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The KL Mix Model Applied to Directly Driven Capsules on the Omega Laser

Description: The coefficients of the KL mix model were set by Dimonte to match RT and RM instabilities as measured on the Linear Electric Motor (LEM). The KL mix model has been applied to directly-driven capsule implosions with a variety of laser energies, ablator materials, ablator thicknesses and convergence ratios. The KL calculations nearly match the observed Y{sub DD}, Y{sub DT}, Y{sub P}, T{sub ion} and implosion times for many (but not all) capsules.
Date: October 10, 2005
Creator: Tipton, R. E.; Mikaelian, K. O.; Park, H.; Dimonte, G.; Rygg, J. R. & Li, C. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An imaging proton spectrometer for short-pulse laser plasma experiments

Description: Ultra intense short pulse laser pulses incident on solid targets can generate energetic protons. In additions to their potentially important applications such as in cancer treatments and proton fast ignition, these protons are essential to understand the complex physics of intense laser plasma interaction. To better characterize these laser-produced protons, we designed and constructed a novel, spatially imaging proton spectrometer that will not only measure proton energy distribution with high resolution, but also provide its angular characteristics. The information obtained from this spectrometer compliments those from commonly used diagnostics including radiochromic film packs, CR39 nuclear track detectors, and non-imaging magnetic spectrometers. The basic characterizations and sample data from this instrument are presented.
Date: May 11, 2010
Creator: Chen, H; Hazi, A; van Maren, R; Chen, S; Fuchs, J; Gauthier, M et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An imaging proton spectrometer for short-pulse laser plasma experiments

Description: Ultra intense short pulse laser pulses incident on solid targets can generate energetic protons. In additions to their potentially important applications such as in cancer treatments and proton fast ignition, these protons are essential to understand the complex physics of intense laser plasma interaction. To better understand these laser-produced protons, we designed and constructed a novel, spatially imaging proton spectrometer that will not only provide at high-resolution the energy distribution, but also the protons angular characteristics. The information obtained from this spectrometer compliments those from other methods using radiochromic film packs, CR39 films and other protons spectrometers. The basic characterizations and example data from this diagnostics will be presented. This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344, as part of the Cimarron project funded by LDRD-09SI11.
Date: February 9, 2010
Creator: Chen, H; Hazi, A; van Maren, R; Chen, S; Fuchs, J; Gauthier, M et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A novel particle Time Of Flight (pTOF) diagnostic for measurements of shock- and compression-bang times in D3He and DT implosions at the NIF

Description: The particle-time-of-flight (pTOF) diagnostic, fielded alongside a Wedge Range-Filter (WRF) proton spectrometer, will provide an absolute timing for the shock-burn weighted {rho}R measurements that will validate the modeling of implosion dynamics at the National Ignition Facility (NIF). In the first phase of the project, pTOF has recorded accurate bang times in cryogenic DT, DT-Exploding Pusher and D{sup 3}He implosions using DD or DT neutrons with an accuracy better than {+-}70 ps. In the second phase of the project, a deflecting magnet will be incorporated into the pTOF design for simultaneous measurements of shock- and compression-bang times in D{sup 3}He-filled surrogate implosions using D{sup 3}He protons and DD-neutrons, respectively.
Date: May 2, 2012
Creator: Mackinnon, A; Rinderknecht, H G; Johnson, M G; Zylstra, A B; Sinenian, N; Rosenbergh, M J et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Neutron spectrometry - An essential tool for diagnosing implosions at the National Ignition Facility

Description: DT neutron yield (Y{sub n}), ion temperature (T{sub i}) and down-scatter ratio (dsr) determined from measured neutron spectra are essential metrics for diagnosing the performance of Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) implosions at the National Ignition Facility (NIF). A suite of neutron-Time-Of-Flight (nTOF) spectrometers and a Magnetic Recoil Spectrometer (MRS) have been implemented in different locations around the NIF target chamber, providing good implosion coverage and the redundancy required for reliable measurements of Yn, Ti and dsr. From the measured dsr value, an areal density ({rho}R) is determined from the relationship {rho}R{sub tot} (g/cm{sup 2}) = (20.4 {+-} 0.6) x dsr{sub 10-12 MeV}. The proportionality constant is determined considering implosion geometry, neutron attenuation and energy range used for the dsr measurement. To ensure high accuracy in the measurements, a series of commissioning experiments using exploding pushers have been used for in situ calibration. The spectrometers are now performing to the required accuracy, as indicated by the good agreement between the different measurements over several commissioning shots. In addition, recent data obtained with the MRS and nTOFs indicate that the implosion performance of cryogenically layered DT implosions, characterized by the experimental Ignition Threshold Factor (ITFx) which is a function of dsr (or fuel {rho}R) and Y{sub n}, has improved almost two orders of magnitude since the first shot in September, 2010.
Date: May 2, 2012
Creator: Mackinnon, A J; Johnson, M G; Frenje, J A; Casey, D T; Li, C K; Seguin, F H et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department