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Nuclear Merchant Ship Reactor Final Safeguards Report, Volume 6: Environmental Analysis OF NS "Savannah" Operation at Camden

Description: "An analysis is presented of the accidental release of activity following the operation of the NS "Savannah" at the New York Shipbuilding Corporation docks in Camden, New Jersey. Although a number of accidents are considered, the report is primarily concerned with the environmental activity levels and subsequent exposures which would result from the "maximum credible accident" (p. v).
Date: January 24, 1961
Creator: Cottrell, W. B.; Parker, F. L.; Mann, L. A. & Schmidt, G. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Preparation and Properties of Mammalian Ribonucleic Acids

Description: "A method for the preparation of mammalian ribonucleic acids employing high concentrations of guanidine hydrochloride in the fractionation procedure is reported in this paper. Aside from the facility of preparation the method has the advantage of avoiding conditions of acidity and alkalinity which might degrade tissue ribonucleic acids and, by virtue of the protein denaturant action of guanidine salts, of minimizing the possibility for enzymatic degradation" (p. 3).
Date: October 12, 1950
Creator: Volkin, E. & Carter, C. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Proposal for the Mc2 Isochronous Cyclotron: A General Purpose High-Intensity 810-MeV Proton Accelerator

Description: Abstract: "The Oak Ridge National Laboratory proposes to build an isochronous eight-sector proton cyclotron to provide an extracted beam in excess of 100 A at 810 MeV. The primary proton beam and the secondary meson and neutron beams will be used to investigate nuclear structure, and the interactions between elementary particles. Biomedical and Space-oriented research programs are also planned. Shielded research areas and an extensive beam transport and analysis system are provided. Theoretical and experimental studies have shown that the Mc2 Cyclotron is a practical concept; high extraction efficiencies can be obtained, and the residual radiation problems are manageable. The project would require less than seven years to complete, and would cost about $43,000,000."
Date: November 1, 1963
Creator: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Outline for Book: Engineering for Nuclear Reactor Fuel Reprocessing

Description: This document outlines a book on the subject of reactor fuel reprocessing that is still in the planning stages, representing the authors' thinking as of the arbitrary cut-off date of October 15, 1957. The subject matter that was intended for inclusion was: special considerations in radiochemical processing; chemical processes and operations; mechanical operations; fluid flow; heat transfer operations; solvent extraction; other mass diffusion operations; instrumentation; auxiliary equipment; plant design and operation; and fuel processing economics.
Date: November 15, 1957
Creator: Long, J.T.; Carter, W.L. & Rom, A.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

PAR Loop Schedule Review

Description: The schedule for the installation of the PAR slurry loop experiment in the ·South Facility af the ORR has been reviewed and revised. Changed design philosophy to include maintainability of the loop auxiliaries required extension of the main construction period to the end of,June, with a three month period ending in September, for test and run in during which construction will be completed.
Date: February 28, 1958
Creator: Schaffer, Jr. & W.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

PAR Loop Schedule Review

Description: The schedule for the installation of the PAR slurry loop experiment in the South Facility of the ORR has been reviewed and revised. The design, fabrication, and installation is approximately two weeks behind schedule at this time due to many factors; however, indications are that this time can be made up. Design is estimated to be 56 per cent complete, fabrication 27 per cent complete-and installation 11 per cent complete:
Date: March 31, 0958
Creator: Schaffer, Jr. & W.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

PAR Loop Schedule Review

Description: The status of the overall design, fabrication, and installation of the component items of the PAR loop experiment in the ORR is reviewed.
Date: January 15, 1958
Creator: Schaffer, Jr. & W.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

PAR Loop Schedule Review

Description: The schedule for the installation of the PAR slurry loop experiment in the South Facility of the ORR has been reviewed and revised. The design, fabrications and Installation is approximately two weeks behind schedule at this time due to many factors; however, indications are that this time can be made up. Design is estimated to be 75% complete, fabrication 32% complete and installation 12% complete.
Date: April 30, 1958
Creator: Schaffer, Jr. & W.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

PAR Loop Schedule Review

Description: The status of the overall schedule for design, fabrication, and installation of the component items of the PAR loop experiment in the ORR has been brought up to date and reviewed. This is the first review since the original issue of the schedule
Date: October 16, 1957
Creator: Schaffer, Jr. & W.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

