in the cost and lead-time situation. Thus, it is important to study the historical information on completed plants, not only to understand what has occurred to also to improve the ability to evaluate the economics of future plants. This requires an examination of the factors that have affected both the realized costs and lead-times and the expectations about these factors that have been formed during the construction process. 5 figs., 22 tabs.
Date: January 1, 1986
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some crucial issues in nuclear energy

Description: The future projected in the Project Independence Report calls heavily on nuclear energy. Validating the nuclear option will require technology improvement and implementation of new policy. But of all the issues that might compromise nuclear energy the most important now appears to be the public acceptability of this energy source.
Date: January 1, 1974
Creator: Weinberg, A.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National standards for the nuclear industry

Description: Standards needs for the nuclear industry are being met by a number of voluntary organizations, such as ANS, ASTM, AWS, ASME, and IEEE. The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) coordinates these activities and approves completed standards as American National Standards. ASTM has two all-nuclear committees, E-10 and C-26. A C-26 subcommittee, Test Methods, has been active in writing analytical chemistry standards for twelve years. Thirteen have been approved as ANSI standards and others are ready for ballot. Work is continuing in all areas of the nuclear fuel cycle.
Date: January 1, 1981
Creator: Laing, W.R. & Corbin, L.T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evolving an acceptable nuclear power fuel cycle

Description: The following issues are examined: long-term safe nuclear power plant operation; acceptable nuclear waste management and, mainly, high-level waste management; and provision for long-term fissile fuel supply in a long-term nuclear fission economy. (LM)
Date: October 1, 1986
Creator: Steinberg, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiation protection enrollments and degrees, 1978: enrollments, Fall 1978, degrees granted, July 1966--June 1978

Description: This report presents the results of the eighth annual survey of Radiation Protection Enrollments and Degrees. Each year the survey is sent to institutions offering degrees in radiation protection and in other closely related fields (health physics, radiation health, radiological physics, radiobiology, and similar programs) whose graduates would be prepared to conduct, coordinate, direct, or plan a program for the evaluation and control of radiation hazards in various settings. Data are presented on enrollments and degrees, placement of graduates, women and minorities, foreign nationals, and regional distribution. 2 figures, 10 tables. (RWR)
Date: August 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Phase VII update (1984) report for the Energy Economic Data Program EEDB-VII

Description: Objective of the Energy Economic Data Base (EEDB) Program is to provide current, representative and consistent power plant technical and cost information to the US Department of Energy (DOE). These data are useful for program planning by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy, because they are representative of current US power plant construction cost experience and are developed on a consistent, organized basis.
Date: August 1, 1985
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National waste terminal storage program: configuration management plan. Volume I. Management summary

Description: Objective of the Configuration Management Plan is to describe the Office of Waste Isolation's approach for the systematic identification, change control, status accounting, and auditing of: documents defining the NWTS Program and the plans for attaining the defined objectives; physical and functional characteristics of each storage site, facility, systems and equipment; and associated costs and schedules.
Date: May 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear proliferation and civilian nuclear power: report of the nonproliferation alternative systems assessment program. Volume V. Economics and systems analysis

Description: This NASAP assessment considers the economics of alternative nuclear reactor and fuel-cycle systems in the light of possible patterns of uranium supply and energy demand, as well as the economic implications of improving the proliferation resistance of the various systems. The assessment focuses on the costs of alternative nuclear technologies and the possible timing of their implementation, based on their economic attractiveness. The objectives of this assessment are to identify when economic incentives to deploy advanced nuclear power systems might exist, to estimate the costs of using technologies that would reduce the risk of proliferation, to assess the impact of major economic uncertainties on the transition to new technologies, and to compare the investments required for alternative systems.
Date: December 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Waste Terminal Storage Program: planning and control plan. Volume II. Plan description

Description: Objective of the NWTS program planning and control plan is to provide the information necessary for timely and effective OWI management decisions. Purpose is to describe the concepts and techniques that will be utilized by OWI to establish structured, completely planned and controlled technical, cost, and schedule NWTS baselines from which performance or progress can be accurately measured.
Date: May 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Waste Terminal Storage Program: critical element management concept. Volume II. Concept description

Description: The objective of the CEM Concept is to describe techniques for systematically identifying, evaluating, and influencing those technical, social, economic, political and institutional factors (i.e., events, trends and conditions) that are perceived as being probable uncertainties to the attainment of planned program objectives.
Date: May 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Economics of tokamak power systems

Description: The impact of plasma operating characteristics, engineering options, and technology on the capital-cost trends of Tokamak power plants is determined. Tokamak power systems are compared to other advanced energy systems and found to be economically competitive. A three-phase strategy for demonstrating commercial feasibility of fusion power, based on a common-site multiple-unit concept, is presented.
Date: January 1, 1977
Creator: Reid, R.L. & Steiner, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Personnel supply and demand issues in the nuclear power industry. Final report of the Nuclear Manpower Study Committee

