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Final Report on the Small-Scale Vapor-Explosion Experiments Using a Molten NaCl-H2O System

Description: Vapor explosions were produced by injecting small quantities of water into a container filled with molten sodium chloride. Minimum explosion efficiencies, as evaluated from reaction-impulse measurements, were relatively large. Subsurface movies showed that the explosions resulted from a two-step sequence: an initial bulk-mixing phase in which the two liquids intermix on a large scale, but remain locally separated by an insulating gas-vapor layer; and a second step, immediately following breakdo… more
Date: April 1976
Creator: Anderson, R. P. & Bova, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Unified and Mechanistic Approach to Creep-Fatigue Damage

Description: A new creep-fatigue equation is proposed that takes into account both plastic strain and strain rate. The coefficients and exponents in the damage-rate equation are interpreted by means of the various damage mechanisms of the material. The damage-rate equation has been integrated to analyze various phenomena such as the effects of plastic strain rate on monotonic tensile or creep rupture time, rising mean strain on the low-cycle fatigue behavior at elevated temperature, tensile and compressive … more
Date: January 1976
Creator: Majumdar, S. & Maiya, P. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Automated Approach to Quantitative Error Analysis in Neutron Transport Calculations

Description: A method is described how a quantitative measure for the robustness of a given transport theory code for coarse network calculations can be obtained. A code, that performs this task automatically and at only nominal cost, is described and has been implemented for slab geometry. This code generates also user oriented benchmark problems which exhibit the analytic behavior at interfaces.
Date: September 1976
Creator: Bareiss, Erwin H. & Derstine, Keith L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Materials Science Division Coal Technology Quarterly Report: January-March 1976

Description: Quarterly report of the Argonne National Laboratory Materials Science Division regarding the evaluation of ceramic refractories to withstand abrasion-corrosion by coal slag that will be encountered in the Bituminous Coal Research (BCR) Bi-Gas coal-gasification pilot plant, development of computer models to predict corrosion and erosion behavior of materials, and analysis of pilot-plant components that have failed or are removed from service for other reasons.
Date: 1976?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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An Overview of Pool-Type LMFBRs : General Characteristics

Description: This report describes the results of a study conducted by a "Pool Study Group" organized at ANL in mid-1975 to examine the present state of the air of design of pool-type LMFBRs. The study concentrated on examination of various design options used to date in the principle pool-type projects and design studies in this country and abroad, including the Phenix and Super-Phenix reactors (France), PFR and CFR (U.K.), RN-600 (U.S.S.R.) and EBR-II (U.S.A.). The objective of the report is to provide a … more
Date: May 1976
Creator: Amorosi, A.; Hutter, E.; Marciniak, T. J.; Monson, H. O.; Seidensticker, R. W. & Simmons, W. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Examination of the SCEPTRE and CSMP Programs for Solving the Point-Kinetics Equations with Feedback

Description: Two modeling programs, SCEPTRE and CSMP, are used to solve the point-kinetics equations - - seven coupled nonlinear differential equations - - with a linear-feedback function. The constants used are appropriate for EBR-II; therefore the computational accuracy may be tested against the experimental rod drops. Run-time, versatility, programming ease, and accuracy are criteria used to evaluate the two programs. SCEPTRE is found to be more efficient in run time and CSMP more versatile. The ease of … more
Date: September 1976
Creator: Walkowski, P. D. & Peterson, B. R. (Bruce R.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Finite-Element Analysis of a Thick-Wall Tube Containing a Crater-Like Surface Flaw

Description: A three-dimensional finite-element elastic analysis is carried out for a thick-wall tube (as sued in typical LMFBR steam generators) that contains a surface flaw in the form of a paraboloid of revolution. Effects of the depth and aspect ratio of the flaw on the stress distribution and stress concentration in the tube are explored.
Date: June 1976
Creator: Majumdar, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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PTA-1: A Computer Program for Analysis of Pressure Transients in Hydraulic Networks, Including the Effect of Pipe Plasticity