LiverTox: Advanced QSAR and Toxicogeomic Software for Hepatotoxicity Prediction

Description: YAHSGS LLC and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) established a CRADA in an attempt to develop a predictive system using a pre-existing ORNL computational neural network and wavelets format. This was in the interest of addressing national needs for toxicity prediction system to help overcome the significant drain of resources (money and time) being directed toward developing chemical agents for commerce. The research project has been supported through an STTR mechanism and funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences beginning Phase I in 2004 (CRADA No. ORNL-04-0688) and extending Phase II through 2007 (ORNL NFE-06-00020). To attempt the research objectives and aims outlined under this CRADA, state-of-the-art computational neural network and wavelet methods were used in an effort to design a predictive toxicity system that used two independent areas on which to base the system’s predictions. These two areas were quantitative structure-activity relationships and gene-expression data obtained from microarrays. A third area, using the new Massively Parallel Signature Sequencing (MPSS) technology to assess gene expression, also was attempted but had to be dropped because the company holding the rights to this promising MPSS technology went out of business. A research-scale predictive toxicity database system called Multi-Intelligent System for Toxicogenomic Applications (MISTA) was developed and its feasibility for use as a predictor of toxicological activity was tested. The fundamental focus of the CRADA was an attempt and effort to operate the MISTA database using the ORNL neural network. This effort indicated the potential that such a fully developed system might be used to assist in predicting such biological endpoints as hepatotoxcity and neurotoxicity. The MISTA/LiverTox approach if eventually fully developed might also be useful for automatic processing of microarray data to predict modes of action. A technical paper describing the methods and technology used in the CRADA has been ...
Date: February 25, 2011
Creator: Lu, P-Y. & Yuracko, K. (YAHSGS, LLC)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Superhydrophobic Materials Technology-PVC Bonding Techniques

Description: The purpose of the technology maturation project was to develop an enhanced application technique for applying diatomaceous earth with pinned polysiloxane oil to PVC pipes and materials. The oil infiltration technique is applied as a spray of diluted oil in a solvent onto the superhydrophobic diatomaceous earth substrate. This makes the surface take on the following characteristics: • wet‐cleanable • anti‐biofouling • waterproof • anti‐corrosion. The project involved obtaining input and supplies from VeloxFlow and the development of successful techniques that would quickly result in a commercial license agreement with VeloxFlow and other companies that use PVC materials in a variety of other fields of use.
Date: May 3, 2013
Creator: Hunter, Scott R. & Efird, Marty
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Activated Carbon Composites for Air Separation

Description: Coal-derived synthesis gas is a potential major source of hydrogen for fuel cells. Oxygen-blown coal gasification is an efficient approach to achieving the goal of producing hydrogen from coal, but a cost-effective means of enriching O2 concentration in air is required. A key objective of this project is to assess the utility of a system that exploits porous carbon materials and electrical swing adsorption to produce an O2-enriched air stream for coal gasification. As a complement to O2 and N2 adsorption measurements, CO2 was used as a more sensitive probe molecule for the characterization of molecular sieving effects. To further enhance the potential of activated carbon composite materials for air separation, work was implemented on incorporating a novel twist into the system; namely the addition of a magnetic field to influence O2 adsorption, which is accompanied by a transition between the paramagnetic and diamagnetic states. The preliminary findings in this respect are discussed.
Date: September 1, 2011
Creator: Baker, Frederick S.; Contescu, Cristian I.; Tsouris, Costas & Burchell, Timothy D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NOvel Refractory Materials for High Alkali, High Temperature Environments

Description: Refractory materials can be limited in their application by many factors including chemical reactions between the service environment and the refractory material, mechanical degradation of the refractory material by the service environment, temperature limitations on the use of a particular refractory material, and the inability to install or repair the refractory material in a cost effective manner or while the vessel was in service. The objective of this project was to address the need for new innovative refractory compositions by developing a family of novel MgO-Al2O3 spinel or other similar magnesia/alumina containing unshaped refractory composition (castables, gunnables, shotcretes, etc) utilizing new aggregate materials, bond systems, protective coatings, and phase formation techniques (in-situ phase formation, altered conversion temperatures, accelerated reactions, etc). This family of refractory compositions would then be tailored for use in high-temperature, highalkaline industrial environments like those found in the aluminum, chemical, forest products, glass, and steel industries. A research team was formed to carry out the proposed work led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and was comprised of the academic institution Missouri University of Science and Technology (MS&T), and the industrial company MINTEQ International, Inc. (MINTEQ), along with representatives from the aluminum, chemical, glass, and forest products industries. The two goals of this project were to produce novel refractory compositions which will allow for improved energy efficiency and to develop new refractory application techniques which would improve the speed of installation. Also methods of hot installation were sought which would allow for hot repairs and on-line maintenance leading to reduced process downtimes and eliminating the need to cool and reheat process vessels.
Date: August 30, 2011
Creator: Hemrick, J.G. & Griffin, R. (MINTEQ International, Inc.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Liquid Metal Loops Irradiated on the ORNL Graphite Reactor and the LITR

