30 Matching Results

Search Results

Advanced search parameters have been applied.

Field analysis of a dielectric-loaded rectangular waveguide accelerating structure.

Description: In this paper, we present a detailed analysis of the modes of a dielectric-loaded rectangular waveguide accelerating structure. In general, the acceleration field in a synchronous acceleration mode is non-uniform in the two transverse dimensions. However, we could use an array of these structures rotated alternatively by 90 degrees to get a focusing-defocusing force continuously as a simple FODO lattice, while maintaining uniform energy gain. The expressions of characteristic parameters such as R/Q, group velocity and attenuation constant are given. The longitudinal wake field experienced by a relativistic charged particle beam in the structure is also presented. These analytical results are also compared with numerical calculations using the MAFIA code suite demonstrating the validity of our analytic approach.
Date: July 16, 2001
Creator: Xiao, L.; Gai, W. & Sun, X.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

HOM/LOM Coupler Study for the ILC Crab Cavity

Description: The FNAL 9-cell 3.9GHz deflecting mode cavity designed for the CKM experiment was chosen as the baseline design for the ILC BDS crab cavity. The full 9-cell CKM cavity including the coupler end-groups was simulated using the parallel eigensolver Omega3P and scattering parameter solver S3P. It was found that both the notch filters for the HOM/LOM couplers are very sensitive to the notch gap, which is about 1.6MHz/micron and is more than 10 times more sensitive than the TTF cavity. It was also found in the simulation that the unwanted vertical {pi}-mode (SOM) is strongly coupled to the horizontal 7{pi}/9 mode which causes x-y coupling and reduces the effectiveness of the SOM damping. To meet the ILC requirements, the HOM/LOM couplers are redesigned to address these issues. With the new designs, the damping of the HOM/LOM modes is improved. The sensitivity of the notch filter for the HOM coupler is reduced by one order of magnitude. The notch filter for the LOM coupler is eliminated in the new design which significantly simplifies the geometry. In this paper, we will present the simulation results of the original CKM cavity and the progresses on the HOM/LOM coupler re-design and optimization.
Date: April 16, 2007
Creator: Xiao, L.; Li, Z.; Ko, K. & /SLAC
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A hybrid dielectric and iris loaded periodic accelerating structure.

Description: One disadvantage of conventional iris-loaded accelerating structures is the high ratio of the peak surface electric field to the peak axial electric field useful for accelerating a beam. Typically this ratio E{sub s}/E{sub a} {ge} 2. The high surface electric field relative to the accelerating gradient may prove to be a limitation for realizing technologies for very high gradient accelerators. In this paper, we present a scheme that uses a hybrid dielectric and iris loaded periodic structure to reduce E{sub s}/E{sub a} to near unity, while the shunt impedance per unit length r and the quality factor Q compare favorably with conventional metallic structures. The analysis based on MAFIA simulations of such structures shows that we can lower the peak surface electric field close to the accelerating gradient while maintaining high acceleration efficiency as measured by r/Q. Numerical examples of X-band hybrid accelerating structures are given.
Date: July 17, 2001
Creator: Zou, P.; Xiao, L.; Sun, X. & Gai, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

3D simulations of multipacting in the 56 MHz SRF cavity

Description: The 56 MHz SRF Quarter-Wave Resonator (QWR) is designed for RHIC as a storage cavity to improve the collider performance. 2D multipacting simulation has been done for the cavity alone. Ripples were added to the outer body of the cavity for multipacting suppression based on the simulation findings. During operation, there will be four higher order mode (HOM) couplers. All of these components will be exposed to high RF fields. In this paper we compare 2D and 3D codes simulation results for multipacting in the cavity. We also report 3D simulation results for multipacting simulation at the couplers.
Date: May 20, 2012
Creator: Q., Wu; Belomestnykh, S.; Ge, L.; Ko, K.; Li, Z.; Ng, C. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Modifications on RF Components in the LCLS Injector

