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Development of a Rapidly Deployed Department of Energy Emergency Response Element

Description: The Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan (FRERP) directs the Department of Energy (DOE) to maintain a viable, timely, and fully documented response option capable of supporting the responsible Lead Federal Agency in the event of a radiological emergency impacting any state or US territory (e.g., CONUS). In addition, the DOE maintains a response option to support radiological emergencies outside the continental US (OCONUS). While the OCUNUS mission is not governed by the FREP, this response is operationally similar to that assigned to the DOE by the FREP. The DOE is prepared to alert, activate, and deploy radiological response teams to augment the Radiological Assistance Program and/or local responders. The Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center (RMAC) is a phased response that integrates with the Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center (FRMAC) in CONUS environments and represents a stand-alone DOE response for OCONUS environments. The FRMAC/RMAC Phase I was formally ''stood up'' as an operational element in April 1999. The FRMAC/RMAC Phase II proposed ''stand-up'' date is midyear 2000.
Date: October 1, 1999
Creator: Riland, C.A.; Hopkins, R.C. & Tighe, R.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Shaft Sinking at the Nevada Test Site, U1h Shaft Project

Description: The U1h Shaft Project is a design/build subcontract to construct one 6.1 meter (m) (20 feet (ft)) finished diameter shaft to a depth of 321.6 m (1,055 ft.) at the Nevada Test Site. Atkinson Construction was subcontracted by Bechtel Nevada to construct the U1h Shaft for the U.S. Department of Energy. The project consists of furnishing and installing the sinking plant, construction of the 321.6 m (1,055 ft.) of concrete lined shaft, development of a shaft station at a depth of 297.5 m (976 ft.), and construction of a loading pocket at the station. The outfitting of the shaft and installation of a new hoist may be incorporated into the project at a later date. This paper will describe the design phase, the excavation and lining operation, shaft station construction and the contractual challenges encountered on this project.
Date: March 1, 2001
Creator: Briggs, B. & Musick, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. DOE's Emergency Communications Network Site Atlas Project

Description: Bechtel Nevada supports the US Department of Energy's Emergency Operations Center by providing Geographic Information System support in the areas of database maintenance, user interface, and daily emergency preparedness operations. This support includes preparation of a set of standardized atlases for many of the sites run by the Department of Energy. The atlases are created from one suite of ARC Macro Language programs that handles problems with producing consistent output for many maps in many different scales from data obtained from multiple sources and created at various scales. Flexibility and ease of change/update are the key benefits of this system.
Date: July 27, 1999
Creator: Coffey, J.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characterization of Deep Tunneling Activity through Remote-Sensing Techniques

Description: This work is a case study demonstrating the uses of multispectral and multi-temporal imagery to characterize deep tunneling activity. A drainage tunnel excavation in Quincy, MA is the case locality. Data used are aerial photographs (digitized) and Daedalus 3600 MSS image data that were collected in July and October of 1994. Analysis of the data includes thermal characterization, spectral characterization, multi-temporal analysis, and volume estimation using digital DEM generation. The results demonstrate the type of information that could be generated by multispectral, multi-temporal data if the study locality were a clandestine excavation site with restricted surface access.
Date: October 1, 1997
Creator: R. G. Best, P. J. Etzler, and J. D. Bloom
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Department of Energy's Consequence Management Concept

Description: The Department of Energy (DOE) is currently implementing a new concept for supporting Consequence Management (CM) operations. It supports operations within the Continental US (CONUS) and Outside the Continental US (OCONUS)and includes the development of downwind hazard predictions, data assessment, operational planning, medical advise and planning, and radiation monitoring and sampling. This evolving concept introduces some new CM response elements and a phased deployment of the Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center (FRMAC) to facilitate the priority management, planning, and response operations for radiological emergency response situations. Implementation of this new concept better enables the DOE to rapidly provide CM support and assistance to federal, state, and local authorities to protect the health and safety of the public.
Date: October 1, 1999
Creator: Lambert, Robert A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Application of GIS for Cassini Launch Support

