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INEX simulations of the optical performance of the AFEL

Description: The AFEL (Advanced Free-Electron Laser) Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory is presently under construction. The project's goal is to produce a very high-brightness electron beam which will be generated by a photocathode injector and a 20 MeV rf-linac. Initial laser experiments will be performed with a 1-cm-period permanent magnet wiggler which will generate intense optical radiation near a wavelength of 3.7 {mu}m. Future experiments will operate with slotted-tube'' electromagnetic wigglers (formerly called pulsed- wire'' wigglers). Experiments at both fundamental and higher-harmonic wavelengths are planned. This paper presents results of INEX (Integrated Numerical EXperiment) simulations of the optical performance of the AFEL. These simulations use the electron micropulse produced by the accelerator/beam transport code PARMELA in the 3-D FEL simulation code FELEX. 9 refs., 4 figs., 6 tabs.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Goldstein, J.C.; Wang, T.S.F. & Sheffield, R.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Experimental and theoretical investigations of marine stratocumulus cloud sensitivity to climate parameters using ship-trail clouds

Description: The formation and radiative properties of clouds are poorly parameterized in numerical climate models, especially marine boundary layer clouds. Twomey (1991), after describing the importance of cloud microphysics to the climate problem, states Clearly, many more field measurements and laboratory experiments are called for, rather than endless repetitions of computer simulations that are closely related to each other and parameterize in very similar ways.'' The effort described here is a field experimental effort supported by the Department of Energy under its Quantitative Links'' program. The project is called Ship-Trail Evolution Above High Updraft Naval Targets (SEAHUNT). The purpose of this study is to improve our understanding of the meteorological context in which ship trails and other perturbations to marine boundary layer clouds occur. 8 refs., 6 figs.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Porch, W.; Buchwald, M.; Glatzmaier, T.; Kao, C.-Y.; Unruh, W. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Hudson, J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Impulsive ion acceleration in earth's outer magnetosphere

Description: Considerable observational evidence is found that ions are accelerated to high energies in the outer magnetosphere during geomagnetic disturbances. The acceleration often appears to be quite impulsive causing temporally brief (10's of seconds), very intense bursts of ions in the distant plasma sheet as well as in the near-tail region. These ion bursts extend in energy from 10's of keV to over 1 MeV and are closely associated with substorm expansive phase onsets. Although the very energetic ions are not of dominant importance for magnetotail plasma dynamics, they serve as an important tracer population. Their absolute intensity and brief temporal appearance bespeaks a strong and rapid acceleration process in the near-tail, very probably involving large induced electric fields substantially greater than those associated with cross-tail potential drops. Subsequent to their impulsive acceleration, these ions are injected into the outer trapping regions forming ion ''drift echo'' events, as well as streaming tailward away from their acceleration site in the near-earth plasma sheet. Most auroral ion acceleration processes occur (or are greatly enhanced) during the time that these global magnetospheric events are occurring in the magnetotail. A qualitative model relating energetic ion populations to near-tail magnetic reconnection at substorm onset followed by global redistribution is quite successful in explaining the primary observational features. Recent measurements of the elemental composition and charge-states have proven valuable for showing the source (solar wind or ionosphere) of the original plasma population from which the ions were accelerated.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Baker, D.N. & Belian, R.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Proceedings of the LAMPF workshop on physics with polarized nuclear targets

Description: Topics of discussion included static and dynamic methods for polarizing nuclei, proton and pion nucleus scattering experiments, and possible future experiments at LAMPF. Separate abstracts were prepared for 11 papers in this report. (DWL)
Date: August 1, 1986
Creator: Burleson, G.; Gibbs, W.; Hoffmann, G.; Jarmer, J. J. & Tanaka, N. (eds.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Growth regulation by macrophages

Description: The evidence reviewed here indicates that macrophages, either acting alone or in concert with other cells, influence the proliferation of multiple types of cells. Most of the data indicate that these effects are mediated by soluble macrophage-elaborated products (probably proteins) although the role of direct cell-to-cell contacts cannot be ruled out in all cases. A degree of success has been achieved on the biochemical characterization of these factors, due mainly to their low specific activity in conditioned medium and the lack of rapid, specific assays. Understanding the growth-regulating potential of macrophages is an important and needed area of research.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Wharton, W.; Walker, E. & Stewart, C.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Diskless LSI-11 systems

