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Oral History Interview with Henry Patton, May 28, 1969

Description: Interview with Henry Patton, banker. The interview includes Patton's observations on land speculation, settlement, and development around Port Aransas and Aransas Pass, Texas, 1920-70.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: March 31, 1970
Creator: Patton, Henry & Stephens, A. Ray
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Marguerite Lang, May 28, 1969

Description: Interview with Marguerite Lang, a long-time resident of Portland, Texas. In the interview, Miss Lang describes her observations on land speculation, settlement, and development of Portland. She also discusses what it was like growing up and living an agrarian lifestyle in Portland.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: May 28, 1969
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Lang, Marguerite
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Mr. and Mrs. Walter Sparks, May 29, 1969

Description: Interview with Mr. and Mrs. Walter Sparks, husband and wife from Portland, Texas who are in the cotton farming, banking, and insurance industries. In the interview, Mr. and Mrs. Walter both describe their childhood and early years in school and work. They both share their personal observations on land speculation, settlement, and development in the Coastal Bend area of South Texas, where they have been residents for many years. They also describe the small town's social life and relations with Hispanics.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: May 29, 1969
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Sparks, Walter
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Mrs. Walter Sparks, May 28, 1969

Description: Interview with Mrs. Walter Sparks, a homemaker and long-time resident of the town of Portland, Texas. In the interview, Mrs. Sparks describes her early life when she first came to Portland with her parents. She also discusses what it was like to live an agrarian lifestyle in the small community. Mrs. Sparks shares her observations on land speculation, settlement, and development around Sinton and Portland throughout the years.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: May 28, 1969
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Sparks, Walter
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with John Miller, January 5, 1972

Description: Interview with Judge John Miller of the 36th Judicial District from Beeville, Texas. Miller discusses his family origins and education, the kinds of criminals he encounters, district organization, fellow justices, grand jury selection, his thoughts on past Texas governors, state elections, and prominent members of the Aransas area.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: January 5, 1972
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Miller, John
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Bessie Morris, May 29, 1969

Description: Interview with Bessie Morris, a farmer from Taft, Texas. Morris discusses her experiences moving to Portland, Texas from western Kansas in 1913, her experiences farming in Portland and Taft, and life overall in the region.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: May 29, 1969
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Morris, Bessie
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Simon Michael, January 10, 1972

Description: Interview with Simon Michael, an artist from Rockport, Texas. Michael discusses his initial interest in fine art and painting, travels, service in World War Two, work as a portrait artist in Austin, his establishment of the Fulton School of Arts, the school's reception, its growth, local artists, local architecture, the subjects he teaches, and his students.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: January 10, 1972
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Michael, Simon
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Jan Wendell, October 2, 1971

Description: Interview with Jan Wendell, a teacher and president of the Rockport Art Association from Yoakum, Texas. Wendell discusses the origins and missions of the RAA in Rockport, Texas, their building fund, classes and seminars offered, art galleries, the kinds of buyers and students she encounters, and the Association's financing.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: October 2, 1971
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Wendell, Janice
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Martin Dies, Jr., April 23, 1966

Description: Interview with former U.S. congressman Martin Dies, Jr., an attorney from Lufkin, Texas. The interview includes Dies' experiences as a Texas politician and U.S. Congressman, 1931-49 and 1950-56, and chairman of House Committee on Un-American Activities during the New Deal. Also includes his personal views on communism.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: April 23, 1966
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Dies, Martin, Jr.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Albin, May 30, 1969

Description: Interview with Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Albin, who have been resident farmers in the town of Taft, Texas for a number of years. In the interview, the Albin's describe their observations on land speculation, settlement, and development around the rural town. They also talk about when they first moved to Taft in 1910, and what agrarian life was like until the 1930's. The Albin's discuss Mexican-Anglo relations in the community as well as the rise and impacts of the Ku Klux Klan.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: May 30, 1969
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Albin, J. W.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Mrs. Thomas A. Wise, May 28, 1969

Description: Interview with Mrs. Thomas A. Wise, a homemaker and long-time resident of the Coastal Bend area of South Texas, more specifically Corpus Christi. In the interview, Mrs. Wise describes what it was like growing up in a small farming community. She discusses her observations over the settlement and development of the Corpus Christi area. She also discusses the town's Mexican-Anglo relations and cattle ranching culture.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: May 28, 1969
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Wise, Thomas A.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Judge John D. Wendell, October 1, 1971

Description: Interview with Judge John D. Wendell, Aransas County Judge from Rockport, Texas. Wendell discusses the growth of the county's economy during his tenure, county taxation, spending and budgeting, the courthouse, housing developments, the fishing industry, county boundary disputes, the Intracoastal Canal, the Aransas County Navigation District, dredging, oil valuation and related lawsuits, conservationism, Aransas County Airport, and influential citizens.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: August 18, 1971
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Wendell, John D.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with James R. Heldenfels, January 5, 1972

Description: Interview with James R. Heldenfels, a businessman from Beeville, Texas. Heldenfels discusses the origins of the Heldenfels Brothers dredging company, his education, the company's operations and organization, conservationists, federal regulation of shell dredging, his customers, barges, shell dredging practice, the local economy, finances, and property developments.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: January 5, 1972
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Heldenfels, James R.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with H. F. Elliot, January 4, 1972

