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High-pressure duo-multichannel soft x-ray spectrometer for tokamak plasma diagnostics

Description: A high-resolution, time-resolving soft X-ray multichannel spectrometer (SOXMOS) that permits the simultaneous measurement of emission in two different spectral ranges has been developed and tested extensively for tokamak plasma diagnostics. The basic instrument is a high-resolution, interferometrically adjusted, extreme grazing incidence Schwob-Fraenkel duochromator. The instrument is equipped with two multichannel detectors that are adjusted interferometrically and scan along the Rowland circle. Each consists of an MgF/sub 2/ coated, funneled microchannel plate, associated with a phosphor screen image intensifier that is coupled to a 1024-element photodiode array by a flexible fibrer optic conduit. The total wavelength coverage of the instrument is 5 to 340/sup 0/ A with a measured resolution (FWHM) of about 0.2 A when equipped with a 600 g/mm grating, and 5 to 85 A with a resolution of about 0.06 A using a 2400 g/mm grating. The simultaneous spectral coverage of each detector varies from 15 A at the short wavelength limit to 70 A at the long wavelength limit with the lower dispersion grating. The minimum read-out time for a full spectral portion is 17 ms, but several individual lines can be measured with 1 ms time resolution by selected pixel readout. Higher time resolution can be achieved by replacing one multichannel detector with a single channel electron multiplier detector. Examples of data from the PLT and TFTR tokamaks are presented to illustrate the instrument's versatility, high spectral resolution, and high signal-to-noise ratio even in the 10 A region. 44 refs., 20 figs.
Date: March 1, 1987
Creator: Schwob, J.L.; Wouters, A.W. & Suckewer, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Emission in the 50-80 A region from highly ionized silver in PLT tokamak plasmas

Description: The spectrum of silver emitted by Princeton Large Torus (PLT) tokamak plasmas has been recorded in the 25 to 150 A region by a multichannel time-resolving grazing-incidence spectrometer. Silver atoms have been introduced in the tokamak plasma using the laser blow-off technique. For the first time, lines emitted within the 3p-3d transitions of Ag XXIX, Ag XXX, and Ag XXXI ions, between 50 and 80 A, have been identified.
Date: September 1, 1985
Creator: Schwob, J.L.; Wouters, A.; Suckewer, S.; Cohen, S.A. & Finkenthal, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Spectra in the 60 )angstrom) to 345 )angstrom) wavelength region of elements injected into the PLT tokamak

Description: High resolution spectra of the elements Fe, Ni, Zn, Ge, Se, and Mo injected into the PLT tokamak were recorded by the 2-meter Schwob-Fraenkel soft X-ray multichannel spectrometer (SOXMOS). Spectra were recorded every 50 ms during the time before and after injection. The spectral lines of the injected element were very strong in the spectrum recorded immedately after injection, and the transition in the injected element were easily distinguished from the transitions in te intrinsic elements (C, O, Ti, Cr, Fe, and Ni). An accurate wavelength scale was established using well-known reference transitions in the intrinsic elements. The spectra recorded just prior to injection were substracted from the spectra recorded after injection, and the resulting spectrum was composed almost entirely of transitions from the injected element. A large number of ..delta..n + 0 transitions between the ground and the first excited configurations in the Li I through K I isoelectronic sequences of the injected elements were identified in the wavelength region 60 )angstrom) to 345 )angstrom). 33 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.
Date: March 1, 1988
Creator: Wouters, A.; Schwob, J.L.; Suckewer, S.; Seely, J.F.; Feldman, U. & Dave, J.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Demonstration of resonant photopumping of Mo VII by Mo XII for a VUV laser near 600 {Angstrom}

