Description: NDE techniques are being investigated for fusion zone sensing of arc welding processes for closed-loop process control. An experimental study of pulse-echo ultrasonics for sensing the depth of penetration of molten weld pools in structural metals during welding indicates that real-time ultrasonic sensing is feasible. Results on the detection of liquid/solid weld pool interfaces, the determination of interface location, and effects of high temperature gradients near the molten zones on ultrasonic wave propagation are presented. Additional work required and problems associated with practical application of the techniques are discussed.
Date: January 1, 1983
Creator: Lott, L.A.; Johnson, J.A. & Smartt, H.B.
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Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department