Description: From abstract: Liquid alkali metals were circulated in a series of structural alloy loops under reactor radiation at high temperature. The first of these loops was a lithium-stainless steel (type 316) system, and the remainder were sodium-Inconel. No effect of radiation other than radioactivation was found. Mass transfer and metallurgical processes attributable to the operating temperatures were observed."
Date: June 1, 1959
Creator: Parkinson, W. W. & Sisman, O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Demonstration of the BioBaler harvesting system for collection of small-diameter woody biomass

Description: As part of a project to investigate sustainable forest management practices for producing wood chips on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) for the ORNL steam plant, the BioBaler was tested in various Oak Ridge locations in August of 2011. The purpose of these tests and the subsequent economic analysis was to determine the potential of this novel woody biomass harvesting method for collection of small-diameter, low value woody biomass. Results suggest that opportunities may exist for economical harvest of low-value and liability or negative-cost biomass. (e.g., invasives). This could provide the ORR and area land managers with a tool to produce feedstock while improving forest health, controlling problem vegetation, and generating local employment.
Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Langholtz, Matthew H.; Caffrey, Kevin R.; Barnett, Elliott J.; Webb, Erin; Brummette, Mark W. & Downing, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oak Ridge Reservation Annual Site Environmental Report for 2009

Description: The Oak Ridge Reservation Annual Site Environmental Report is prepared annually and presents summary environmental data to (1) characterize environmental performance, (2) summarize environmental occurrences reported during the year, (3) confirm compliance with environmental standards and requirements, and (4) highlight significant program activities. The report fulfills the requirement contained in DOE Order 231.1A, Environment, Safety and Health Reporting (DOE 2004) that an integrated annual site environmental report be prepared. The results summarized in this report are based on data collected prior to and through 2009. This report is not intended to nor does it present the results of all environmental monitoring associated with the ORR. Data collected for other site and regulatory purposes, such as environmental restoration/remedial investigation reports, waste management characterization sampling data, and environmental permit compliance data, are presented in other documents that have been prepared in accordance with applicable DOE guidance and/or laws and are referenced herein as appropriate. Appendix A to this report identifies corrections for the 2008 report. Appendix B contains a glossary of technical terms that may be useful for understanding the terminology used in this document. Environmental monitoring on the ORR consists primarily of two major activities: effluent monitoring and environmental surveillance. Effluent monitoring involves the collection and analysis of samples or measurements of liquid and gaseous effluents at the points of release to the environment; these measurements allow the quantification and official reporting of contaminant levels, assessment of radiation and chemical exposures to the public, and demonstration of compliance with applicable standards and permit requirements. Environmental surveillance consists of direct measurements and collection and analysis of samples taken from the site and its environs exclusive of effluents; these activities provide information on contaminant concentrations in air, water, groundwater, soil, foods, biota, and other media. Environmental surveillance data support determinations regarding environmental compliance ...
Date: October 1, 2010
Creator: Thompson, Sharon D. & Loffman, Regis S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental Survey Report for ORNL: Small Mammal Abundance and Distribution Survey Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 2009 - 2010

Description: This report summarizes a 1-year small mammal biodiversity survey conducted on the Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park (OR Research Park). The task was implemented through the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Natural Resources Management Program and included researchers from the ORNL Environmental Sciences Division, interns in the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education Higher Education Research Experiences Program, and ORNL Environmental Protection Services staff. Eight sites were surveyed reservation wide. The survey was conducted in an effort to determine species abundance and diversity of small mammal populations throughout the reservation and to continue the historical inventory of small mammal presence for biodiversity records. This data collection effort was in support of the approved Wildlife Management Plan for the Oak Ridge Reservation, a major goal of which is to maintain and enhance wildlife biodiversity on the Reservation. Three of the sites (Poplar Creek, McNew Hollow, and Deer Check Station Field) were previously surveyed during a major natural resources inventory conducted in 1996. Five new sites were included in this study: Bearden Creek, Rainy Knob (Natural Area 21), Gum Hollow, White Oak Creek and Melton Branch. The 2009-2010 small mammal surveys were conducted from June 2009 to July 2010 on the Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park (OR Research Park). The survey had two main goals: (1) to determine species abundance and diversity and (2) to update historical records on the OR Research Park. The park is located on the Department of Energy-owned Oak Ridge Reservation, which encompasses 13,580 ha. The primary focus of the study was riparian zones. In addition to small mammal sampling, vegetation and coarse woody debris samples were taken at certain sites to determine any correlations between habitat and species presence. During the survey all specimens were captured and released using live trapping techniques including Sherman ...
Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Giffen, Neil R.; Reasor, R. Scott & Campbell, Claire L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department