Description: We present data of experiments on the resonant photopumping of Mo VII by Mo XII as a method of generating a coherent VUV source near 600 {angstrom}. The experiment is based on a scheme proposed by Feldman and Reader in which the 4p{sup 6} -- 4p{sup 5}6s transition in Mo VII in resonantly photopumped by the 5s {sup 2}S{sub 1/2} -- 4p {sup 2}P{sub 1/2} transition in Mo XII. Results of the laser produced plasma experiments show the successful enhancement of the population of the Mo VII 4p{sup 5}6s upper lasing level when pumped by an adjacent Mo VII plasma. No enhancement was seen in a control experiment where the Mo VII plasma was pumped by a Zr X plasma. Improvements of the intensity of the Mo XII pump source, achieved using an additional pump laser, lead to the generation of a population inversion for the VUV transition.
Date: September 1, 1993
Creator: Ilcisin, K. J.; Aumayr, F.; Schwob, J. L. & Suckewer, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Spectra of germanium and selenium in the 50-350 A region from the PLT tokamak plasma

Description: Spectra of germanium and selenium injected into the PLT tokamak plasma were observed in the 50 to 350 A region for GeXIV-XXV (KI to OI-like) and SeXVI-XXIV (KI to NaI-like). A number of 3p/sup k/-3p/sup k-1/3d transitions predicted by isoelectronic sequence extrapolation have been identified. Also, previously identified lines from ions in the AlI to OI-like and KI-like isoelectronic sequences have been observed in the tokamak plasma.
Date: March 1, 1983
Creator: Stratton, B.C.; Hodge, W.L.; Moos, H.W.; Schwob, J.L.; Suckewer, S.; Finkenthal, M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Systematic investigation of electron impact excitation-autoionization from the groud state of highly charged GaI-like ions through. Delta. N=1 transitions

Description: A systematic variation in the line intensity ratios of GaI-like and ZnI-like ions of rare earth elements has been recently observed in spectra emitted in a low density, high temperature tokamak plasma. This variation is shown to be correlated with the gradual opening of autoionizing channels through inner-shell excited configurations of the GaI-like charge-state. These channels enhance the indirect ionization rate of GaI-like ions through excitation-autoionization (EA), effecting the ionization balance and temperatures of greatest abundance. We present a systematic investigation of EA and direct impact ionization (DI) in the GaI-like isoelectronic sequence from Mo (Z = 42) to Dy (Z = 66). As Z decreases from Dy to Pr (Z = 59) the levels of the configuration 3d{sup 9}4p4f, which are excited from the ground state by strong dipole collisional transitions, gradually cross the first ionization limit of the ion and are responsible for this ionization enhancement. When Z decreases further an additional channel is opened through the configuration 3d{sup 9}4p4d. 9 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.
Date: January 11, 1991
Creator: Oreg, J.; Bar-Shalom, A. (Israel Atomic Energy Commission, Beersheba (Israel). Nuclear Research Center-Negev); Goldstein, W.H. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)); Mandlebaum, P.; Mittnik, D.; Meroz, E. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Novel target configurations for selective ionization state studies in molybdenum

Description: Details of experiments aimed at achieving low ionization state selectivity in molybdenum are presented. Targets are excited with a 10 J CO{sub 2} laser and the resultant VUV spectrum (300--700 {Angstrom}) has been studied. Combinations of focal spot size, target depth, and target geometries are compared. Simple attenuation of energy is shown not to vary ionization stage composition significantly. Experiments conducted with grazing incidence targets result only in a hot plasma. Modular targets with cooling cylinders of various radii demonstrated good selectivity of the ionization states, but with low absolute signals. Finally, results from combinations of focal spot adjustment and radiative cooling illustrate increased control over desired plasma temperature and density for spectroscopic studies of molybdenum. 7 refs., 14 figs.
Date: March 1, 1990
Creator: Ilcisin, K.J.; Feldman, U.; Schwob, J.L.; Wouters, A. (Princeton Univ., NJ (USA). Plasma Physics Lab.) & Suckewer, S. (Princeton Univ., NJ (USA). Plasma Physics Lab. Princeton Univ., NJ (USA). Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department