SB5 WITH THE ESTIMATED IMPACT OF LOW TEMPERATURE ALUMINUM DISSOLUTION: PRELIMINARY FRITS FOR MELT RATE TESTING
Description: Composition projections for Sludge Batch 5 (SB5) were developed to evaluate possible impacts of the Al-dissolution process on the availability of viable frit compositions for vitrification at the DWPF. The study included two projected SB5 compositions that bound potential outcomes (or degrees of effectiveness) of the Al-dissolution process, as well as a nominal SB5 composition projection based on the results of the recent Al-dissolution demonstration at SRNL. A Nominal Stage assessment was used to evaluate the two SB5 projections combined with an array of 19,305 frit compositions over a range of waste loading (WL) values against the DWPF process control models. The Nominal Stage results allowed for the down-selection of a small number of frits that provided reasonable projected operating windows (typically 25 to 40 wt %) and permitted some compositional flexibility (i.e., the ability to further tailor the frit to improve melt rate). Variation Stage assessments were then performed using the down-selected frits and the two SB5 composition projections with variation applied to each sludge component. The Variation Stage results showed that the operating windows were somewhat reduced in width, as expected when sludge variation is applied. Three of the down-selected frits continued to perform well for both SB5 projections through the Variation Stage, providing WL windows of approximately 26 to 35 wt %. The maximum WLs were limited by a processing constraint, TL, rather than a waste form affecting constraint (e.g., nepheline crystallization) in the Variation Stage assessments. Subsequent Nominal Stage assessments were performed with an updated SB5 projection based on the results of the Al-dissolution demonstration performed in the SRNL Shielded Cells facility (representing 40% removal of Al). The three frits identified in the earlier paper studies continued to perform well with this updated projection. The available operating windows were slightly wider, although maximum WL was limited ...
Date: March 11, 2008
Creator: Fox, K & Tommy Edwards, T
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