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Congressional Action on FY2015 Appropriations Measures

Description: This report provides background and analysis on congressional action related to the FY2015 appropriations process. The first section discusses the status of discretionary budget enforcement for FY2015, including the statutory spending limits and allocations normally associated with the congressional budget resolution. The second section provides information on the consideration and enactment of regular appropriations and an overview of aggregate discretionary spending. The third section discusses the legislative action on FY2015 CRs and associated budget enforcement considerations.
Date: December 18, 2014
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Regular Appropriations Bills: Terms of Initial Consideration and Amendment in the House, FY1996-FY2015

Description: This report examines the terms under which the regular appropriations bills are typically brought up and initially considered on the House floor, as well as the practices of the House with regard to amendment opportunities and the waiver of points of order, for FY1996 to FY2015 (104th-114th Congresses).
Date: March 6, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Changes in the Purposes and Frequency of Authorizations of Appropriations

Description: This report discusses general principles in how the language concerning the purposes and frequency of authorizations of appropriations has changed over the past century. These general principles are illustrated through case studies on the authorizations of appropriations that were enacted during this period for three agencies: the National Science Foundation, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the Peace Corps.
Date: January 16, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Biennial Budgeting: Options, Issues, and Previous Congressional Action

Description: This report provides background on options, issues, and previous congressional action related to biennial budgeting. It includes descriptions of the types of biennial budgeting, general arguments favoring and opposing biennial budgeting, biennial budgeting at the state level, and relevant Congressional actions.
Date: February 2, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Action on FY2015 Appropriations Measures

Description: This report provides information on the budget enforcement framework for the consideration of FY2015 appropriations measures, the status of the FY2015 regular appropriations bills as of the beginning of the fiscal year, and the enactment of FY2015 continuing appropriations.
Date: March 9, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Action on FY2015 Appropriations Measures

Description: The congressional appropriations process, which provides discretionary spending for federal government agencies, assumes the annual enactment of 12 regular appropriations bills prior to the beginning of the fiscal year (October 1). One or more continuing resolutions (CRs) may be enacted if all regular appropriations bills are not completed by that time. This report provides information on the budget enforcement framework for the consideration of FY2015 appropriations measures, the status of the FY2015 regular appropriations bills as of the beginning of the fiscal year, and the enactment of FY2015 continuing appropriations.
Date: November 5, 2014
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction

Description: Congress annually considers several appropriations measures, which provide discretionary funding for numerous activities--such as national defense, education, and homeland security--as well as general government operations. Appropriations acts are characteristically annual and generally provide funding authority that expires at the end of the federal fiscal year, September 30. These measures are considered by Congress under certain rules and practices, referred to as the congressional appropriations process. This report discusses the various aspects of this process.
Date: November 14, 2014
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Funding Gaps: A Brief Overview

Description: This report gives a brief overview of funding gaps. The interval during the fiscal year when agency appropriations are not enacted into law, either in the form of a regular appropriations act or a continuing resolution (CR), is referred to as a funding gap. When a funding gap occurs, the federal government begins a shutdown of the affected agencies, entailing the prompt furlough of non-emergency personnel and curtailment of agency activities. The general practice of the federal government after the shutdown has ended has been to pay furloughed employees for time missed, even when no work was performed.
Date: December 22, 2010
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Description: Omnibus appropriations acts have become a significant feature of the legislative process in recent years as Congress and the President have resorted more frequently to their use to bring action on the regular appropriations cycle to a close. Following a discussion of pertinent background information, this report reviews the recent use of such measures and briefly addresses several issues that their use raises.
Date: July 15, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The FY2016 Continuing Resolution (H.R. 719)

Description: This report discusses a resolution which would provide temporary funding to continue federal government operations through the beginning of the fiscal year, until annual appropriations acts could be enacted.
Date: September 25, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Action on FY2016 Appropriations Measures

Description: This report provides information on the congressional consideration of the FY2016 regular appropriations bills and the FY2016 continuing resolution (CR). It also discusses the statutory and procedural budget enforcement framework for FY2016 appropriations. It will address the congressional consideration of FY2016 supplemental appropriations if any such consideration occurs.
Date: October 9, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Action on FY2016 Appropriations Measures

Description: This report provides information on the congressional consideration of the FY2016 regular appropriations bills and the FY2016 continuing resolution (CR). It also discusses the statutory and procedural budget enforcement framework for FY2016 appropriations.
Date: October 28, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Overview of the FY2016 Continuing Resolution (H.R. 719)

Description: This report provides an analysis of the FY2016 continuing appropriations in H.R. 719. None of the FY2016 regular appropriations bills were enacted by the start of the fiscal year (October 1, 2015). As of September 30, 2015, H.R. 719, a continuing resolution (CR) for FY2016, had passed the House and Senate.
Date: October 1, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Action on FY2016 Appropriations Measures

Description: This report provides information on the congressional consideration of the FY2016 regular appropriations bills and the FY2016 continuing resolution (CR). It also discusses the statutory and procedural budget enforcement framework for FY2016 appropriations.
Date: November 23, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction

Description: Congress annually considers several appropriations measures, which provide funding for numerous activities, for example, national defense, education, and homeland security, as well as general government operations. Congress has developed certain rules and practices for the consideration of appropriations measures, referred to as the congressional appropriations process. This report looks at this process as well as the three types of appropriates measures: regular appropriations bills, continuing resolutions, and supplemental appropriations bills.
Date: February 23, 2012
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Description: This report discusses Omnibus appropriations acts, which have become a significant feature of the legislative process in recent years as Congress and the President have used them more frequently to bring action on the regular appropriations cycle to a close. Following a discussion of pertinent background information, this report reviews the recent enactment of such measures and briefly addresses several issues raised by their use.
Date: August 25, 2010
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Automatic Continuing Resolutions: Background and Overview of Recent Proposals

Description: This report provides background on the historical frequency of federal funding gaps and shutdowns. It also discusses features of Automatic Continuing Resolutions (ACRs), arguments for and against ACRs, relevant Congressional actions, and proposals in the 112th through 114th Congresses.
Date: August 20, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

History and Authority of the Joint Economic Committee

Description: This report briefly discusses joint committees, which are composed of members from both the House and the Senate. The work of these committees generally involves conducting studies and overseeing aspects of congressional operations. This report focuses specifically on the Joint Economic Committee.
Date: September 2, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Across-the-Board Rescissions in Appropriations Acts: Overview and Recent Practices

Description: This report provides information on the main components of across-the-board rescissions and recent practices since FY2008. The annual appropriations process reqires an agreement on the level of funding for individual items or accounts but also with regard to the total amount of discretionary budget authority that will be provided for that fiscal year. If that agreed-upon amount requires a reduction in budget authority and sufficient reductions are not associated with individual programs, an alternative method to reduce that amount is an "across-the-board rescission."
Date: September 2, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department