Description: The anticipated personnel needs of the nuclear power industry have varied widely in recent years, in response to both increasing regulatory requirements and declining orders for new plants. Recent employment patterns in the nuclear energy field, with their fluctuations, resemble those of defense industries more than those traditionally associated with electric utilities. Reactions to the accident at Three Mile Island Unit 2 by industry and regulators have increased the demand for trained and experienced personnel, causing salaries to rise. Industry, for example, has established several advisory organizations like the Institute for Nuclear Power Operations (INPO). At the same time, the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has imposed many new construction and operating requirements in an effort to take advantage of lessons learned from the Three Mile Island incident and to respond to the perceived public interest in better regulation of nuclear power. Thus, at present, utilities, architect-engineer firms, reactor vendors, and organizations in the nuclear development community have heavy workloads.
Date: January 1, 1981
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear power and the public: an update of collected survey research on nuclear power

Description: The purpose of this research was to collect, analyze, and summarize all of the nuclear power-related surveys conducted in the United States through June 1981, that we could obtain. The surveys collected were national, statewide, and areawide in scope. Slightly over 100 surveys were collected for an earlier, similar effort carried out in 1977. About 130 new surveys were added to the earlier survey data. Thus, about 230 surveys were screened for inclusion in this report. Because of space limitations, national surveys were used most frequently in this report, followed distantly by state surveys. In drawing our conclusions about public beliefs and attitudes toward nuclear power, we placed most of our confidence in survey questions that were used by national polling firms at several points in time. A summary of the research findings is presented, beginning with general attitudes toward nuclear power, followed by a summary of beliefs and attitudes about nuclear power issues, and ended by a summary of beliefs and attitudes regarding more general energy issues.
Date: December 1, 1981
Creator: Rankin, W.L.; Melber, B.D.; Overcast, T.D. & Nealey, S.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear power and the public: analysis of collected survey research

Description: This executive summary highlights the major findings of a comprehensive synthesis and analysis of over 100 existing surveys dealing with public attitudes toward nuclear power issues. Questions of immediate policy relevance to the nuclear debate are posed and answered on the basis of these major findings. For each issue area, those sections of the report in which more-detailed discussion and presentation of relevant data may be found are indicated.
Date: November 1, 1977
Creator: Melber, B.D.; Nealey, S.M.; Hammersla, J. & Rankin, W.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

1978 source book for fusion--fission hybrid systems. Executive summary

Description: The 1978 Source Book for Fusion--Fission Hybrid Systems was prepared by United Engineers and Constructors Inc. for the U.S. Department of Energy and the Electric Power Research Institute. It reviews the current status of fusion--fission hybrid reactors, and presents the prevailing views of members of the fusion community on the RD and D timetable required for the development and commercialization of fusion--fission hybrids. The results presented are based on a review of related references as well as interviews with recognized experts in the field. Contributors from the academic and industrial communities are listed.
Date: December 1, 1978
Creator: Crowley, J.H.; Pavlenco, G.F. & Kaminski, R.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Major issues in the training of security personnel

Description: The effectiveness of the response component of a physical protection system depends greatly upon the training received by the security personnel. The issues and problems in the area of training which were of greatest concern to the attendees of the 1980 and 1981 INMM sponsored Technical Workshops on Guard Training are discussed. The attendees were training supervisors of managers of security personnel and represented a variety of organizations and companies including DOE facilities, NRC licensees, the military, private security contractors, and governmental agencies. Major categories of concern include: professionalism in security, legal constraints and obligations, physical and psychological testing and standards, governmental requirements, morale and motivation, and tactical training techniques.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Knauf, W.M. & Robertson, L.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Economic evaluation of tokamak power plants

Description: This study reports the impact of plasma operating characteristics, engineering options, and technology on the capital cost trends of tokamak power plants. Tokamak power systems are compared to other advanced energy systems and found to be economically competitive. A three-phase strategy for demonstrating commercial feasibility of fusion power, based on a common-site multiple-unit concept, is presented.
Date: January 1, 1977
Creator: Reid, R.L. & Steiner, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Institutional arrangements for the reduction of proliferation risks. Formulation, evaluation, and implementation of institutional concepts

Description: The purpose of this study was to: (1) identify alternative institutional arrangements applicable to the sensitive steps in the back-end of the fuel cycle that might reduce their associated proliferation risks; and (2) assess their advantages and disadvantages from the standpoint of nonproliferation effectiveness and political, economic, and operational acceptability. The concept of international or multinational custody of sensitive materials and facilities was found to offer a high degree of proliferation resistance and to likely be more acceptable to prospective participants than other institutional arrangements that intrude upon proprietary areas, such as facility ownership and management.
Date: December 1, 1979
Creator: Kratzer, M.B.; Wonder, E.F.; Gray, J.E.; Shantzis, S.B.; Sievering, N.F.; Paige, H.W. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department