Description: Design of the first generation LCLS injector is nearing completion. Fabrication has begun and component installation is planned for 2006. We discuss the last modifications made on both the 1.6 cell S-Band RF gun and the SLAC S-Band accelerating structures to minimize irreversible emittance growth. The mode separation between the 0 and {pi} modes was increased from 3.4 MHz to 15 MHz. Dual feed and racetrack shapes have been incorporated in the full cell of the new gun. The linac sections were also modified to accommodate dual feeds and racetrack shapes in their input cells. PARMELA simulations indicating the need for these modifications are presented.
Date: March 3, 2006
Creator: Limborg-Deprey, C.; Dowell, D.; Li, Z.; Schmerge, J.F.; Xiao, L. & /SLAC
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Higher Order Modes Damping Analysis for the SPX Deflecting Cavity Cryomodule

Description: A single-cell superconducting deflecting cavity operating at 2.812 GHz has been proposed and designed for the Short Pulse X-ray (SPX) project for the Advanced Photon Source upgrade. A cryomodule of 4 such cavities will be needed to produce the required 2-MV deflecting voltage. Each deflecting cavity is equipped with one fundamental power coupler (FPC), one lower order mode (LOM) coupler, and two higher order mode (HOM) couplers to achieve the stringent damping requirements for the unwanted modes. The damping of the HOM/LOM modes below the beampipe cutoff has been analyzed in the single cavity geometry and shown to meet the design requirements. The HOMs above beam pipe cutoff in the 4-cavity cyromodule, however, may result in cross coupling which may affect the HOM damping and potentially trapped modes between the cavities which could produce RF heating to the beamline bellows and even be detrimental to the beam. We have evaluated the HOM damping and trapped modes in the 4-cavity cryomodule using the parallel finite element EM code ACE3P developed at SLAC. We will present the results of the cryomodule analysis in this paper.
Date: July 1, 2012
Creator: Xiao, L.; Li, Z.; Ng, C.-K.; Nassiri, A.; Waldschmidt, G.; Wu, G. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Advances in Electromagnetic Modelling through High Performance Computing

Description: Under the DOE SciDAC project on Accelerator Science and Technology, a suite of electromagnetic codes has been under development at SLAC that are based on unstructured grids for higher accuracy, and use parallel processing to enable large-scale simulation. The new modeling capability is supported by SciDAC collaborations on meshing, solvers, refinement, optimization and visualization. These advances in computational science are described and the application of the parallel eigensolver Omega3P to the cavity design for the International Linear Collider is discussed.
Date: March 29, 2006
Creator: Ko, K.; Folwell, N.; Ge, L.; Guetz, A.; Lee, L.; Li, Z. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dual Feed RF Gun Design for the LCLS

Description: In order to remove the dipole field introduced by the coupler in existing S-band BNL/SLAC/UCLA 1.6 cell RF gun, a dual feed design for the LCLS RF gun is proposed together with several significant changes. The improvements include adopting z-coupling instead of {theta}-coupling, modifying the iris dimensions and profile to increase 0- and {pi}-mode separation from 3.4 to 15MHz and reduce the surface field on the iris, incorporating racetrack cavity shape to minimize the quadrupole field, increasing cooling for operation at 120Hz and other small changes to improve performance and diagnostic capabilities. The 3D gun structure had been modeled with the parallel finite element complex eigensolver Omega3p to provide the desired RF parameters and to generate the gun cavity dimensions needed for fabrication. In this paper the RF gun design will be presented.
Date: May 23, 2005
Creator: Xiao, L.; Boyce, R.F.; Dowell, D.H.; Li, Z.; Limborg-Deprey, C.; Schmerge, J.F. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Parallel Computation of Integrated Electromagnetic, Thermal and Structural Effects for Accelerator Cavities

Description: The successful operation of accelerator cavities has to satisfy both rf and mechanical requirements. It is highly desirable that electromagnetic, thermal and structural effects such as cavity wall heating and Lorentz force detuning in superconducting rf cavities can be addressed in an integrated analysis. Based on the SLAC parallel finite-element code infrastructure for electromagnetic modeling, a novel multi-physics analysis tool has been developed to include additional thermal and mechanical effects. The parallel computation enables virtual prototyping of accelerator cavities on computers, which would substantially reduce the cost and time of a design cycle. The multi-physics tool is applied to the LCLS rf gun for electromagnetic, thermal and structural analyses.
Date: November 2, 2011
Creator: Akcelik, V.; Candel, A.E.; Kabel, A.C.; Ko, K.; Lee, L.; Li, Z. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Parallel Computation of Intergrated Electronmagnetic, Thermal and Structural Effects for Accelerator Cavities