Description: Interview with H. F. Elliot, a doctor in Aransas County from Ames, Iowa. Elliot discusses his education, the most common illnesses he treats, common diseases in the county, the patients he sees, the capabilities of different hospitals he refers them to, quarantine, hurricanes, the school system, local sports, and his involvement in the Boy Scouts.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: January 4, 1972
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Elliot, H. F.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with L. E. Casterline, October 1, 1971

Description: Interview with L. E. Casterline, a fisherman from Fulton, Texas. Casterline discusses his origins in the seafood business, the evolution of large fishing boats and how his company uses them, shrimping practice, differences between towns in the Aransas area, the seafood market, the Parks and Wildlife Department marine lab in Rockport, moving his business, and controversy around mud dredging among clam beds.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: October 1, 1971
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Casterline, L. E.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Emory M. Spencer, September 30, 1971

Description: Interview with attorney Emory M. Spencer. The interview includes Spencer's personal experiences about being an attorney. Spencer talks about the development of the Coastal Bend area of South Texas 1920-71, cotton farming, Irish settlers and the Ku Klux Klan, gambling, the development of the Aransas County Airport, oil exploration, housing subdivisions, the Coastal Bend Regional Planning Commission, hurricanes, agriculture, property values, and prominent citizens of the county.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: September 30, 1971
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Spencer, Emory M.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with James Ruhmann, May 28, 1969

Description: Interview with James Ruhmann from Corpus Christi, Texas. Ruhmann discusses his family's business in Schulenberg, his time growing up in Kenedy, and his remembrances of Portland and Taft in the 1910s and '20s.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: May 28, 1969
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Ruhmann, James
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with James Sorenson Jr., July 3, 1972

Description: Interview with James H. Sorenson Jr., president of First National Bank in Rockport, Texas. Sorenson discusses his growing up in the Corpus area, his education, his service in World War Two, the Rockport areas growth and changes through the years, the local economy, property developments, his family's ties to the region, natural conservation, local politics, the Aransas County Navigation District, the Intracoastal Channel, hurricanes, oil and gas, the school system, recreation in the area, the country club, and public utilities and services.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: July 3, 1972
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Sorenson, Jr., James H.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Sidney Freeborn, July 2, 1972

Description: Interview with Sidney Freeborn, a resident of Fulton, Texas. Freeborn recounts his time growing up in Fulton in the late-19th century, building and owning homes in the area, working as an armed ranch hand near Carrizo Springs, developing a ranch in Orange Grove, the hurricane of 1942, policing Corpus Christi in the aftermath of the 1919 storm as a member of the Texas Cavalry, the Klan's presence in the area, the Texas Rangers, and Hurricane Celia. Mrs. Freeborn talks about her first husband, her careers in the Army and Navy, and how she arrived in Fulton.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: July 2, 1972
Creator: Stephens, A. Ray & Freeborn, Sidney
Partner: UNT Oral History Program
open access

Jesse Henry Leavenworth: Indian Agent

Description: In 1763, the British government attempted to control land hungry colonists by prohibiting settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains. The ambitious attempt failed. Two years later! Great Britain, submitting to the pressure of land speculators, homestead seekers, and fur trappers, initiated the treaty making process with the American Indians. Although the Indians had no concept of private property, they exchanged their mountains and valleys for whiskey, beads, and muskets. Following independence, the American government continued the British policy of treaty making and pushing the red men out of the path of white civilization. After the Louisiana Purchase, many Americans considered the region lying beyond the Mississippi River a convenient area in which to settle the Indians. A policy of concentration evolved through John C. Calhoun's idea of a permanent Indian country where settlers had no desire to go. The white man's drive for the western lands doomed this policy to failure. During the 1850's the federal government extinguished Indian title to much of the Great Plains and opened the prairies for white settlement. By the 1860's, only two large areas remained in which to concentrate the red men--Indian Territory and the public lands north of Nebraska. Treaty negotiations for moving the Indians had always been carried on as if each small band, village, or tribe were an autonomous and independent nation. Ohio Senator John Sherman, brother of General William Tecumseh Sherman, called the process . . . a ridiculous farce." Although the treaty making policy was attacked, it was not abandoned until 1871. Why Congress dealt with the savages in the same manner as it dealt with the French is perhaps best summed up by one critic who said, "Treaties were made for the accommodation of the whites, and broken when they interfered with the money getter." In fairness to …
Date: May 1968
Creator: Davis, Marlene
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Kinzua Dam: a Study in the Congressional Disruption, Relocation-Resettlement, and Rehabilitation of the Seneca Nation of Indians

Description: This thesis embraces four major topics coinciding with the four considerations designated in President John F. Kennedy's letter to President Basil Williams of the Seneca Nation and the reactions to those items generated during numerous hearings of the House Subcommittee on Indian Affairs. The four topics covered in the President's letter include the possibility of acquiring adjacent property, commonly referred to as "in lieu of" lands, to replace the Indian real estate taken for the Allegheny Reservoir; a review of the reservoir's recreational potential for the benefit of the Seneca Nation; special damages accruing to the Senecas for the loss of their land; and relocation and resettlement.
Date: January 1969
Creator: Verelst, Robert
Location: None
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

The Use of Light Imagery in the Fiction of Ernest Hemingway

Description: The purpose of this study is to identify and examine the light imagery in Ernest Hemingway's major fiction and to evaluate its importance. In this study, imagery is defined as descriptive words or figures of speech that create pictures in the mind. In general, this definition will be applied to Hemingway's use of light and dark.
Date: August 1967
Creator: DePasqual, Joseph Albert
Partner: UNT Libraries
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