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Stability constant estimator user`s guide

Description: The purpose of the Stability Constant Estimator (SCE) program is to estimate aqueous stability constants for 1:1 complexes of metal ions with ligands by using trends in existing stability constant data. Such estimates are useful to fill gaps in existing thermodynamic databases and to corroborate the accuracy of reported stability constant values.
Date: December 1, 1996
Creator: Hay, B.P.; Castleton, K.J. & Rustad, J.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A chemical model for the major electrolyte components of the Hanford waste tanks. The binary electrolytes in the system: Na-NO{sub 3}-NO{sub 2}-SO{sub 4}-CO{sub 3}-F-PO{sub 4}-OH-AI(OH){sub 4}-H{sub 2}O

Description: An aqueous thermodynamic model is developed, based on the equations of Pitzer, which accurately model the major binary electrolytes in the Na-NO{sub 3}-NO{sub 2}-SO{sub 4}-CO{sub 3}-F-PO{sub 4}-OH-Al(OH){sub 4}-H{sub 2}O chemical system. This model was developed both from existing data in the literature, and from new osmotic and solubility measurements made as part of this study. Some of the new experimental data developed as part of this study include measurements of osmotic coefficients for NaNO{sub 3}, NaNO{sub 2}, and Na{sub 3}PO{sub 4} at both 50 and 100{degrees}C as well as selected measurements of NaF at 100{degrees}C. In addition, the solubility of gibbsite was measured in mixed NaOH-NaNO{sub 3} solutions to determine the reliability of existing thermodynamic models of aluminum hydroxide solubility when applied to concentrated nitrate. In general the final model proposed here is valid from dilute solution to salt saturation over the temperature range 25-100{degrees}C. The accuracy of the model is tested by comparisons of the model predictions with experimental data in selected common-ion ternary systems. When necessary a few commonion ternary ion interaction parameters for the Pitzer model were developed.
Date: August 1, 1994
Creator: Felmy, A. R.; Rustad, J. R.; Mason, M. J. & Bretonne, R. de la
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental settings for selected US Department of Energy installations - support information for the programmatic environmental impact statement and the baseline environmental management report

Description: This report contains the environmental setting information developed for 25 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) installations in support of the DOE`s Programmatic Environmental Impact Study (PEIS) and the Baseline Environmental Management Report (BEMR). The common objective of the PEIS and the BEMR is to provide the public with information about the environmental contamination problems associated with major DOE facilities across the country, and to assess the relative risks that radiological and hazardous contaminants pose to the public, onsite workers, and the environment. Environmental setting information consists of the site-specific data required to model (using the Multimedia Environmental Pollutant Assessment System) the atmospheric, groundwater, and surface water transport of contaminants within and near the boundaries of the installations. The environmental settings data describes the climate, atmospheric dispersion, hydrogeology, and surface water characteristics of the installations. The number of discrete environmental settings established for each installation was governed by two competing requirements: (1) the risks posed by contaminants released from numerous waste sites were to be modeled as accurately as possible, and (2) the modeling required for numerous release sites and a large number of contaminants had to be completed within the limits imposed by the PEIS and BEMR schedule. The final product is the result of attempts to balance these competing concerns in a way that minimizes the number of settings per installation in order to meet the project schedule while at the same, time providing adequate, if sometimes highly simplified, representations of the different areas within an installation. Environmental settings were developed in conjunction with installation experts in the fields of meteorology, geology, hydrology, and geochemistry.
Date: May 1, 1995
Creator: Holdren, G.R.; Glantz, C.S.; Berg, L.K.; Delinger, K.; Fosmire, C.J.; Goodwin, S.M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department