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Initial tests and operation of a 110 GHz, 1 MW gyrotron with evacuated waveguide system on the DIII-D tokamak

Description: A gyrotron producing nominally 1 MW at 110 GHz has been installed at the DIII-D tokamak and operated in a program of initial tests with a windowless evacuated transmission line. The alignment and first test operation were performed in an air environment at atmospheric pressure. Under these conditions, the tube produced rf output in excess of 800 kW for pulse lengths greater than 10 msec and power near 500 kW for pulse lengths of about 100 msec into a free space dummy load. The gyrotron was operated into evacuated corrugated waveguide in the full power parameter regime for pulse lengths of up to 500 msec injecting greater than 0.5 MW into DIII-D for a preliminary series of experiments. Generated powers greater than 900 kW were achieved. A parasitic oscillation at various frequencies between 20 and 100 MHz, which was generated during the pulsing of the gyrotron electron beam, was suppressed somewhat by a capacitive filter attached to the gyrotron itself. Addition of a magnetic shield intended to alter the magnetic field geometry below the cathode eliminated internal tube sparks. Rework of the external power and interlock circuitry to improve the immunity to electromagnetic interference was also done in parallel so that the fast interlock circuitry could be used. The latest results of the test program, the design of the free space load and other test hardware, and the transmission line will be presented.
Date: August 1, 1996
Creator: Lohr, J.; Ponce, D. & Tooker, J.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The DIII-D ECH multiple gyrotron control system

Description: DIII-D`s ECH upgrade with 1 MW, 110 GHz gyrotrons is ongoing, and with it, an upgrade of the control system. The ECH Multiple Gyrotron Control System uses software distributed among networked computers, interfaced to a programmable logic controller (PLC), the timing and pulse system, power supplies, vacuum and wave guide controls, and instrumentation. During DIII-D operations, the system will allow a chief and a co-operator to control and monitor a number of gyrotrons from different manufacturers. The software, written using LabVIEW, allows for remote and multiple operator control. Thus any supported computer can become a control station and multiple projects can be simultaneously accommodated. Each operator can be given access to the controls of all gyrotrons or to a subset of controls. Status information is also remotely available. The use of a PLC simplifies the hardware and software design. It reduces interlock and control circuitry, includes monitoring for slow analog signals, and allows one software driver to efficiently interface to a number of systems. In addition, the interlock logic can be easily changed and control points can be forced as needed. The pulse system is designed around arbitrary function generators. Various modulation schemes can be accommodated, including real-time control of the modulation. This discussion will include the hardware and software design of the control system and its current implementation.
Date: November 1, 1997
Creator: Ponce, D.; Lohr, J.; Tooker, J.F.; Cary, W.P. & Harris, T.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Status of the DIII-D 110 GHz ECH system

Description: The DIII-D program is presently commissioning the first NM gyrotron of a planned 3 MW, I 10 GHz electron cyclotron heating (ECH) system for off-axis electron heating and current drive. Advanced tokamak (AT) research in DIII-D and other tokamaks requires the ability to control the current density profile. ECH offers the ability to localize the heating and driven current in a controllable manner and is not dependent upon, the local plasma conditions, so it appears to be an ideal tool for AT research. The planned rf sources for the DIII-D system are I MW state-of-the-art internal mode-converter gyrotrons, with one gyrotron being manufactured by GYCOM, a Russian company, and two gyrotrons being manufactured by CPI (formerly Varian). The GYCOM gyrotron has been tested at the factory to 960 kW, 2 seconds and has been shipped to GA where it is now undergoing initial checkout and testing. The first CPI gyrotron has been assembled and factory tested to 530 kW, 2 seconds and 350 1352 kW, 10 seconds. Both the GYCOM and CPI gyrotrons are limited in pulse length at full power by thermal limits on the output window. The second CPI gyrotron is expected to be ready for testing in April 1996. This paper will report on the initial experiences of using the GYCOM I MW, 110 GHz internal mode- converter gyrotron, at General Atomics, and the observed effects the ECRH power has on the DIII-D plasma.
Date: June 1, 1996
Creator: Callis, R.W.; Lohr, J.; O`Neill, R.C.; Tooker, J.F. & Ponce, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department