Description: The successful operation of accelerator cavities has to satisfy both rf and mechanical requirements. It is highly desirable that electromagnetic, thermal and structural effects such as cavity wall heating and Lorentz force detuning in superconducting rf cavities can be addressed in an integrated analysis. Based on the SLAC parallel finite-element code infrastructure for electromagnetic modeling, a novel multi-physics analysis tool has been developed to include additional thermal and mechanical effects. The parallel computation enables virtual prototyping of accelerator cavities on computers, which would substantially reduce the cost and time of a design cycle. The multi-physics tool is applied to the LCLS rf gun for electromagnetic, thermal and structural analyses.
Date: July 2, 2008
Creator: Akcelik, V.; Candel, A.; Kabel, A.; Lee, L-Q.; Li, Z.; Ng, C-K. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Results of the SLAC LCLS Gun High-Power RF Tests

Description: The beam quality and operational requirements for the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) currently being constructed at SLAC are exceptional, requiring the design of a new RF photocathode gun for the electron source. Based on operational experience at SLAC's GTF and SDL and ATF at BNL as well as other laboratories, the 1.6cell s-band (2856MHz) gun was chosen to be the best electron source for the LCLS, however a significant redesign was necessary to achieve the challenging parameters. Detailed 3-D analysis and design was used to produce near-perfect rotationally symmetric rf fields to achieve the emittance requirement. In addition, the thermo-mechanical design allows the gun to operate at 120Hz and a 140MV/m cathode field, or to an average power dissipation of 4kW. Both average and pulsed heating issues are addressed in the LCLS gun design. The first LCLS gun is now fabricated and has been operated with high-power RF. The results of these high-power tests are presented and discussed.
Date: November 2, 2007
Creator: Dowell, D. H.; Jongewaard, E.; Limborg-Deprey, C.; Schmerge, J. F.; Li, Z.; Xiao, L. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coupler Design for the LCLS Injector S-Band Structures

Description: The LCLS injector is required to provide a 1-nC, 10-ps bunch with a normalized rms transverse projected emittance of less than 1 micron. The LCLS beam is generated and accelerated in a 1.6-cell S-band RF gun at 120 MV/m up to 6 MeV. The gun is followed by two SLAC 3-m S-band accelerator structures to further accelerate the beam to 135 MeV which moves the beam out of the space-charge dominated regime. In the SLAC S-band structures, the RF power feed is through a single coupling-hole (single-feed coupler) which results in a field asymmetry. The time dependent multipole fields in the coupler induce a transverse kick along the bunch and cause the emittance to increase above the LCLS specification. To meet the stringent emittance requirements for the injector, the single-feed couplers will be replaced by a dual-feed racetrack design to minimize the multipole field effects. We will present detailed studies of the multipole fields in the SLAC linac RF coupler and the improvements with the dual-feed ractrack design using the parallel finite element S-parameter solver S3P.
Date: March 3, 2006
Creator: Li, Z.; Bentson, L.D.; Chan, J.; Dowell, D.H.; Limborg-Deprey, C.; Schmerge, J.F. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Copper Prototype Measurements of the HOM, LOM and SOM Couplers for the ILC Crab Cavity

Description: The ILC Crab Cavity is positioned close to the IP and delivered luminosity is very sensitive to the wakefields induced in it by the beam. A set of couplers were designed to couple to and damp the spurious modes of the crab cavity. As the crab cavity operates using a dipole mode, it has different damping requirements from an accelerating cavity. A separate coupler is required for the monopole modes below the operating frequency of 3.9 GHz (known as the LOMs), the opposite polarization of the operating mode (the SOM), and the modes above the operating frequency (the HOMs). Prototypes of each of these couplers have been manufactured out of copper and measured attached to an aluminum nine cell prototype of the cavity and their external Q factors were measured. The results were found to agree well with numerical simulations.
Date: June 23, 2008
Creator: Burt, G.; Ambattu, P.K.; Dexter, A.C.; U., /Lancaster; Bellantoni, L.; /Fermilab et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Copper Prototype Measurements of the HOM, LOM And SOM Couplers for the ILC Crab Cavity

