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Description: A prototype liquid xenon {gamma}-camera has been constructed and preliminary results obtained. The sensitive volume is 7 c x 7 cm in area and 1.5 cm thick. Orthogonal coordinates for each interacting {gamma}-ray are provided by 24 anode wires 5 {micro} in diameter spaced 2.8 mm apart and 24 cathode strips.
Date: December 1, 1972
Creator: Zaklad, Haim; Derenzo, Stephen E.; Muller, Richard A. & Smits,Robert G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: We report properties of single-wire proportional chambers and multiple-wire ionization chambers filled with liquid xenon. Proportional multiplication is seen for anode fields > 10{sup 6} volts/cm (anode-cathode voltage> 1 kV for a 3.5-{micro}-diam anode wire). The efficiency for detecting ionizing radiation is {approx} 100%. The time resolution of the chambers is {+-} 10{sup -7} sec. We attained a spatial resolution of {+-} 15 {micro} with a multiwire ionization chamber, considerably better than that of any other real-time particle detector.
Date: June 1, 1971
Creator: Muller, Richard A.; Derenzo, Stephen E.; Smadja, Gerard.; Smith, Dennis B.; Smits, Robert G.; Zaklad, Haim. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: The increasing availability of short lived gamma and positron emitting isotopes, coupled with the importance of dynamical studies and better imaging, has generated the need for an improved {gamma}-ray camera. The authors discuss a new type of {gamma}-ray camera which makes use of electron avalanches in liquid xenon. A configuration currently under development is shown in Figure 1. The successful operation of a liquid xenon proportional counter was recently reported. The liquid xenon camera promises better spatial resolution and higher counting rate than the existing NaI(Tl) scintillation camera. The spatial resolution for {gamma} rays is in principle limited only by the range of photoelectrons in liquid xenon, which is < 0.2 mm for energies < 1 MeV. A counting rate of 10{sup 6} C/s or more appears possible. As a result of the better resolution and high counting rate capability, the definition of the picture is improved. In addition, the high counting rate capability makes possible dynamic studies which were previously unfeasible. Although they expect the energy resolution with liquid xenon to be superior to that of NaI, the preliminary measurements show 17% FWHM for 279 keV {gamma}'s. Improvements are expected by using better geometry and smoother wire.
Date: February 1, 1972
Creator: Zaklad, Haim.; Derenzo, Stephen E.; Muller, Richard A.; Smadja,Gerard.; Smits, Robert G. & Alvarez, Luis W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department