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Review and evaluation of NASAP proliferation assessment activities. Final report

Description: Assessing proliferation resistance of nuclear power alternatives was central to the Nonproliferation Alternative System Assessment Program (NASAP). Assessment efforts were made by several organizations associated with NASAP. These efforts produced papers and documents which assisted the NASAP program understand the many facets of the proliferation problem and carry out its responsibilities of providing R and D guidance. This report briefly reviews these papers to document the chronology of the process, to observe the evolution of the assessment effort and to identify additional efforts which might be appropriate even though NASAP is complete.
Date: January 9, 1981
Creator: Hammelman, J.E. & Outlaw, D.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear engineering enrollment and degrees, 1978: enrollments, Fall 1978, degrees granted, July 1966--June 1978

Description: This report presents the results of the eighth annual survey of Nuclear Engineering Enrollments and Degrees. Each year the survey is sent to institutions offering degrees in nuclear engineering or other engineering disciplines with nuclear engineering options. Although the number of institutions included may vary from year to year, historical information about degrees granted since July 1966 has been collected for all institutions. Over the past few years there have been significant perturbations in the supply of new engineers with nuclear expertise caused by many factors, such as the general decline in engineering enrollments, concern about involvement in nuclear activities, and uncertainty about a nuclear power future. This series of nuclear engineering enrollment and degree surveys has charted the changes in the supply of professional nuclear personnel and assisted planners and educators alike in preparing to provide for this needed energy resource. Data are presented on enrollments and degrees, placement of graduates, women and minorities, foreign nationals, and regional distribution. 1 figure, 11 tables. (RWR)
Date: August 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear fuel cycle information workshop

Description: This overview of the nuclear fuel cycle is divided into three parts. First, is a brief discussion of the basic principles of how nuclear reactors work; second, is a look at the major types of nuclear reactors being used and world-wide nuclear capacity; and third, is an overview of the nuclear fuel cycle and the present industrial capability in the US.
Date: January 1, 1983
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The limits of technology in nuclear crisis management

Description: For some purposes, one may consider the roles of technology in nuclear crisis management to fall into four categories. Certain technologies, such as signals intelligence, may assist in monitoring for the emergence of crisis precursors. Other kinds of surveillance, such as that by certain satellites, are intended to detect phenomena, such as missile launches, which clearly signal the transition from pre-crisis to mid-crisis. During this phase, communications and surveillance technologies may be called upon to aid in managing the crisis. Finally, communications technologies will play a vital role in crisis resolution, preferably during the pre-crisis phase, but in mid-crisis if necessary. It has long been recognized that a large fraction of these technical means are vulnerable, both to selective, direct attack, and to the unintended, collateral effects of conflict itself. Systematic efforts are underway to make these systems more robust and survivable in crisis environments, but one must clearly recognize the limits of technology. In particular, one must weigh very seriously the implications and possible consequences of intentional, direct attack, including decapitation, on just those means which may permit timely crisis resolution. In the end, these technologies may prove so vulnerable, that nations may be forced to rely on pre-crisis planning, including force structuring, clearly defined options planning, and clear statements of intent, in order to permit any sort of mid-crisis resolution and conflict termination.
Date: January 1, 1986
Creator: White, P. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiation protection enrollments and degrees, 1978: enrollments, Fall 1978, degrees granted, July 1966--June 1978

Description: This report presents the results of the eighth annual survey of Radiation Protection Enrollments and Degrees. Each year the survey is sent to institutions offering degrees in radiation protection and in other closely related fields (health physics, radiation health, radiological physics, radiobiology, and similar programs) whose graduates would be prepared to conduct, coordinate, direct, or plan a program for the evaluation and control of radiation hazards in various settings. Data are presented on enrollments and degrees, placement of graduates, women and minorities, foreign nationals, and regional distribution. 2 figures, 10 tables. (RWR)
Date: August 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of nuclear power plant construction costs

Description: The objective of this report is to present the results of a statistical analysis of nuclear power plant construction costs and lead-times (where lead-time is defined as the duration of the construction period), using a sample of units that entered construction during the 1966-1977 period. For more than a decade, analysts have been attempting to understand the reasons for the divergence between predicted and actual construction costs and lead-times. More importantly, it is rapidly being recognized that the future of the nuclear power industry rests precariously on an improvement in the cost and lead-time situation. Thus, it is important to study the historical information on completed plants, not only to understand what has occurred to also to improve the ability to evaluate the economics of future plants. This requires an examination of the factors that have affected both the realized costs and lead-times and the expectations about these factors that have been formed during the construction process. 5 figs., 22 tabs.
Date: January 1, 1986
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some crucial issues in nuclear energy