Description: Programs for dedicated LSI-11 based systems can easily be stored in ROM instead of floppy disks, yet execute the same as disk-stored programs. Two sample systems are described.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Ford, W. & Shirk, D. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Statistical magnetohydrodynamics and reversed-field-pinch quiescence

Description: A statistical model of a bounded, incompressible, cylindrical magnetofluid is presented. This model predicts the presence of magnetic fluctuations about a cylindrically-symmetric, Bessel-function-model, mean magnetic field, which satisfies del x <B> = ..mu.. <B>. As theta ..-->.. 1.56, the model predicts that the significant region of the fluctuation spectrum narrows down to a single (coherent) m = 1 mode. An analogy between the Debye length of an electrostatic plasma and ..mu../sup -1/ suggests the physical validity o the model's prediction of <deltaB(r)deltaB(r')> when /r - r'/ greater than or equal to ..mu../sup -1/.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Turner, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Search for the neutrinoless muon decay. mu. /sup +/. -->. e/sup +/. gamma

Description: Separate muon, electron, and tau numbers are conserved in the minimal standard model of electroweak interactions with massless neutrinos. However, in many extensions to the standard model, separate lepton numbers are not expected to be conserved quantities. A new search for muon number non-conserving processes has been undertaken at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF), specifically to look for three neutrinoless decay modes of the muon. The search for the decay of a muon to an electron and a photon is discussed here. A new detector facility, located in the LAMPF stopped muon channel, was developed for this experiment. This Crystal Box detector consists of a cylindrical drift chamber surrounded by a plastic scintillator hodoscope and a large solid angle, modularized, NaI(Tl) calorimeter. The apparatus measures the trajectories, relative timing, and energies of charged particles and photons from the decays of positive muons stopped in a central target. The assembly and calibration of the detector are described, and the procedure for taking data is discussed. The sample of 1.3 million candidate events, from the first data run of the Crystal Box, was analyzed using a maximum-likelihood method. The upper limit on the branching ratio, relative to normal muon decay, for a muon decaying to an electron and a photon is found to be consistent with previous measurements. With 90% confidence, the branching ratio for this neutrinoless decay is observed to be less than 2.8 x 10/sup 10/.
Date: July 1, 1985
Creator: Wilson, S.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Development of 400- to 450-MHz RFQ resonator-cavity mechanical designs

Description: In the development of the radio-frequency quadrupole (RFQ) linac, the resonator cavity's mechanical design may be a challenge similar in magnitude to that of the development of the accelerator structure itself. Experience with the all-copper 425-MHz RFQ proof-of-principle linac has demonstrated that the resonator cavity must be structurally stiff and easily tunable. This experience has led to development of copper-plated steel structures having vanes that may be moved within a cylinder for tuning. Design of a flexible vane-to-cylinder radio-frequency (rf) joint, the vane, and the cylinder has many constraints dictated by the small-diameter cavities in the 400-MHz-frequency region. Two types of flexible, mechanical vane-to-cylinder rf joints are being developed at Los Alamos: the C-seal and the rf clamp-joint.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Hansborough, L.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Nuclear power in the Soviet Bloc

Description: The growth of Soviet Bloc nuclear power generation to the end of the century is evaluated on the basis of policy statements of objectives, past and current nuclear power plant construction, and trends in the potential for future construction. Central to this study is a detailed examination of individual reactor construction and site development that provides specific performance data not given elsewhere. A major commitment to nuclear power is abundantly clear and an expansion of ten times in nuclear electric generation is estimated between 1980 and 2000. This rate of growth is likely to have significant impact upon the total energy economy of the Soviet Bloc including lessening demands for use of coal, oil, and gas for electricity generation.
Date: March 1, 1982
Creator: Davey, W.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Relation between finite element methods and nodal methods in transport theory

Description: This paper examines the relationship between nodal methods and finite-element methods for solving the discrete-ordinates form of the transport equation in x-y geometry. Specifically, we will examine the relation of three finite-element schemes to the linear-linear (LL) and linear-nodal (LN) nodal schemes. The three finite-element schemes are the linear-continuous-diamond-difference (DD) scheme, the linear-discontinuous (LD) scheme, and the quadratic-discontinuous (QD) scheme. A brief derivation of the (LL) and (LN) nodal schemes is given in the third section of this paper. The approximations that cause the LL scheme to reduce to the DD, LD, and QD schemes are then indicated. An extremely simple method of deriving the finite-element schemes is then introduced.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Walters, W. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Potential energy for quarks

