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Estimation of Pressures on Cockpit Canopies, Gun Turrets, Blisters, and Similar Protuberances

Description: Report presenting methods for estimating pressure distributions over protuberances such as cockpit canopies, gun turrets, blisters, scoops, and sighting domes. The methods are applied to the estimation of the pressure distributions over spherical segment and faired gun turrets and over the protuberances on the Brewster SB2A-1 airplane. The effects of compressibility, interference, and flow separation are discussed.
Date: May 1944
Creator: Wright, Ray H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Some Turbulent-Boundary-Layer Velocity Profiles at a Tunnel Wall with Mach Numbers up to 1.2

Description: Report presenting turbulent-boundary-layer profiles at large Reynolds numbers and with Mach numbers up to 1.2. In this investigation, velocity profile shapes were substantially unaffected by compressibility. Results regarding the temperature considerations, velocity profiles, and turbulent boundary layer under normal shock are provided.
Date: November 9, 1949
Creator: Tulin, Marshall P. & Wright, Ray H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characteristics of a Transonic Test Section With Various Slot Shapes in the Langley 8-Foot High-Speed Tunnel

Description: Report presenting a large wind tunnel that has been converted to transonic operation by means of slots in the boundary extending in the direction of flow. The usefulness of a slotted wind tunnel has been augmented by devising a slot shape with which a supersonic test region with excellent flow quality can be produced.
Date: October 18, 1951
Creator: Wright, Ray H. & Ritchie, Virgil S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of Two-Dimensional Air Flows About an NACA 0012 Airfoil of 1-Inch Chord at Zero Lift in Open and Closed 3-Inch Jets and Corrections for Jet-Boundary Interference

Description: Note presenting pressure distributions and schileren photographs for the high-speed flow about a symmetrical airfoil at zero lift in open and closed jets in order to show the nature of the jet-boundary interference. Results regarding the application of jet-boundary-interference theory, analysis of experimental wall-interference data and comparison with theory, conditions near choking, and change of velocity ratio with Mach number are provided.
Date: May 1946
Creator: Wright, Ray H. & Donaldson, Coleman duP.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NACA Transonic Wind-Tunnel Test Sections

Description: Report presents an approximate subsonic theory for the solid-blockage interference in circular wind tunnels with walls slotted in the direction of flow. This theory indicated the possibility of obtaining zero blockage interference. Tests in a circular slotted tunnel based on the theory confirmed the theoretical predictions.
Date: June 20, 1955
Creator: Wright, Ray H. & Ward, Vernon G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estimation of Critical Speeds of Airfoils and Streamline Bodies

Description: Report presenting methods and charts for estimating the critical compressibility speeds of a large number of airfoils and streamline bodies. The systematic effects of thickness, thickness distribution, camber, camber location, leading-edge radius, and lift coefficient are considered. The results indicate that with a given lift coefficient, the thickness of the airfoil or of the body is the primary factor controlling its critical speed.
Date: March 1940
Creator: Robinson, Russell G. & Wright, Ray H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Flow Conditions and the Nature of the Wall-Constriction Effect Near and at Choking by Means of the Hydraulic Analogy

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the closed wind-tunnel phenomenon of choking and the wall-constriction effects in the subsonic Mach number range where supersonic Mach numbers appear using the hydraulic analogy. Application of the results to wind tunnel testing, the subsonic choking phenomena, and effects of the walls are described.
Date: September 1, 1948
Creator: Matthews, Clarence W. & Wright, Ray H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NACA Transonic Wing-Tunnel Test Sections

Description: Memorandum presenting an approximate subsonic theory developed for the solid blockage interference in circular wind tunnels with walls slotted in the direction of flow. The theory indicated the possibility of obtaining zero blockage interference. Tests in a circular slotted tunnel based on the theory confirmed the theoretical predictions.
Date: October 25, 1948
Creator: Wright, Ray H. & Ward, Vernon G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Drag and Pressure Distribution of Windshields at High Speeds

Description: Report presenting tests in the 8-foot high-speed wind tunnel to determine the loads and the load distributions at high speeds for a number of windshields of the cockpit-canopy type. Ten windshields of various designs similar to those in general use were included in these tests. Results regarding drag, loads, and design considerations are provided.
Date: January 1942
Creator: Delano, James B. & Wright, Ray H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characteristics of the Langley 8-Foot Transonic Tunnel With Slotted Test Section

Description: "A large wind tunnel, approximately 8 feet in diameter, has been converted to transonic operation by means of slots in the boundary extending in the direction of flow. The usefulness of such a slotted wind tunnel, already known with respect to the reduction of the subsonic blockage interference and the production of continuously variable supersonic flows, has been augmented by devising a slot shape with which a supersonic test region with excellent flow quality could be produced. Experimental locations of detached shock waves ahead of axially symmetric bodies at low supersonic speeds in the slotted test section agreed satisfactorily with predictions obtained by use of existing approximate methods" (p. 1297).
Date: July 3, 1958
Creator: Wright, Ray H.; Ritchie, Virgil S. & Pearson, Albin O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department