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On the Installation of Jet Engine Nacelles on a Wing Fourth Partial Report: Pressure-Distribution Measurements on a Sweptback Wing with Jet Engine Nacelle

Description: The present report, which deals with pressure-distribution measurements made on a sweptback wing with a jet engine nacelle, is similar to a report on pressure-distribution measurements on a rectangular wing with a jet engine nacelle (second partial report). Here, in investigations preliminary to high-speed measurements, as in the second partial report, useful arrangements and fillet designs have been discovered.
Date: July 1, 1949
Creator: Buschner, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Temperatures and Stresses on Hollow Blades For Gas Turbines

Description: The present treatise reports on theoretical investigations and test-stand measurements which were carried out in the BMW Flugmotoren GMbH in developing the hollow blade for exhaust gas turbines. As an introduction the temperature variation and the stress on a turbine blade for a gas temperature of 900 degrees and circumferential velocities of 600 meters per second are discussed. The assumptions onthe heat transfer coefficients at the blade profile are supported by tests on an electrically heated blade model. The temperature distribution in the cross section of a blade Is thoroughly investigated and the temperature field determined for a special case. A method for calculation of the thermal stresses in turbine blades for a given temperature distribution is indicated. The effect of the heat radiation on the blade temperature also is dealt with. Test-stand experiments on turbine blades are evaluated, particularly with respect to temperature distribution in the cross section; maximum and minimum temperature in the cross section are ascertained. Finally, the application of the hollow blade for a stationary gas turbine is investigated. Starting from a setup for 550 C gas temperature the improvement of the thermal efficiency and the fuel consumption are considered as well as the increase of the useful power by use of high temperatures. The power required for blade cooling is taken into account.
Date: September 1, 1947
Creator: Pollmann, Erich
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flow Measurement by Means of Light Interference

Description: There has been under development for the high-speed wind tunnel of the LFA an optical measuring arrangement for the qualitative and quantitative investigation of flow. By the use of interference measurements, the determination of density at the surface of the bodies being tested in the air stream and in the vicinity of these bodies can be undertaken. The results obtained so far in the simple preliminary investigations show that it is possible, even at a low Reynolds number, to obtain the density field in the neighborhood of a test body by optical means. Simple analytical expressions give the relation between density, pressure, velocity, and temperature. In addition to this, the interference measurement furnishes valuable data on the state of the boundary layer, that is, the sort of boundary layer (whether laminar or turbulent), as well as the temperature and velocity distribution.
Date: August 1, 1949
Creator: Zobel, Th.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure-Distribution Measurements on Unyawed Swept-Back Wings

Description: This report presents comprehensive pressure-distribution measurements on four (4) swept-back wings (phi = 0 deg, 15 deg, 30 deg, and 45 deg) of constant chord and over a large range of angles of attack with symmetrical air flow. The distributions, experimentally obtained, were compared with theoretical ones calculated by the methods of Weissinger and Multhopp.
Date: July 1, 1947
Creator: Jacobs, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fundamentals of the Control of Gas-Turbine Power Plants for Aircraft. Part III Control of Jet Engines, Part 3, Control of Jet Engines

Description: The basic principles of the control of TL ongincs are developed on .the basis of a quantitative investigation of the behavior of these behavior under various operating conditions with particular consideration of the simplifications pormissible in each case. Various possible means of control of jet engines are suggested and are illustrated by schematic designs.
Date: May 1, 1947
Creator: Kuehl, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Systematic Investigations of the Effects of Plan Form and Gap between the Fixed Surface and Control Surface on Simple Flapped Wings

Description: Four component measurements of 12 wings of symmetric profile having flaps with chord ratios t(sub R)/t(sub L) = 0.3 and t(sub R)/t(sub L) = 0.2 are treated in this report. As a result of the investigations, the effects of plan form and gap between fixed surface and control surface have been clarified. Lift, drag, pitching moment, and hinge moment were measured in the control-surface deflection range: -23 deg < or = beta < or = 23 deg and the range of angle of attack: -20 deg < or = alpha < or = 20 deg. Six wings with flaps of small chord (t(sub R)/t(sub L) < 0.1) were investigated at large flap settings.
Date: May 1, 1949
Creator: Goethert & Roeber
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Measurements on the Henschel Missile "Zitterrochen" in Subsonic and Supersonic Velocities