Description: The future projected in the Project Independence Report calls heavily on nuclear energy. Validating the nuclear option will require technology improvement and implementation of new policy. But of all the issues that might compromise nuclear energy the most important now appears to be the public acceptability of this energy source.
Date: January 1, 1974
Creator: Weinberg, A.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mathematical model of a utility firm. Final technical report, Part I

Description: Utility companies are in the predicament of having to make forecasts, and draw up plans for the future, in an increasingly fluid and volatile socio-economic environment. The project being reported is to contribute to an understanding of the economic and behavioral processes that take place within a firm, and without it. Three main topics are treated. One is the representation of the characteristics of the members of an organization, to the extent to which characteristics seem pertinent to the processes of interest. The second is the appropriate management of the processes of change by an organization. The third deals with the competitive striving towards an economic equilibrium among the members of a society in the large, on the theory that this process might be modeled in a way which is similar to the one for the intra-organizational ones. This volume covers mainly the first topic.
Date: August 21, 1983
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evolving an acceptable nuclear power fuel cycle

Description: The following issues are examined: long-term safe nuclear power plant operation; acceptable nuclear waste management and, mainly, high-level waste management; and provision for long-term fissile fuel supply in a long-term nuclear fission economy. (LM)
Date: October 1, 1986
Creator: Steinberg, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National standards for the nuclear industry

Description: Standards needs for the nuclear industry are being met by a number of voluntary organizations, such as ANS, ASTM, AWS, ASME, and IEEE. The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) coordinates these activities and approves completed standards as American National Standards. ASTM has two all-nuclear committees, E-10 and C-26. A C-26 subcommittee, Test Methods, has been active in writing analytical chemistry standards for twelve years. Thirteen have been approved as ANSI standards and others are ready for ballot. Work is continuing in all areas of the nuclear fuel cycle.
Date: January 1, 1981
Creator: Laing, W.R. & Corbin, L.T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of new business opportunities for minorities in nuclear energy. Final report

Description: In Part I of this report the basis for the optimal development of new business opportunities for minorities in nuclear energy programs is defined within the successful completion of all contract tasks. The basis presented consists of an identification of a set of qualified minority-owned small businesses, a defined reservoir of highly trained minorities with applicable expertise, a policy context for the development of opportunities, and a proposed networking structure for information transfer/professional development. In Part II a contractor-focused analysis of the structure of the nuclear industry, a breakdown of the DOE nuclear program by region and functional area, and a directory of minority-owned small businesses by region are presented.
Date: December 15, 1980
Creator: Spight, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

US nuclear engineering education: Status and prospects

Description: This study, conducted under the auspices of the Energy Engineering Board of the National Research Council, examines the status of and outlook for nuclear engineering education in the United States. The study resulted from a widely felt concern about the downward trends in student enrollments in nuclear engineering, in both graduate and undergraduate programs. Concerns have also been expressed about the declining number of US university nuclear engineering departments and programs, the aging of their faculties, the appropriateness of their curricula and research funding for industry and government needs, the availability of scholarships and research funding, and the increasing ratio of foreign to US graduate students. A fundamental issue is whether the supply of nuclear engineering graduates will be adequate for the future. Although such issues are more general, pertaining to all areas of US science and engineering education, they are especially acute for nuclear engineering education. 30 refs., 12 figs., 20 tabs.
Date: January 1, 1990
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear Energy Center study. Phase II. Site suitability analysis. Final report

Description: A site screening study was conducted to identify a site or sites for detailed, site-specific study as a nuclear energy center. Using technical criteria of water requirements, geotechnical constraints, and projected load center and transmission considerations as well as environmental and institutional considerations, five potential study sites in the State of South Carolina were identified, evaluated against established criteria, and ranked according to their acceptability as potential nuclear energy center study sites. Consideration of what is ''representative'' of a site as well as the ranking score was factored into site recommendations, since the site deemed easiest to license and permit may not be the most desirable site for future study of the technical and institutional feasibility and practicality of a specific site. The sites near Lake Hartwell and the Savannah River Plant (SRP) of the Department of Energy were selected as potential study sites after consideration of the above criteria. Because the Lake Hartwell site offers the opportunity to consider institutional issues which may be more representative of other possible NEC sites, it is recommended that the Lake Hartwell site be studied to establish the feasibility and practicality of the nuclear energy concept on a site-specific basis.
Date: June 1, 1978
Creator: Fellows, W.S.; Sharp, J.M. & Benator, B.I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Manpower Requirements in the Nuclear Power Industry, 1982-1991

