Description: There is a great deal of experimental evidence associating selective bond breaking ability with low coordination number surface sites on transition metal surfaces. Atomic steps break H-H and C-H bonds efficiently while kinks in the steps are required for additional C-C and C=O bond scissions. The blockage of some of the ''active sites'' yields the reaction selectivity commonly observed as a result of alloying or upon introduction of certain promoters. Another important parameter in controlling transition metal catalytic activity is the formal oxidation state of the surface metal atom. Oxidation of the surface atoms by oxygen or halogens or their reduction by electron donors (carbon, alkali metals, etc.) changes markedly the catalytic surface chemistry. H/sub 2/-D/sub 2/ exchange, hydrocarbon conversion reactions and the hydrogenation of CO are examples to demonstrate the importance of low coordination number sites and surface oxidation state in controlling catalytic activity and selectivity.
Date: October 18, 1977
Creator: Somorjai, G.A.
Item Type: Refine your search to only Article
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department