Description: At the request of the Henschel Aircraft Works. A. G. Berlin. three models of the missile "Zitterrochen" were investigated at subsonic velocities.(open jet 215-millimeter diameter) and at supersonic velocities (open jet 110 by 130 millimeters) in order to determine the effect of various wing forms on the air forces and moments. Three-component measurements were taken, and one model was also investigated with deflected control plates.
Date: April 1, 1948
Creator: Weber & Kehl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Test Report on Three- and Six-Component Measurements on a Series of Tapered Wings of Small Aspect Ratio (Partial Report: Trapezoidal Wing)

Description: The present report, which forms the first of six articles on experiments with airfoils of aspect ratio from 1 to 3 and various planforms, deals with the three- and six-component measurements made on the trapezoidal wing series in the 2.15 x 3-meter wind tunnel of the DVL at the request of the Henschel Aircraft Company.
Date: May 1, 1949
Creator: Lange & Wacke
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Influence of the Application of Power during Spin Recovery of Multiengine Airplanes

Description: The effect of application of power, so far not clarified, is investigated in the present report in order to give the pilot, in addition to the control measures, an expedient for spin recovery of multiengine airplanes. To this end, a series of spins was performed with an airplane of the Go 150 type. It was possible to set up a uniform rule regarding the effect of power, for right end left spins as well as for any combination of the direction of rotation of the propellers.
Date: June 1, 1949
Creator: Hoehler, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Susceptibility to Welding Cracking, Welding Sensitivity, Susceptibility to Welding Seam Cracking, and Test Methods for These Failures

Description: In the years after the First World war a very rapid development, which even today has by no means come to an end, took place in the field of welding; here also, as in most technical innovations, failures made their appearance. Thereupon comprehensive Investigations were undertaken by steel manufacturers and consumers with cooperation of the authorities. b most cases the reasons for failure could be determined and eliminated and further occurrences avoided by the use of new test methods.
Date: June 1, 1949
Creator: Zeyen, K. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fundamentals of the Control of Gas-Turbine Power Plants for Aircraft, Part 1, Standardization of the Computations Relating to the Control of Gas-Turbine Power Plants for Aircraft by the Employment of the Laws of Similarity

Description: It will be shown that by the use of the concept of similarity a simple representation of the characteristic curves of a compressor operating in combination with a turbine may be obtained with correct allowance for the effect of temperature. Furthermore, it bec~mes possible to simplify considerably the rather tedious investigations of the behavior of gas-turbine power plants under different operating conditions. Characteristic values will be derived for the most important elements of operating behavior of the power plant, which will be independent of the absolute valu:s of pressure and temperature. At the same time, the investigations provide the basis for scale-model tests on compressors and turbines.
Date: April 1, 1947
Creator: Luehl, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculations and Experimental Investigations on the Feed-Power Requirement of Airplanes with Boundary-Layer Control

Description: Calculations and test results are given about the feed-power requirement of airplanes with boundary-layer control. Curves and formulas for the rough estimate of pressure-loss and feed-power requirement are set up for the investigated arrangements which differ structurally and aerodynamically. According to these results the feed power for three different designs is calculated at the end of the report.
Date: September 1, 1947
Creator: Krueger, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lame's Wave Functions of the Ellipsoid of Revolution

Description: It has recently Miss Gertrude Blanch that errors exist in been brought to the attention of the NACA by of the Bureau of Standards, Department of Commerce the tabulated values appearing in tables 11 to 17 of TM 1224. Miss Blanch notes that C. J. Bouwkamp~ from whom Meixner obtained the values presented, subsequently corrected them in tables. appearing in the Journal of Mathematics and Physics, vol. XXVI, no. 2, JULY 1947, pp. 88-91. In spite of the difference in symbols and notation in the two papers, reprints of tables I to IX included in the July 1947 issue of the Journal of Mathematics and Physics are attached for the use of those interested in receiving them. The NACA wishes to express its appreciation to the Journal of Mathematics and Physics for permitting these tables to be reproduced for this purpose.
Date: April 1, 1949
Creator: Meixner, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of Counterrotating Propellers