Description: The computer program PTA-1 performs pressure-transient analysis of large piping networks using the one-dimensional method of characteristics applied to a fluid-hammer formulation. The effect of elastic-plastic deformation of piping on pulse propagation is included in the computation. The program is particularly oriented toward the analysis of the effects of a sodium/water reaction on the intermediate heat-transport system of a liquid-metal-cooled fast breeder reactor, but may be applied just as… more
Date: November 1976
Creator: Youngdahl, C. K. & Kot, C. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fission-Product Releases to the Primary System of EBR-II, January 1974-March 1975

Description: Seven releases of fission products occurred in EBR-II from January 1974 to March 1975 - - five from mixed-oxide elements and two from sodium-bonded driver-fuel elements. Four releases were from elements that contained a xenon tag, which aided considerably in locating three of the elements; data from the fourth element allowed estimation of changes of tag composition with reactor exposure. Rapid release of fission from two breached mixed-oxide elements caused the reactor to trip because of incre… more
Date: October 1976
Creator: So, B. Y. C.; Lambert, J. D. B.; Johnson, D. L.; Ebersole, E. R. & Brunson, G. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Inelastic-Collision Cross Sections for Ne

Description: Cross sections for inelastic collisions of slow electrons and the dipole oscillator-strength distribution for the neon atom are given in tabular form. The results are based on experimental data that were checked and adjusted for internal consistency.
Date: 1976
Creator: Soong, S. C. & Kim, Yong-Ki
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Predicted Heat-Transfer Performance of an Evacuated Glass-Jacketed CPC Receiver : Countercurrent Flow Design

Description: The heat-transfer performance of an evacuated glass-jacketed CPC-receiver facility, free on one end and fixed onto the glass jacket at the other, was carried out using heat-transfer relationships and the best information available in the literature. Specifically, the collector examined was a 3x-CPC facility, 8 ft long, with an entrance aperture 4.5 in. wide covered with a single glass cover, and provided with an aluminum reflecting surface (rho = 0.88). To maximize heat retention, a selectively… more
Date: May 1976
Creator: Thodos, George
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Atomic Spectrum of Neptunium

Description: A description and interpretation of the atomic spectrum of neptunium are given. Wavelengths were measured for 6096 spectrum lines in the range 3793 to 38,812 cm⁻¹ (26,353 to 2575 A), of which 2526 were classified as transitions between 329 odd levels and 130 even levels of neutral neptunium (Np I). The data are presented in five tables.
Date: May 1976
Creator: Fred, Mark; Tompkins, Frank S.; Blaise, Jean E.; Camus, Pierre & Vergès, Jean
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Environmental Pollutants and the Urban Economy : Phase 1. Final Report, June 1972-October 1975

Description: Costs and benefits of various urban air pollution control policies have been examined in Phase 1 of the Environmental Pollutants and the Urban Economy study being conducted jointly by Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago. The need for sound economic evaluation of air quality regulations is evidenced by the resistance of many industries to pollution control policies based solely on the technical feasibility of achieving public health-related standards. For many firms that em… more
Date: October 1976
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Class Notes for a PL/I Course

Description: Presented here are notes for a course in PL/I. They might serve as a guide to those who are developing a course, or as class notes for that course. They might be useful as a textbook independent of any course; as such a textbook, however, they are not self-contained because of the built-in assumption that they will supplement lectures and be accompanied by manuals. Very nearly the full language is taught here, with the emphasis on concepts rather than practical details. Discussion of I/O is avo… more
Date: November 1975
Creator: Dritz, Kenneth W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development and Demonstration of Compound Parabolic Concentrators for Solar Thermal Power Generation and Heating and Cooling Applications, Progress Report: July-December 1975

Description: Progress report describing the development of Compound Parabolic Concentrators (CPC). A tenfold concentrator with a cavity receiver was constructed and tested. The optical efficiency was very good (65 percent), but the thermal performance was degraded by heat losses of the cavity receiver. A summary of the results of subcontracts described in the previous progress report are presented, and the influence of these results on ANL programs is noted.
Date: 1977
Creator: Allen, John W.; Levitz, Norman M.; Rabl, Ari; Reed, Kent A.; Schertz, William W.; Thodos, George et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Biaxial Creep Behavior of Ribbed GCFR Cladding at 650 degrees C in Nominally Pure Helium (99. 99%)