Description: The ILC Crab Cavity is positioned close to the IP and delivered luminosity is very sensitive to the wakefields induced in it by the beam. A set of couplers were designed to couple to and damp the spurious modes of the crab cavity. As the crab cavity operates using a dipole mode, it has different damping requirements from an accelerating cavity. A separate coupler is required for the monopole modes below the operating frequency of 3.9 GHz (known as the LOMs), the opposite polarization of the operating mode (the SOM), and the modes above the operating frequency (the HOMs). Prototypes of each of these couplers have been manufactured out of copper and measured attached to an aluminum nine cell prototype of the cavity and their external Q factors were measured. The results were found to agree well with numerical simulations.
Date: November 4, 2011
Creator: Burt, G.; Ambattu, P.K.; Dexter, A.C.; U., /Lancaster; Bellantoni, L.; /Fermilab et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

PEP-X IMPEDANCE AND INSTABILITY CALCULATIONS

Description: PEP-X, a next generation, ring-based light source is designed to run with beams of high current and low emittance. Important parameters are: energy 4.5 GeV, circumference 2.2 km, beam current 1.5 A, and horizontal and vertical emittances, 185 pm by 8 pm. In such a machine it is important that impedance driven instabilities not degrade the beam quality. In this report they study the strength of the impedance and its effects in PEP-X. For the present, lacking a detailed knowledge of the vacuum chamber shape, they create a straw man design comprising important vacuum chamber objects to be found in the ring, for which they then compute the wake functions. From the wake functions they generate an impedance budget and a pseudo-Green function wake representing the entire ring, which they, in turn, use for performing microwave instability calculations. In this report they, in addition, consider in PEP-X the transverse mode-coupling, multi-bunch transverse, and beam-ion instabilities.
Date: August 25, 2010
Creator: Bane, K.L.F.; Lee, L.-Q.; Ng, C.; Stupakov, G.; au Wang, L.; Xiao, L. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Higher Order Modes Damping Analysis for the SPX Deflecting Cavity Cyromodule

Description: A single-cell superconducting deflecting cavity operating at 2.815 GHz has been proposed and designed for the Short Pulse X-ray (SPX) project for the Advanced Photon Source (APS) upgrade. A cryomodule of 4 such cavities will be needed to produce the required 2-MV deflecting voltage. Each deflecting cavity is equipped with one fundamental power coupler (FPC), one lower order mode (LOM) coupler, and two higher order mode (HOM) couplers to achieve the stringent damping requirements for the unwanted modes. The damping of the LOM/HOM below the beampipe cutoff has been analyzed in the single cavity geometry and shown to meet the design requirements. The HOM above the beampipe cutoff in the 4-cavity cyromodule, however, may result in cross coupling which may affect the HOM damping and potentially be trapped between the cavities which could produce RF heating to the beamline bellows. We have evaluated the HOM damping in the 4-cavity cryomodule using the parallel finite element EM code suite ACE3P developed at SLAC. We will present the results of the cryomodule analysis in this paper.
Date: June 6, 2012
Creator: Xiao, L; Li, Z.; Ng, C.; /SLAC; Nassiri, A.; Waldschmidt, G. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of the Cause of High External Q Modes in the JLab High Gradient Prototype Cryomodule Renascence

Description: The Renascence cryomodule [1] installed in CEBAF in 2007 consists of 8 cavities as shown in Figure 1. The first three cavities (No.1-No.3) in the upstream end are of the Low Loss (LL) shape design, and the remaining 5 cavities (No.4-No.8) on the beam downstream end are the High Gradient (HG) shape design. The fundamental power couplers (FPCs) are the rectangular waveguides, and the little cylindrical structures are the HOM couplers. The locations of the FPC in the last four cavities are mirrored about the beam z axis. Cavities No.4 and No.5 form a back-to-back cavity pair. Among the HG cavities installed in the Renascence cryomodule, the only identifiable difference from their fabrication documentation is that cavity No.5 received an extra EBW pass on one equator weld, specifically cell 5. The non-uniform mechanical tuning required to compensate the fundamental mode tune and flatness for the extra shrinkage of this cell is believed to contribute the most significant differences from the other HG cavities. Beam based instability studies on this cryomodule in CEBAF have shown a significant beam breakup (BBU) threshold current reduction, well below design value. Frequency spectrum peaked by the off-sided beam power indicated the cause is due to abnormal high Q modes in the cavity No.5. Measured beam off-axis position at the cavity No.5 does not correspond to the shunt impedances calculated for an ideal cavity. Low power RF measurements have identified that the problematic modes are in the second dipole band (TM110 like). Three of the modes have external Qs two orders magnitude higher than the others, while the rest of modes in the first two dipole bands are normal in terms of the design values. The cause of this abnormality and the future impact on the BBU was not able to be resolved due to the ...
Date: June 27, 2008
Creator: Li, Z.; Akcelik, V.; Xiao, L.; Lee, L.; Ng, C.; Ko, K. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Status of the ILC Crab Cavity Development

