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Collective Bargaining and Employees in the Public Sector

Description: This report examines the collective bargaining rights of federal, state, and local workers. The report also discusses the constitutional concerns that may be raised by state legislation that attempts to invalidate existing collective bargaining agreements.
Date: March 30, 2011
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Abortion: Judicial History and Legislative Response

Description: This report discuses the judicial history of abortion and how legislatures respond to those decisions made by the court. The report tackles landmark cases such as Roe v. Wade as well as companion decisions such as Doe v. Bolton. The report highlights specifically how Congress has attempted to enact legislation that limits abortion practices.
Date: January 8, 2013
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Abortion: Judicial History and Legislative Response

Description: This report discusses the judicial history of abortion and how legislatures respond to those decisions made by the court. The report tackles landmark cases such as Roe v. Wade as well as companion decisions such as Doe v. Bolton. The report highlights specifically how Congress has attempted to enact legislation that limits abortion practices.
Date: September 16, 2015
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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ERISA’s Impact on Medical Malpractice and Negligence Claims Against Managed Care Plans

Description: This report examines the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), which provides a comprehensive federal scheme for the regulation of employee pension and welfare benefit plans offered by employers. While ERISA does not require an employer to offer pension and welfare benefits, it does mandate compliance with its provisions if such benefits are offered. Congress enacted ERISA to eliminate the conflicting and inconsistent regulation of pension and employee welfare benefit plans by state laws. The provisions at issue in the preemption debate are sections 502(a) and 514(a) of ERISA.
Date: February 21, 2008
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The History and Effect of Abortion Conscience Clause Laws

Description: This report describes the history of conscience clauses as they relate to abortion law and provides a legal analysis of the effects of such laws. The report also reviews recent proposed regulations to implement some of the conscience clause laws.
Date: October 8, 2008
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Background and Legal Issues Related to Stem Cell Research

Description: This report discusses issues regarding stem cell research. With certain restrictions, the President has announced that federal funds may be used to conduct research on human embryonic stem cells. Federal research is limited to "the more than 60" existing stem cell lines that were derived (1) with the informed consent of the donors; (2) from excess embryos created solely for reproductive purposes; and (3) without any financial inducements to the donors. No federal funds will be used for the derivation or use of stem cell lines derived from newly destroyed embryos; the creation of any human embryos for research purposes; or cloning of human embryos for any purposes.
Date: October 26, 2004
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Abortion and Whole Woman's Health v. Hellerstedt

Description: This report examines Whole Woman's Health v. Cole, the Fifth Circuit's decision, as well as the undue burden standard, and the contrasting approaches used by the federal appellate courts to determine whether an abortion regulation imposes an undue burden on a woman's ability to have an abortion.
Date: March 28, 2016
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Abortion: Judicial History and Legislative Response

Description: The focus of this report is on legislative action with respect to abortion, and discussion of the various legislative proposals that involves an examination of the leading Supreme Court decisions concerning a woman's right to choose
Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Abortion: Judicial History and Legislative Response

Description: This report discusses legislative action related to abortion since the 1973 "Roe v. Wade" decision. Topics covered include Major Supreme Court cases related to abortion, restrictions on federal funding being used for abortions, and previous and current legislative actions related to abortion restriction.
Date: September 29, 2017
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Joint Employment and the Save Local Business Act

Description: This report discusses the proposed "Save Local Business Act" in the House and its provisions and implications for employers and employees in businesses where unions exist. The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) broadening of the definition of what constituted a joint employer in the case of Browning-Ferris Industries of California led to resist by some in the business community and the "Save Local Business Act" seeks to restore the former more narrow definition of joint employers.
Date: November 15, 2017
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Abortion, Justice Kennedy, and Judge Kavanaugh

Description: This report addresses the questions that have arisen about the future of the Supreme Court's abortion jurisprudence, after the recent retirement of Justice Kennedy, the last remaining justice from the Casey plurality. The report first reviews the undue burden standard set from the Casey decision and discusses Justice Kennedy's views on the standard in the case law that has developed since Casey. Then, in light of President Trump's July 9, 2018 nomination of Judge Brett Kavanaugh to replace Justice Kennedy, it examines Judge Kavanaugh's only substantive abortion opinion: a dissent in the 2017 case from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (D.C. Circuit), Garza v. Hargan. Finally, as lower courts continue to apply the undue burden standard to new abortion regulations, the report concludes by noting some of the abortion cases that the Supreme Court could possibly review in the near future.
Date: August 8, 2018
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Abortion: Justice O'Connor's Opinions

Description: This report examines Justice O'Connor's notable opinions on abortion, and explores her role in the development of the undue burden standard, adopted in 1992. Under the new standard, a reviewing court would consider whether an abortion restriction has the effect of imposing an "undue burden" on a woman's right to obtain an abortion.
Date: July 15, 2005
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Abortion: Legislative Response

Description: The primary focus of this issue brief is legislative action with respect to abortion. However, discussion of those legislative proposals necessarily involves a brief discussion of the leading U.S. Supreme Court decisions concerning a woman’s right to choose whether to terminate her pregnancy. For a more detailed discussion of the relevant case law, see CRS Report 95-724, Abortion Law Development: A Brief Overview.
Date: January 15, 2009
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Unborn Victims of Violence Act

Description: This report examines the act's provisions, and reviews existing state laws that criminalize the killing of a fetus or unborn child. The report also discusses selected cases that have considered the legitimacy of state fetal homicide and unborn child homicide statutes.
Date: January 24, 2007
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Homeland Security and the Davis-Bacon Act

Description: This report provides background information on the Davis-Bacon Act, and discusses the possible effect of section 194 on construction projects undertaken by agencies or related to programs transferred to the proposed Department of Homeland Security.
Date: August 27, 2002
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Abortion: Judicial History and Legislative Response

Description: This report discuses the judicial history of abortion and how legislatures respond to those decisions made by the court. The report tackles landmark cases such as Roe v. Wade as well as companion decisions such as Doe v. Bolton. The report highlights specifically how Congress has attempted to enact legislation that limits abortion practices.
Date: June 14, 2013
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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