Description: A method for calculation of a counterrotating propeller which is similar to Walchner's method for calculation of the single propeller in the free air stream is developed and compared with measurements. Several dimensions which are important for the design are given end simple formulas for the gain in efficiency derived. Finally a survey of the behavior of the propeller for various operating conditions is presented.
Date: March 1, 1949
Creator: Ginzel, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigations on the Stability, Oscillation, and Stress Conditions of Airplanes with Tab Control: First Partial Report. Derivation of the Equations of Motion and their General Solutions

Description: For the design and the construction of airplanes the control is of special significance, not only with regard to the flight mechhnical properties but also for the proportional arrangement of wing unit, fuselage, and tail unit. whereas these problems may be regarded as solved for direct control of airplane motions, that is, for immediate operation of the control surfaces, they are not clarified as to oscimtions, stability, and stress phenomena occurring in flight motions with Indirect control, ss realized for instance in tab control. Its modus operandi is based on the activation of a tab hinged to the trailing edge & the main control surface. Due to lift and drag variations, mcments originate about the axis of rotation of the main contnol surface which cause an up-or--down floating of the main control surface and thus a change in the direction of the airplane. Since this tab control means flying with free control surface , the treatment of this problem should provide the basis on which to judge stability, oscilhtton, and stress data.The present report is to represent a contribution toward the clarification of the problems arising and, to treat the longitudinal motion of an airplane.
Date: September 1949
Creator: Filzek, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigations of Lateral Stability of a Glide Bomb Using Automatic Control Having No Time Lag

Description: The investigation of the lateral stability of an automatically controlled glide bomb led also to the attempt of clarifying the influence of a phugoid oscillation or of any general longitudinal oscillation on the lateral stability of a glide bomb. Under the assumption that its period of oscillation considerably exceeds the rolling and yawing oscillation and that c(sub a) is, at least in sections, practically constant, the result of this test is quite simple. It becomes clear that the influence of the phugoid oscillation may be replaced by suitable variation of the rolling-yawing moment on a rectilinear flight path instead of the phugoid oscillation. If the flying weight of the glide bomb of unchanged dimensions is increased, an increase of the flight velocity will be more favorable than an increase of the lift coefficient. The arrangement of the control permits lateral stability to be achieved in every case; a minimum rolling moment due to sideslip proves of great help.
Date: August 1950
Creator: Sponder, E. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lift and Drag of Wings with Small Span

Description: The lift coefficient of a wing of small span at first shows a linear increase for the increasing angle of attack, but to a lesser degree then was to be expected according to the theory of the lifting line; thereafter the lift coefficient increases more rapidly than linearity, as contrasted with the the theory of the lifting line. The induced drag coefficient for a given lift coefficient, on the other hand, is obviously much smaller than it would be according to the theory. A mall change in the theory of the lifting line will cover these deviations.
Date: August 1947
Creator: Weinig, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Characteristics Method Applied to Stationary Two-Dimensional and Rotationally Symmetrical Gas Flows

Description: By means of characteristics theory, formulas for the numerical treatment of stationary compressible supersonic flows for the two-dimensional and rotationally symmetrical cases have been obtained from their differential equations.
Date: March 1, 1949
Creator: Pfeiffer, F. & Meyer-Koenig, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of the Pressure Distribution on Bodies of Revolution in the Subsonic Flow of a Gas, Part 1, Axially Symmetrical Flow

Description: The present report concerns a method of computing the velocity and pressure distributions on bodies of revolution in axially symmetrical flow in the subsonic range. The differential equation for the velocity potential Phi of a compressible fluid motion is linearized tn the conventional manner, and then put in the form Delta(Phi) = 0 by affine transformation. The quantity Phi represents the velocity potential of a fictitious incompressible flow, for which a constant superposition of sources by sections is secured by a method patterned after von Karman which must comply with the boundary condition delta(phi)/delta(n) = 0 at the originally specified contour. This requirement yields for the "pseudo-stream function" psi a differential equation which must be fulfilled for as many points on the contour as source lengths are assumed. In this manner, the problem of defining the still unknown source intensities is reduced to the solution of an inhomogeneous equation system. The pressure distribution is then determined with the aid of Bernoulli's equation and adiabatic equation of state. Lastly, the pressure distributions in compressible and incompressible medium are compared on a model problem.
Date: July 1, 1947
Creator: Bilharz, Herbert & Hoelder, Ernst
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department