Description: The International Linear Collider (ILC) will require two dipole cavities to 'crab' the electron and positron bunches prior to their collision. It is proposed to use two 9 cell SCRF dipole cavities operating at a frequency of 3.9 GHz, with a transverse gradient of 3.8MV/m in order to provide the required transverse kick. Extensive numerical modelling of this cavity and its couplers has been performed. Aluminium prototypes have been manufactured and tested to measure the RF properties of the cavity and couplers. In addition single cell niobium prototypes have been manufactured and tested in a vertical cryostat. The International Collider (ILC) [1] collides bunches of electrons and positrons at a crossing angle of 14 mrad. The angle between these bunches causes a loss in luminosity due to geometric effects [2]. The luminosity lost from this geometric effect can be recovered by rotating the bunches into alignment prior to collision. One possible method of rotating the bunches is to use a crab cavity [3]. A crab cavity is a transverse defecting cavity, where the phase of the cavity is such that the head and tail of the bunch receive equal and opposite kicks. As the bunches are only 500 nm wide in the horizontal plane, the cavity phase must be strictly controlled to avoid the bunch centre being deflected too much. In order to keep the phase stability within the required limits it is required that the cavity be superconducting to avoid thermal effects in both the cavity and its RF source. At the location of the crab cavity in the ILC there is only 23 cm separation between the centre of the cavity and the extraction line, hence the cavity must be small enough to fit in this space. This, along with the difficulty of making high frequency SRF components, ...
Date: October 20, 2011
Creator: Burt, G.; Dexter, A.; Tech., /Cockcroft Inst. Accel. Sci.; Beard, C.; Goudket, P.; McIntosh, P. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Optimization of the Low Loss SRF Cavity for the ILC

Description: The Low-Loss shape cavity design has been proposed as a possible alternative to the baseline TESLA cavity design for the ILC main linacs. The advantages of this design over the TESLA cavity are its lower cryogenic loss, and higher achievable gradient due to lower surface fields. High gradient prototypes for such designs have been tested at KEK (ICHIRO) and TJNAF (LL). However, issues related to HOM damping and multipacting still need to be addressed. Preliminary numerical studies of the prototype cavities have shown unacceptable damping factors for some higher-order dipole modes if the typical TESLA HOM couplers are directly adapted to the design. The resulting wakefield will dilute the beam emittance thus reducing the machine luminosity. Furthermore, high gradient tests on a 9-cell prototype at KEK have experienced multipacting barriers although a single LL cell had achieved a high gradient. From simulations, multipacting activities are found to occur in the end-groups of the cavity. In this paper, we will present the optimization results of the end-groups for the Low-Loss designs for effective HOM damping and alleviation of multipacting.
Date: January 18, 2008
Creator: Sekutowicz, J.S.; /DESY; Kneisel, P.; Lab, /Jefferson; Higo, T.; Morozumi, Y. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Computational Science Research in Support of Petascale Electromagnetic Modeling

Description: Computational science research components were vital parts of the SciDAC-1 accelerator project and are continuing to play a critical role in newly-funded SciDAC-2 accelerator project, the Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation (ComPASS). Recent advances and achievements in the area of computational science research in support of petascale electromagnetic modeling for accelerator design analysis are presented, which include shape determination of superconducting RF cavities, mesh-based multilevel preconditioner in solving highly-indefinite linear systems, moving window using h- or p- refinement for time-domain short-range wakefield calculations, and improved scalable application I/O.
Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Lee, L.-Q.; Akcelik, V; Ge, L; Chen, S; Schussman, G; Candel, A et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department