Description: It is argued on theoretical and phenomenological grounds that confinement of quarks is intrinsically a many-body interaction. The Born-Oppenheimer approximation to the bag model is shown to give rise to a static potential energy that consists of a sum of two-body Coulomb terms and a many-body confining term. Following the success of this potential in heavy Q anti Q systems it is being applied to Q/sup 2/ anti Q/sup 2/. Preliminary calculations suggest that dimeson bound states with exotic flavor, such as bb anti s anti s, exist. 13 refs., 5 figs.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Heller, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Generation of coherent soft x-rays using a single-pass free-electron laser amplifier

Description: We consider a single-pass free-electron laser (FEL) amplifier, driven by an rf-linac followed by a damping ring for reduced emittance, for use in generating coherent light in the soft x-ray region. The dependence of the optical gain on electron-beam quality, studied with the three-dimensional FEL simulation code FELEX, is given and related to the expected power of self-amplified spontaneous emission. We discuss issues for the damping ring designed to achieve the required electron beam quality. The idea of a multipass regenerative amplifier is also presented. 6 refs., 3 tabs.
Date: January 1, 1987
Creator: Wang, T. F.; Goldstein, J. C.; Newmam, B. E. & McVey, B. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

SIMMER as a safety analysis tool

Description: SIMMER has been used for numerous applications in fast reactor safety, encompassing both accident and experiment analysis. Recent analyses of transition-phase behavior in potential core disruptive accidents have integrated SIMMER testing with the accident analysis. Results of both the accident analysis and the verification effort are presented as a comprehensive safety analysis program.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Smith, L. L.; Bell, C. R.; Bohl, W. R.; Bott, T. F.; Dearing, J. F. & Luck, L. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Development of a low intensity current monitor system

Description: This report documents the development of a current transformer system used to measure pulsed ion beam currents with a wide dynamic intensity range (nA to mA, and factor of 10{sup 6}). Peak beam currents at the LAMPF accelerator typically range from 100 to nA to 40 mA with pulse widths varying from 30 to 1000 {mu}s. Signal conditioning of the peak current output provides an average current readout with a range of 1 nA to 2 mA, noise of approximately {plus minus}0.5 nA, and accuracy of {plus minus}0.1%. Since the system has proved stable and highly reliable, calibration is performed yearly. The prototype unit was built in 1985 and the final production unit was completed in early 1989. 5 refs., 14 figs.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Gallegos, F.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Source-jerk analysis using a semi-explicit inverse kinetic technique

Description: A method is proposed for measuring the effective reproduction factor, k, in subcritical systems. The method uses the transient response of a subcritical system to the sudden removal of an extraneous neutron source (i.e., a source jerk). The response is analyzed using an inverse kinetic technique that least-squares fits the exact analytical solution corresponding to a source-jerk transient as derived from the point-reactor model. It has been found that the technique can provide an accurate means of measuring k in systems that are close to critical (i.e., 0.95 < k < 1.0). As a system becomes more subcritical (i.e., k << 1.0) spatial effects can introduce significant biases depending on the source and detector positions. However, methods are available that can correct for these biases and, hence, can allow measuring subcriticality in systems with k as low as 0.5. 12 refs., 3 figs.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Spriggs, G.D. & Pederson, R.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Operating experience and procedures at the tritium systems test assembly

Description: Operating procedures are important for the safe and efficient operation of the Tritium Systems Test Assembly (TSTA). TSTA has been operating for four years with tritium in a safe and efficient manner. The inventory of tritium in the process loop is 100 grams and several milestone runs have been completed. This paper describes the methods used to operate TSTA. 3 refs., 1 fig.
Date: January 1, 1988
Creator: Carlson, R.V.; Binning, K.E.; Cole, S. P.; Jenkins, E. M.; Wilhelm, R. C. & Cole, S. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Evidence of former higher temperatures from alteration minerals, Bostic 1-A well, Mountain Home, Idaho

Description: Cuttings from the silicic volcanics in the Bostic 1-A well near Mountain Home, Idaho have been examined petrographically with the assistance of x-ray diffraction and electron microprobe analyses. Results indicate that these rocks have been subjected to much higher temperatures than were observed in the well in 1974, when a static temperature log was run. It is not known to what extent the alternation may be due to greater depth of burial in the past, or whether it resulted from an early hydrothermal system of higher temperature than the one now observed.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Arney, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Calculations of thermal-reactor spent-fuel nuclide inventories and comparisons with measurements

