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Electromagnetic interactions GEneRalized (EIGER): algorithm abstraction and HPC implementation

Description: Modern software development methods combined with key generalizations of standard computational algorithms enable the development of a new class of electromagnetic modeling tools. This paper describes current and anticipated capabilities of a frequency domain modeling code, EIGER, which has an extremely wide range of applicability. In addition, software implementation methods and high performance computing issues are discussed.
Date: April 21, 1998
Creator: Sharpe, R.M., LLNL
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EIGER: A new generation of computational electromagnetics tools

Description: The EIGER project (Electromagnetic Interactions GenERalized) endeavors to bring the next generation of spectral domain electromagnetic analysis tools to maturity and to cast them in a general form which is amenable to a variety of applications. The tools are written in Fortran 90 and with an object oriented philosophy to yield a package that is easily ported to a variety of platforms, simply maintained, and above all efficiently modified to address wide ranging applications. The modular development style and the choice of Fortran 90 is also driven by the desire to run efficiently on existing high performance computer platforms and to remain flexible for new architectures that are anticipated. The electromagnetic tool box consists of extremely accurate physics models for 2D and 3D electromagnetic scattering, radiation, and penetration problems. The models include surface and volume formulations for conductors and complex materials. In addition, realistic excitations and symmetries are incorporated, as well as, complex environments through the use of Green`s functions.
Date: March 1996
Creator: Wilton, D. R.; Johnson, W. A.; Jorgenson, R. E.; Sharpe, R. M. & Grant, J. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EIGER: Electromagnetic Interactions GEneRalized

Description: EIGER (Electromagnetic Interactions GEneRalized), a single integrated software tool set, brings together a variety of spectral domain analysis methods. These include moment method solutions of integral equation formulations and finite elements solutions of partial differential equations. New software engineering methods, specifically, object oriented design, are being used to implement abstractions of key components of spectral analysis methods so that the tools can be easily modified and extended to treat new classes of problems. The key components of the numerical analysis tool, and their roles, are: elements - to describe the geometry, basis (expansion) functions - to interpolate the unknowns (e.g., fields) locally, and operators - to express the underlying physics formulations used to propagate the energy or enforce fundamental principals. The development of EMPACK provided the fundamental impetus for these abstractions which are discussed more fully in subsequent sections. This design approach is in contrast to standard design procedures where entire codes are developed around a particular element type with a specific basis function for a single operator. Although such tools can be effectively used to model large classes of problems, it is often very difficult, if not intractable, to extend the tools beyond their initial design. Overcoming this limitation is one of the most compelling goals of this project. We have successfully overcome roadblocks encountered in extension of past development efforts, such as the extension of Patch to treat wires and wire-surface junctions in the presence of non-homogeneous media. Moreover, the application base for EIGER grows as we cast a variety of Green`s functions into a form compatible with the numerical procedures in EIGER.
Date: March 1, 1997
Creator: Sharpe, R. M.; Grant, J. B. & Champagne, N. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A finite-difference frequency-domain code for electromagnetic induction tomography

Description: We are developing a new 3D code for application to electromagnetic induction tomography and applications to environmental imaging problems. We have used the finite-difference frequency- domain formulation of Beilenhoff et al. (1992) and the anisotropic PML (perfectly matched layer) approach (Berenger, 1994) to specify boundary conditions following Wu et al. (1997). PML deals with the fact that the computations must be done in a finite domain even though the real problem is effectively of infinite extent. The resulting formulas for the forward solver reduce to a problem of the form Ax = y, where A is a non-Hermitian matrix with real values off the diagonal and complex values along its diagonal. The matrix A may be either symmetric or nonsymmetric depending on details of the boundary conditions chosen (i.e., the particular PML used in the application). The basic equation must be solved for the vector x (which represents field quantities such as electric and magnetic fields) with the vector y determined by the boundary conditions and transmitter location. Of the many forward solvers that could be used for this system, relatively few have been thoroughly tested for the type of matrix encountered in our problem. Our studies of the stability characteristics of the Bi-CG algorithm raised questions about its reliability and uniform accuracy for this application. We have found the stability characteristics of Bi-CGSTAB [an alternative developed by van der Vorst (1992) for such problems] to be entirely adequate for our application, whereas the standard Bi-CG was quite inadequate. We have also done extensive validation of our code using semianalytical results as well as other codes. The new code is written in Fortran and is designed to be easily parallelized, but we have not yet tested this feature of the code. An adjoint method is being developed for solving the ...
Date: December 17, 1998
Creator: Sharpe, R M; Berryman, J G; Buettner, H M; Champagne, N J.,II & Grant, J B
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electromagnetic Interactions GEneRalized (EIGER): Algorithm abstraction and HPC implementation

Description: Modern software development methods combined with key generalizations of standard computational algorithms enable the development of a new class of electromagnetic modeling tools. This paper describes current and anticipated capabilities of a frequency domain modeling code, EIGER, which has an extremely wide range of applicability. In addition, software implementation methods and high performance computing issues are discussed.
Date: June 1, 1998
Creator: Sharpe, R.M.; Grant, J.B.; Champagne, N.J.; Wilton, D.R.; Jackson, D.R.; Johnson, W.A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY06 Engineering Research and Technology Report

Description: This report summarizes the core research, development, and technology accomplishments in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Engineering Directorate for FY2006. These efforts exemplify Engineering's more than 50-year history of developing and applying the technologies needed to support the Laboratory's national security missions. A partner in every major program and project at the Laboratory throughout its existence, Engineering has prepared for this role with a skilled workforce and technical resources developed through both internal and external venues. These accomplishments embody Engineering's mission: ''Enable program success today and ensure the Laboratory's vitality tomorrow''. Engineering's investment in technologies is carried out primarily through two internal programs: the Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program and the technology base, or ''Tech Base'', program. LDRD is the vehicle for creating technologies and competencies that are cutting-edge, or require discovery-class research to be fully understood. Tech Base is used to prepare those technologies to be more broadly applicable to a variety of Laboratory needs. The term commonly used for Tech Base projects is ''reduction to practice''. Thus, LDRD reports have a strong research emphasis, while Tech Base reports document discipline-oriented, core competency activities. This report combines the LDRD and Tech Base summaries into one volume, organized into six thematic technical areas: Engineering Modeling and Simulation; Measurement Technologies; Micro/Nano-Devices and Structures; Precision Engineering; Engineering Systems for Knowledge and Inference; and Energy Manipulation.
Date: January 22, 2007
Creator: Minichino, C; Alves, S W; Anderson, A T; Bennett, C V; Brown, C G; Brown, W D et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department