Description: Spectroscopy provides a fast sensitive method for chemical analysis. Lasers are high intensity narrow bandwidth, collimated light sources in the infrared, visible, and ultraviolet spectral regions. Wavelength tunable lasers can be used for spectroscopic chemical identification by means of techniques such as opto-acoustic spectroscopy, thermal lensing, and fluorescence excitation. These methods all share the useful characteristic that their detection sensitivity to small quantities of chemicals improves with higher laser intensity. We have developed apparatuses to use these techniques for trace chemical identification and detection. In addition, a useful improvement to thermal lensing, which we designate thermal deflection spectroscopy, has been developed.
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Sander, R.K. & Buchwald, M.I.
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