Description: Comparisons with integral measurements have demonstrated the accuracy of CINDER codes and libraries in calculating aggregate fission-product properties, including neutron absorption, decay power, and decay spectra. CINDER calculations have, alternatively, been used to supplement measured integral data describing fission-product decay power and decay spectra. Because of the incorporation of the extensive actinide library and the use of ENDF/B-V data, it is desirable to compare the inventory of individual nuclides obtained from tandem EPRI-CELL/CINDER-2 calculations with those determined in documented benchmark inventory measurements of spent reactor fuel. The development of the popular /sup 148/Nd burnup measurement procedure is outlined, and areas of uncertainty in it and lack of clarity in its interpretation are indicated. Six inventory samples of varying quality and completeness are examined. The power histories used in the calculations have been listed for other users.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Wilson, W. B.; LaBauve, R. J. & England, T. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Aspects of model selection in multivariate analyses

Description: Analysis of data sets that involve large numbers of variables usually entails some type of model fitting and data reduction. In regression problems, a fitted model that is obtained by a selection process can be difficult to evaluate because of optimism induced by the choice mechanism. Problems in areas such as discriminant analysis, calibration, and the like often lead to similar difficulties. The preceeding sections reviewed some of the general ideas behind assessment of regression-type predictors and illustrated how they can be easily incorporated into a standard data analysis.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Picard, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Internal magnetic fields in hcp-iron

Description: The magnetic behavior of hcp-Fe (epsilon iron) has been investigated by the Moessbauer Effect over a wide range of temperature T, pressure P, and applied magnetic field H/sub 0/. The internal field H/sub i/ of the induced moment is given by H/sub i/ = 0.20 +- .01 H/sub 0/ and is independent of T and P. Enhanced paramagnetism is suggested as the most likely origin for a contribution of this magnitude to H/sub i/.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Taylor, R. D.; Cort, G. & Willis, J. O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Light composite fermions: an overview

Description: Some rules which have been proposed, including 't Hooft's anomaly conditions, decoupling conditions and tumbling versus no tumbling are discussed. Then mass generation mechanisms for composite fermions are covered, including weak gauging, strong gauging, and unification. The origin of the different generations of quarks and leptons is then considered. In the context of composite models, the three generations of quarks and leptons must appear in the first approximation as three sets of massless composite fermions in identical representations of continuous flavor symmetry with a conserved generation number distinguishing them. The generation symmetry is preferably a discrete one in order to avoid massless Goldstone bosons that would occur if one could spontaneously break a continuous symmetry. Harari and Seiberg have shown that in a class of rishon models there exist U(1) generation symmetries that are automatically broken to a discrete generation symmetry due to strong interaction instantons. An example of a solution to the anomaly conditions with this property is given. (GHT)
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Raby, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Electron-beam envelopes and matching for a combined wiggler and alternating-gradient quadrupole channel

Description: This work studies the electron-beam envelopes and matching for a combined wiggler and alternating-gradient quadrupole field for a free-electron laser (FEL) that will be operated in the VUV or XUV wavelength region. The quadrupole field is assumed to vary continuously along the symmetry axis. The linearized equations of electron motion are solved analytically by using the two-scale perturbation method for a plane polarized wiggler. The electron-beam envelopes and the envelope equations, as well as the matching conditions in phase space, are obtained from the electron trajectories. A comparison with the numerical solution is presented.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Wang, T. F. & Cooper, R. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiation dosimetry through spectral definition

Description: We have developed a fieldable instrumentation system for determining from measured flux spectra, both the neutron and gamma ray dose rate distributions associated with radioactive sources. This system includes the sensors, the computer-based data acquisition and analysis hardware, and the requisite software for unfolding the sensor response functions to obtain the flux spectra, and for folding the resultant flux spectra with appropriate flux spectrum-to-dose conversion factors. We use bismuth germanate scintillators that have experimentally measured and analytically interpolated response functions to determine the gamma ray flux spectra, and a suite of neutron sensors, based on proton recoil and /sup 3/He capture, to determine the neutron flux spectra. In addition, gamma ray peak identification is done using HPGe sensors. We describe the equipment and procedures and present some recent results. 10 refs., 15 figs.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Dowdy, E. J.; Moss, C. E.; Robba, A. A.; Evans, A. E.; Lucas, M. C.; Shunk, E. R. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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