Description: The objective of this study is to project occupational employment needs, created by growth and employee turnover, for the nuclear power industry over the next decade. Employment data for 1981 were collected in a survey conducted by the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations of its 60 member utilities. The data were analyzed statistically to identify factors that account for variations in power plant staffing and the number of off-site nuclear support personnel employed by a utility. Total employment in the nuclear power industry is predicted to increase from 54,400 in 1981 to 73,600 in 1991. Nuclear generating capacity will increase from 58 to 124 gigawatts, based on the midline forecast of the Energy Information Administration. The projections assume that current regulations will remain in effect and no new plans for additional generating facilities will be initiated.
Date: September 1, 1982
Creator: Johnson, R. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Delays in nuclear power plant construction. Progress report, September 15, 1976--September 14, 1977

Description: This report identifies barriers to shortening nuclear power plant construction schedules and recommends research efforts that should minimize or eliminate the identified barriers. The identified barriers include: (1) design and construction interfacing problems; (2) problems relating to the selection and use of permanent materials and construction methods; (3) construction coordination and communication problems; and (4) problems associated with manpower availability and productivity;
Date: August 10, 1977
Creator: Mason, G.E. & Larew, R.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International aspects of fusion

Description: International collaborative efforts in magnetic confinement fusion in which the USA is involved are reviewed. These efforts are carried under the auspices of international agencies and through bilateral agreements.
Date: December 1, 1979
Creator: Stacey, W. M., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Levelized Nuclear Fuel Cycle Cost Program user's guide

Description: This report describes the Nuclear Analysis Division's Levelized Nuclear Fuel Cycle Cost Program. An emphasis is placed upon the description of the program, operation procedures, the interactive organization of the variable inputs, output reports and user procedures. Examples of the program execution are included to assist potential users in understanding the procedures required to exercise the model.
Date: July 28, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Waste Terminal Storage Program: critical element management concept. Volume I. Management summary

Description: CEM is oriented towards identifying, quantifying and curtailing probable impediments to a program originating from both the internal and external program environments. Critical elements are defined as events, trends or conditions that could generate potential uncertainties in the program. The critical elements are broken down into components against which management action is initiated.
Date: May 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Waste Terminal Storage Program: configuration management plan. Volume II. Plan description

Description: Purpose of the Configuration Management Plan is to provide the management discipline through which the integrity and continuity of program cost and schedule trade-off decisions which are made concerning the site selections and facilities performance, producibility, operability and supportability are recorded, communicated, and controlled by the Office of Waste Isolation.
Date: May 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DOE role in nuclear policies and programs: official transcript of public briefing, December 13, 1977

Description: The record for the first of the public briefings in the Consumer Information Series scheduled by the Department of Energy is presented. The series presents, for public information and discussion, those DOE policies and programs of specific interest to consumers and public interest groups. In the first meeting DOE officials responded to questions from the public on the DOE role in nuclear policies and programs.
Date: February 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Neutral beam development plan

Description: The national plan is presented for developing advanced injection systems for use on upgrades of existing experiments, and use on future facilities such as ETF, to be built in the late 1980's or early 90's where power production from magnetic fusion will move closer to a reality. Not only must higher power and longer pulse length systems be developed , but they must operate reliably; they must be a tool for the experimenter, not the experiment itself. Neutral beam systems handle large amounts of energy and as such, they often are as complicated as the plasma physics experiment itself. This presents a significant challenge to the neutral beam developer.
Date: August 1, 1980
Creator: Staten, H S
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Delays in nuclear power plant construction. Volume II. Final report

Description: The report identifies barriers to shortening nuclear power plant construction schedules and recommends research efforts which should minimize or eliminate the identified barriers. The identified barriers include (1) Design and Construction Interfacing Problems; (2) Problems Relating to the Selection and Use of Permanent Materials and Construction Methods; (3) Construction Coordination and Communication Problems; and (4) Problems Associated with Manpower Availability and Productivity.
Date: December 14, 1977
Creator: Mason, G.E.; Larew, R.E.; Borcherding, J.D.; Okes, S.R. Jr. & Rad, P.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department