Description: All nuclear facilities, including waste disposal sites, are expected to evaluate their effect on the environment. This paper describes a multidisciplinary approach to the design of environmental surveillance programs for near-surface disposal sites. Surveillance is broadly considered to include burial trench and other on-site measurements as well as offsite monitoring, and to include both radiological and non-radiological measurements. The objectives of a surveillance program are: to determine the extent of any pollutant migration early enough for corrective action to be taken to minimize adverse impacts, to provide data to assess the impact of site operations on the environment and public, to predict long-term waste behavior, to satisfy regulatory agency requirements, and to obtain data on site and pollutant behavior for the design of future disposal sites and surveillance programs. It should be recognized that shallow-land burial techniques will not retain the waste completely in place over time. Some migration is expected, but it must be acceptable in amount and rate. Surveillance programs will provide the information to determine if this is the case. Proper application of monitoring techniques and principles will result in a program that will meet its objectives and supply the data needed by operators and regulators to maintain a properly operating site. 1 reference.
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Sedlet, J.
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