Description: Biaxial creep-rupture tests were conducted on 12 prototypic GCFR fuel-cladding specimens at 650 deg C and a nominal hoop stress of 241.3 MPa. All test specimens were fabricated from 20% cold-worked Type 316 stainless steel tubes that were ribbed on the outer surface by mechanical grinding or electro-chemical etching. Test variables included specimen length and the presence or absence of weld-reinforcing end collars.
Date: November 1977
Creator: Yaggee, F. L.; Purohit, A.; Grajek, W. J. & Poeppel, R. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Proceedings of the Symposium and Workshop on Advanced Battery Research and Design : March 22-24, 1976

Description: The idea for this meeting evolved from interest expressed by members of the Chicago Section of the Electrochemical Society in convening a symposium on the development of high-energy secondary batteries. The relevance of this subject is evidenced by the several research programs that have been initiated recently in the United States and Europe to develop advanced batteries for use as energy storage devices on electric utility networks and as power sources for electric automobiles.
Date: 1976?
Creator: Selman, J. Robert; Steunenberg, Robert K.; Barghusen, John J. & Howard, William G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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High-Performance Batteries for Off-Peak Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion, Progress Report: July-December 1975

Description: Progress report describing the research and management efforts of Argonne National Laboratory's program on high-performance lithium/metal sulfide batteries during the period July-December 1975. The batteries are being developed for two applications: off-peak energy storage in electric utility networks and electric-vehicle propulsion. The battery designs for the two applications differ, particularly in cell configuration and electrode design because of the differing performance requirements.
Date: April 1976
Creator: Nelson, P. A.; Ivins, R. O.; Yao, N. P.; Battles, J. E.; Chilenskas, A. A.; Gay, E. C. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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PTOLEMY, a Program for Heavy-Ion Direction-Reaction Calculations

Description: Ptolemy is an IBM/360 program for the computation of nuclear elastic and direct-reaction cross sections. It carries out both optical-model fits to elastic-scattering data at one or more energies, and DWBA calculations for nucleon-transfer reactions. Ptolemy has been specifically designed for heavy-ion calculations. It is fast and does not require large amounts of core. The input is exceptionally flexible and easy to use. This report outlines the types of calculation that Ptolemy can carry out, … more
Date: March 1976
Creator: Gloeckner, D. H.; Macfarlane, M. H. & Pieper, Steven C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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PTOLEMY : a Program for Heavy-Ion Direction-Reaction Calculations

Description: Many important additions and improvements have been made to Ptolemy since the previously-documented version of February 1976. An indication of this is that the list of keywords has been expanded by thirty. Collective-model inelastic excitement has been added. The computation of the transfer DWBA amplitudes has been significantly improved by the use of interpolation in the Ri +Ro variable. Elastic scattering and reactions involving identical particles may now be computed. Simultaneous optical mo… more
Date: 1978
Creator: Macfarlane, M. H. & Pieper, Steven C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Coal Supply and Air Quality Limitations on Fossil-Fueled Energy Centers

Description: The coterminous United States is screened on a county-by-county basis to identify areas most likely to provide sites for fossil energy centers (FECs) utilizing local coals and having capacities between 5,000 and 20,000 MWe. Areas eliminated as potential sites include national public lands excluded by legislation, urbanized areas, Air Quality Maintenance Areas for particulates and SO2, and counties where air quality data indicate violations of particulate or SO2 ambient standards. The remaining … more
Date: 1976
Creator: Smith, Albert E.; Wolsko, Thomas D. & Cirillo, Richard R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Cost Estimate for the Commercial Manufacture of Lithium/Iron Sulfide Cells for Load-Leveling

Description: An estimate was made of the cost of commercial manufacture of batteries for load-leveling in utility networks, based on the lithium-aluminum/iron sulfide system. The battery design chosen is the 0.92-kWh cell proposed for the BEST Facility. The manufacturing plant was sized to produce 5000 of such cells per day. These cells are assembled for sale in battery cases or sub-modules, 24 cells to a case. The plant investment is estimated to be $12,500,000. A selling price of $29.16 per kWh is project… more
Date: 1976
Creator: Towle, W. L.; Graae, Johan E. A.; Chilenskas, A. A. & Ivins, R. O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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