Description: Investigatiors were made of various materials for development of metal- canned and semi-homogeneous GCRE-II fuel element concepts. The materials were studied for application to development of fuels, grapanite, silicon-silicon carbide coatings, metal claddings, carburization barrier coatings, and graphite joining. A survey of the literature showad that uranium carbide fuels are superior to other types for the applications described and that refractory metal or metal carbide fuel coatings appear superior to other types for use with the types of graphite investigated. Experimental measurements were made of the thermal conductivity, tensile strength, stress-strain reiationships, and thermal expansion of graphite powdsr bonded with baked carbon at a final firing temperature of 760 deg C. Results showed that these materials were stronger and more isotropic at all test temperatures than a standard structure graphite such as ATJ. The thermal conductivity is somewhat lower and the thermal extansion slightly higher than the corresponding properties of ATJ. A silicon-silicon carbide coating was developed as an osidation-resistant coating for graphite. Preliminary air oxidation tests at 1000 deg C showed that the first samples survived 2000 hr with 10% failure. Subsequent experiments showed that it is reasonable to expect better performance in further tests. Tests for compatibility with graphite were conducted on zirconium, Zircaloy-2, "A" nickel, and K-Monel at 1750 and 1850 deg F for 1000 and 1500 hr. Chemical analyses, metallography, and tensile tests indicated that the K-Monel is the material most compatible with graphite; it possesses good strength and ductility with negligible carburization or carbon diffusion. Zircaloy-2 tubing showed a growth of from 3.4 to 3.8% when thermal cycled 100 times between 850 and 1850 deg F. Tests for compatibility with Hastelloy X were conducted on graphite samples coated with molybdenum, niobium carbide, and zirconium carbide at 1750 deg F and 300 psi for 1000 and ...
Date: December 30, 1960
Creator: Carpenter, R. & Del Grosso, A.
Item Type: Refine your search to only Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department