Description: The Cassini spacecraft began its eleven-year mission to Saturn on October 15, 1997. The spacecraft is powered by Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators and Light Weight Radioisotope Heating Units comprised primarily of plutonium-238 as fuel. Due to the potential for a radiation release in the event of a launch accident, the US Department of Energy deployed a contingency response team to Cape Canaveral to support the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for the Cassini launch. The team was comprised of radiation monitoring and assessment teams, a communications/logistics team, and a team of Field Analysis System for Emergency Response (FASER) Geographic Information System personnel. FASER is a system developed around Arc/Info and Arcview for integrating and analyzing spatial information for nuclear emergency response activities. FASER operators integrated data from radiological prediction models, background radiation measurements, and a global positioning system-based Flight Path Recovery System for monitoring real-time aircraft locations. With this system, spatial data met the need to be processed and presented to mission managers quickly during the hours preceding launch.
Date: August 1, 1998
Creator: Guber, A.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

RCRA Post Closure Monitoring and Inspection Report for CAU 91: Area 3 U-3fi Waste Unit, Nevada Test Site for the Period October 1996-1997

Description: This annual Neutron Soil Moisture Monitoring report provides an analysis and summary for site inspections, meteorological information, and neutron soil moisture monitoring data obtained at the U-3fi Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Unit, located in Area 3 of the Nevada Site (NTS), Nye County, Nevada, during the October 1996-October 1997 period. Inspections of the U-3fi RCRA Unit are conducted to determine and document the physical condition of the concrete pad, facilities, and any unusual conditions that could impact the proper operation of the waste unit closure. The objective of the neutron logging is to monitor the soil moisture conditions along the 128 meter (420 feet) ER3-3 monitoring well and detect changes that may be indicative of moisture movement in the regulated interval extending between 73 m to 82 m (240 to 270 ft).
Date: January 1, 1998
Creator: Emer, Dudley
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center Phased Response Operations

Description: A Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center (FRMAC) is established in response to the Lead Federal Agency (LFA) or state request when a major radiological emergency is anticipated of has occurred. The FRMAC becomes a coalition of federal off-site monitoring and assessment activities to assist the LFA, state(s), local, and tribal authorities. State, local, and tribal authorities are invited to co-locate and prioritize monitoring and assessment efforts in the FRMAC. The Department of Energy is tasked by the Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan to coordinate the FRMAC.
Date: June 30, 1999
Creator: Riland, C.A. & Bowman, D.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Department of Energy's Emergency Response Support and Logistics Assets

Description: The Department of Energy (DOE) possesses deployable mechanical, electrical, logistical, and communications assets for supporting emergency response operations in a field environment. These assets are operated and maintained by Bechtel Nevada personnel at the DOE's Remote Sensing Laboratory located in Las Vegas, Nevada
Date: October 1, 1999
Creator: Lambert, Robert A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Department of Energy's Emergency Response Assets

Description: The Department of Energy (DOE) has the world's leading scientists, engineers and technicians from over 50 years of managing the nation's nuclear weapons program. When the need arises, the DOE is prepared to respond immediately to any type of radiological accident or incident, anywhere in the world, with the seven emergency response assets described below.
Date: October 1, 1999
Creator: Lambert, R.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

GIS Meets Airborne MSS: Geospatial Applications of High-Resolution Multispectral Data

Description: Bechtel Nevada operates and flies Daedalus multispectral scanners for funded project tasks at the Department of Energy's Remote Sensing Laboratory. Historically, processing and analysis of multispectral data has afforded scientists the opportunity to see natural phenomena not visible to the naked eye. However, only recently has a system, more specifically a Geometric Correction System, existed to automatically geo-reference these data directly into a Geographic Information (GIS) database. Now, analyses, performed previously in a nongeospatial environment, are integrated directly into an Arc/Info GIS. This technology is of direct benefit to environmental and emergency response applications.
Date: July 27, 1999
Creator: Guber, Albert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

AERIAL RADIOLOGICAL SURVEYS

Description: Measuring terrestrial gamma radiation from airborne platforms has proved to be a useful method for characterizing radiation levels over large areas. Over 300 aerial radiological surveys have been carried out over the past 25 years including U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites, commercial nuclear power plants, Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program/Uranium Mine Tailing Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP/UMTRAP) sites, nuclear weapons test sites, contaminated industrial areas, and nuclear accident sites. This paper describes the aerial measurement technology currently in use by the Remote Sensing Laboratory (RSL) for routine environmental surveys and emergency response activities. Equipment, data-collection and -analysis methods, and examples of survey results are described.
Date: June 9, 1997
Creator: Proctor, A.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department